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INTRODUCCION

PROTECCIONES PARA SISTEMAS


DE DISTRIBUCION
CAP V
Parte 7

PROTECCIONES
PARA SISTEMAS DE DISTRIBUCION

INTRODUCCION
ASPECTOS GENERALES
RECLOSER RECONECTADOR
FUSIBLES
PARARRAYOS DESCARGADORES

INTRODUCCIN
OBJETIVOS BSICOS
- Prevenir o minimizar daos.
- Prevenir peligros al pblico.
- Mantener Continuidad de Servicio.
REALIZACIN
- Dispositivos de proteccin.
- Prcticas de Mantenimiento.
- Plan de Desarrollo.

INTRODUCCIN (Cont.)

ESTADISTICA DE FALLAS

- NATURALEZA
. Temporaria
. Permanente
- CAUSAS DE FALLAS
. Viento y rboles
. Rayos
. Equipos y cables
. Miscelneos

75%
25%
45%
20%
10%
25%

INTRODUCCIN (Cont.)

ESTADISTICA DE FALLAS (Cont.)

- LOCALIZACION
.
En el tramo de lnea
.
En el poste
- TIPOS
.
Fase a Neutro
.
Fase a Tierra
.
Fase a Fase
.
Trifsica
.
Otros

75%
25%
65%
15%
10%
2%
8%

INTRODUCCIN (Cont.)

MEJORAR LA CONFIABILIDAD DEL


SISTEMA
FILOSOFA DE PROTECCIN
.
Uso de dispositivos de proteccin
.
Localizacin de dispositivos
.
Areas de proteccin
FILOSOFA DE APLICACIN
.
Duracin de los Cortes de Energa.
.
Frecuencia de los Cortes de Energa.

INTRODUCCIN (Cont.)

FILOSOFIA DE COORDINACION
Fallas Permanentes.
Aislar solo el segmento mas pequeo, donde
existe la falla.
Fallas Temporarias.
Dar a todas las fallas una oportunidad a ser
temporarias, asegurando una funcin de
reconexin a cualquier falla que pueda ocurrir
en el sistema

ASPECTOS GENERALES
RECLOSER RECONECTADOR

DEFINICION (ANSI C.37.60)


Es un dispositivo autocontrolado utilizado para
interrumpir automticamente una corriente alterna, con
funcin de recierre, basada en secuencias predeterminadas por intervalos temporizados, seguidos
por una apertura definitiva.

RECLOSER RECONECTADOR

CARACTERISTICAS

- No requieren de rels.
- Poseen su propia fuente de energa.
- Ofrecen temporizacin dual para despejar fallas
transitorias y para facilitar la coordinacin con
otros dispositivos.

OPERACION

El Recloser opera en cualquiera de los modo: monofsico o trifsico.


La secuencia de maniobras indica la sucesin de maniobras que el
Recloser debe poder ejecutar, estn diseados para poder operar con uno
de las siguientes secuencias de operacin.

SELECCIN
INFORMACIN REQUERIDA.
- Tensin del Sistema (kVn y BIL).
- Mxima corriente de falla.
- Mxima corriente de carga.
- Mnima corriente de falla.
- Operacin monofsica o trifsica.

SELECCIN(Cont.)

TIPOS DE MECANISMOS DE
ACCIONAMIENTO
-

Recloser Hidrulico.

Recloser Electrnico.

Recloser Hidrulico

TAMAO DE LA BOBINA DE DISPARO.


Determina la corriente de carga mxima.
Limita la capacidad de interrupcin.
NIVEL MNIMO DE DISPARO.
200% del tamao de la bobina de disparo.
Determina el alcance o la zona de proteccin.
NIVEL DE CORRIENTE DE ENERGIZACIN
Determina el tamao de la bobina.
1.25x(Demanda Pico).

Recloser Electrnico

NO REQUIERE BOBINA DE DISPARO.


NIVEL MNIMO DE DISPARO.

Igual que el ajuste de disparo.


Determina el alcance o la zona de proteccin.

NIVEL DE CORRIENTE DE ENERGIZACIN.

Determina el nivel mnimo de disparo.


2.5x(Demanda pico)

Recloser

GENERAL FEATURES
Ratings
Description

EVR1

EVR2

EVR3

Maximum system voltage (kV)

15kV

27kV

38kV

Frequency (Hz)

50/60Hz

50/60Hz

50/60Hz

Rated continuous current (A)

400/630A

400/630A

630/800A

Rated symmetrical interrupting (kA)

12.5kA

12.5kA

12.5/16kA

Asymmetrical making current (kApk)

32.5kApk

32.5kApk

32.5/41.6kApk

Impulse withstand voltage (kV.BIL)

110kVpk

150kVpk
(125kVpk)

170kVpk

Power frequency withstand (kV), Dry (1 min)

50kV

60kV

70kV

Power frequency withstand (kV), Wet (10 sec)

45kV

50kV

60kV

Mechanical operations (times)

10,000

10,000

10,000

160

170

210

Weight (kg)

GENERAL FEATURES
Type Test Certificate
Ratings

Issue

Voltage

Current

Interrupting current

15kV

630A

12.5kA

KEMA
Netherlands

27kV

630A

12.5kA

KERI
KOREA

27kV

630A

12.5kA

KEMA
Netherlands

38kV

630A

12.5kA

CESI
ITALY

38kV

800A

16kA

KEMA
Netherlands

Remarks

GENERAL FEATURES
Construction

Dimension
A

15kV

750

415

980

780

27kV

812

460

1100

780

38kV / 630A

841

475

1058

870

38kV / 800A

841

475

1078

870

GENERAL FEATURES

1000 m
ax.

600

Installation

Cont r ol Cabl e

Pol e Mount i ng Br ac k et
Hang er Band

Ear t h Cabl e

Cabl e Cl eat s

Cont r ol Cubi c l e

Pole mounted installation

Two pole mounted installation

STRUCTURE
Outer Tank

Anti-corrosion stainless
steel (304L)
Surface treatment by
Phosphatic scouring
Fully Tig welded
Tank filled with SF6 gas
Primer and final Epoxy
Paint

STRUCTURE
Interrupter assembly

Vacuum Interrupter
High strength glass
fiber insulation frame
Arrangement relaxing
electric field
Simple driving
structure

STRUCTURE
Magnetic actuator

Low energy
consumption Magnetic
Actuator
Single Moving Part
using Magnet latch by
the magnetic actuator
mechanism
High speed response

STRUCTURE
The operating principle of Magnetic Actuator

STRUCTURE
Advantage of magnetic actuator
Single moving part
Magnetic Latch, simple mechanical parts involved
Low power consumption
(Low voltage distribution line power source)
Dead line operation possible over 500 times operations
without any external power source supply
Without battery, it is possible to operate the recloser
with the external power source
Maintenance Free as using single moving part
Light weight and small size
10,000 times mechanical operations

Bushing

STRUCTURE
Epoxy Bushing
EPDM or silicone rubber
Housing
Excellent tracking resistance
Vandal proof
Epoxy bushing with the
voltage sensor of C.V.D
Easy handling for carrying,
moving, installation

STRUCTURE
Manual trip / Locking device
Manual trip and lockout
provision by a hot stick
operation on the ground
level in order to prevent to
be operated by local /
remote control during
control circuit faults or line
repair.

STRUCTURE
ON / OFF indicator and operation counter

Operation
Counter

ON/OFF
Indicator

The indicator
displays an
interrupters open /
close status and the
operation counter is
located at the bottom
of main tank.

Control electronic
EVRC2A
para Recloser

Control cubicle for tropical application


Main Feature & Description Features and advantages
1. Enclosure of all parts are made of stainless steel
- Complete corrosion free in high-humidity
condition.
- No additional periodic painting
2.Triple cover cabinet structure
- No penetration of humidity and dust into relay box.
- Deterrence of rapid temperature fluctuation
- Able to check control cubicle under raining
condition
-No damage on inner parts by vandalism
3. Digital relay box with Aluminum enclosure
- Dust and moisture proof
- Environmental protection
4. Powder coating of enclosure
- Constant thickness by powder coating and
permanent durability

Control cubicle for tropical application


Main Feature & Description
1. Sunshine cover
2. Three position door
lock

Features and advantages


1. Direct sunlight shield outside cover
(Direct sunlight block)
- Withstand the heating effect of direct solar
radiation without causing failure or mal
operation
- Deterrence of rapid temperature fluctuation
by a shadow from direct sunlight shield
cover of main cubicle
- Protection of main cubicle and inner parts
from external impact
- Capable of inspecting control cubicle under
raining condition
2. Three position door lock
- Maintain complete closing between door
and main cubicle
3. Air circulation vent
- Prevention of moisture condensation in
control cubicle by air circulation through
vent

4. Seamless door
packing

4. Seamless door packing


3. Air circulation vent - Complete sealing between door and cubicle

Control cubicle for tropical application


Main Feature & Description
1. Adiabatic foam
insulation

Features and advantages


1. Use of Heat insulation material
inside of main cubicle
- Dew point is controlled by
constraints of rapid temperature
fluctuation for using adiabatic foam
inside cubicle
2. Stainless steel screen
- Vermin proof by meshed stainless
steel
- Degree of protection IP54
3. Modem and Users space

2. Stainless steel
screen

3. Modem and users


space

USER INTERFACE PANEL


VOLTAGE
ELEMENTS
SECTION
SEQUENCE
STATUS
SECTION
LOCAL
CONTROL
SECTION

OPERATIO
N
SECTION

SYSTEM
DIAGNOSTIC
SECTION

BATTERY
TEST
SECTION
FAULT
INDICATION
SECTION
MENU
CONTROL
SECTION

USER INTERFACE PANEL


VOLTAGE CONDITIONS
27 : Under voltage pickup
59 : Over voltage pickup
25 : Synchronism check
81 : Under frequency pickup

SYSTEM STATUS
CONTROL RUN : System status shows
normal
SELF CHECK :System status shows
warning

USER INTERFACE PANEL


SEQUENCE STATUS
RESET : Sequence shows reset
CYCLE : Sequence shows running
LOCKOUT : Sequence shows lockout

USER INTERFACE PANEL


BATTERY
AC SUPPLY : Status to supply the external AC power
CHARGE : Status on charging the battery.
DISCHARGE : Status on discharging the battery

BATTERY LOAD TEST : To push the button for battery load test
[BATTERY
[BATTERY TEST
TEST MODE]
LOAD(V)
LOAD(V) :: 24.48
CHARGE(V):
CHARGE(V): 27.39
STATUS:
STATUS: GOOD
GOOD

USER INTERFACE PANEL


FAULT INDICATION
A,B,C
: Shows phase fault occurred
G
: Shows ground fault occurred
SEF
: Shows SEF fault occurred
FI RESET : Reset fault indication / Lamp test
TRIP TYPE
INST
: Shows instantaneous trip
DELAY
: Shows delay trip
HIGHCURRENT : Shows high-current trip

USER INTERFACE PANEL


LOCAL CONTROL SECTION
All indicators shows status of control function
The indicators will be continuously ON when control
function is enable, otherwise the indicators will be
continuously OFF when control function is disable

PROTECTION ENABLED : ENABLE / DISABLE


GROUND ENABLED : ENABLE / DISABLE
SEF ENABLED : ENABLE / DISABLE
RECLOSE ENABLED : ENABLE / DISABLE
CONTROL LOCKED : Shows locked local key
REMOTE ENABLED : Shows remote operation is possible
ALTERNATE ENABLED : To use with alternate setting
(When Alternative is disabled, Primary setting is applied)
PROGRAM 1 : Use to optional function (Loop scheme, Etc.)
PROGRAM 2 : Use to optional function (Loop scheme, Etc.)
HOT LINE TAG : ENABLE / DISABLE

USER INTERFACE PANEL


OPERATION SECTION
OPEN
Press OPEN Push-Button, recloser is opened
When the recloser is open, open indicator will be continuously ON
CLOSE
Press CLOSE Push-Button, recloser is closed.
When the recloser is closed, close indicator will be continuously ON
Recloser status indication is based on the recloser 52a contacts

USER INTERFACE PANEL


MENU CONTROL & DISPLAY SECTION
, , , : Arrow keys are used for moving between the
menu window and changing the setting value
(METER) : Up arrow key is used to move the meter
menu, operable in menu starting mode
(AWAKE) : Down arrow key is used for panel awaking
from sleep mode
(EVENT) : Left arrow key is used to move the event
menu, operable in menu at starting mode
(SET) : Right arrow key is used to move the setting
menu, operable in menu at starting mode

FUN : To move the main menu when present mode is starting mode
ESC : To cancel for data input mode or return current display to the previous
level
ENT : To select sub menu or data input

USER INTERFACE PANEL


SIDE PANEL OF RELAY
PORT2

CN1

Current Input

IA, IB, IC, IN, SEF

CN2

Voltage Input

VA, VB, VC, VL

CN3

AC24V IN

Relay Module AC Power Input

CN7

CN4

BATT IN

Relay Module DC Power Input

CN6

CN5

POWER OUTPUT

User-Available DC Voltage Source

CN6

CONTROL

Recloser Open, Close

CN7

UPS

Open, Close Power


Monitoring & Control

CN8

RECLOSER
STATUS

Open, Close, Lock, Pressure

CN9

OUTPUTS

OUT1 ~ OUT5 (A Contacts)


OUT6 ~ OUT7 (B Contacts)
OUT8 (ALARM)

CN10

INPUTS

IN01 ~ IN08

PORT2

SERIAL RS232

CN8

CN10

CN5
CN4
CN3

CN2

CN9

CN1

FIN DE LA PRIMERA PARTE