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Practical Approach to

SIMIS PC and SICAS ECC

There are 4 nos of SIMIS PC


One loading PC
They are as follows
XR1- Windows Operating System - Intel Processor
XR2- Windows Operating System - Intel Processor
XR3- Linux Operating System - AMD Processor
XR4- Linux Operating System - AMD Processor
XR5- Windows Operating System - Intel Processor
Combination of windows and linux always required for
driving the load.( 2 pairs of such combinations are
available)

Pictorial representation of SIMIS PC arrangement


Channel A
Channel B
XR1

XR2

XR3

XR4

XR5
XR1

Restart Button
Green led
(normal
operation)

Red led
( Error )

Rear Side of 4 SIMIS PC


Ethernet connection
XR

Green Profibus connection


Power Supply

Rear side of loading Pc


Connectors for mouse and
keyboard
Power Supply

Bus for monitor

Steps to open the ILVIS tool to view the status of interlocking.

Open the Monitor of the loading PC


Open the ILVIS Icon on the desktop.
A window will appear showing many interlocking in blocks
Select the particular interlocking for which the status need to be
visualised.
The status fig of the interlocking will be as shown in the next
slide.

ILVIS Tool
1

Towards Interlocking X

Towards Interlocking Y

Loading PC

Channel A
Channel B

Interlocking Bus

OLM 1

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

In case of any failure of XR1 & XR2 , we can use this loading PC in the
place of faulty windows intel processor.
Condition for system working
Processor
Status
combinations

System condition

XR1& XR3

Profibus Connections
removed or both faulty

System will be
working as load taken
by Channel B

XR2& XR4

Profibus Connections
removed or both faulty

System will be
working as load taken
by Channel A

XR1& XR4

Profibus Connections
removed or both faulty

System will be
working as one linux
and one windows is
available

XR3& XR4

Profibus Connections
removed or both faulty

System will not be


working as both linux
not available

If any of the above links flashes, it means there is a problem with


that link. For normal condition all these above links should be
steadly displayed.
If any of the processor is shown in pink color on the ILVIS tool,
it means it is not in working condition. So restarting is necessary.

XR
Case 1: If the profibus connection at XR1 or XR3 is removed
or there is a fault in the profibus connection of XR1or XR3, All
the Channel A links on the ILVIS tool will be shown flashing.
Case 2: If the profibus connection at XR2 or XR4 is removed
or there is a fault in the profibus connection of XR2 or XR4, All
the channel B links on the ILVIS tool will be shown flashing.

Loopings among the processor


Processors runing on same type of Operating systems are looped together. Like
XR3 and XR4 which is runing on linux platform are looped together through
ethernet connections.
Similarly XR1 and XR4 which is runing on windows platform are looped
together through ethernet connections.
The above loopings are further looped with the loading PC.This is can be easily
understood by the diagram shown below.

XR1
XR2
XR3

Loading PC

XR4
Ethernet connections

Effects of the above looping on the ILVIS tools


Whenever a processor shuts down, its ethernet link with which
it is looped with the similar type of processor will also flash on
the ILVIS tool.
Eg if XR1 shuts down it will become
Loading PC
pink as shown. Its ethernet link E1
and E3 will flash along with links of
Channel A
Channel A
Channel B
A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3
XR2
XR4

E1

E2

E3

E4

ILVIS Tool
1

Loading PC

Channel A
Channel B

Interlocking Bus

OLM 1

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
6

XR3
XR2

OLM 4

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4
Fig a

SR2

12

SR4

Channel A Link to ECC are designated in Even Nos


Channel B Link to ECC are designated in Odd Nos

Optic link Module (OLM):

Optic link module is a device which converts the electrical signal to optic
signal and vice versa.

Optic link module requires a supply voltage of 24 V.

In DMRC we are using two types of OLM

i.

G11 OLM having two channels only

ii.

G12 OLM- having three channels only.

Plastic fiber and glass fiber both uses the same type of OLM.

Plastic fiber is used for short distance communication like connections


within the station.

Glass fiber is used for long distance communication like connections


between interlockings.

For easy understanding, OLM will be represented (bottom


view)
Channel
1 as shown
Channel
2
below in the following diagrams..
Channel 3

From the rear side of the SIMIS PC we can see three essential
connections.
Power Supply
Ethernet Connection
Profibus Connection
Here three Ethernet connectors are used.They are designated as
EC1,EC2 & EC3 for easy understanding.
Ethernet connections from the rear side of similar type of PC (say
XR1&XR2) is connected to the Ethernet connector EC 1 fixed at
the front side of the SIMIS PC cabinet.
Similarly another Ethernet connections from another set of PC(say
XR3&XR4) is connected to another Ethernet connector EC2.
Ethernet cable from the rear side of the loading PC is connected to
another Ethernet connector EC3.
All the three Ethernet connectors are looped together.

Arrangement of Profibus and Ethernet connections in SIMIS PC


Rear side of SIMIS PC
cabinet

Front side of SIMIS PC


cabinet

XR2

XR2

XR1

PS

XR1

XR3

XR3

XR4

XR4
XR5
PC1

PC3

XR5
monitor

PC2 PC4

Windows

Linux

EC

EC

Loading PC

EC

Front side of ECC

CH A

CH B
Green lines indicate the Green Profibus

OLM1

OLM 2

Plastic fiber goes to rear side of SICAS ECC

Red ines indicate the Ethernet connections

Green Profibus from XR1 & XR3 are connected to channel 1 of OLM PC1 & OLM
PC3 respectively, which constitute channel A.
Similarly Green Profibus from XR2 and XR4 are connected to channel 1 of OLM PC2
and OLM PC4 respectively which constitute channel B.
OLM PC1 &OLM PC3 are interconnected through one of its available channel.
Similarly OLM PC2 &OLM PC4 are interconnected through one of its available
channel.
Optic link plastic fiber from channel 2 of OLM PC1 is taken and connected to OLM
1( this OLM 1 is same OLM1 as in fig a) in channel 3. This OLM 1 is in the rear side
of SICAS ECC.
There is a need for two fiber for two way communication. One fiber is used for
transmitting and the other is used for receiving the optic signal.
Thus the two fiber( Tx& RX) constitute one channel.
A standard convention is used here for connecting the fibers at OLM
They are
Connections
ahead, or
interlocking
ahead

Ch1
Ch2
Ch3
Previous connection or
previous interlocking.

Similarly optic fiber from channel 2 of OLM PC2(rear side of SIMIS PC cabinet) is
connected to channel 3 of OLM2( this OLM 2 is same OLM 2 as in fig a) This constitute
channel B.
In OLM1 one end of green profibus is connected in channel 1 and the other end is connected
to ECC1 and ECC 2 Channel A Communication Board in parallel as shown.
Similarly In OLM2 one end of green profibus is connected in channel a of OLM2 and other
end is connected front side of ECC cabinet on the ECC1 and ECC 2 Channel B
communication Board in parallel as shown.
Channel A link olm1

Channel B link olm2


A

SR1

SR2
From SIMIS PC
OLM PC1

From SIMIS PC
OLM PC2

In the previous slide , the diagram indicates as if the connection first goes to ECC2 and then
to ECC1. It is not so, the connection goes parallel to ECC1 and ECC2. It will be clear with
the following diagram.

Computing unit A of SR 1

Computing unit A of SR2

Even if we remove the connection at SR2,


there will be connection available at SR1, as
they are parallel connected.

M-Module

When we switch off the computing Channel A in ECC1 or ECC2


that channel fails. So one red led will glow near the profibus in
the communication board of Channel A, causing error on it.
Similarly with the other channel also.
When we switch off the computing channel C in ECC1 or ECC2
no communication is affected. If Channel A (computing unit )is
off. Channel B ( Computing unit) runing along with computing
unit channel C (Computing unit) will enable the system to run
safely with the communication available at channel B of
communication Board.
Similarly, if Channel B ( computing unit is Off)
Channel A runing along with Channel C will enable the system to
run safely with the communication available at channel A.
Condition for safe runing of system is no two channels should be
off at the same time.

Link failure identification:


On the fig a we can see all the links. If any abnormality arises in
the link, it can be visualised easily on the ILVIS tool on the
loading PC.
When the ATP Link for Interlocking X channel A (TX or RX
removed), then link no.4 in fig flashes(for channel A) failure. But
it will not indicate whether X link channel A or Y link channel A
failed.
When the ATP Link for Interlocking X channel B (TX or RX
removed), then link no.5 in fig flashes(for channel B) failure. But
it will not indicate whether X link channel B or Y link channel B
failed.

Loading PC

Channel A
Channel B

Interlocking Bus

OLM 1

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

Link failure identification:


On the fig a we can see all the links. If any abnormality arises
in the link, it can be visualised easily on the ILVIS tool on the
loading PC.
When the ATP Link for Interlocking X channel A (TX or RX
removed), then link no.4 in fig flashes(for channel A) failure.
But it will not indicate whether X link channel A or Y link
channel A failed.
When the ATP Link for Interlocking X channel B (TX or RX
removed), then link no.5 in fig flashes(for channel B) failure.
But it will not indicate whether X link channel B or Y link
channel B failed.

Loading PC

Channel A
Channel B

Interlocking Bus

OLM 1

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

Identification of OLM1 & OLM2 in SICAS ECC


Rear side of SICAS ECC

P12

G11

ATS

G11

Rear side of SIMIS PC

P12

XR1

BC
XR2

ATP
G12

P12

G12

P12

XR3
XR4

OLM2

OLM1
Loading Pc

SRA
A

G11

Next
interlocking

SRB

BC
P12

G11

P12

PC1

PC3

PC2

PC4

From SIMIS PC

SR A

SR B

Usually in the mainline we will be having four ECCs per SIMIS PC. Two SICAS
ECC will in the primary interlocking, and the rest two will be in secondary
interlocking.From mainline point of view, OLM1 and OLM2 for channel A and
channel B respectively will be in primary interlocking and OLM3 and OLM4 for
channel A and channel B respectively in the secondary interlocking.

Here OLM 1 in fig represents two optic fiber OLMs


1.

Glass fiber OLM

2.

Plastic fiber OLM

OLM 1
Glass

Plastic

ECC 1 & ECC2

SIMIS PC
OLM 3

Similarly for OLM2 also.

When Glass fiber from channel 2 of OLM1 of channel A is


removed, channel A links beyond OLM1 in fig will flash ie link 10
and 12 will flash to indicate the failure of link to the OLM 3. As
as result no link of channel A will be available to ECC 3 and
ECC4.

Loading PC

Interlocking Bus

3
OLM1

Channel A
Channel B

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

When Glass fiber from channel 2 of OLM1 of channel A is removed, channel A


links beyond OLM1 in fig will flash ie link 10 and 12 will flash to indicate the
failure of link to the OLM 3. As as result no link of channel A will be available
to ECC 3 and ECC4.
When plastic fiber from channel 2 of OLM1 of channel A is removed, channel A
for ECC1 and ECC2 in fig will flash ie link 6 and 8 will flash to indicate the
failure of link to ECC 1 & ECC 2. As as result no link of channel A will be
available to ECC 1 and ECC2.

Loading PC

Interlocking Bus

OLM1

Channel A
Channel B

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

Similarly When Glass fiber from channel 2 of OLM2 of


channel B is removed, channel B links beyond OLM2 in
fig will flash ie link 11 and 13 will flash to indicate the
failure of link to the OLM 4. As as result no link of
channel B will be available to ECC 3 and ECC4.

Loading PC

Channel A
Channel B

Interlocking Bus

OLM 1

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

Whenever a processor shuts down, its ethernet link with


which it is looped with the similar type of processor will
also flash on the ILVIS tool.

Eg if XR1 shuts down it will become pink as shown in the


next slide. Its ethernet link E1 and E3 will flash along with
links of Channel A

Interlocking Bus
1

Loading PC

Channel A
Channel B

OLM 1

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

Connection between SIMIS PC and SICAS ECC


Rear side of SICAS ECC

Front view of SICAS ECC

P12

G11

ATS

G11

Rear side of SIMIS PC

P12

XR1

BC
XR2

ATP
G12

P12

G12

P12

XR3
XR4

OLM1

OLM2
Loading Pc

SRA
A

SRB

BC
G11

Next
interlocking

SR A

SR B

P12

G11

P12

PC1

PC3

PC2

PC4

Ethernet cables represented in red color is actually white in color. Here one
end of ethernet cable is connected on all processors and the other ends are
connected to ethernet connectors( switch). There are three EC(Switch)
Ethernet from XR1 & XR2 are connected to one ethernet connector ( switch)
Similarly Ethernet from XR3 & XR4 are connected to second ethernet
connector( switch)
Ethernet from loading Pc is connected to the third Ethernet connector ( switch)
When ethernet from XR5 is removed , the entire components on ILVIS tool
will appear in pink color to indicate that the control of the SIMIS PCs is no
longer available with the loading PC. So we need to check the ethernet
connections of XR5( loading PC)

Connections of interlocking in SICAS ECC


Front view of SICAS ECC

Rear view of SICAS ECC

P12

G11

ATS

G11

P12

BC
ATP
G12

P12

OLM1

G11

P12

OLM2

SRA

BC

SRB
P12

G11

P12

Ch B

SR A
Next
interlocking

G12

SR B

Ch A

Plastic fiber
From SIMIS
PC

Connection of ATP link between SICAS ECC and ATP cubicle


Front view of SICAS ECC

Rear view of SICAS ECC


P12

G11

BC

ATS

P12 ATP

G12

G11

G12

P12

P12

X
ChA

Ch B

Ch A
Y

ChB
A

BC

X
SRA
G11

X- interlocking ahead

SRB
P12

G11

P12

Y- previous interlocking

ATP Cabinet

Connection between SICAS ECC and ATS Cabinet


Front view of SICAS ECC

Rear view of SICAS ECC


P12

G11

ATS

G11

P12

BC

Ch B
Secondary

ChA

Ch A

interlocking
ChB
ATP
G12

P12

G12

P12

BC
SRA
G11

SRB
P12

G11

P12

ATS cabinet

How to change the faulty Pc with the spare PCs


Windows PC has three partitions
1.

XR1

2.

XR2

3.

Loading

Similarly Linux PC has two partitions


1.

XR3

2.

XR4

The spare PC with windows and linux operating system is provided in each
interlocking.
The window spare can be configured for XR1, XR2 and loading depending
on our requirement. Similarly Linux spare can be configured XR3& XR4.

Case1 When XR1 failed. Now the spare need to be configured as XR1.
Steps
1.

Switch off XR1( by continuously pressing the button till it gets off)

2.

Remove the monitor bus, mouse and key board from the loading PC

3.

Remove the ethernet, Profibus and power supply from XR1.

4.

Remove the faulty PC XR1.

5.

Place the spare PC in the place of XR1

6.

Connect the monitor bus, mouse and keyboard of loading PC to the spare
PC.finally connect the power supply( becos it will start immediately once it
gets power)

7.

Switch ON the black button on the PC once

8.

While boot it gives 3 options

a.

XR1

b.

XR2

c.

loading

9. Select XR1 with help of arrow keys and then press enter.
continued

10. Now it will make the setup for XR1 and windows window will appear .
11. Now switch off the spare
12. Remove the monitor bus, mouse and keyboard from spare and connect it back
to loading PC.
13. Now connect profibus, ethernet to spare
14. Restart the spare by switching ON the black button.

Similarly it can be done for XR2 , XR3 & XR4

Sub: Interlocking Channel A failure between Karol Bagh and Kirti Nagar.
LED Indications on SR A G11 OLM
Normal Indication
Station
Ch1
Ch2
Channel
Orange
Orange
Karol Bagh
Orange
Orange
Kirti Nagar

Indications observed during failure


Ch1
Ch2
Orange
Off
Orange
Orange

Indications on the SICAS ECC


Station
Observation on the Communication Board
Normal indication on the communication boards of ECC1 & ECC2
Karol Bagh
( green led lit)
Kirti Nagar

Abnormal indication on the communication boards of ECC3 & ECC4 (Red led lit)

Status of interlocking on the ILVIS tool


1

Loading PC

Channel A
Channel B

Interlocking Bus

OLM 1

OLM 3

OLM 2

A1

A2

B1

B2

XR1
XR3

XR2

4
5

11

SR1

SR3

10

13
9
8

XR4

OLM 4

SR2

12

SR4

Voltage measurement at SR A G11 OLM are as follows


Station
Voltage in mv
Karol Bagh
Negligible(could not be measured)
Kirti Nagar
300
It was observed that the data signal sent from Karol Bagh is being received at
Kirti Nagar. But the data signal sent from Kirti Nagar is not received at Karol
Bagh.As the above mentioned voltages represents the received voltage it was
suspected that there might be some problem with the OLM .

The OLM's at Karol Bagh and Kirti Nagar were changed with the new ones and it was found that stil the
problem persist.

The fiber connected at both the end terminals(Karol bagh and Kirti Nagar) were removed from the OLM and the
following observations were made with the help of OTDR(Optic Time Domain Reflectometer).

Fiber

Source sent from

Distance traversed
Observation
by the Source in

Red Labelled
Fiber

Kirti Nagar

5.6

fiber ok

Green Labelled
Fiber

Kirti Nagar

4.4

fiber not ok

Red Labelled
Fiber

Karol Bagh

5.6

fiber ok

Green Labelled
Fiber

Karol Bagh

1.2

fiber not ok

Remarks
corresponds to the
distance between
Kirti Nagar and Karol
Signal lost before it
reach karol bagh.
corresponds to the
distance between
Kirti Nagar and Karol
Signal lost before it
reach Kirti Nagar.

From the above inference it was concluded that there is a fiber fault some where near Rajender Place.

Action Taken
The fiber of Channel A was Identified at Rajendra Place Telecom Equipment room and following steps were
followed with the help of OTDR.

Green Labelled Fiber

Red Labelled Fiber

AT
Rajendra
Source
sent with
the help of
OTDR

In the above fashion the source was sent in either direction and the following observations were made.
Fiber

Source sent from Signal sent towards

Red Labelled
Fiber

Rajendra Place

Kirti Nagar

Red Labelled
Fiber

Rajendra Place

Karol Bagh

Green Labelled
Fiber

Rajendra Place

Kirti Nagar

Green Labelled
Fiber

Rajendra Place

Karol Bagh

Distance traversed by Observat


Remarks
source in m
ion
Correspon
4180
Fiber Ok ds to the
distance
Correspon
1450
Fiber Ok ds to the
distance
Signal
Fiber not
18
lost near
Ok
RP itself
Correspon
1455
Fiber Ok ds to the
distance

From the above observations it was found that the fiber between Rajendra
place and Kirti Nagar is faulty and also it was found that the loss took place at
a distance of 18 meters from Rajendra Place. So a spare fiber is used
between Rajendra Place and Patel Nagar and from Patel Nagar the same
old fiber is used as the fiber is Ok between Patel Nagar and Kirti Nagar.
Result
With the spare fiber being used between Rajendra Place and Patel Nagar,
the above mentioned Problem was rectified and both the channels are
working in the normal condition.

Thank You