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Russian

Nuclear Waste:

Irtaly Aguayo
Maya Grayson
Chemistry, Period 6
PPT Contents:
Defining Nuclear Waste
How nuclear waste comes to be
Types nuclear waste
Safety & Dangers of nuclear waste
Storing Nuclear waste
Locating the worlds Nuclear Power Plants
Finlands Repository in Russia
Background on Power Plant
What is nuclear waste exactly ?

Nuclear waste is a radioactive waste material


An example:
the use of nuclear fuel
...is usually a byproduct of nuclear power
generation and other applications of nuclear
fission or nuclear technology, such as research
and medicine. - Google Definition
Better Understanding:
For better comprehension, the following diagram taken from
http://whatisnuclear.com
Types of nuclear waste
:
Radioactive
Volume:
content:

High-level Waste 3% 95%

Intermediate-level Waste 7% 4%

Low-level Waste 90% 1%


Where is Nuclear Waste Stored?

used nuclear fuel is safely stored in


specially designed pools at individual
reactor sites around the world.
Well in our research we found that
they store the nuclear waste @ :
Olkiluoto, Finland
Russia
Facts on Nuclear
Waste:

Radioactive waste is hazardous


the spent fuel is never unshielded
the spent fuel still contains 90%
usable fuel.
Used nuclear fuel is hot &
radioactive
Safety:

When handling/storing the waste make sure it has been


cooled and you are shielded from radiation
Special Ingredient: Water
The wait = five years + (or more)

Minimum 5 years: Transferred to dry ventilated


concrete
50 + years: safe enough to be kept in pool.
Challenge = High level Waste
High-level waste can remain radioactive for
many years
No such facilities for disposing high-level
waste are currently operating
Storage
Effects on Nature
leaks can occur

Dangers/Consequences:
The Worlds Power Plants
Specific Nuclear Waste
Nuclear Power Plant (Repository) in Olkiluoto, Finland. Russia
Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant
Located in the shore of the Gulf of
Bothnia.
Western Finland.
> one of the two power plants in
Finland
Consist of two BWRs
> Boiling
Water
Reactors
The construction of the unit began in 2005.
Upgrades carried out in the units in 2010 and 2011
Japan Steel Works and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Relating Back To Chemistry :
When thinking about our
presentation on nuclear waste we
remembered:

Water Contaminants
> a concept we previously
learned about in Chemistry.
Time is almost up ...
Works Cited :
"Dangers and Effects of Nuclear Waste Disposal." Conserve
Energy Future. N.p., 24 Dec. 2016. Web. 01 June 2017.
"IAEA Mission Says Finland's Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant
Shows Strong Safety Commitment, Sees Opportunities for
Improvements." IAEA. IAEA, 16 Mar. 2017. Web. 01 June 2017.
"Russia's First Nuclear Waste Repository Starts Operation."
Bellona.org. N.p., 14 Dec. 2016. Web. 31 May 2017.