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SPECIES EXTINCTION
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• any organisms are source of drugs (i.e., penicillin,


cancer drugs); 25% of all pharmaceuticals contain ingredients derived
from native plants, primarily found in tropics.

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organisms to meet our many needs.

 "!• volution, ecology, biogeochemistry, biology (we


love to study everything!)


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• irect commercial interests, indirect businesses,
ecotourism.

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1.  & # of different kinds of organisms within
community/ecosystem

2. ' & iversity within a species; variety of different


versions of the same genes within a species

3. 
 & Richness and complexity of a community (e.g.,
variety of forests, lakes, deserts, grasslands. etc.)
ëetween 40 and 90% of
species live in tropical forests

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collecting, pest eradication, etc.)
  
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species
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of plants and animals found
here are found nowhere else
on earth.

5-12 species of flightless birds

× §
17 genera of lemur
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giant tortoises


 
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2. Commercial value.

3. Island dwellers (limited immigration; isolated evolution


free from competitors, predators and diseases--fewer
defenses when introduced).

4. Low reproductive success.

5. Large and/or flightless (easily hunted).


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Oropical rainforests cover 6% of

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earthƞs land surface area, but   

are believed to hold >50% of  "
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