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Use of REHVA Guidebook Power
Point Presentations
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Rehva Guidebook on
Displacement Ventilation




   

  

 
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ontents of the book
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hhe basic idea
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rn industry. .and non-industrial


premises
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*an = heat source in theory

234 53O

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*an = heat source in practice
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Air supply



 

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Air is extracted at ceiling level

h 6


    


  

hhe extract air
 
 
 flows along the

 ceiling

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Air supply

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Air supply can be arranged in
many ways

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e aware of cold draught along
the floor!
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hoose a diffuser that is suited
for the purpose
 
 
*ake sure that the adjacent  


zone (the draught zone) does
reach places where people are
located permanently.

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Diffuser types - asino

     

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Diffuser types - Atrium



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Diffuser types - Restaurant


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Diffuser types - Department
store



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asic principles onvection
currents
hhe air that rises in the
convection current must
be replaced by new air.
hhis makes a two-layer
flow, where the polluted,
used air stratifies in
the upper layer.

Less supply air lower



the interface between
the two layers.

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asic principles hhermal
stratification
rn practice, the air will stratify in many layers,
making the temperature rise from floor to ceiling.






u
 

    
 
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asic principles hhermal
stratification
Extract 100%
2,5
26 
2,0
[m]

1,5 Occupied zone


50 - 90%
1,0 50 - 90%

Supply 0%
0,5
18 
Height above floor,

0
0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
ontaminant

Extract 100%
2,5
26 
2,0
[m]

1,5 Occupied zone reathing zone


90% - 100% < 100 %
1,0

0,5 Supply 0%
18 
Height above

0
0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
ontaminants

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hemperature distribution -
 
normal rooms


24;
2( 16;
9:

2(0

24;
1( <  =     
24;
1(0 24;  

0(  16; 
 


u 

0
16 18 20 22 24 26

 



 
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9 :

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hemperature distribution - hall
rooms


 

 

 
 
 
 
 V23;
Y  V27( ;
Y
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 V23;

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 V14;  V18( ;

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ontaminant distribution in
normal rooms
Mx Ex

100%
2( 16;C
9:

2(0

24;C
1( < =o  8
 
100%
1(0 100% !

 

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u 

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0
0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% ? 


Co


 

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oo(

Ex

100% !


2(
26;
9:

2(0

1( < =  
0# 0%
1(0 0# 0%

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18;
u
 !

0
0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
Co


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Little air - less benefit
6

'33%
)(-
).;0
9:

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'(- O = 
-3#53% )3A
'(3 -3#53%
 
3(- 73%
'2;0 B!

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3
3 )3% ,3% .3% 23% '33%
0


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)(-
B 

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9:

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@'3A
'(- O =  *
 = 
53%#'33% @'33%  
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B  

3(- 73%
'2;0

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3
3 )3% ,3% .3% 23% '33%
0



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ontamination in inhaled air
0 

 

 


  





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   $%
|#  %

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Source:
      *ats Sandberg, Sweden


 
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etter air
quality: 
*%




Yes and No? 
h#%%



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%%


 




 


u

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&    ) 
+%*   

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Passive smoking in
crowded rooms with
Displacement Ventilation 3,0
Ambient
2,5
Exposure, seated
2,0 exposure, standing

1,5

1,0

Height [m]
0,5

0,0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6

oncentration ratio c/c R


  C6 

( 
 
 Source:


 
   
 Peter V- Nielsen, Denmark
 
!

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|or protection
against
tobacco
smoke, see
REHVA
Guidebook
no 4:
Ventilation
and
Smoking.

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ontaminant distribution in tall
rooms
  
x >   

Ex

100% Ex

100%

, 2(
9:

9:
, 2(0


, >cc i z 1(
 >cc i
, 1(0 z

, 0(
u 

o

u 

o

0
0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
Co

Co


S 0%  0%




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Auditoria air supply

 




 




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Auditoria air flow pattern

h    






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Auditoria air flow pattern

7  
  7 
 

 
  

 

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Auditoria temperature
distribution
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V 

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Auditoria Recirculation
*! 
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ooled ceiling - high
temperature cooling

0  

  
  
V  V 


  


,3%

V 
 



  



V 
0  (

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V  
     
 
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16 !

 
   
    
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1    '    
 2

|   
   
Room heating
7 
#  
 
h  (  


6


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  7  
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!

 

!

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|   
   
Heating by radiator/convector

O  
 
  


  
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|   
   
|loor heating - low
temperature heating

8 
    





%
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|   
   
Useful or useless?
est suited for: Less suited for:


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1
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onference rooms, %  (  
hheatres, 6     &
Supermarkets, etc O 
 
 

 
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1
 
 
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..and please remember:

  


 

 



  


 
 


  
!  

 


!#

 
 
 
  

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hhank you
for your
attention

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