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SUMMER PRACTICAL TRAINING

AT
400 KV GRID SUB-STATION
(HEERAPURA JAIPUR)

SUBMITTED TO :- SUBMITTED BY:-


Mr. Deepak Sharma AMIT KUMAR
Head of Department of 13EAIEE703
Electrical Engineering B.Tech. IV Yr. VII SEM
INTRODUCTION TO VANUE

ESTABLISHED
On 19th July 2000 by Government
of Rajasthan

CAPACITY
250MVA
ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION

A substation is a part of an
electrical generation,transmission
and distribution system. Substations
transform voltage from high to low,
or the reverse by the using of
transformers.
ABSTRACT
400kV INCOMING FEEDERS
BASSI-I
BASSI-II
MERTA
HINDON
220kV OUTGOING FEEDERS
SANGANER
SEZ
PHULERA
KTPS
CONTENTS
BUS BAR
LIGHTENING ARRESTOR
TRANSFORMER
CURRENT TRANSFORMER
POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER
CAPACITOR VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER
ISOLATOR
INSULATORS
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
RELAYS
POWER TRANSFORMER
CONTROL ROOM
LIGHTENING ARRESTER

A lighting arresters or a
surge diverter is a
protective device which
conducts the high
voltages surges on the
ground.
TRANSFORMER

A transformer is an electrical device


or static device that transfers
electrical energy from one circuit to
another circuit through medium of
magnetic field and without change
in frequency.
CURRENT TRANSFORMER

A current transformer
is used to measurement
of high current.

A C.T used to step up


voltage for
measurement ,control
and protection.
POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER

A potential transformer
is a step down
transformer used along
with a low range
voltmeter for measuring
a high voltage.
CAPACITOR VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER

A capacitor voltage
transformer (CVT) is a
transformer used in power
systems to step-down extra
high voltage signals and
provide low voltage signals
either for measurement or to
operate a protective relay.
ISOLATORS

Isolator is used to make sure that


an electrical circuit can be
completely de-energized for
service or maintenance.

It operates on no load and on load


conditions.
INSULATORS
The insulator serves two purposes
they support the conductors and
confine the current to the
conductors.
There are mainly four types of
insulator used as overhead
insulator like as :-

1. Pin Insulator
2. Suspension Insulator
3. Strain Insulator
4.Shackle insulator
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
As the name indicate
circuit breaker use to
break the circuit for
automatic switching
during abnormal
condition and when the
fault occur.
classification of circuit
breaker :-
1. Oil circuit breaker
2. Air blast circuit breaker
3. SF-6 circuit breaker
4. Vacuum circuit breaker
RELAY

A relay is
automatic device
which senses an
abnormal
condition of
electrical circuit
and closed its
contacts
BUS BAR

Bus-bars are copper or


aluminum bars and operate at
constant voltage.
The incoming and outgoing
lines in a sub-station are
connected to the bus-bars.
the most commonly used
bus-bars arrangement in sub-
station are :-
1. Single bus bar
arrangement
2. Double bus-bar
arrangement
CONTROL ROOM
THANKS