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Automotive

Aerodynamics

Introduction
When objects move through air, forces
are generated by the relative motion
between air and surfaces of the body,
study of these forces generated by air is
called aerodynamics.

Forces on a Automotive Body


Four kinds of forces may act on a body:
Lift
Drag
Weight
Thrust

Forces on a Automotive Body


Four kinds of forces may act on a body:
Lift
Drag
Weight
Thrust

Lift
It is the sum of all the dynamic forces
on a body normal to the direction of
external flow around the body.
F=(1/2)CLV2A

Drag

It is the sum of all the dynamic forces


in the direction of fluid flow, so it acts
opposite to the direction of object.
F=(1/2)CDV2A

Weight
Its just the weight of the object in
motion. It affects the acceleration of the
object.

Thrust
Force produced in the opposite direction
to drag that is higher than drag so the
body can move through the fluid(air).

History

Todays Car

Effect of Aerodynamic Drag on


Engine Performance

Aerodynamics Design Tips


Keep

the vehicle low to ground.


Cover the wheel wells.
Avoid open Areas
Make corners round instead of sharp.
The body should be as smooth and
continuous as possible.
The should be no sharp angles.

Aerodynamics Design Tips


Front

screen should be raked as much as


is practical.
All body panels should have a minimal
gap.
Make use of spoilers.

For Vehicle you Already own


Keep

your vehicle washed and waxed


(reduces skin friction).
Remove mud flaps from behind the
wheels.
Add a spoiler to the front or rear of the
car.
Drive in closed sun roof and windows.

Benefits of Aerodynamically
designed Vehicle
More

Efficiency
More Speed (increased performance)
More stability (even at higher speeds)
Good Looking (Design Improvements)

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k
n
a
Th

!
!
!
u
o
Y