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BSC6900

Hardware System
www.huawei.com

Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1.

System Description

2.

Hardware Structure

3.

System Signal Flow

4.

Typical Configuration

Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Location of the BSC6900

The HUAWEI BSC6900 is a new generation GSM BSC
product after BSC6000 and BSC6810

Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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High Integration and Low Cost

Supports 3,072 TRXs in a single cabinet

Supports the simultaneous activation of up to 12,288
PDCHs

Maximum of traffic: 19,500 Erl; BHCA : 5,250,000

Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Page5 . Ltd.Features of the BSC6900 System High integration and low cost   Easy configuration and convenient maintenance  All-IP platform  Web-based LMT Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved..

. All rights reserved.Flexible Configuration  Hardware Configuration  BM/TC Separated Mode a)TC Local b)TC remote  BM/TC Combined Mode  A over IP Mode Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page6 . Ltd.

Page7 .. Ltd.Dual Mode Design GSM&UMTS cocabinet GSM&UMTS cabinet RNC • • • BSC RNC BSC RNC BSC RNC Software Upgrade RNC BSC Smooth evolution from BSC to RNC with software upgrade Reducing CAPEX by reusing hardware Dynamic capacity adjustment between 2G&3G Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

correctness and efficiency guaranteed Unified WEB LMT for maintenance: 2G/3G Maintenance more easy and intuitionistic Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Page8 ..Feature of BSC6900 - Co OAM Unified CME : Simultaneous 2G/3G data configuration. All rights reserved.

Page9 . System Signal Flow 4. All rights reserved. System Description 2.Contents 1. Hardware Structure 3.. Typical Configuration Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Contents 2.3 Boards 2. Page10 . Ltd.4 Cables Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Hardware Structure 2. All rights reserved.2 Subracks 2..1 Cabinets 2.

the singledoor cabinet and the double-door cabinet 2200mm 2200mm 800mm 800mm 600m m 600mm N68E-22 Cabinet (Singledoor/Double-door) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.BSC6900 Cabinet  The BSC6900 uses the standard N68E-22 cabinet  The N68E-22 cabinet is of two types. Page11 .. All rights reserved. Ltd.

cabinets are classified into the main processing rack (MPR). rack© 2009 Huawei Technologies cable trough Page12 .. All rights reserved. extended processing rack (EPR). Ltd.Components of the Cabinet  Based on functions. and transcoder rack (TCR) (1) Filler (2) Subrack panel (3) Air defense frame (4) Power distribution box (5) Cable (6) Rear Copyright Co.

TCR Page13 . Ltd. All rights reserved..Components of the Cabinet POWER BOX POWER BOX POWER BOX 2 EPS 5 8 TCS 1 EPS 4 7 TCS 0 MPS 3 6 TCS MP R EPS EPR Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved. Ltd. Page14 .Power Distribution Box POWER BOX subrack2 subrack1 subrack0 (1) (2) Power distribution (3) Label for power distribution PAMU switches switches Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co..

All rights reserved. Hardware Structure 2. Ltd..Contents 2.1 Cabinets 2.4 Cables Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page15 .3 Boards 2.2 Subracks 2.

. Page16 .Subrack 436mm 12U 500mm (1) Fan box (2) Mounting ear (3) Guide rail (4) Front cable trough (5) Boards (6) Grounding screw (7) DC power input port (8) Port for the monitoring signal cable of the power distribution box (9) Cover plate of the DIP switch Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.

6 7 8 ON ON OFF OFF ON OFF OFF ON OFF ON ON OFF OFF ON OFF ON ON OFF Page17 .. Ltd.Dip Switch on the Subrack  The DIP switch on the subrack has eight bits from 1 to 8 Subrack No. 0 1 2 3 4 5 Bit 1 2 3 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 ON ON ON ON ON 1 0 0 0 0 OFF ON ON ON ON 0 1 0 0 0 ON OFF ON ON ON 1 1 0 0 0 OFF OFF ON ON ON 0 0 1 0 0 ON ON OFF ON ON 1 0 1 0 0 OFF ON OFF ON ON Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.Slots in the Subrack  the boards are installed on both the front and rear sides of the backplane (1) Front slot (2) Backplane (3) Rear slot Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page18 . Ltd..

Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900 Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. the MPS provides clock for the system  As the main processing subrack. All rights reserved.Main Processing Subrack (MPS)  The MPS processes the basic services and performs the O&M function. the MPS is configured in the MPR. Ltd. In addition. Page19 ..

All rights reserved. Page20 .Main Processing Subrack (MPS)  BSC6900 must have only one MPS Rear Board Front Board Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd.

. the EPS is not configured with the GCUa and OMUa Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.Extended Processing Subrack (EPS) As the extended processing subrack. All rights reserved. It processes the basic services of the BSC6900  Compared with the MPS. Page21 . the EPS is  configured in the MPR or EPR.

. All rights reserved.Extended Processing Subrack (EPS) BSC6900 has no EPS or up to 4 EPS for GSM  Rear Board Front Board Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Page22 .

the TCS is configured in the MPR. Ltd. EPR. In BM/TC separated configuration mode.. All rights reserved. or TCR  It performs transcoding. Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page23 .TransCoder Subrack (TCS)  The TCS is the transcoder subrack. rate adptation.

Ltd.TransCoder Subrack (TCS)  BSC6900 has up to 4 TCS for GSM Rear Board Front Board Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. Page24 .

2 Subracks 2.3 Boards 2. Ltd. All rights reserved.Contents 2.4 Cables Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. Hardware Structure 2.1 Cabinets 2. Page25 .

All rights reserved.BSC6900 Logical Structure Clock (optional) Clock Synchronizati on Subsystem To BTS To other BSC To MSC To SGSN Interface Processi ng Subsyste m Switching Subsyste m Service Processing Subsystem OM Subsystem LMT/M2000 Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Page26 ..

Page27 ..Switching Subsystem  The switching subsystem performs the following functions  Provides intra-subrack Medium Access Control (MAC) switching  Provides intra-subrack Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) switching  Provides switching channels for traffic data  Provides OM channels  Distributes clock signals to the service processing boards Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.

) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page28 . Ltd..Switching Subsystem (Cont. All rights reserved.

The communication between the other nodes must be switched by the center node  TDM switching . Ltd. When any node is out of service. the communication between other nodes is not affected Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.star topology  One node functions as the center node and it is connected to each of the other nodes.mesh topology  There is a connection between every two nodes. Page29 . All rights reserved..Network Topologies Between Subracks  MAC switching .

. All rights reserved.TNUa Board  The TNUa board performs the following functions:  Provides 128 k * 128 k TDM switching  Only supports GSM Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page30 . Ltd.

Ltd. All rights reserved..SCUa Board  The SCUa board performs the following functions:  Provides the maintenance management function  Provides configuration and maintenance of a subrack or of the entire BSC6900  Enables inter-subrack connections  Supports GSM&UMTS Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page31 .

All rights reserved.. Ltd.Service Processing Subsystem  The service processing subsystem performs the following functions  Radio resource management and control  Radio access management  Cell broadcast service control  CS service processing  PS service processing Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page32 .

 Main Processing Unit (MPU): manage the user panel resources.. signaling panel resources. Ltd. It only supports GSM.  Main control XPUa supports 270TRXs and Page33 . process the GSM services on the control plane and transmission resources in the system  Signaling Processing Unit (SPU): process the signaling Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.XPUa Board  The XPUa board performs the following functions:  There are four logical processing units inside a XPUa board. All rights reserved.

. Ltd.  Main control XPUb and Non-main control XPUb can both support 640 TRXs at most Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.XPUb Board  The XPUb board performs the following functions:  There are eight logical processing units inside a XPUb board. So its processing capability improves 75%-100% more than XPUa. Page34 . It only supports GSM.

SPUa/SPUb Board  The SPUa/SPUb board performs the following functions:  The SPUa/SPUb support both GSM and UMTS. Page35 . Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. The processing capability of SPUb improves 75%-100% more than SPUa .  There are four/eight logical units inside a SPUa/SPUb board.. All rights reserved. Ltd.

Page36 .. Ltd.DPUc Board  The DPUc board performs the following functions:  Provides the speech format conversion and data forwarding functions  Encodes and decodes voice services  Supports 960 speech transcoding and 3740 frames conversion  Provides the voice enhancement function  Only supports GSM Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

Page37 . Ltd.DPUd Board  The DPUd board performs the following functions:  Processes the PS services on up to 1.024 simultaneously active PDCHs where signals are coded in MCS9  Processes packet links  Detects packet faults automatically  Only supports GSM Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved.

PDCP. IUUP. Page38 . Ltd. MAC. All rights reserved.DPUb Board  The DPUb board performs the following functions:  Provides the speech format conversion and data forwarding functions  Encodes and decodes voice services  Performs the functions of the GTP-U.. and FP protocols  Provides the voice enhancement function  Supports GSM and UMTS Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. RLC.

Clock cable Page39 . Ltd.8kHz S C U a EPS I N T To BTS 19.. All rights reserved. 32.44MHz.44MHz.768MHz. 32. 32.8kHz EPS To BTS I N T 8KHz S C U a 19.768MHz.768MHz.Clock Synchronization Subsystem CN BITS GPS MPS To BTS I N T I N T GCUa Clock module 8kHz S C U a 19.8kHz High-speed backplane channel Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.44MHz.

Page40 . and maintains the synchronization clock  The standby GCUa board traces the clock phase of the active GCUa board. generates. Ltd. This ensures the smooth output of the clock phase in the case of active/standby switchover  Supports GSM&UMTS Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved.GCUa Board  The GCUa board performs the following functions:  Traces.

. All rights reserved.OM Subsystem Internal network External network To M2000 O M U a O M U a S C U a S C U a S C U a S C U a EPS MPS HUB Internet cable serial cable Alarm box LMT Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Page41 .

security management. performance management..OMUa Board  OMUa board is the Back Administration Module (BAM) of the BSC6900. and loading management functions for the system  Providing with the operation and maintenance interface for the LMT/M2000 users Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. fault management. it performs the following functions :  Configuration management. Page42 . Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ltd. Page43 ..Interface Processing Subsystem Interface board category  Boar d Type Transpo rt Mode TDM INT IP Board Support Mode Electrical port EIUa GSM Only Optical port OIUa GSM&UMTS FE/GE FG2a/FG2 c GSM&UMTS E1 PEUa GSM&UMTS STM-1 POUc GSM&UMTS GE GOUa/GO Uc GSM&UMTS Port Type Electri cal port Optica l port Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

. and decodes 32 E1s/T1s  Processes signals according to the LAPD protocol. receives.EIUa Board  The EIUa board performs the following functions:  Transmits. Abis. Pb and Ater interfaces  Supports 384TRX for Abis interface or 960 CICs for A Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page44 . All rights reserved. SS7 MTP2 protocol  Provides the Tributary Protect Switch (TPS) function between the active and standby EIUa boards  Provides the OM links when the TCS is configured on the MSC side  Supports the A. Ltd. encodes.

Abis.52 Mbit/s  Processes signals according to the LAPD protocol. Ltd. Page45 . SS7 MTP2 protocol  Provides the Automatic Protection Switching (APS) function between the active and standby OIUa boards  Provides the OM links when the TCS is configured on the MSC side  Supports the A.OIUa Board  The OIUa board performs the following functions:  Provides one STM-1 port for TDM transmission with the rate of 155. Pb and Ater interfaces  Supports 384TRX for Abis interface or 1920 CICs for A interface Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved.

Page46 . All rights reserved.6144 CICs for A interface or 128Mbps Gb throughput Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. and Gb interfaces  Supports 384TRX for Abis interface ..FG2a Board  The FG2a board performs the following functions:  Provides 8 channels over FE ports or 2 channels over GE electrical ports  Provides the routing-based backup and load sharing  Supports the Abis. A. Ltd.

23040 CICs for A interface or 1024Mbps Gb throughput Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.FG2c Board  The FG2c board performs the following functions:  10M/100M/1000M Provides 12 channels over FE ports or 4 channels over GE electrical ports  Provides the routing-based backup and load sharing 10M/100M  Supports the Abis. All rights reserved.. Ltd. and Gb interfaces  supports 2048TRX for Abis interface. Page47 . A.

receives.PEUa Board  The PEUa board performs the following functions:  Provides 32 channels of E1s/T1s for HDLC transmission  Provides the Tributary Protect Switch (TPS) function between the active and standby PEUa boards  Transmits.048 Mbit/s.. Ltd. the T1 transmission rate is 1. Page48 . The E1 transmission rate is 2. and decodes 32 channels of E1s/T1s. encodes. All rights reserved.  Supports the Abis and Gb interfaces  Supports 384TRX for Abis interface or 64Mbps Gb throughput Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.544 Mbit/s.

Ater interfaces POUc over TDM supports 512TRX for Abis interface.3906 CICs for A interface or 504Mbps Gb throughput POUc over IP supports 2048 TRX for Abis interface or 23040 CICs for A interface Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved.POUc Board  The POUc board performs the following functions:  Provides 4 channels over channelized optical STM-1/OC3 ports based on IP protocol  Supports the PPP function  Extracts line clock signals     Provides the Automatic Protection Switching (APS) function between the active and standby POUc boards Supports the A. Gb. Abis. Ltd. Page49 .

Page50 .GOUa Board  The GOUa board performs the following functions:  Provides 2 channels over GE optical ports for IP transmission  Provides the Tributary Protect Switch (TPS) function between the active and standby boards  Supports the Abis and A interfaces  Supports 384 TRX for Abis interface and 6144 CICs Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. All rights reserved.

23040 CICs for A interface or 1024 Mbps Gb throughput Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. A.GOUc Board  The GOUc board performs the following functions:  Provides four channels over GE optical ports  Provides the routing-based backup and load sharing  Extracts line clock signals  Supports the Abis.. All rights reserved. Page51 . and Gb interfaces  Supports 2048 TRX for Abis interface. Ltd.

Contents
2.

Hardware Structure
2.1 Cabinets
2.2 Subracks
2.3 Boards
2.4 Cables

Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page52

Main Cables

Trunk Cables

75Ω coaxial cable and Active/Standby 75-ohm coaxial
cable

120Ω twisted pair cable and Active/Standby 120Ω twisted
pair cable

Network cables

Optical Fibers

Y-Shaped Clock Cable

PDB Monitoring Signal Cable

Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Trunk Cables

75-ohm Coaxial Cable /120-ohm Twisted Pair Cable

(1) DB44 connector

(2) Main label (Identifying the code,
version, and manufacturer
information of the cable)

(3) Label (Identifying a
coaxial cable/twisted pair
cable)

(4) Metal case of the DB44
connector

Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Trunk Cables (Cont.)

Active/Standby 75-ohm Coaxial Cable

(1) DB44
connector

(2) Metal case of the DB44 connector

(3) Label
(Identifying a
coaxial cable)

(4) Main label (identifying the code, version,
and manufacturer information of the cable)

(5) Label 2
(identifying a
coaxial cable)
Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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and manufacturer information of the cable) (5) Label 2 (identifying a twisted pair cable) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.)  Active/Standby 120-ohm Twisted Pair Cable (1) DB44 connector (2) Metal case of the DB44 connector (3) Label 1 (identifying a twisted pair cable) (4) Main label (identifying the code.. Ltd.Trunk Cables (Cont. All rights reserved. Page56 . version.

Page57 . All rights reserved. Ltd..Ethernet Cable  Straight-Through Cable Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.

.Optical Cables  Optical cables are used to connect the optical interface board to the Optical Distribution Frame (ODF) or other NEs. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Page58 .

Ltd.. All rights reserved.Y-Shaped Clock Cable  This cable transmits the 8 kHz clock signals from the GCUa/GCGa board in the MPS to the SCUa board in the EPS. (1) Label (identifying a (2) RJ45 pair of twisted pair cables) connector Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page59 .

PDB Monitoring Signal Cable  The power distribution box (PDB) monitoring signal cable is used to transmit monitoring signals from the PDB to the subracks.. Page60 . All rights reserved. Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

.Contents 1. System Signal Flow 4. Page61 . Hardware Structure 3. Ltd. System Description 2. Typical Configuration Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

BSC6900 Signal Flows   User-Plane Signal Flow  GSM CS Signal Flow  GSM PS Signal Flow Control-Plane Signal Flow  Signaling Flow on the A Interface  Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface  Signaling Flow on the Gb Interface Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page62 . Ltd. All rights reserved..

Page63 ..GSM CS Signal Flow  Abis over TDM and A over TDM Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.. Page64 . Ltd.GSM CS Signal Flow  Abis over HDLC/IP and A over TDM Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.

. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page65 .GSM CS Signal Flow  Abis over HDLC/IP and A over IP Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page66 ..GSM PS Signal Flow  Abis over TDM Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.

Ltd. All rights reserved.Signaling Flow on the A Interface A over TDM  Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page67 ..

All rights reserved. Ltd.Signaling Flow on the A Interface A over IP  Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page68 .

Ltd.. All rights reserved.Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface  Abis over TDM/IP/HDLC Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page69 .

Page70 . All rights reserved. Ltd.Signaling Flow on the Gb Interface Gb over IP/HDLC  Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co..

Page71 . System Description 2. Ltd. Hardware Structure 3. System Signal Flow 4.Contents 1.. All rights reserved. Typical Configuration Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved. Typical Configuration of BSC6900 When the R11 boards are configured in BM/TC Combined mode Index 1MPS+1TC S Number of cabinets 1 BHCA(K) 875 Traffic ( Erl ) 3250 TRX number 512 Number of active 2048 PDCHs ( MCS-9 ) Gb interface MPS MPR 128 throughput ( Mbps ) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. Page72 .

. Ltd. Page73 . Typical Configuration of BSC6900 When the R11 boards are configured in BM/TC Combined mode Index 1MPS+1TC S Number of cabinets 1 BHCA(K) 2625 Traffic ( Erl ) 9750 TRX number 1536 Number of active 6144 PDCHs ( MCS-9 ) Gb interface EPS MPS MPR 384 throughput ( Mbps ) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

. Typical Configuration of BSC6900 When the R11 boards are configured in BM/TC Combined mode Index 1MPS+1TC S Number of cabinets 1 BHCA(K) 4375 Traffic ( Erl ) 16250 TRX number 2560 Number of active 10240 PDCHs ( MCS-9 ) Gb interface 640 EPS EPS MPS MPR throughput ( Mbps ) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Page74 . All rights reserved.

Page75 . Typical Configuration of BSC6900 When the R11 boards are configured in BM/TC Combined mode Index 1MPS+1TC S Number of cabinets 2 BHCA(K) 5250 Traffic ( Erl ) 19500 TRX number 3072 Number of active 12288 PDCHs ( MCS-9 ) Gb interface 768 EPS EPS MPS EPS MPR EPR throughput ( Mbps ) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved..

Ltd.. Typical Configuration of BSC6900 When the R11 boards are configured in BM/TC separate mode Index 1MPS+1TC S Number of cabinets 2 BHCA(K) 1750 Traffic ( Erl ) 6500 TRX number 1024 Number of active 4096 PDCHs ( MCS-9 ) Gb interface MPS TCS MPR TCR 256 throughput ( Mbps ) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. Page76 . All rights reserved.

. Ltd. Page77 . All rights reserved. Typical Configuration of BSC6900 When the R11 boards are configured in BM/TC separate mode Index 1MPS+1TC S Number of cabinets 2 BHCA(K) 3500 Traffic ( Erl ) 13000 TRX number 2048 Number of active 8192 PDCHs ( MCS-9 ) Gb interface EPS TCS MPS TCS MPR TCR 512 throughput ( Mbps ) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page78 . Typical Configuration of BSC6900 When the R11 boards are configured in BM/TC separate mode Index 1MPS+1TC S Number of cabinets 2 BHCA(K) 5250 Traffic ( Erl ) 19500 TRX number 3072 Number of active 12288 EPS EPS TCS MPS TCS MPR TCR PDCHs ( MCS-9 ) Gb interface 768 throughput ( Mbps ) Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd..

At last. boards. we learned typical configuration of BSC6900 Copyright © 2009 Huawei Technologies Co. signal flows of control-plane and userplane of each interfaces.Summary  After this course. we have learned the position of BSC6900 in GSM network.. subracks. functions of subsystems. and the specifications of cabinets. Page79 . cables. All rights reserved. Ltd.

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