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ENGLISH VII

SECTION THREE: READING COMPREHENSION


LIC. GABRIEL RUBN LUNA TORRES

ENGLISH VII
1.1.4 CHECK PURPOSE AND ORGANIZATIONAL
PATTERNS

What is the purpose of


reading comprehension?
The
purpose
of
reading
comprehension is for a reader to
understand and interpret what he
reads. In order to follow a story, the
reader must comprehend what is
happening as the story progresses.
If the reader cannot comprehend
written information, he is not unable
to learn from it and use it effectively.

Comprehension
questions ask about
the authors
purpose for the
passage or about
the organization of
the passage.
The purpose of a
passage is the
reason the author
wrote the passage,
or the intent of the
author in writing the
passage.
The organizational
pattern of a reading
passage is the way
that the author
arranges the
information to carry
out his or her

Where in the passage does the author describes


the early writing system of Mesoamerica?

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(A) Lines 1-3


(B) Lines 3-7
(C) Lines 6-8
(D) Lines 8-11
In addition to asking questions about the purpose
of the whole passage, TOEFL Reading
Comprehension questions may also ask you
about specific purposes within the passage.
TOEFL questions about a specific purpose within
a passage are often worded as:
Why does the author mention X in the passage?
In the X paragraph the author mentions Y in order
to
In line X why does the author mention Y?

TOEFL questions about the purpose of a whole passage are often worded as:
What is the purpose of this passage?
The main purpose of this passage is to
What is the authors main purpose in this passage?
Common verbs used in answer choices for TOEFL questions about purpose
are:
To discuss to warn
To tell about to discredit
To summarize to describe
To tell how to praise
To explain to advocate
To present to predict
To show to persuade
To illustrate to convince
To classify to compare and contrast

ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS
TOEFL questions about the
general organizational pattern of
a passage ask you about the
style the author uses in his or
her writing rather than the
purpose of the whole passage.

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Think about the following passage and


questions.
The art of writing itself is a good example
of what students of the past call
independent invention, since systems of
writing have evolved in isolation at
different times in different parts of the
world. For example, one system the
Chinese ideogram- can be traced to its
origin in archaic signs (5) engraved on
the scapular bones of sheep or the sells
of turtles in the second millennium B.C.
as means of asking questions of heaven.
Roughly 1,000 years later an entirely
independent system of writing arose
halfway
around
the
world
in

What is the purpose of this passage?

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(A) To show that writing is an example of


independent invention.
(B) To explain the origin of writing.
(C) To describe two systems of writing.
(D) To compare writing in China to writing in
Mesoamerica.
Which of the following best describes the
organization of the passage?
(A) A comparison of two competing systems.
(B) An examination of a problem.
(C) A statement supported by examples
(D) A chronological development

Answer choices for questions about purpose


and organizational patterns often require
students to

1. distinguish between the overall purpose of a passage and


the purpose of specific parts of a passage.

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2. identify statements that are not true about the passage or


are too general for the purpose of a passage.
3. identify category words that restate the purpose of a
passage.
4. identify the organizational pattern of the passage by
recognizing relationships between points made in the passage;
and
5. recognize signal words in the passage and identify the
organizational patterns they represent.

Words in the answer choices that describe


these organizational patterns are:

TOEFL questions about the


organizational pattern of a reading
are often worded as follows:
Which of the following best
describes the organization of the
passage?
Which of the following best
describes the format of the
passage?
Where in the passage does the
author compare (classify, describe)
X?

- A description - Giving a set of instructions


- An illustration - Showing through examples
- An introduction - A process
- A classification - A definition
- A comparison - A contrast
- A summary - Cause and effect
- A criticism - Chronological order
- An explanation - A response
- A hypothesis
Some words that signal organizational
patterns are:
For example
On the other hand, in contrast
Similarly, likewise
Therefore, thus, as a result
(dates), by the time, later