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www.studymafia.

o
rg
Seminar
On
BALL PISTON
ENGINE
Submitted To:
www.studymafia.org

Submitted By:
www.studymafia.org

CONTENTS
1.INTRODUCTION
2.MODE OF OPERATION
3.DESIGN FEATURES
4.MATERIAL SELECTION
5.WORKING OF ENGINE
6.LUBRICATION
7.ADVANTAGES
8.DISADVANTAGES
9.APPLICATION
10.CONCLUSION
11.REFERENCES
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INTRODUCTION
The Ball piston engine (Wolf hart engine) is
an [[internal combustion engine /internal
combustion]] rotary engine that uses two
interwinded rotors instead of reciprocating
pistons.
A spherical piston rotates in combination
with a spherical housing, whereby the
rotational axes incline towards each other
slightly.

In these way strokes are created within the


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rotational
system
generating
periodic

MODE OF OPERATION
The ball pistons rolling on an eccentric
track. The balls exert tangential force on
the cylinder walls which turn the rotor.
The useful power is available at the rotor
output shaft.
The combustion chambers are within the
spinning rotor. Chamber porting for
intake, compression, power, and exhaust
strokes is achieved by passage of the
chamber tops across an internal stator
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with appropriate feeds as the rotor spins.

DESIGN FEATURES

The basic operation of the new design is


conventional for an internal combustion
engine, i.e. a piston reciprocates within a
cylinder, and with porting, implements the
four strokes of the Otto cycle.
However, there are a number of features
that make this engine design favorable for
high efficiency and emissions control.
The porting required for four stroke
operation is achieved with no additional
moving parts, and no valve train losses
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MATERIAL SLECTION
A series of tests to characterize friction and wear
of various materials in a simulated ball piston
engine/compressor were performed to aid in
selection of production materials.
Another goal of the tests was to explore this
machine could run without lubrication.
If un lubricated operation was not possible, tests
with instrumentation would be used to confirm the
lubricated operation of the machine and the
resulting internal loads.
Friction at conventional piston rings, piston pin,
and connecting rod/crankshaft bearing 3/21/16
are
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eliminated ). The rotor/stator bearing is of a gas or

WORKING OF ENGINES
(SUCTION STROKE)
Beginning at top dead
center (TDC) at 0
degrees rotation, the
stator intake passage is
open to the cylinder
and a fuel/air charge is
pulled into the cylinder
as the ball piston
moves radially outward
for the first 90 degrees
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of rotation .

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WORKING OF ENGINE
(COPRESSION STROKE)

Then the intake


passage is closed
off, and the ball
reverses
radial
direction for the
next 90 degrees
of rotation, during
which time the
new
charge
is
compressed
(compression
stroke).

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WORKING OF ENGINE
(POWER STROKE)

Just
past
180
degrees
rotation,
the
compressed
charge is ignited as the
cylinder port passes a small
ignitor
port.
Combustion
ensues,
and
the
high
combustion pressure pushes
radially outward on the ball
piston for the next 90 degrees
of rotation. The ball in turn
pushes tangentially on the
cylinder wall because of the
"slope" of the eccentric ball
track, which is now allowing the
Dept.,Of
ball
to Machine
moveDesign
radially outward.

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WORKING OF ENGINE
(EXHAUST STROKE)

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At 270 degrees of
rotation,
the
spent
combustion charge is
allowed
to
escape
through the exhaust
passage as the cylinder
port
is
uncovered.
Exhaust is expelled as
the ball moves radially
inward for the next 90
degrees
of
rotation

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LUBRICATION
As is the case with a standard four-stroke engine,
an oil bath is situated behind the piston, which in
turn is fitted with oil scraper rings
. Here attention must merely be paid to ensuring
that the oil gathers externally,because of the
rotation. In fact, if outlet ports are placed in this
area for the oil, an oil pump can be potentially
dispensed .
Otherwise, oil that ispumped into the center also
carries heat from the interior to the exterior,which
in turn can be utilized for cooling purposes
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ADVANTAGES
The stroke magnitude and rate can be different for
different stroke in cycle so that itprovides the
possibility of converting more energy to the shaftpower
by greater expansion during the power stroke.
It has ability (i.e. in multi energy domain engine) to
complete any even numbers of strokes per revolution in
single rotation of rotor
There is no much moving parts in the ball piston
engine thus the power out put at the shaft is high.
In this engine the frictional losses are low and
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independent ofoperating speed in compare

DISADVANTAGES
Flow is choked during combustion due to high
pressure differential and small clearance area

The friction and wear at the ball piston/cylinder


wall sliding interface
Leakage through the ball piston/cylinder gap is a
significant factor for engine efficiency at low speed

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APPLICATIONS
It can be applied to compressor.
The multi cylinder ball piston engine
can be applied to pump ,motor.
It can be applied to engine.

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The wankle advanced two stroke ball


piston engine can be applied to land
mover, standard motor cycle and car
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and also for racing cars

CONCLUSION
The ball piston engine has potential for achieving
higher efficiency than piston internal combustion
engines. In addition, subscale tests have shown
that critical leakage and friction characteristics
are consistent with design assumptions.
The new design concept can be immediately
applied to compressor and pump applications in
parallel with further engine development.

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The material selection has been done in


anticipation of additional subscale tests to
extend the range of speed and duration of
simulated operation..
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REFERENCES
www.google.com
www.wikipedia.com
www.studymafia.org
www.projectsreports.org

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Thank you
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