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DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF 100 KVA CRGO CORE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER WITH CSP FEATURES

Contents 
      

Abstract Introduction Types of Distribution Transformers Conventional CSP Transformer construction Core Construction and Winding details Conclusion Reference

Abstract 

This project deals with Design and manufacturing of CRGO core distribution transformer with CSP features. As the faults in the distribution network are more. so it is important to install transformers with CSP features. The CSP features of transformers are explained in detail.  

Introduction: 

The distribution transformer forms vital equipment in the power network. Distribution transformers will be energized through out the day, which means No load loss plays prominent role. Energy efficiency distribution transformers are gaining its importance recently.  

Types of Distribution Transformers: Transformers: 
Conventional

Non-CSP Non- 

Sealed

Non-CSP Non Sealed CSP  Conventional CSP

Conventional CSP
‡CSPT Completely self protected Transformer ‡CSP Due to the higher failure rate of secondary ‡Failure rate Approx 20% in India compared to 1-2% in advanced countries. ‡CSP will do It avoids major damages to the transformers by power system faults, by disconnecting the transformer (on either side) from faulty circuit.

Main Reasons for Failure ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Changing weather conditions Lengthy low voltage lines Short circuit due to clashing of loosely string LV lines. Over loading of transformers Lightning etc

Remedy 

Adopting CSPT to reduce failure rate. Proper maintenance Proper design by considering atmospheric conditions  

Advantages of CSP Technology 

Enables a transformer to protect itself from faults 

Uneconomical overloading on a regular basis is avoided 

No scope of ingress of moisture 

Failure due to undue pressure rise will not be there.

Components of CSPT 

  

Signal light High voltage fuse Emergency control ± magnetic trip Surge arrester : For lightning protection

Transformer construction:  

   

Core Windings Insulation Core coil assembly Tank Fittings and accessories

Core 

    

Type: CRGO CRGO : (Cold rolled grain oriented silicon steel) Available grades : M3, M4, M5, MOH etc Thicknesses : 0.23mm; 0.27mm; 0.30mm etc Annealing Temp.: 800 Deg.C Saturation Flux density : 1.92 Tesla

Core Construction: 

Stacked Core Three Limbed core type Wound core Shell type Core type 

Three Limbed Stacked Core

Core Type Wound Core

Windings
Winding Materials:  Copper  Aluminum Insulation:  Super Enamel  Double Paper

Types of windings:  

LV winding : Predominantly Spiral winding with two layers or foil winding. HV Winding: Generally of multilayer helical for 11kV transformers and cross over coils in case of 22 kV and 33 kV transformers.

CCA of Stacked Core Construction & Single Coil Winding

CCA of Stacked Core Construction & Cross Over Coils

Conclusion Finally it is concluded from the above discussion that CSP features are best suited for distribution transformers in the present day situation.
Future Scope

Design considerations will be covered in the further discussion after completion of project.

Reference 
 

Electrical Machines by P. S. Bimbhra Electrical Technology by B. L. Tereja Design considerations for CSP technalogy, Victory Transformers

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