Health & Safety Management for Quarries

Topic Eight
Managing the Health and
Safety of Contractors

Objectives of this Section
• To define what is meant by a contractor and to
outline the types and roles of contractors in the
quarrying industry.
• To outline the duties, roles and responsibilities
of companies and contractors.
• To outline the principles of managing the
health and safety of contractors prior to, and
during their work on site.
• To introduce the Contractor Passport scheme
currently being initiated in the quarrying
industry.

.Contractor • The term 'Contractor' refers to any individual or organisation who enters into an agreement (either written or orally) with a Company to carry out services. blasting etc. • Activities include routine quarrying activities such as vehicle driving. drilling.

Casual Contracts Contracts involving low expenditure over short periods Labour hire Contracts Labour hire only with principal organising and managing the work task. Examples include visitors. Medium/minor contracts Contracts with substantial expenditure. Examples include construction projects. . office equipment repairers etc. deliveries. Examples include maintenance labour for shut downs. Restricted site access Access to site is brief and restricted.Contracts in the quarrying industry can be classified as follows: Major Contracts Contracts involving very large expenditure and a long period on site. Examples include haulage contracts and plant operation.

• With respect to contractors. a company’s time and resources are frequently allocated in proportion to the size of the contract. • Minor contracts and casual contracts are generally less well controlled with perceived bureaucratic procedures and processes being avoided. . • Major/medium size contracts use formal contractual documentation and detailed processes.

• Responsibilities when employing the contractor are set out as follows: .The Quarry/Contractor Relationship • The health and safety implications for a Company using contractors are just as onerous as for those applying to its own employees.

 Other people at work on the site.Duty • All Companies have a duty under the Health and Safety at Work Act. .  Members of the public who may be affected by the work. 1974. to take all reasonably practicable steps to ensure the heath and safety of:  Their employees. such as contractors.

1999. the Contractor also has duties such as:  To ensure the safety.Duty • As a company. . all employers are required to undertake an assessment of the risks which effect employees and anyone else who may be effected by the work. • Under the Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations. premises just as they are obliged to on their own premises. health and welfare of his employees and others  Provide a safe place of work and a safe system of work on client's. including contractors.

.Managing the Health and Safety of Contractors Step 1: Planning Define the job Identify hazards Assess and control risks Specify health & safety conditions Step 4: Keeping a Check Assess degree of contact needed How is the job going Step 5: Reviewing the Work Review job and contractor Record the lessons. Step 2: Selecting a Contractor What H&S competence is needed Go through information about job and site Ask for a safety method statement Step 3: Working on Site Contractors sign in and out Name a site contact Reinforce any H&S information and site rules Check job and allow work to begin.

Planning For efficient management of contractors. . • Define the scope of the work. companies should: • Plan what the contractors job involves and how it can be done safely. • The company should develop a bid list through a formal or informal pre-qualification process which includes the above. • Risk assessment of significant potential hazards to health and safety.

. • In order to be satisfied as to the competency of the contractor in the management of health and safety. it is common for companies to send out or use a pre.qualification check list at the tendering stage.Contractors Responsibilities • Contractors also have responsibility to carry out a risk assessment and should do so before work commences at the tender stage.

.Contractors Checklist for Small Contracts (Minimum Requirements) Health & Safety Policy • A safety and health Policy with clearly stated objectives. signed by the Managing Director (or equivalent) and dated.

codes of practices. standards etc. Induction and Training • A record of each employees induction training. . • A documented process to inform employees of changes to legislation. • A documented programme for regular inspections of all plant and equipment. ongoing training and health surveillance.Checklist Cont’d Responsibility and Accountability • A documented risk assessment and safe system of work for the task in question.

.Checklist Cont’d PPE • Availability of all necessary forms of PPE • Evidence that persons have been instructed in the correct usage and maintenance of the same • Documented procedure for the regular inspection of equipment and its replacement when necessary Hazardous Materials • A documented COSHH assessment for hazardous substances brought onto site.

incidents and near misses. . incidents and near-misses.Checklist Cont’d Incident Reporting & Investigation • A documented procedure for the reporting of all accidents. as required by the company and by RIDDOR. • An ongoing record of all accidents.

procedures and practices) that are in keeping with the task in question and the standards set by the employing Company and legislation. • The resources necessary and available to implement that management system on site.Selecting a Contractor Once tenders have been received they should be evaluated to establish whether the contractor has: • An appropriate health and safety management system (such as policies. .

• Carried out a risk assessment and documented a safe system of work. • A good record of occupational health and safety performance in work of a similar nature. • Some companies may have a list of ‘approved contractors’ who meet all the requirements listed above which are re-assessed on an annual basis. . rather than before each particular job.

• Provide induction on the site conditions. facilities. . It is good practice to: • Control the coming and going of contractors in and out of the premises. safety rules and practices required.Working on Site Once a contractor commences work on site it is important that they are aware of the site safety rules that apply to them and any particular hazards that they face.

. • Establish a timetable for formal and regular review of the contractors safety management system through inspections. audits and safety meetings.• Name a site contact (someone to get in touch with on a routine basis or if the jobs changes and there is uncertainty about what to do).

• Have there been any incidents? • Are any other special arrangements necessary? .Keeping a check Having established a timetable for overinspections and audits of the contractor’s health and safety management system it is important that this is undertaken in order to ascertain how the job is going. in particular: • Is it going as planned? • Are the contractors health and safety systems actually in place and are they being followed? Are they working safely.

Keeping a check • Such inspections and audits should also be undertaken regularly on the companies own health and safety systems in line with the management system model outlined in Topic 4 of this course. .

Reviewing the work Once the job has been completed it is necessary to review the job. A review should be used to improve on future contracts and should include: • A review of the outcomes and achievements of the contractor. • Provision for feedback to contractor. • Amendment or addition to the procedures if necessary. • Recording and rating the overall performance of the contractor against established criteria. • Verification of the adequacy of procedures in place. .

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