and Child Abuse
By: IVAN HERBERT DEJARME
Survivor – Centered
The survivor-centered approach aims to create
a supportive environment in which the
survivor’s rights are respected and in which she
is treated with dignity and respect. The
approach helps to promote the survivor’s
recovery and her ability to identify and express
needs and wishes, as well as to reinforce her
capacity to make decisions about possible
interventions (UNICEF, 2010). Providers must
have the resources and tools they need to
Referral System on Violence
Against Women at the Local
Government Unit Level
Program: RESCUE by GMA
NETWORK NEWS and
A woman retracts her complaint
on domestic violence due to her
fear of what might happen to
her and her children in the
• Concerned Citizens/ Organizations
• School Officials/Teachers
• SURVIVOR or anyone who has knowledge of CP and/or GBV
• Barangay Officials
• Law Enforcers
• Hospital/Clinics or Private Physicians
• Media (Radio. TV.
not apply to cases of VAWC.
. conciliation. settlement. Further. under the same
provision of the IRR. Please note that all forms of
amicable settlement under the Katarungang Pambarangay
such as mediation. the barangay officials shall report the
incident to the PNP and to the C/MSWDO within 4 hours from
the time of reporting.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the
The VAWC law (RA 9262) mandates the barangay officials to
take immediate action upon being informed of a violent
incident and is mandated to issue a Barangay Protection
Order (BPO) on the date of filing after ex parte determination
of the basis of application.
in most cases to the PNP
since the NBI is not always available at the
. In some instances.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY
A common flow of referral for VAW cases is for
the victim to report the incident to the law
enforcement agency. the
victim may approach the barangay for
information and support which may assist the
victim by referring her to the police to file a
complaint and subsequently to the C/MSWDO.
prosecutor is under the DOJ and has offices at the city
and provincial levels. the
victims-survivors may also be represented by the Public
Attorney’s Office (PAO) or the members of the
Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) or volunteer legal
associations such as the International Justice Mission
(IJM). On the other hand. Women LEAD and the Women’s Legal Bureau
(WLB).VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the
PUBLIC PROSECUTOR’S OFFICE
The LEA works closely with the prosecutor in seeing to
it that the victim-survivor is able to seek justice.
. They are assigned in the Regional
Trial Courts which are designated as Family Courts for
the prosecution of VAW cases.
The Women and Children Protection Unit of a Provincial
Hospital is primarily in-charge of handling women victimsurvivors of VAW.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the P/C/MHO. Aside from medical intervention.
RURAL HEALTH UNIT
A victim-survivor may go directly to a medical facility or
be referred by the police or the C/MSWDO for provision of
immediate medical treatment and other medical services. a
psychologist or a psychiatrist as members of the team
WCPU provides a holistic approach for the recovery of the
victims-survivors as it has a medical social worker.
the Head of Office/case manager make referrals
to other government agencies and to NGOs which
are part of the referral network. the P/C/MSWDO is
mandated by the various anti-VAW laws to provide
a comprehensive program for the recovery and
reintegration of the victims-survivors of violence.
If services are not available within its jurisdiction.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the
As a service provider.
are encouraged to use the referral forms
and be included in the data base for VAW
clients.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the
NGOs and FBOs are encouraged to be
part of the referral system/network in the
area and coordinate with the C/MSWDO
as the referral coordinating agency.
An assurance of confidentiality throughout the engagement with
Because it is important that the right to privacy and security of the
victim-survivor is respected. The intake interview.
2. using the prescribed intake form of the
barangay. The VAW Desk must be furnished
with items and equipment necessary to make it fully functional.Barangay VAWC Desk:
A VAW Desk is a physical facility that addresses VAW cases in a
manner that is gender-sensitive. should be done in a place where the client feels
comfortable and safe so she could relate her story without fear. the following must be maintained:
1. it is where the victim-survivor can
immediately go to seek help. Managed by a person assigned by
the Punong Barangay.
.Protocol for Case
Management of Child Victims
of Abuse. Neglect.
Program: BISTADO by ABSCBN News and Current Affairs.
Three (3) separate cases of child
abuse addressed by Julius
Babao and his BISTADO Team.
. and Exploitation
SW & POLICE
The Flowchart on the Management of Cases of
Child Abuse. Neglect.
LIVING OR LOOK FOR
A NEW COMMUNITY
Reporting at the Barangay
The barangay is often the nearest place where
a child victim or witness of child abuse may run
to and seek assistance.
. preferably female. The barangay must
barangay kagawad or tanod.
who shall be in charge of its barangay help
desk that shall receive and monitor all child
abuse and VAW-related cases. and refer the
child victim to the proper agency for
may either seek the assistance of
any women and children protection
desk of the PNP or of the NBI.Reporting to and Investigation
by the Law Enforcement Agency
Victims and witnesses may report
enforcement agency (LEA).
. The social worker’s
beginning and for as long as may be
necessary to monitor the child’s safety
and situation.Complementary Roles of DSWD
The DSWD or the LSWDO social worker
plays a crucial role in the management of
cases of child abuse.
a visit to the child’s home.
allegedly taking place.Intake
Assessment by the Social Worker
The Social worker must conduct.
within 48 hours from the complaint.
. a rescue
operation is necessary. based on the report received either by
DSWD or LSWDO or LEA. the social worker
and the police shall immediately meet to
plan the rescue and determine the action
necessary to protect the child.Rescue of a Child Victim
2.The Mandatory Reporters
. The following are mandated to make a report. medical clinic and
the examination and/or treatment of a child who appears to
have suffered from abuse:
* Head of any public or private hospital. to DSWD/LSWDO within forty-eight (48) hours. Failure to report a child abuse case shall be punishable
with a fine of not more than two thousand pesos (P2.00)
or as may be determined in the future by a court with
jurisdiction.000. either orally
or in writing. and
* Attending physician and nurse.
assistance of the LEA and/or barangay. the LSWDO social worker. or when the local political climate threatens
the life and security of the licensed LSWDO social worker.
.Protective Custody and
When investigation discloses sexual abuse. no licensed
LSWDO social worker.
or life-threatening neglect.
Protective custody shall be exercised by DSWD. shall immediately remove
the child from the home or the establishment where the child was
found and must place the child under protective custody to ensure
the child’s safety. serious physical injury. when there is no functional LSWDO. thru its SWAD
team or SWO II.
Medical Evaluation / MedicoLegal Examination
In all cases.
. the child shall be
immediately referred to a WCPU or
hospital for medical evaluation
and/or medico-legal examination.
. it is advisable for the social worker
and the LEO to conduct a joint interview. If a complaint has already been
A joint interview by the social worker and
the LEO is advisable to avoid repeated
interviews that would re-traumatize the
. or is believed to be.Multi-Disciplinary Case
A multi-disciplinary case conference is a good venue to
gather all professionals such as the social worker.
doctor. if available
and involved. and representatives of the temporary
shelter or foster home directly involved in handing a
child who is. This is a good
opportunity to analyze issues pertinent to a child victim
and come up with an inter-agency plan and
recommendation for the child and the family. may also be invited. Other disciplines such as a
mental health professional and a lawyer. police. a victim of child abuse
and the child’s family.
or exploitation cases.Inquest / Preliminary
The Prosecutor General. neglect. Provincial
exercises a quasi-judicial role in the
conduct of inquest or preliminary
investigation of child abuse.
in the absence of a licensed LSWDO social
worker) or NGO social worker and the LEO shall
work with the child and the child’s family in the
case build-up against the alleged perpetrator. the social worker and the LEO shall
continue to assist the child and endeavor to make
the proceedings child and gender-sensitive.
prosecutor’s impartiality and the integrity of the
.The Role of the Social Worker and the
LEO at Inquest or Preliminary
The LSWDO social worker (or SWAD team or SWO
the social worker.
Prosecutor and LEA Before and
Prosecutors’ Office. and
the LEO can set a positive tone for the
child who will enter and participate in a
court proceeding. With their help.
.The Role of the Social Worker. the
child can prepare for the court testimony
and communicate effectively with the
Court and follow up the expeditious
resolution of cases.
must be commenced right after
the first contact with the child and not when the child is
about to be reintegrated to the community. with the help of the other team
The social worker. These psychosocial
recovery and reintegration. plays a crucial role in determining other
psychosocial interventions geared towards healing. and
The child can be further protected and the adverse
effects of the abuse may be reduced through programs
and services designed for the child victim’s recovery
and reintegration with the family and the community.
What do you do?
You find your teenage daughter crying and sobbing inconsolably in her bedroom. Everything
you suggest just seems to provoke more anxiety and fears. You can see she's very panicky. When you try to respond
to one aspect of the problem.
When you finally get your daughter to talk.VAWC SCENARIO
A friend comes to you extremely agitated and says her husband beat her last night. she tells you that she was beaten the
night before by her boyfriend. and says she doesn't want to talk to anyone. your friend interrupts frantically and jumps to another.
She says she doesn't know what to do. But when you suggest calling the police. What do you do?
. your daughter
that the child is being abused. You
. After severe blows on the head with a
stick. you see a crying child on the side
of the street.CHILD ABUSE SCENARIO
While you were walking on your way home. You try to talk to the child but the child just remains silent. When you
looked for where the cries are coming from you see that your next door
neighbor is beating his 7 year old son. You notice that the child has a lot of bruises on his face and
arms. you hear the sound of a crying child. you saw that the child fell to the ground and the crying stopped. What do you do?
After coming home from work.