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Haiatul maknun
Masrurotul jannah
Halimatus sadiyah
Nadia maulana ilmiah
Nurul arifin
Siti romla
Firman hafiqi
Kusuma ning diyah H.

Eye and Ear

Eye

Aqueous humor is a transparent liquid resembling slimy


plasma, but has a low protein concentration. This fluid is
produced by the ciliary body, the structure that supports the
lens. The function is
Maintain intraocular pressure and pumping eyeball
Provides nutrients (such as amino acids, gkukosa) to the lining of
blood vessels as well as the cornea, trabecular tissue, the eye lens
and vitreous network.
Supply of Vitamin C as an antioxidant.
As antibodies against the pathogen.
As the pump for the cornea to swell to increase protection from
dust, air, dust and some pathogens
As a refractive index

Vitreous humor is a gel that fills the space between the lens
and retina inside the eye of a human eye or other vebrata.

Cornea is the front of the eye translucent covering the iris


and pupil and is a continuation of the sclera. When the cornea
is touched, the eyelids will close by reflex because the cornea
has no blood vessels.

Choroid

is a brown membrane, or lining of blood


vessels in the eye, located at only between the
retina and the sclera, it coats the inner surface of
the sclera. Koloroid has a function flow of oxygen
and nutrients to the retina and Bacan glass and
to prevent internal reflection of light.
Lens is is part of the eye located behind the
pupil of the eye that serves to focus light onto
the retina.
Ciliary muscle is a ring of striated smooth
muscle in the human eye. Ciliary muscle located
in the central part of the vascular layer that
controls the adjustment of the eye to see objects
at a distance are diverse, and regulates the flow
of aqueous humor into the channel chlemm.
Ciliary muscle function to change the shape of
the lens inside the eye, not the size of the pupil.

Pupil

is the opening in the middle of


the eye. Light enters through the pupil
and is passed through the eye lens,
which focuses the shadows on the
retina.
Retina is a thin layer of cells located
at the back of the eyeball of
vertebrates and cephalopods. The
retina is the part of the eye that
converts light into nerve signals.
Iris is a ring-shaped area of the eye
which is bounded by the pupil and
sclera (the white part of the eye).

Sclera

or hard membrane or white


membrane is the outer layer of the
eye that has the characteristics of
white, fibrous, opaque, elastic and
contains collagen. Sclera of the human
eye, the whole white, contrasting with
the colored iris portion, whereas in
other mammals, the visible part of the
sclera has the same color as the color
of the iris, so that their eyes have no
visible white color.

Outer Ear
Only

two structures

Actual ear that we see is the


pinna
Opens to a tube called auditory
cannal
Both

are designed to collect


logitudinal compression and
rarefaction waves

Middle Ear
Contains

three bones (smallest in the

body)
All three - malleus, incus, and
stapes transmit the vibrational
waves to the oval window, a
membrane connected to the inner ear
Also in middle is a opening to the
pharynx called the Eustachian tube
Regulates pressure affecting
tympanic membrane

Inner Ear
Actual

center where sound waves


are processed
Has fluid filled chambers called
semicircular canals, responsible
for spatial orientation
The cochlea is the hearing centre
Connected to auditory nerve,
which relays info to auditory
complex in cerebrum