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WearableMRI

K. Prssmann, Q. Huang, G. Trster


L. Bettini, T. Burger, D. Brunner, T. Kleier, J. Marjanovic, A. Mehmann, J. Reber,
G. Salvatore, B. Sporrer, M. Varga, C. Vogt, L. Wu

Electronics Laboratory | 3/27/17 | 1


Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Medical diagnostics
Basic and clinical resarch
Global market USD 5-10 bn / a
Siemens, Philips, GE, Samsung
ArrayLimitations
Detection in MRI

Problems and limitations


fixed size and shape sensitivity
rigid setup patient comfort, application range
cables couple to TX number of channels
bulky electronics number of channels
Wearable MRI Detectors

Like a garment
Permit flexion of
joints
Improved
ergonomics
Improved
sensitivity
ArrayLimitations
Detection in MRI

96-channel head array

courtesy
Larry Wald, MIT
Wearable MRI Detectors

Go wireless & small !

Integrated on-detector receiver

Optical signal transmission

Wireless power supply


Wearable MRI Detectors

A harsh environment

Main magnetic field


1.0 7.0 T

Gradient fields
80 mT/m, 200 T/m/s

Radiofrequency field
60 300 MHz
Up to 30 kW transmission
nW receive
Wearable MRI Detectors

System

Electronics Laboratory | |
Integrated Circuits

Custom-designed LNA and receiver IC

4m
m

7 mm
4 mm
7 mm

Low-noise Amplifier Receiver


Power gain 20.8 dB Gain steps 1 - 30 dB
Noise figure 0.7 dB Noise figure 0.9 dB
Size (mm) 0.8 x 0.6 Size (mm) 4.7 x 4.2
Electronics Laboratory | |

3/27/17 9
In-Field System

Serializer
LNA Receiver Optical conversion

Glass fiber

Electronics Laboratory | |
Demonstrator 1

Fiber

Outfield receiver Reconstruction


| |
In-field receiver
Electronics Laboratory
Demonstrator 1

Outfield Receiver Reconstruction


Electronics Laboratory
Fiber | |
Demonstrator 2

35mm
30mm

Dual-coil module
Single chip: LNA + Receiver
Enhanced clocking
Serializer on same PCB
Detune over fiber

Electronics Laboratory | |
Demonstrator 2

35mm
30mm

First wearable MRI data


2-channel wrist in-vivo

Jan 2017

Electronics Laboratory | |
Medical Perspective
Wearable Field Sensors

Gross et al. Nat Comm (2016)


Wearable Field Sensors

2
Wearable Field Sensors

Cardiac Respiratory

Detect spurious activation


in functional brain imaging

Gross et al. Neuroimage (2017)


Motion Correction

Sensor Headset Gradient Fields

Measurement
Motion

Real-time motion correction, latency 40 msec


Motion

Real-time motion correction, latency 40 msec


Wearable Detectors for MRI

In-field PCB

Integrated &
Wearable

Ergonomics

Safety

Application Range

Scalability

Sensitivity