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Slide 12.

Any of a number of stimuli, S1, S2,..., trigger an emotion, which has the
Figure 12.1

coordinated effects shown


Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.2

Two opposite emotions and associated reactions: (a) hostility and (b) as
Figure 12.2
Darwin described it, a humble and affectionate frame of mind
Source: Darwin (1872/1934, Figs. 1 and 2, pp. 1 and 15)

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.3

Figure 12.3 Experimental design employed by Winkielman et al. (2005)


Source: Toates (2004, Fig. 1.2, page 5)

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.4

Figure 12.4 Results obtained by Winkielman et al. (2005)


Source: Toates (2004, Fig. 1.3, page 5)

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.5

Figure 12.5 Distress vocalizations of guinea pigs


Source: Adapted from Pettijohn, T.F. (1979) Fig. 2, in Panksepp (1998a), Fig. 14.3, p.266

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.6

Theories of emotion involving feedback: (a) JamesLange theory and


Figure 12.6
(b) SchachterSinger theory
Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.7

Figure 12.7 Summary of the control of emotion and its role

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.8

The amygdala in relation to other brain regions. Inset: the nuclei of the
Figure 12.9
amygdala
Source: Martin, J.H. (1996) Neuroanatomy: Text and Atlas, 2nd edition, Fig. 15.6, p. 458. Reprinted with permission of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.9

Routes by which information gets to amygdala: (a) with emphasis upon a


Figure 12.10
direct route from the thalamus and (b) with emphasis upon a route via thalamus and
cortex
Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.10

Figure 12.11 Some major outputs of the amygdala

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.11

Figure 12.12 The insula


Source: Bear et al. (2006, p. 209)

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.12

Figure 12.13 Two faces.


Source: Oatley and Jenkins (1996, Fig. 5.5, p.146)

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.13

Scatter plot for number of films recalled and metabolic activity of the right
Figure 12.14
amygdala: (a) emotional film session and (b) neutral film session
Source: Cahill et al. (1996, Fig. 3)

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.14

Figure 12.15 Effects on memory consolidation

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011
Slide 12.15

Figure 12.16 A representation of the role of conditioned fear in potentiating the startle
reflex
Source: adapted from Davis (1992, Fig. 41.3, p. 474)

Frederick Toates, Biological Psychology, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited 2011