Referral

Pathway in
Handling Women
and Child Abuse
Cases
By: IVAN HERBERT DEJARME

Survivor – Centered
Approach
The survivor-centered approach aims to create
a supportive environment in which the
survivor’s rights are respected and in which she
is treated with dignity and respect.  The
approach helps to promote the survivor’s
recovery and her ability to identify and express
needs and wishes, as well as to reinforce her
capacity to make decisions about possible
interventions (UNICEF, 2010).  Providers must
have the resources and tools they need to

Referral System on Violence
Against Women at the Local
Government Unit Level

R.A. 9262

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Program: RESCUE by GMA NETWORK NEWS and PUBLIC AFFAIRS A woman retracts her complaint on domestic violence due to her fear of what might happen to her and her children in the coming days. .

MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAMS: • DSWD-M/P/CSWDO • WCPD-PNP • MHO BARANGAY VAWC DESK BCPC/VAWC DESK REGIONAL TRIAL COURT PROSECUTOR NGO/FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATION /INTERNATIONAL NGO/UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES MULTIDISCIPLINAR Y TEAM PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE HOSPITAL/CLINIC OR PRIVATE PHYSICIAN REPORTING PARTY NATIONAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION .

Print) • Parents/Guardians/Relatives • Concerned Citizens/ Organizations • School Officials/Teachers . TV.Reporting Party: • SURVIVOR or anyone who has knowledge of CP and/or GBV incident • Child/Youth • Barangay Officials • Law Enforcers • Hospital/Clinics or Private Physicians • Media (Radio.

under the same provision of the IRR. conciliation. . arbitration shall not apply to cases of VAWC. the barangay officials shall report the incident to the PNP and to the C/MSWDO within 4 hours from the time of reporting. Further. settlement. Please note that all forms of amicable settlement under the Katarungang Pambarangay such as mediation.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the BARANGAY Protecti on Order The VAWC law (RA 9262) mandates the barangay officials to take immediate action upon being informed of a violent incident and is mandated to issue a Barangay Protection Order (BPO) on the date of filing after ex parte determination of the basis of application.

VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY A common flow of referral for VAW cases is for the victim to report the incident to the law enforcement agency. the victim may approach the barangay for information and support which may assist the victim by referring her to the police to file a complaint and subsequently to the C/MSWDO. In some instances. in most cases to the PNP since the NBI is not always available at the city/municipal level. .

the victims-survivors may also be represented by the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) or the members of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) or volunteer legal associations such as the International Justice Mission (IJM). On the other hand. The prosecutor is under the DOJ and has offices at the city and provincial levels. . Women LEAD and the Women’s Legal Bureau (WLB).VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the PUBLIC PROSECUTOR’S OFFICE The LEA works closely with the prosecutor in seeing to it that the victim-survivor is able to seek justice. They are assigned in the Regional Trial Courts which are designated as Family Courts for the prosecution of VAW cases.

Aside from medical intervention. The Women and Children Protection Unit of a Provincial Hospital is primarily in-charge of handling women victimsurvivors of VAW.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the P/C/MHO. WCPU/MEDICAL FACILITY/ RURAL HEALTH UNIT A victim-survivor may go directly to a medical facility or be referred by the police or the C/MSWDO for provision of immediate medical treatment and other medical services. the WCPU provides a holistic approach for the recovery of the victims-survivors as it has a medical social worker. a psychologist or a psychiatrist as members of the team .

the P/C/MSWDO is mandated by the various anti-VAW laws to provide a comprehensive program for the recovery and reintegration of the victims-survivors of violence.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the P/C/MSDWO As a service provider. the Head of Office/case manager make referrals to other government agencies and to NGOs which are part of the referral network. If services are not available within its jurisdiction. .

. They are encouraged to use the referral forms and be included in the data base for VAW clients.VICTIM-SURVIVOR and the NGO/FBO NGOs and FBOs are encouraged to be part of the referral system/network in the area and coordinate with the C/MSWDO as the referral coordinating agency.

and 2. . it is where the victim-survivor can immediately go to seek help. The VAW Desk must be furnished with items and equipment necessary to make it fully functional. should be done in a place where the client feels comfortable and safe so she could relate her story without fear. An assurance of confidentiality throughout the engagement with the client. Managed by a person assigned by the Punong Barangay. The intake interview.Barangay VAWC Desk: A VAW Desk is a physical facility that addresses VAW cases in a manner that is gender-sensitive. the following must be maintained: 1. using the prescribed intake form of the barangay. Because it is important that the right to privacy and security of the victim-survivor is respected.

Protocol for Case Management of Child Victims of Abuse. Neglect. and Exploitation RA 7610 .

Three (3) separate cases of child abuse addressed by Julius Babao and his BISTADO Team.CHILD ABUSE Program: BISTADO by ABSCBN News and Current Affairs. .

BARANGAY The Flowchart on the Management of Cases of Child Abuse. Neglect. OTHER EVIDENCE FILING OF COMPLAINT SAFE NOT SAFE PSYCHOSOCIAL AND OTHER SUPPORT SERVICES PROTECTIVE CUSTODY/ INVOLUNTARY COMMITMENT . and Exploitation PNP/NBI JOINT INTERVIEW SW & POLICE DSWD OR C/MSWDO INTAKE INVESTIGAT E HOME VISIT MANDATORY REPORTERS MEDICOLEGAL EXAM ANYBODY MDC C SINUMPAAN G SALAYSAY.

RECOVERY.INQUEST PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATIO N HEALING. AND REINTEGRATION (OR INDEPENDENT LIVING OR LOOK FOR A NEW COMMUNITY FOR REINTEGRATION FILING OF INFO TO COURT DISMISSED COURT MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATIO N WARRANT OF ARREST TRIAL .

who shall be in charge of its barangay help desk that shall receive and monitor all child abuse and VAW-related cases.Reporting at the Barangay The barangay is often the nearest place where a child victim or witness of child abuse may run to and seek assistance. and refer the child victim to the proper agency for appropriate intervention. The barangay must designate a child and gender-sensitive barangay kagawad or tanod. . preferably female.

.Reporting to and Investigation by the Law Enforcement Agency Victims and witnesses may report directly to the nearest law enforcement agency (LEA). They may either seek the assistance of any women and children protection desk of the PNP or of the NBI.

The social worker’s intervention is required from the beginning and for as long as may be necessary to monitor the child’s safety and situation.Complementary Roles of DSWD and LSWDO The DSWD or the LSWDO social worker plays a crucial role in the management of cases of child abuse. .

a visit to the child’s home. or where the abusive/exploitative situation is allegedly taking place. .Intake Interview and Assessment by the Social Worker The Social worker must conduct. within 48 hours from the complaint. workplace. school.

.Rescue of a Child Victim If. a rescue operation is necessary. based on the report received either by DSWD or LSWDO or LEA. the social worker and the police shall immediately meet to plan the rescue and determine the action necessary to protect the child.

Failure to report a child abuse case shall be punishable with a fine of not more than two thousand pesos (P2.000. medical clinic and similar institutions. The following are mandated to make a report.00) or as may be determined in the future by a court with jurisdiction. . to DSWD/LSWDO within forty-eight (48) hours. either orally or in writing. and * Attending physician and nurse.The Mandatory Reporters 1. 2. the examination and/or treatment of a child who appears to have suffered from abuse: * Head of any public or private hospital.

the LSWDO social worker. shall immediately remove the child from the home or the establishment where the child was found and must place the child under protective custody to ensure the child’s safety. or when the local political climate threatens the life and security of the licensed LSWDO social worker. no licensed LSWDO social worker.Protective Custody and Involuntary Commitment When investigation discloses sexual abuse. . or life-threatening neglect. when there is no functional LSWDO. with the assistance of the LEA and/or barangay. thru its SWAD team or SWO II. Protective custody shall be exercised by DSWD. serious physical injury.

.Medical Evaluation / MedicoLegal Examination In all cases. the child shall be immediately referred to a WCPU or hospital for medical evaluation and/or medico-legal examination.

If a complaint has already been made. .Joint Interview A joint interview by the social worker and the LEO is advisable to avoid repeated interviews that would re-traumatize the child. it is advisable for the social worker and the LEO to conduct a joint interview.

and representatives of the temporary shelter or foster home directly involved in handing a child who is. . police. if available and involved. a victim of child abuse and the child’s family. may also be invited. or is believed to be. This is a good opportunity to analyze issues pertinent to a child victim and come up with an inter-agency plan and recommendation for the child and the family. doctor. Other disciplines such as a mental health professional and a lawyer.Multi-Disciplinary Case Conference A multi-disciplinary case conference is a good venue to gather all professionals such as the social worker.

or City Prosecutor exercises a quasi-judicial role in the conduct of inquest or preliminary investigation of child abuse. . neglect.Inquest / Preliminary Investigation The Prosecutor General. or exploitation cases. Provincial Prosecutor.

. Without compromising the Investigating prosecutor’s impartiality and the integrity of the proceedings. in the absence of a licensed LSWDO social worker) or NGO social worker and the LEO shall work with the child and the child’s family in the case build-up against the alleged perpetrator.The Role of the Social Worker and the LEO at Inquest or Preliminary Investigation The LSWDO social worker (or SWAD team or SWO II. the social worker and the LEO shall continue to assist the child and endeavor to make the proceedings child and gender-sensitive.

and the LEO can set a positive tone for the child who will enter and participate in a court proceeding. . the social worker. the child can prepare for the court testimony and communicate effectively with the Court and follow up the expeditious resolution of cases.The Role of the Social Worker. Prosecutor and LEA Before and During Trial Effective coordination among the Prosecutors’ Office. With their help.

with the help of the other team members. These psychosocial interventions. recovery and reintegration.Healing. The social worker. . however. plays a crucial role in determining other psychosocial interventions geared towards healing. Recovery. must be commenced right after the first contact with the child and not when the child is about to be reintegrated to the community. and Reintegration The child can be further protected and the adverse effects of the abuse may be reduced through programs and services designed for the child victim’s recovery and reintegration with the family and the community.

your daughter adamantly refuses. your friend interrupts frantically and jumps to another. What do you do? SCENARIO #2 You find your teenage daughter crying and sobbing inconsolably in her bedroom. What do you do? . She says she doesn't know what to do. When you try to respond to one aspect of the problem. You can see she's very panicky.VAWC SCENARIO SCENARIO #1 A friend comes to you extremely agitated and says her husband beat her last night. When you finally get your daughter to talk. and says she doesn't want to talk to anyone. But when you suggest calling the police. she tells you that she was beaten the night before by her boyfriend. Everything you suggest just seems to provoke more anxiety and fears.

After severe blows on the head with a stick.CHILD ABUSE SCENARIO SCENARIO #1 While you were walking on your way home. What do you do? SCENARIO #2 After coming home from work. You suspect that the child is being abused. you see a crying child on the side of the street. When you looked for where the cries are coming from you see that your next door neighbor is beating his 7 year old son. You notice that the child has a lot of bruises on his face and arms. you hear the sound of a crying child. you saw that the child fell to the ground and the crying stopped. You try to talk to the child but the child just remains silent. You .

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