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Oxy-Acetylene Cutting

Safety in Agriculture
OSHA Standard 1910.253
Produced by
Idaho State University
Office of WORKFORCE TRAINING

“This material was produced under
grant SH22228SH1
from the Occupational Safety
grant 
and Health Administration, U.S. Department of
Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or
policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does
mention of trade names, commercial products, or
organizations imply endorsement by the U.S.
Government.”

OSHA and Agriculture
• Not all farms fall under OSHA jurisdiction
• Who is exempt: Farms that only employ
immediate family members or farms
with 10 employees or less (this
exemption, however, does not apply if
the operation has maintained a
temporary labor camp within the last
twelve months, OSHA directive CPL 0200-51)
• Additional state guidelines may apply

or leather sleeves .Personal Protective Equipment for Agriculture Applications • • • • • • (1 of 2) Cotton pants (no polyester coveralls) Cotton shirt. long sleeve. ear plugs Tapper’s jacket. leather jacket. button up collar loose enough to button (no oil in fabric) Gauntlet style leather gloves ANSI approved safety glasses Welding cap.

clean up junk or debris • Have an A. B. HAZMAT cabinet. use the buddy system • Cutting glasses with a minimum shade #5 lens .PPE (2 of 2) • Leather boots above the ankle • MSHA approved respirator if applicable • Housekeeping: flame circle. C rated fire extinguisher present • Always have a partner. no combustibles in cutting area.

Fittings • Brass construction • Left hand threads for acetylene/notch • Right hand threads for oxygen/ no notch • Use no thread tape or pipe “dope” • Never repair hose damage with tape or other materials • Use “backup” wrench for a snug fit • Check for leaks with soapy water .

Fittings .

or damage • Check for leaks with soapy water • Protect from weather • Use flashback arrestors. sparks.Gas hoses • Red: acetylene • Green: oxygen • Protect from heat. friction. check valves .

• NEVER use cylinder as a roller or set heavy objects on.Cylinders: High Pressure Gas (1 of 2) • One piece construction. or other damage.253 (b) (5) (ii) (I) . OSHA 1910. formed armor plate • Color of cylinder means nothing • ONLY the label will identify the gas OSHA 1910.253(b) (1) (ii) • Valve is double seated: open all the way • Inspect cylinder for arc strikes. grinder marks.

253.Read the Label OSHA 1910.(a) (2) .

cont. • Two person lift • Use a cart to move on concrete. safety device . or flat surfaces • Cylinders MUST be chained in cart prior to movement • Gauges need protective covers or be removed and safely stored prior to transport • Cart and cylinders must be secured to move in a vehicle • High pressure cylinders need hydro-testing every 10 years—dates are stamped in to cylinder • Bursting disk on stem.High Pressure Cylinders. rough.

How to Transport OSHA 1910.253.(b) (5) (iii) (A) .

Acetylene: red Tighten gauge with 10 or 12” wrench Connect hoses and torch body with cutting head • Blow out stem by (cracking) valve briefly prior to securing gauges with cylinders .Gauges (1 of 3) • • • • • • Brass construction Delicate. yet rugged instruments Left handed/right handed Oxygen: green.

Brass Oxygen Gauge .

Gauges (2 of 3) • Back adjusting knob or “T” handle out prior to opening cylinder very gently. slowly • Stand to side of cylinder. turn adjusting knob or handle inward to set working pressure . and gently open cylinder • Listen for gradual release and flow of product through gauge into hose • Once pressure has stabilized. use both hands to grasp valve handle.

Adjusting Screw .

Gauges (3 of 3) • Gauge has two readings: one is working pressure and the other is what remains in the cylinder • Never use oil on gauges: NEVER • Protect gauges from damage during use and transportation • Never try to repair gauges yourself-settings need calibration • Never use compressed oxygen to blow dust out of clothes .

A Little Oil Goes a Long Way .

g.. welded mild steel • Full of monolithic material (absorbent) for safety (looks like kitty litter) see example • Cylinder contains acetone to increase absorption and stabilization of acetylene • Avoid laying cylinder down • Safety plugs (e.Low Pressure Acetylene (1 of 3) • Two piece construction. fuse and melt) • Single seated valve: open ¼ turn .

(2 of 3) • NEVER set regulator above 15 psi • OSHA 1910. cont. • Acetone absorbs 50 times its own weight in acetylene and stabilizes it .Low Pressure Acetylene.253 (a) (2) • Color of bottle means nothing: read label • Acetylene is sold by weight • Acetylene evolves off from liquid mixture in cylinder.

. cont. or damage • Open valve on cylinder only ¼ turn in case of fire . chained/secured to truck frame or rack. scratches.Low Pressure Acetylene.(c)(5)(vi) • Inspect cylinder for dents.253.g. hook on a chain with bucket loader) • Secure cylinder with chains in bottle cart or transport in upright position. OSHA 1910. • Never pick up any cylinder by the cap (e.

Cutting Tips for Agriculture Repair • Every torch has a tip: cutting tips have pre-heat holes and a cutting jet orifice • Tips should be cleaned prior to use • Flat file for facing the tip • Tip drills or tip cleaners for orifice(s) • Tips should never touch the metal or be used to tap with .

253 (b) (5) (ii) (I) Remove all unneeded personnel and flammable materials from the area Adjust or re-check gauge settings Turn/open acetylene knob on torch handle Use a striker only to ignite acetylene gas.Lighting the Torch in the AG Shop or in the Field • • • • • • • (1 of 2) Create a “flame circle” wear all PPE OSHA 1910. or arc welder Turn/open oxygen knob on torch handle Adjust flame to neutral: re-check gauges . lighter. adjust flame: no cigarettes.

Lighting the Torch (2 of 2) • Neutral flame should not produce heavy black smoke. brazing. hard-facing) • Feather end should be apparent • Depress oxygen cutting valve and listen for a rushing. jet like sound • Pre-heat orifices should all be the same length • You are now ready to cut .g. carburizing and oxidizing flames have other purposes (e..

obtain neutral flame • Hold torch tip an 1/8” to 3/16” from metal • Wait until metal begins to puddle or melt • Depress oxygen cutting lever • Wait for oxygen stream to push molten metal through. creating “kerf” • Look at puddle and listen to adjust cut speed .Cutting Carbon Steel in Agricultural Applications • Select a cutting tip for suited to metal thickness • Light torch.

Helpful Cutting Techniques • Tip must be clean and proper size • Acetylene and oxygen levels must be set with flame lit (working pressures) • Metal needs to be as clean as possible • Neutral flame is a must: carburizing/oxidizing won’t produce a good cut • A good cut should not require grinding .

Cutting Safety in the Shop or Breakdown in the Field • Have a fire watch • NEVER cut into a barrel. cylinders. cylinder. yourself. gauges. and your equipment while cutting . or container without knowing what was or is in it • Zinc coating (galvanized) produces toxic fumes • Protect hoses.

Shutting down • • • • Turn off acetylene Turn off oxygen Shut off both cylinder valves Back adjusting screw “T” out on both cylinders • Bleed both lines • Roll up hoses • Store cart or secure cylinders with covers .

it must be stood up an equal amount of time for acetone to settle • Absolutely no combustibles in the vicinity of cut . clean place. hoses. and cutting equipment in a safe. • Always secure bottles (with caps on) for transport • If you must lay acetylene bottle down in a truck for transport.Additional Safety Concerns • Store gauges.

shutting down torch • Hands on demonstration .Questions? • Review • Practice setting up. cutting.

Evaluation Produced by Idaho State University Office of Workforce Training .