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PURPOSE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

PURPOSE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

What is the main purpose of the European Union?  The fundamental purposes of the European
What is the main purpose of the European Union?
 The
fundamental
purposes
of
the European Union are to
promote greater social, political
and economic harmony among
the nations of Western Europe.
 The EU reasons that nations whose economies are interdependent are less likely to engage in
 The EU reasons that nations whose
economies are interdependent are less likely
to engage in conflict. These goals are
pursued through the unification of European
markets under a single currency, the Euro,
and through sets of legal standards to which
all prospective and member nations, are
held. Supranational institutions work with
national governments to govern the
implementation of these standards and help
the EU to act as a unified body on the world
stage.
 Calls for the unification of Europe began in the 1940s and '50s as a reaction
 Calls for the unification of Europe began in
the 1940s and '50s as a reaction to the violent
disunity demonstrated by the World Wars. As
the continent rebuilt its industries, the
advantages of pooling natural resources and
strengthening bonds became
attractive
to
national leaders, whose countries’ post-
imperialism economies relied heavily upon
trade with one another. Thus, the primary
concept of European unification was
predicated on peace and prosperity.
 The modern European Union traces its origins to economic coalitions formed between Belgium, France, West
 The modern European Union traces its origins
to economic coalitions formed between
Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy,
Luxembourg and the Netherlands during the
1950s. Full market unity, however, did not
come into force until 2002 with the introduction
of the Euro. As European prosperity grew, so
did the ambitions of the EU. The EU now lists
among its goal the promotion of human rights,
mobility of its citizens between member nations
and the development of a more transparent and
democratic government.
What is the function of the European Union? (EU)  The overall function of the European
What is the function of the European Union? (EU)
 The overall function of the European Union is to
create and implement laws and regulations that
integrate the member states of the EU. The countries
of the EU are supposed to have uniform laws and
policies concerning a variety of things (like
immigration, labor, weights and measures -- all sorts
of things). The function of the EU government is to
decide how this integration should be done and to
carry it out.
 For example, 16 members of the EU use the Euro as their currency. One of
 For example, 16 members of the EU use the
Euro as their currency. One of the functions of
a part of the EU government was to devise the
currency -- to decide what it would be called,
what it would look like, etc. Another part of
the EU government tries to get countries using
the Euro to enact fiscal policies that will keep
the Euro stable. They try, in other words, to
prevent fiascos like what happened in Greece
this past year and they try to remedy them if
they happen.
 *The European Union's primary purpose was meant to be more economic than political. Its scheme
 *The European Union's primary purpose was meant
to be more economic than political. Its scheme of law
and regulation is meant to create, in some ways, a
cohesive economic entity of its countries, so that
goods can flow freely across the borders of its
member nations, without tariffs, with the ease of one
currency, and the creation of one enlarged labor pool,
which should at least theoretically create a more
efficient distribution and use of labor. There is a
pooling of financial resources, so that member nations
can be "bailed out" or lent money for investment, and
at least theoretically, member nations are more likely
to cooperate than compete.
 There are political implications to this union, of course. For example, member nations are expected
 There
are
political
implications
to
this
union, of course. For example, member
nations are expected to conform with the
Union's expectations in areas such as human
rights and the environment, and the Union
can exact a heavy political cost on its
members as a condition of giving aid, as it
did in Greece, insisting on severe cutbacks
and an austerity budget, which had
tremendous political costs
leadership.
for
Greek
 There can be political fallout even for countries that are not part of the European
 There
can be political fallout even for
countries that are not part of the European
Union.
Ukraine, for instance, which is
divided on whether
or
not
to
seek
admission
to
the
union,
is
presently
engaged in almost a civil war between
those in the west who want to be part of
the
Union and
those
in
the
east who
would prefer to align themselves with
Russian interests.
 This is a great experiment, really, in cooperation amongst nations, who wish to be economically
 This
is a great experiment, really, in
cooperation amongst nations, who wish to
be economically unified, ceding as little
political and national power as possible,
and it will be interesting to see how this
unfolds. Will the European Union come
to resemble the United States, or will it
devolve into its previous collection of
separate economic entities?