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Mikroba Penyebab Infeksi

Akut dan Khronis
Setio Harsono
Dept / SMF Mikrobiologi Klinik
FK Unair / RSUD.Dr.Soetomo

I. MIKROBA PENYEBAB INFEKSI AKUT
No.
1.

Bakteri

Penyakit

Coccus Gram Positif :
* Staphylococcus:

- S.aureus
(MRSA,VISA,VRSA)
Osteomyelitis
- S.epidermidis
oportunis
- S.saprophyticus

- Abscess

Cellulitis
- Infeksi
- ISK

Scalded skin syndrome

Osteomyelitis .

• Staphylococcal cellulitis .

• Staphylococcal cellulitis .

• Staphylococcal wound infection .

Diabetic Gangrene .

Staphylococcus aureus Endocarditis .

Brain abscess .

Cerebral abcess .

Necrotic Infection Tumor Mammae .

InfectedTumor Mammae .

SBE .Necrotizing fasciitis .S.* Streptococcus: .S.Infeksi oportunis ( Enterococcus faecalis )  Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus = VRE .Pharyngitis .Meningitis .viridans .S.pyogenes .Tonsilitis .S.faecalis = .agalactiae .

S.pyogenes infection (flesh eating bacteria) .

Necrotizing fasciitis .

Necrotizing fasciitis

Streptococcal Endocarditis

Mitral Endocarditis

gonnorhoeae .Gonorrhoe .meningitidis .N.Vasculitis . Coccus Gram Negatif : * Neisseria: .Meningitis .N.2.

Gonoblenorrhoeae (Opthalmia neonatorum) .

 Meningococcemia vasculitis .

 Meningococcemia vasculitis .

Diphtheri * Sporeforming aerobe: * Bacillus: .Granulomatosis infantiseptica * Corynebacterium: . Batang Gram Positif * Listeria: .B.C.Anthrax .diphtheriae .monocytogenes .anthracis .L.3.

Diphtheri (Pseudomembran) .

Bacillus anthracis .

dificille .C.perfringens .* Sporeforming anaerobe: * Clostridium: .Myonecrosis .Tetanus .C.tetani .C.Food poisoning .C.botulinum .Pseudo membranous colitis .

Myonecrosis .

Tetanus .

Clostridial gasgangrene .

Clostridium dificille pseudomembranous colitis .

H.Pertusis .B.Pneumonia .pertusis .influenzae .ducreyi * Bordetella: .4.H.Ulcus molle . Batang Gram Negatif : * Haemophilus: .Bronchitis .

Pertusis .

Paratyphoid fever .flexneri .dysenteriae -S.typhi -S.paratyphi .Typhoid fever .* Enterobacteriaceae: .Dysenteri .Shigella: -S.boydii -S.Dysenteri .Salmonella: -S.Dysenteri .sonei -S.Dysenteri .

coli (ESBL) .parahaemolyticus .pestis .Enterocolitis -Y. ISK.Gastroenteritis.Acinetobacter: -Acinetobacter baumannii .pneumoniae (ESBL)..Plaque * Vibrio : -V.Cholera .Sepsis .Klebsiella: -K.Escherichia: -E.Pneumonia ( VAP ) (MDRO) . (KPC) .Gastroenteritis .Pneumonia .enterocolitica .Yersinia: -Y. Sepsis .cholerae -V.

Acute Bacterial Nephritis .

Acute Cystitis .

Tularemia .jejuni .Burn infection * Helicobacter: .* Pseudomonas: .aeruginosa (MDRO) Septicemia .tularensis .P.Enteritis * Francisella: .H.ISK .pylori * Campylobacter: .F.C.Gastritis .

Burn infection .

• Pseudomonas Infection .

• Pseudomonas infection .

Peritonitis .* Brucella: .Septicemia .Meningitis * Nonsporeforming anaerobe: .melitensis * Pasteurella: .multocida .Bacteroides: -B.B.Brucellosis .P.fragilis .

Brucella Endocarditis .

Animal Bite .

Animal Bite .

Vaginosis .5. Batang Gram Variable : * Legionella: .G.pneumophila .vaginalis .Pneumonia * Gardnerella: .L.

pneumoniae .trachomatis Giemsa stain .M.Pneumonia .C.C.psittaci .LGV * Mycoplasma : Giemsa stain .Ureaplasma urealyticum . Non Gram Stain ( Pewarnaan khusus) : * Chlamydia : .6.Trachoma .Pneumonia .ISK .

R.prowazekii .interrogans) disease . .Epidemic typhus .icterohaemorrhagiae .* Rickettsia : .R.Rocky Mountain Spotted fever * Spirochaeta : Silver impregnation .Weils (L.rickettsii Immunoflourescens staining.Leptospira : bentuk Spiral -L.

Bakteri Penyakit Acid Fast Stain : * Mycobacterium : . MIKROBA PENYEBAB INFEKSI KHRONIS No.leprae .asteroides Nocardiasis .M. 1.II.tuberculosis Tuberculosis .M.Lepra Partial Acid Fast Stain : * Nocardia : bentuk Branching -N.

• Spondylitis tuberculosa .

Gibbus (Spondylitis Tuberculosis) .

Silver impregnation bentuk Spiral .A.Actinomycosis .israelii GMS staining bentuk Branching . Spirochaeta : * Treponema : .pallidum 3.2.Syphilis Gram Positif Anaerobe : * Actinomycetes: .T.

Actinomyces sulfur granules .

Oral-Maxillo Infection .

Wound Infection .

• Surgical wound infection .

• Wound infection .

• Post-surgical infection .

Ulcus decubitus (Nosocomial infection) .