Está en la página 1de 37

AGAINST

CORRUPTION
UNDERSTANDING OF CORRUPTION
Corruption (Latin words: corruptio of a
meaningful verb corrumpere, that means
rotten, corrupt, destabilizing, twisting, bribing).
Literally, corruption is
behavior of public officials, both politicians |
Politicians and civil servants,
which is not fair and not legal to enrich themselves
or enriching those close to him,
with misuse of public power entrusted to them
CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX 2009

MORE GREEN SHOWING MORE LOW-LEVEL CORRUPTION; while MORE RED


SHOWING MORE OF A STATE OF HIGH LEVEL CORRUPTION
CORRUPTION from LEGAL view point
FROM THE STANDPOINT OF LAW,
CORRUPTION OUTLINE INCLUDES THE
FOLLOWING ELEMENTS:
TORT (ACTS AGAINST THE LAW);
ABUSE OF AUTHORITY, OPPORTUNITY, OR MEANS;
ENRICH THEMSELVES, OTHERS, OR CORPORATION;
FINANCIAL HARM THE STATE OR STATE ECONOMY;
OTHER TYPES OF CORRUPTION CRIME
GIVE OR ACCEPT GIFTS OR PROMISES (BRIBERY);
EMBEZZLEMENT IN OFFICE;
RACKETEERING IN OFFICE;
PARTICIPATE IN THE PROCUREMENT (FOR PUBLIC
SERVANTS / STATE OFFICIALS);
RECEIVE A GRATUITY (FOR CIVIL SERVANTS /
STATE OFFICIALS.)
CORRUPTION IN THE BROADEST SENSE
Corruption or political corruption is the abuse of
official position for personal gain.
All forms of government | government vulnerable
to corruption in practice.
Weighing corruption vary, from the lightest in the
form of the use of influence and support to give
and receive help, until the weight of corruption
that was inaugurated, and so forth.
Point the tip of corruption is a kleptocracy, which
literally means rule by the thieves, in which
pretend to act honestly did not exist at all.
CORRUPTION IN POLITICS &
BUREAUCRACY
Corruption that emerged in the field of politics
and bureaucracy can be a trivial or severe,
organized or not
While corruption often accompany criminal
activities (such as the sale of narcotics, money
laundering, and prostitution), corruption itself is
not limited in the things that's all.
To study this issue and make the solution, it is
important to distinguish between the corruption
of the crime | crimes
CORRUPTION OR CRIMINAL
Depending on the country or jurisdiction,
there is a difference between what is
considered corrupt or not.
For example, funding of political parties there
are legal in one place but some are not legal in
other places.
CONDITIONS WHICH SUPPORT CORRUPTION (1)
The concentration of power in decision-making that
is not directly responsible to the people, as often
seen in the regimes that are not democratic;
Lack of transparency in government decision-
making;
Political campaigns are expensive and spending of
political funding is larger than normal;
Projects which involve public money in quantities;
Closed environment selfish and network "old
friend".
CONDITIONS WHICH SUPPORT CORRUPTION (2)
Weak rule of law;
Weak legal profession;
Lack of freedom of speech or freedom of the
press;
Salaries of government employees are so small;
People are apathetic, uninterested, or gullible
who failed to give adequate attention to the
general election;
Insufficient controls to prevent bribery or
"campaign contributions".
IMPACT AGAINST DEMOCRACY (1)
Corruption shows a serious challenge to
development.
In the world of politics, it undermines democracy
and good governance through subverting formal
processes.
Corruption in elections and in legislative bodies
reduces accountability and representation in policy
making;
corruption in the court system to stop the rule of law
; and
corruption in public administration results in an
imbalance in community service.
IMPACT AGAINST DEMOCRACY(2)
More generally, corruption erodes the
institutional capacity of government, because
abandonment procedures,
resources are siphoned off, and
officials appointed or elevated position not
because of performance.
At the same time, corruption create .
reduce the legitimacy of government; and
lowering the value of democracy (such as trust
and tolerance).
CORRUPTION GIVES
NEGATIVE IMPACT ON

DEMOCRACY
ECONOMY
GENERAL WELFARE
OF THE STATE
IMPACT AGAINST ECONOMY
Corruption complicates economic development and reduce
the quality of government services.
Corruption complicates economic development through
creating distortions and inefficiencies are high.
In the private sector, corruption increase
1) the cost of trading because of losses from illegal payments,
2) the cost of management in negotiations with corrupt officials, and
3) the risk of cancellation of the agreement or because the investigation.
Although there is the statement that corruption reduce the cost
to have embarked bureaucracy, but the bribe was made official to
make new rules and new obstacles.
In addition to rising costs caused, corruption also confuse
"commercial field. " Companies that have a connection is
protected from competition and will keep the companies that are
inefficient.
Impact of Corruption on Economic (2)
Corruption caused distortion (chaos) in the public
sector to shift public investment to public projects
more bribe available.
Officials add to the complexity of community
projects to hide corrupt practices, which ultimately
result in more chaos.
Corruption also reduces compliance with building
safety requirements, environmental, or other rules.
Corruption also reduces the quality of government
services and infrastructure; and added pressures
on government budgets.
IMPACT IN THE FIELD OF PUBLIC WELFARE
Political corruption in many countries, and give a
major threat to its citizens
Political corruption means that government
policies often benefit a bribe giver, rather than
the people at large.
Another example is how politicians make laws that
protect large corporations, but the disadvantage of
small firms
Politicians' pro-business is just relief to big companies
who give large donations to their election campaigns
THE FORM includes abuse ..
BY THE GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS such as .
embezzlement and
nepotism
CONNECTING THE MISUSE OF WHICH THE
PRIVATE SECTOR AND GOVERNMENT as
bribery, extortion, interference, and fraud.
bribery involve who bribes & who is bribed
DONATION CAMPAIGN & FORBIDDEN MONEY
CORRUPTI
ON IN THE
STREET
CAMPAIGN DONATION &
FORBIDDEN MONEY
In the political arena, it is very difficult to prove
corruption, but more difficult to prove that it
doesnt exist
Politicians are trapped in a weak position because
of the need to charge for their campaigns. Once
elected, they will take action favorable reply
donors, and ultimately led to allegations of
political corruption.
ALLEGATIONS OF CORRUPTION
AS A POLITICAL TOOL
Often occur in which politicians find a
way to smear their opponents with
charges of corruption.
For example:
Case of Misbakhun hostage PAN
The case of Miranda Gultom hostage PDIP
Century Bank Case hostage Democrat Party
Gayus Case hostage GOLKAR
MEASURING CORRUPTION
Measuring corruption - statistically, to compare some
countries, it is not easy, because the perpetrators want to
hide.
Transparency International, offers three benchmarks,
which is published each year:
Corruption Perceptions Index (based on expert opinion about
how corrupt these countries); (based on a survey of perceptions
and views of people of their experiences with corruption);
Survey of Giving Bribes, who saw how willing foreign companies
give a bribe.
Transparency International Global Corruption Report; edition in
2004 focused on political corruption.
World Bank collects data on corruption, including a number of
Governance Indicators
THE LEAST CORRUPT COUNTRIES
AUSTRALIA NEW ZEALAND
CANADA NORWAY
DENMARK SINGAPORE
FINLAND SWEDEN
ICELAND SWITZERLAND
LUXEMBOURG ISRAEL
DUTCH
THE MOST CORRUPT COUNTRIES
AZERBAIJAN NIGERIA
BANGLADESH PAKISTAN
BOLIVIA RUSSIA
CAMEROON TANZANIA
INDONESIA UGANDA
IRAQ UKRAINE
KENYA
EFFORTS TO REDUCE & CONTROL
OF CORRUPTION
REALIZE GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE & PUBLIC GOOD
GOVERNANCE
APEC TRANSPARENCY ANTICORRUPTION AND TASK FORCE:
RATIFICATION, ACCESSION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF UNITED NATION
CONVENTION AGAINST CORRUPTION
STRENGTHENS EFFORTS TO PREVENT CORRUPTION AND UPGRADE
TRANSPARENCY
DENY SAFE HAVEN FOR OFFICERS CORRUPTOR
FIGHT CORRUPTION IN EITHER PUBLIC OR PRIVATE SECTOR
APEC COOPERATION TO PREVENT & ERADICATE CORRUPTION
ANTI MONEY LAUNDERING
TRANSPARENCY

ACCOUNTABILITY

RESPONSIBILITY

INDEPENDENCY
GOOD CORPO-
RATE GOVERNANCE

FAIRNESS
GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Five Pillars of Good Corporate Governance
TRANSPARENCY - provide relevant info and materials
which are easily accessible by stakeholders
ACCOUNTABILITY - reliable performance in a
transparent and fair
RESPONSIBILITY - obey the law and carry out
responsibilities to society and the environment
INDEPENDENCY - are managed independently so that
the organs of companies do not dominate each other
and that no intervention of other parties
FAIRNESS - always consider the interests of
shareholders; and stakeholders based on the principle
of equality and fairness
GOOD PUBLIC GOVERNANCE
(GOOD GOVERMENTAL MANAGEMENT)

PARTICIPATION JUSTICE
RULE OF LAW EFFECTIVE & EFFICIENT
TRANSPARENCY ACCOUNTABILITY
RESPONSIBILITY STRATEGIC VISION
CONSENSUS INTERRELATION
ORIENTED
IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE
GOVERNMENT GOVERNANCE
GOVERNMENT
GOVERNMENT SOCIETY
SOCIETY
ENTREPRENEUR
CIVIL SOCIETY
SOCIETY

CIVIL SOCIETY ENTREPRENEUR SOC.


NATIONAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
SYSTEM OF MANAGEMENT WHICH IS IMPLEMENTED
BY STATE ORGANIZATION
ITS ORIENTATION ARE ON
DEVELOPING STRATEGIC INSIGHT
BUILDING AND COOPERATION AMONG AGENCIES
INTEGRATION, INTER-SECTOR, INTRA-SECTOR, INTER-
REGIONAL AND INTER-GOVERNMENT COMMUNITY
MAKING GOOD-CLEAN-AND-RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT
APPLYING MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY AND
APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUES
NATIONAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
ORDER OF AUTHORIZED DECISION MAKING

ORDER OF STATES
ADMINISTRATION

ORDER OF
GOVERNING
SOCIAL STATES POLICIES
ASPIRATIONS

ORDER OF NATIONAL POLITICS

ORDER SOCIAL LIFE


o PANCASILA
o UUD 1945
NATIONAL
o WAW. NUSANTARA
o KETAHANAN NAS.
DEVELOPMENT

NATDEVS LONG TERM MIDDLE


OADM PROCESS
DEVELOPMENT TERM DEV.
CAPITAL (TAN + TLP)
PLAN PLAN

GOVT ACTION
PLAN
STRATEGIC
ENVIRONMENT
THE END