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AT BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED

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Provides affable environment.


To familiarize with various communicating technology.
Time Management with various Modules.
Team Management with members.
Building up practical skills.
Imparting leadership quality.

4th largest telecommunication company in asia and


7th largest in the world.
Provides GSM and basic telephony service and
first company in India providing 3G.
More than 3 laces of employees, officers and
engineers are working at present.

-> WLL (wireless in locked loop)


-> GSM (global system for mobile communication)
-> CDMA (code division multiple access)
-> MTNL ( mahanagar telephone nigam limited)

What is WLL?
Communication system that connects us to
PSTN.
Use Radio Frequency Signals.

Provides 2 types of services


1.Fixed WLL
2.WLL with portability

Features of WLL
3.Dynamic STD/ISD locking.
4.Call Waiting / Call transfer.
5.Call Forwarding.
6.STD / ISD call details.

Provided using a telephone

instrument.
FWT will be wall mounted.
Short cable connected from

outdoor aerial to wall set.


Wall set powered by an a.c. supply.

Provides portability feature to WLL

subscriber.
This can be done by a portable hand Set

which can be carried in the pocket.

History
- Torleiv Maseng is regarded as the father of the GSM
Technology.
- 1989, GSM responsibility was transferred to the
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
(ETSI)
- first GSM network was launched in 1991 by
Radiolinja in Finland with joint technical infrastructure
maintenance from Ericsson.

2G GSM networks operate in the 900 MHz

or 1800 MHz bands


GSM-900 uses 890915 MHz to send
information from the mobile station to the
base station (uplink)
935960 MHz for the other direction
(downlink),
providing 125 RF channels (channel

MS refers to the physical

phone itself.
uniquely identified by the
International Mobile
Equipment Identity (IMEI)
number.
Sim is small smart card
that is inserted into the
phone and carries
information specific to

carry out radio

communications between the


network and the MS
handles speech encoding,

encryption, multiplexing
(TDMA), and
modulation/demodulation
between 1 and 16
Transceivers (TRX)

allocation of radio channels


frequency administration
power and signal

measurements from the MS,


handovers from one BTS to

another

call routing, call setup, and

basic switching functions


iner-BSC handoffs as well as

coordinates with other MSC's


for inter-MSC handoffs.

gateway between two

networks
switch to the Public Switched

Telephone Network (PSTN).

HLR maintains subscriber-

specific information such


as the MSISDN, IMSI,
current location
of the MS, roaming
restrictions,
VLR is a database that

contains
a subset of the information
located on the HLR

EIR is a database that keeps

tracks of handsets on the


network
using the IMEI
handles the authentication

and
encryption tasks for the network

All PSTN applications


o Integrated access node
CSNMM - ADSL + Voice
Backward compatible with
CSNMA
CSE

o Support for V5.2 for access nodes


o Trunk Automatic Exchange (TAX)
o International Gateway
o Signaling transfer point (STP)

IN
o SSP

Mobile applications
o GSM /GPR

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