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Anthology part 2
TEACHER :Rubén Villegas Bautista
STUDENT: Raúl de Jesús Meléndez Cerezo

TEMARIO (2do Parcial) Bloque 2 la sociedad del conocimiento • Prepositions • Vocabulary of sickness (enfermedades) • Voz pasiva en pasado • Voz pasiva en presente • Pasado perfecto simple • Pasado perfecto continuo • Presente perfecto simple • Presente perfecto continuo .


diarrea headache (héd- allergy insect bite (ínsekt báit) .cicatriz illness (ílnes) .enfermedad conmoción .dolor de (álerdchi) cabeza .alergia concussion (konkáshon) .acné diarrhea (dairría) . scar (skár) .picadura de in éik) .Vocabulary of sickness swelling (suéling) .hinchazón acne (ákni) .

who did it. who or what is performing the Example: My bike was stolen. I do not know. Form of Passive (past) OBJET+ verbo to be +main verb + by + subject in past ing . however. however. It is not important or not + known. the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. PASSIVE VOICE (PAST) Use of Passive : Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. action. •In the example above.

) to show interest in the • The road is being repaired.) • The house was built in 1654. and easier to read. in the no quién la está arreglando.) place of the person or thing that performs the • The passive voice is often action. no The passive voice is used quién la construyó. the used in formal texts. • Sujeto+ "to be" (conjugado) + "past participle"+ resto de la oración . most important person or Switching to the active voice thing becomes the will make your writing clearer subject of prayer. • EJEMPLOS PASSIVE • The passive voice is used VOICE frequently. person or thing that is the (= nos interesa la carretera. no quién la usa. (= nos interesa la (present) voz pasiva. object of an action. In other words. (= nos interesa la casa.

Past perfect simple We use it for actions that haveo curred before another actions Gramatical Rules: If forms with the auxiliary verb “To have” Structure Affirmative: Sujeto+“Had”+past participle (example: I had visited the Lourre before. so I knew where the mona Lisa was) Interrogativa sentence: Had + sujeto + past participle (example: Had they studied English before they went to London ) Form Negative: Sujeto +“Had”+not+past participle (I had not visited the Laure before so I didny know where the mona Lisa .

She We.You. It. • We use “has” in He.They •Afirmative: Subject +auxiliar + Main verb+ complement •Interrogative: Auxiliar+ Subject + Main verb + complement •Negative:•Subject + Auxiliar + negation +Main verb + complement Example (+)Today has been a wonderful day (-) Today hasn´t been a wonderful day (?)Has today been a wonderful day? . Present perfect simple • Have • Has • We use “have” in I.

Interrogative Sentences:Verbo auxiliar (to have) + sujeto + “been” + verbo+ing . often has the equivalence to the translation "carry + gerund" in Spanish. It is used for actions that have begun in the past but continueSentences: Affirmative in the present. Negativa Sentences :Sujeto + verbo auxiliar (to have) + “not” + “been” + verbo+ing. Present perfect continuos The present perfect continuous. Sujeto + verbo auxiliar (to have) + “been” + verbo+ing. but the use of this form is more frequent in English.

we use it for actions in process of realization in the past before another action occurred. Past Perfect Continuous The perfect past continuous in English corresponds to the pluscuamperfecto of Spanish in which the indicative of the verb "to be" and the gerund is used. In general. Affirmative Sentences: Sujeto + “had” + “been” + verbo+ing… I had [I’d] been studying Negative Sentences:Sujeto + “had” + “not” + “been” + verbo+ing… I had not [hadn’t] been studying Interrogative Sentences: “Had” + sujeto + “been” + verbo+ing? Had you been studying .