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Electronic Management Of Engine

Electronic Management Of Engine write2swamys@gmail.com CELL NO: 9000216109 SHANKARAYYA S.SWAMY M Tech (M/c design), MISTE. HOD

write2swamys@gmail.com

CELL NO: 9000216109

SHANKARAYYA S.SWAMY

M Tech (M/c design), MISTE. HOD Mechanical Engg.

Coordinator HMCL Hyd.

Introduction

The Engine operations are managed and controlled electronics in terms of proper mixing controlling distribution

and injecting or igniting of air and fuel mixture to achieve high

performance, low emission intelligent engine.

The

principal aim of

achieve:

an Engine manufacturing is to

  • Higher output Torque, Reliability, durability.

  • Low fuel consumption, Emission, Noise, Vibration.

  • Better and safer Automotive Engine.

Engine Control Unit (ECU)

In the Automobile an Engine Control Unit (ECU) is a 32/64bit

40MHz embedded pre-programmed micro computer to process and

compare the constantly varying input data, programmed instructions stored in the memory and calculate the revised output pulsed

signals offer getting information from different sensors. It performs

millions of calculations each second.

Engine Control Unit (ECU) In the Automobile an Engine Control Unit (ECU) is a 32/64bit 40MHz

Sensor

A device which detects or measures a physical property and

records, indicates or otherwise responds to it. In this sensor

detects the correct amount of fuel for every operating

condition, the engine control unit has to monitor a huge

number of input sensors.

Sensor A device which detects or measures a physical property and records, indicates or otherwise responds

Types of sensors

Intake Air Sensor (IAT)

Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP)

Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAF)

Idle Air Controlled Sensor (IAC)

Camshaft Position Sensor (CMP)

Crankshaft Position Sensor (CPS)

Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)

Oxygen sensor

Knocking sensor

Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT)

Engine Speed Sensor (ESS)

Engine Oil Sensor (EOS)

Intake Air Sensor (IAT)

This sensor

is

used to measure

the temperature of

the

incoming air in the engines air stream. It is usually located in

air filter box or pipe that is attached to the air filter box. Its

function is to detects temperature of in coming air.

Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP)

This sensor measures air pressure which tells ECM the current altitude of a vehicle. It is bolted on the intake manifold or linked

with a vacuum pipe from intake manifold.

Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) This sensor measures air pressure which tells ECM the current altitude of

Mass Air flow Sensor (MAF)

This type of sensor measures the volume of air entering into engine. It produces more current to keep temperature required

by the manufacturer, it is located on air cleaner box.

Mass Air flow Sensor (MAF) This type of sensor measures the volume of air entering into
Mass Air flow Sensor (MAF) This type of sensor measures the volume of air entering into

Idle Air Controller (IAC)

It works for keeping rpm of engine steady, it is an actuator not a sensor. It increases the rpm of car until the coolant

temperature sensor indicates the high engine temperature .

Idle Air Controller (IAC) It works for keeping rpm of engine steady, it is an actuator
Idle Air Controller (IAC) It works for keeping rpm of engine steady, it is an actuator

Camshaft Position Sensor (CMP)

It is an electromagnetic sensor which produces voltage when a

metal object moves past it. The sensor contacts with ECM for

position of camshaft, it is fixed at the end of camshaft.

Camshaft Position Sensor (CMP) It is an electromagnetic sensor which produces voltage when a metal object
Camshaft Position Sensor (CMP) It is an electromagnetic sensor which produces voltage when a metal object

Crankshaft Position Sensor (CPS)

It works to locate the exact position of

crank shaft & to show

rpm of engine. It is located at the bottom of engine & closed to crank shaft

Crankshaft Position Sensor (CPS) It works to locate the exact position of crank shaft & to
Crankshaft Position Sensor (CPS) It works to locate the exact position of crank shaft & to

Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)

This sensor is linked with accelerator pedal and the throttle body, sends information about injector pulse width & spark

timing. It is located in throttle body and it is not washable nor

repairable.

Oxygen Sensor

It can detect the oxygen content so as to know about

fuel

amount consumed by the engine. There are two types of

oxygen sensors, one is zirconia and another one is titania.

Oxygen Sensor It can detect the oxygen content so as to know about fuel amount consumed
Oxygen Sensor It can detect the oxygen content so as to know about fuel amount consumed

Knock Sensor

This sensor mechanical

contains

a

crystal

stress and produces

&

the

a voltage

crystal detects

when

the

car

knocks. It also allows different grade fuel without any type of

engine problem & it is fixed in engine body.

Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT)

This sensor tells the current temperature of coolant present in

the engine. It is located at the bottom or top of the radiator

towards engine block.

Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) This sensor tells the current temperature of coolant present in the engine.
Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) This sensor tells the current temperature of coolant present in the engine.

Engine Speed Sensor (ESS)

This sensor is used for monitoring the engine speed. In other

words, it is meant for assessing the speed at which the

crankshaft spins. It is attached to the crankshaft of the engine.

Engine Speed Sensor (ESS) This sensor is used for monitoring the engine speed. In other words,
Engine Speed Sensor (ESS) This sensor is used for monitoring the engine speed. In other words,

Engine Oil Sensor

It measures the oil pressure inside the engine and gives an alert in case of any problem with oil pressure. It also sense the

level of oil ,its contamination, particulates, viscosity and

temperature.

Engine Oil Sensor It measures the oil pressure inside the engine and gives an alert in
Engine Oil Sensor It measures the oil pressure inside the engine and gives an alert in

Future sensors

Vehicle fitted with sensors that can detect potential collision and take action. Nobody will killed or injured in a new cars by 2020 No dearth car vehicle which drive themselves and totally crash proof could be on road. Sensors are every time sensitive and share information very fast hence, having a good sensor results in better and safer

automobiles.

THANK YOU!