Careers in Chemistry and PhysicsRelated Fields

Developed by
Mark Hartman, Emily Dunkel
GK-12 Fellows: Harvard University & Cambridge Public Schools
Sponsored by
National Science Foundation

How much is a “good” salary?
 City of Cambridge (2003)
Apartment Size

Typical Monthly Rent

Minimum Household
income required
(assume 30% goes
toward rent)

1 Bedroom

$1400

$56, 000

2 Bedroom

$1725

$69, 000

3 Bedroom

$2300

$92, 000

 HUD estimated median income for family of 4:
$80,800

000 $80.00 . a year is 2000 hours and the following rates of pay are equivalent: Yearly salary $10.00 $40.300 $20. others as wages by the hour.000 Hourly wage $5.How to think about salary  Some jobs are offered as a salary per year.00 $25.00 $15.15 (minimum wage) $10.  Assuming a 40 hour week.000 $30.000 $50.

Higher Degree = More Earnings .

GI bill to Data analyst pay for college if you want Basic technician / Data entry .S.) Data analyst degree Military service 2-3 years You GET paid Technical Technician/ skills. Science/Engineering? – Salaries range from $30k – $100k/yr depending on education… – Training without 4 year college: Level of education Time commitment past high school Yearly tuition What you get Level of ($1k = $1000) when you science job come out you are prepared for High School -- -- Diploma Community college/Tech School 2 years $2k – $3k Associate in Technician / Science (A.

grad student Graduate School 2 years beyond University You GET paid OR Same as university above Master of Science (M. Science (B. Science/Engineering? – 4 year college/university and beyond: Level of education Time commitment Yearly tuition What you get when you come out Level of job you are prepared for College / University 4 years $5k – $15k (public) $20k – $35k (private) Bachelor of Engineer. of Philosophy) senior engineer.) degree Graduate School 5-6 years beyond University You GET paid $17k – $30k Ph. but with equivalent of 2-3 years experience .D. (Doctor Professor.) Programmer.S. degree Lab technologist. senior scientist Same as above.S.

Overarching Science/Engineering Skills  Complex problem solving (analyzing): – Seeing a large problem as made of its essential parts.  Teamwork: – Almost no one works on their own in the real world!  Creativity (synthesizing): – Bringing together seemingly unrelated pieces of information and skills to accomplish a new task! .

Chemistry  Chemical Technician (2 year degree) – Monitor production – Salary: $30k – $40k  Chemical Sales (only 60% have chemistry degree) – Connect labs with customers – Speak foreign languages – Salary: $24k – high $40k .

Chemistry  Forensic Chemist (4 year degree) – Give evidence in court – Salary: high $30k – $60k  Oil and Petroleum chemist (graduate degree) – “Fingerprinting” oil from a spill – Develop new plastics – Salary: mid $40k – $60k (BS). mid $80k – $95k (doctoral) .

Holders .Physics Bachelor’s Degree Holders Salary Ranges Master’s Degree Holders Ph.D.

Physics  Telescope operator (4 year degree) – Perform the art of accurate observations  Video Game Designer (4 year degree) – Program realistic 3D motion  String Theorist (graduate degree) – Question the beginning of the universe/nature of reality – Probe smallest and largest scales of the universe .

400.” – Theodore Von Karman (aerospace engineer)  Engineers turn scientific discoveries into useful products.Engineering  “Scientists discover the world that exists.  Engineering is the second largest profession in America (teaching is the first). engineers create the world that never was.000 engineers – 500. – 1.000 biologists .000 medical doctors – 100.

 Engineering Technician: – Work is more practical and less theoretical than that of an engineer – Associate Degree (2-year degree) – average salary: $28.000 per year  Engineering: – BS College Degree (Bachelor of Science) – $42.000  Research and Development Engineer: – PhD degree (Doctor of Philosophy) – $75.Engineering  Engineering jobs require varying levels of education.000-75.000+ .000-$47.

Mechanical / Aerospace Engineering  Mechanical and Aerospace Engineers design and develop machines  Mechanical Engineers: – air conditioning and refrigeration – automotives – robotics  Aerospace Engineers: – commercial airplanes – fighter jets – space telescopes .

Chemical / Environmental Engineering  Chemical Engineers turn raw materials into products – – – – pharmaceuticals petroleum plastics make-up  Environmental Engineers prevent and fix environmental problems – reduce air pollution – reduce use of pesticides .

Electrical / Computer Engineering  Electrical engineers move information from place to place – – – cellphones satellite transmissions television  Computer engineers deal with design and operation of computer systems – – – networks software hardware .

Bio / Biomedical Engineering  A relatively new field of engineering  Bioengineers bring engineering into the fields of biology and medicine – medical instruments – artificial organs – prosthetic devices .

– M.D.) – Explaining options to parents-tobe  Congressional science advisor / lobbyist (B.S.) – Nuclear waste.S.D) – Should we do cloning?  NSF grant administrator (B.) – Help determine who’s science gets your tax money  Genetic counseling (B.S.Cross-Disciplinary: Government/Policy  Bioethics advisor (Ph.S. – Ph. alternative energy .

S. or “Life experience”!) – “Copenhagen”: Best Play Tony Award 2000  Science museum staff / director (High School.S.D. B.S.) – Andrea Polli: Atmospherics/Weather Works  Historian of science (B. B.) – Letter from Einstein to Roosevelt . – Ph.S.) – Convey difficult topics to the public  Playwright (B.Media / Arts  Science Journalist (B.S.) – Develop engaging programs/exhibits  Technology artist (High School.

S.) – Apply complex mathematical modeling – Predict behaviour of stock market  Intellectual property / Patent law (J.D.—law degree) – guarding rights to original ideas . – Ph.D.Business / Law  Wall Street Analyst (M.

4 Administrative support: secretaries/office workers 96. Current Population Survey.3 55.S.Degree Statistics Profession High School Diploma (or more) Some college (or more) Bachelor’s Degree (or more) All 90.2 15.8 78. degree gets you more opportunities and higher pay! .4 76.5 30.6 Source: US Census Bureau. March 1999 • Only about 25% of the US population has a bachelor’s degree! (34% in Massachusetts) • Although science jobs can be found at all levels.5 Professional/speci alty 99.2 93.2 58. a B.7 Technician and support 98.0 30.

remember this!  The skills you develop in science classes are VERY widely applicable and valuable.  Attempting higher degrees opens many more doors for interesting jobs and higher pay. who will be the engineers and scientists in the future? . well-paying jobs in science and engineering are available at ALL levels of education.  Satisfying.If you forget everything else. If you don’t do it.

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