Careers in Chemistry and PhysicsRelated Fields

Developed by
Mark Hartman, Emily Dunkel
GK-12 Fellows: Harvard University & Cambridge Public Schools
Sponsored by
National Science Foundation

How much is a “good” salary?
 City of Cambridge (2003)
Apartment Size

Typical Monthly Rent

Minimum Household
income required
(assume 30% goes
toward rent)

1 Bedroom

$1400

$56, 000

2 Bedroom

$1725

$69, 000

3 Bedroom

$2300

$92, 000

 HUD estimated median income for family of 4:
$80,800

000 Hourly wage $5.00 . others as wages by the hour.00 $25.000 $50.  Assuming a 40 hour week.000 $80.000 $30. a year is 2000 hours and the following rates of pay are equivalent: Yearly salary $10.00 $15.How to think about salary  Some jobs are offered as a salary per year.15 (minimum wage) $10.00 $40.300 $20.

Higher Degree = More Earnings .

) Data analyst degree Military service 2-3 years You GET paid Technical Technician/ skills.S. GI bill to Data analyst pay for college if you want Basic technician / Data entry . Science/Engineering? – Salaries range from $30k – $100k/yr depending on education… – Training without 4 year college: Level of education Time commitment past high school Yearly tuition What you get Level of ($1k = $1000) when you science job come out you are prepared for High School -- -- Diploma Community college/Tech School 2 years $2k – $3k Associate in Technician / Science (A.

) Programmer.D. Science/Engineering? – 4 year college/university and beyond: Level of education Time commitment Yearly tuition What you get when you come out Level of job you are prepared for College / University 4 years $5k – $15k (public) $20k – $35k (private) Bachelor of Engineer. but with equivalent of 2-3 years experience .S. Science (B. (Doctor Professor. degree Lab technologist.S. grad student Graduate School 2 years beyond University You GET paid OR Same as university above Master of Science (M.) degree Graduate School 5-6 years beyond University You GET paid $17k – $30k Ph. senior scientist Same as above. of Philosophy) senior engineer.

 Teamwork: – Almost no one works on their own in the real world!  Creativity (synthesizing): – Bringing together seemingly unrelated pieces of information and skills to accomplish a new task! .Overarching Science/Engineering Skills  Complex problem solving (analyzing): – Seeing a large problem as made of its essential parts.

Chemistry  Chemical Technician (2 year degree) – Monitor production – Salary: $30k – $40k  Chemical Sales (only 60% have chemistry degree) – Connect labs with customers – Speak foreign languages – Salary: $24k – high $40k .

Chemistry  Forensic Chemist (4 year degree) – Give evidence in court – Salary: high $30k – $60k  Oil and Petroleum chemist (graduate degree) – “Fingerprinting” oil from a spill – Develop new plastics – Salary: mid $40k – $60k (BS). mid $80k – $95k (doctoral) .

D. Holders .Physics Bachelor’s Degree Holders Salary Ranges Master’s Degree Holders Ph.

Physics  Telescope operator (4 year degree) – Perform the art of accurate observations  Video Game Designer (4 year degree) – Program realistic 3D motion  String Theorist (graduate degree) – Question the beginning of the universe/nature of reality – Probe smallest and largest scales of the universe .

000 medical doctors – 100.000 engineers – 500.400.Engineering  “Scientists discover the world that exists. engineers create the world that never was.000 biologists . – 1.  Engineering is the second largest profession in America (teaching is the first).” – Theodore Von Karman (aerospace engineer)  Engineers turn scientific discoveries into useful products.

000 per year  Engineering: – BS College Degree (Bachelor of Science) – $42.Engineering  Engineering jobs require varying levels of education.000+ .000  Research and Development Engineer: – PhD degree (Doctor of Philosophy) – $75.000-75.000-$47.  Engineering Technician: – Work is more practical and less theoretical than that of an engineer – Associate Degree (2-year degree) – average salary: $28.

Mechanical / Aerospace Engineering  Mechanical and Aerospace Engineers design and develop machines  Mechanical Engineers: – air conditioning and refrigeration – automotives – robotics  Aerospace Engineers: – commercial airplanes – fighter jets – space telescopes .

Chemical / Environmental Engineering  Chemical Engineers turn raw materials into products – – – – pharmaceuticals petroleum plastics make-up  Environmental Engineers prevent and fix environmental problems – reduce air pollution – reduce use of pesticides .

Electrical / Computer Engineering  Electrical engineers move information from place to place – – – cellphones satellite transmissions television  Computer engineers deal with design and operation of computer systems – – – networks software hardware .

Bio / Biomedical Engineering  A relatively new field of engineering  Bioengineers bring engineering into the fields of biology and medicine – medical instruments – artificial organs – prosthetic devices .

– Ph.D) – Should we do cloning?  NSF grant administrator (B.S.) – Nuclear waste. – M.S.S.D.) – Help determine who’s science gets your tax money  Genetic counseling (B.S. alternative energy .) – Explaining options to parents-tobe  Congressional science advisor / lobbyist (B.Cross-Disciplinary: Government/Policy  Bioethics advisor (Ph.

B.Media / Arts  Science Journalist (B.S.) – Convey difficult topics to the public  Playwright (B. B.S.) – Develop engaging programs/exhibits  Technology artist (High School.) – Letter from Einstein to Roosevelt . or “Life experience”!) – “Copenhagen”: Best Play Tony Award 2000  Science museum staff / director (High School.) – Andrea Polli: Atmospherics/Weather Works  Historian of science (B. – Ph.S.D.S.S.

– Ph.D.D.S.—law degree) – guarding rights to original ideas .Business / Law  Wall Street Analyst (M.) – Apply complex mathematical modeling – Predict behaviour of stock market  Intellectual property / Patent law (J.

2 58.3 55.2 93.5 Professional/speci alty 99.7 Technician and support 98.4 76.5 30.Degree Statistics Profession High School Diploma (or more) Some college (or more) Bachelor’s Degree (or more) All 90.2 15.4 Administrative support: secretaries/office workers 96.0 30.S. March 1999 • Only about 25% of the US population has a bachelor’s degree! (34% in Massachusetts) • Although science jobs can be found at all levels.6 Source: US Census Bureau. Current Population Survey.8 78. a B. degree gets you more opportunities and higher pay! .

 Attempting higher degrees opens many more doors for interesting jobs and higher pay. remember this!  The skills you develop in science classes are VERY widely applicable and valuable.If you forget everything else. who will be the engineers and scientists in the future? . If you don’t do it. well-paying jobs in science and engineering are available at ALL levels of education.  Satisfying.

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