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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Health


which is 100% fatal though 100% preventable. It is not among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the country but it is regarded as a significant public health problem because (1) it is one of the most acutely fatal infection and (2) it is responsible for the death of 200-300 Filipinos annually.  The rabies virus attacks the central nervous system causing severely distressing neurological symptoms before causing the victim to die. .What is Rabies ?  Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted through the saliva or tissues from the nervous system from an infected mammal to another mammal.  Rabies is considered to be a neglected disease.

scratches. caves with rabid bats.  Non-bite exposures are less important and are infrequent modes of transmission. Exposure to rabies may come from bites of infected dogs.g. and Inhalation of aerosolized virus in closed areas (e. bites from rats. other rodents. open wounds or mucous membranes that are licked by an infected animal. However. genitalia) with saliva of infected animal. However. rabbits. other domestic and wild animals including bats.Modes Of Transmission  Bites from infected animals are the most common mode of transmission of rabies to humans. mouth. nose. reptiles and birds do not pose a risk for rabies infection. . Licks on broken skin. laboratories for rabies diagnosis). cats. can be points of entry of the rabies virus and these may be in the form of the following:    Contamination of intact mucosa (eyes.

Most cases of rabies are fatal. Fortunately.Symptoms include:  Fever  Headache  Anxiety  Confusion  Difficulty swallowing  Paralysis Once a person develops the symptoms of rabies. there are vaccines available that effectively prevent rabies after an animal bite. . the disease will be very hard to treat.

Department of Health Vision: “To Declare Philippines Rabies-Free by year 2020” Goal: “To eliminate human rabies by the year 2020” .

Advocacy March . . Provision of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to high risk individuals and school children in high incidence zones 3. Provision of Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to all Animal Bite Treatment Centers (ABTCs) 2.World Rabies Day. Health Education 4.Rabies Awareness Month September 28 .Program Strategies: 1.

DOH-DA joint evaluation and declaration of Rabies-free islands The DOH. Training/Capability Building 6. together with the partner organizations/agencies. Establishment of ABTCs by Inter-Local Health Zone 7.5. . has already developed the guidelines for managing rabies exposures. With the implementation of the program strategies. five islands were already declared to be rabies-free.

Partner Organizations/Agencies: • Department of Agriculture (DA) • Department of Education (DepEd) • Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) • World Health Organization (WHO) • Animal Welfare Coalition (AWC) • WHO/BMGF Rabies Elimination Project • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation • World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) • Medical Research Council (MRC) .

Anti-Rabies Act of 2007 (RA 9482) The Anti-Rabies Act of 2007 (RA 9482) provides the guidelines for the prevention and control of rabies in the Philippines. Several agencies and persons are tasked to do their respective jobs in a collective effort to control rabies under a National Rabies Prevention and Control Program. .