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The Paris Agreement and the Agenda 2030

Nikola Rass, GIZ

Climate and SDG finance Twin means of implementation
2nd November 2016

Slide 1

Milestones 2015
Two major agreements in 2015:
Agenda 2030 - United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
Paris Agreement

Sustainable development goals and climate goals are strongly

linked and interdependent
Challenge to bridge and implement both agendas

Source: UN 2015 (left) and UNFCCC 2015 (right)


Introduction Climate and SDG Finance

Slide 2

The Paris Agreement

Goal: keep global

warming well below
2C (1,5C)

187 Intended
(INDCs) 3C
temperature rise

Global Goal on

Finance: 100 USD

Billion per year
between 2020 and

Legally binding agreement for 195 countries

Will enter into force on 4th of November 2016

12.12.2015 19:30

Introduction Climate and SDG Finance

Slide 3

Agenda 2030 for sustainable development adopted in September 2015

17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) with 169 targets

are universal and apply to all countries

cover economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection

are not legally binding

Governments are expected to take ownership and establish national

frameworks for the achievement of the 17 Goals.


Introduction Climate and SDG Finance

Slide 4

Agenda 2030 and Climate Change

Preamble 2030 Agenda: identifies climate change as one of
the greatest challenges of our time, stresses that its adverse
impacts undermine the ability of all countries to achieve
sustainable development (para 14)
Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its
Reference to climate change is also included in some other
goals targets, e.g.: goals 1, 2, 7, 11
Integration of climate change into all relevant sectors
remains a challenge for in-country policy makers

Source: UN 2015


Introduction Climate and SDG Finance

Slide 5

SDG in the Paris Agreement

The Conference of the Parties
Welcomes [] the adoption of United Nations General Assembly
resolution A/RES/70/1, Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development, in particular its goal 13 []
(UNFCCC, 2015: Decision 1/CP.21)

Emphasizes [] the intrinsic relationship that climate change actions,

responses and impacts have with equitable access to sustainable
development and eradication of poverty,[].
(UNFCCC, 2015:Preamble to the Paris Agreement Decision 1/CP.21)

Several paragraphs of the PA frame their actions in the context of

sustainable development
(PA Art. 4.1 , Art. 6.4 , Art. 6.9 , Art. 7.1)


Introduction Climate and SDG Finance

Slide 6

Implementation of the two agendas

Integrate the two agendas into national policy processes
Analyze possible alignments and co-benefits
Mobilize and access multiple sources of finance
COP21 comittment to the goal to mobilize 100 billion USD
per year from 2020
Addis Ababa Action Agenda addresses all sources of
finance, and covers cooperation on a range of issues
including technology, science, innovation, trade and capacity


Introduction Climate and SDG Finance

Slide 7

Thank you for your attention!

For more information please contact:


Introduction Climate and SDG Finance

Slide 8

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