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Environme

ntal
Protection
in Taiwan,
Wei-Chiao Ying
R.O.C.2016
December,
General overview
Location:
About 161 km off the southeast coast of the China m
ainland. The main island of Taiwan is roughly 394 km
long and 145 km across at its widest point.
The largest city,Taipei, is the seat of the government
of the Republic of China (ROC; Nationalist China). In
addition to the main island, the ROC government has
jurisdiction over 22 islands in the Taiwan group and
64 islands to the west in thePescadoresarchipelago.
Population:
About 23 million in total and 6.7 million of them con
centrate in the metropolitan area of Taipei.
The population density of Taiwan has always been hi
ghest on the western coastal plains and basins and l
owest in the central and eastern mountains.

Taiwan. (2016). InEncyclopdia Britannica. Retrieved from


http://0-academic.eb.com.millenium.itesm.mx/levels/collegiate/article/108608 http://www.slideshare.net/EMBARQNetwork/p3-c-motorcycle-jasonchang130118r
General overview
Natural resources:
Although more than 50 kinds of minerals have been
found in Taiwan, total mineral resources are modes
t.
In the north, copper, gold, iron, sulfur, and pyrite ex
ist in only token amounts. In the east, limestone, m
arble, and dolomite are abundant, although their ex
ploitation contributes little to the economy.
Coal reserves are rapidly becoming exhausted. Petr
oleum and natural gas exist in small quantities on s
hore, but the continental shelf may contain extensiv
e reserves, particularly of natural gas.
Forests are most abundant in the high mountains, b
ut their inaccessability makes exploitation unecono
mical.
There are green plants on the plains all the year rou
Taiwan. (2016). InEncyclopdia Britannica. Retrieved from
http://0-academic.eb.com.millenium.itesm.mx/levels/collegiate/article/108608
Administrative organs related to envi
ronmental protection

In charge of National Parks of Taiwan


ebooks.lib.ntu.edu.tw/1_file/moeaidb/013459/a1_11.doc

Environmental laws and regulations


The right to live
(environmental
rights)
guaranteed by
Article 15 in the
constitution.

Administrative
Civil law Criminal law
law

Article 793: Article 184: Offenses Offenses


Against Penalty for damages Against Public Against Public
Environmental laws and regulations
on the constitutional level
From the Article 15 the right to live and the Article 22 all other freedoms
and rights of the people that are not detrimental to social order or public
welfare shall be guaranteed under the Constitution , an interpretation of
environmental rights was made.
Interpretation NO. 426
By Amendment to the Constitution, Article 9, Paragraph 2, which provides t
hat environmental and ecological protection shall be given equal consider
ation with economic and technological development, the state is charged
with the duty to maintain the living environment and the natural ecology.
http://www.judicial.gov.tw/constitutionalcourt/EN/p03_01.asp?expno=426
ebooks.lib.ntu.edu.tw/1_file/moeaidb/013459/a1_11.doc

Environmental laws and regulations


on the administrative law level
Administrati

Prevention
Environmental Influence Evaluation
management Law

Environmental Regional Planning Law, Urban Planning Law and


planning Sewage Systems Planning Law.
ve

Ecological National Parks Law, Wild Animals Protection Law,


Cultural Resources Conservation Law, Forestry Law
preservation and Slope-land Conservation & Utilization Act .

Pollution Air Pollution Control Law, Noise Pollution Control Law,


Water Pollution Control Law, Forestry Law, Drinking
management Water Management Act, Marine Pollution Control Law,
Resource Recycling & Reutilization Law, Waste
Management Law, Toxic Chemical Substances
Laws and Regulations Retrieving System (English)
http://a0-oaout.epa.gov.tw/law/EngLawQuery.aspx Management Law, Environmental Agents Management
National Parks
There are currently 9 national parks in
Taiwan. 6 of them are located on Taiwan
Island, and 3 of them are on the
outlaying islands Kinmen, Penghu and
Dongsha.

Yangmingshan is about 20 km north of


the capital Taipei City; in Yushan, literally
translated as Jade Mountain, locates the
highest peak of the island, 3952m;
Dongsha is the first and only oceanic
national park but not yet open to public
tourism.

Tourism Bureau, Ministry of


transportation and communications http
://
eng.taiwan.net.tw/m1.aspx?sNo=000201
3
Rare and valuable species
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Formosa
n_black_bear
Since 1982, twenty-three species of fauna and eleven sp
ecies of flora have been put on the rare and valuable list
. Among them, the most widely known are:
1. Formosan black bear
Its feature is a white V on the breast.
2. Taiwan trout (Oncorhynchus masou formosanum)
A glacial relic surviving in the cool, higher elevations and
represents the WorIds southernmost distribution of the
trout (Salmonidas) family.
http://knowledge.taibif.tw/node/13882

Forestry Bureau, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan


http://conservation.forest.gov.tw/EN/0001774

http://fourseasonsangling.blogspot.mx/2010/11/unexpected-meet.html
International Cooperation
In 2014, The Environmental Protectioc Agency of the U.S. (EPA) The Environmental Protection Adm
inistration of Taiwan (EPAT) officially launched theInternational Environmental Partnership (IE
P),a network of experts from around the world working together to strengthen capacity for addre
ssing environmental challenges. Through IEP, EPA and EPATaddress common priorities such ascli
mate change,environmental education,electronic waste management,air pollution,mercury mo
nitoring, andcontaminated soil and groundwater. To date,IEP results include:
expandingmercury monitoring in the Asia Pacific region to harmonize atmospheric mercury moni
toring;
establishinga Cities Clean Air Partnership (CCAP) to strengthen urban air quality management in c
ities across Asia;
helping countries on four continents explore new ways of managing electronic waste;
establishing Eco-Campus school partnerships between schools in the U.S. and Taiwan; and
supporting the Global Environmental Education Partnership, which involves more than ten enviro
nmental ministries committed to improving environmental literacy in their home countries.
https://
www.epa.gov/international-cooperation/collaboration-environmental-protection-administration-tai
wan-epat
No official agreements have been signed between mainland China and Taiwan regarding to enviro
nmental protection, although there are urgent needs to address environment problems such as ai
r pollution and marine pollution control. However, a number of NGOs have made joint efforts on
Taiwan Product Carbon Footprint

https://cfp.epa.gov.tw/EN/