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Flexi Multiradio BTS Product

Overview and Modules Description

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Module objectives

Understand the concept of Flexi Multiradio BTS


Describe the key feature of Flexi Multiradio BTS
Describe compatibility SW related to Flexi Multiradio
Describe the application options for the Flexi Multiradio BTS
for capacity solution and coverage solution
List of the differences/similarities compared to 2G Flexi EDGE
and 3G Flexi WCDMA
Explain the Flexi Multiradio BTS architecture and modules
List the modules of the Flexi Multiradio BTS
Describe the main function of each module in the Flexi
Multiradio BTS
Describe the site equipment supported Flexi Multiradio BTS

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Content
Introduction of Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Architecture
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE SW Compatibility
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE System Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Transmission Sub
module
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE Power Options

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Introduction to Flexi Multiradio


BTS GSM/EDGE

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Introduction to Flexi Multiradio


BTS
Background (1/2)
GSM New Sites,
Expansions and
Modernization

Build OPEX optimized GSM sites


prepared for future evolution

WCDMA
refarming

Provide WCDMA and


services in GSM bands

Migration to
LTE

Evolve to the ultimate next data


& multimedia machine

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Introduction to Flexi Multiradio


BTS
Background (2/2)
GSM
Cheapest and widest
range of terminals
Global roaming
Broadest indoor, rural
and global radio
coverage
Economies of scale
through widest user
base

UMTS

LTE

Best spectral
efficiency available
today

Ultimate technology
for spectral efficiency
improvement

Widening terminal
portfolio

For Voice and Data

High integration
level, low power
consumption

Lowering cost per bit

Flat architecture

Is it possible to have
all these benefits in
one HW?
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..meet

Flexi Multiradio
BTS

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Introduction
Flexi Product Overview
Flexi Multiradio BTSto
GSM/EDGE
Multiradio BTS

Flexi Multiradio BTS is a base transceiver station that is


part of the Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi BTS
platform for GSM/EDGE, WCDMA, and LTE networks.
It is a multiradio or multicarrier BTS that can use all these
network technologies either in dedicated or concurrent
mode of operation
Its modular design makes site acquisition and
installation easy, and reduces the time needed for rolling
out network coverage in a new area.
It allows using existing site space efficiently, the
existing Flexi BTS modules can be installed together with
Flexi Multiradio BTS modules.
The existing Flexi BTS cabinets and casings, power
supplies, and the 3G Flexi System Module can be used
with Flexi Multiradio modules.
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Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS


The evolution of Flexi BTS concept continues

Increased:

Power Efficiency
Radio performance
Integration density
Investment protection
Flexibility
Total Value of ownership

Flexi Multiradio BTS


GSM / WCDMA / LTE
New SM: GSM/EDGE high capacity
New RF: 900,1800 MHz
3sector RF module, 3x60W
RRH: (30W+30W), 60W

Flexi Multimode BTS (RU10)


New SM: WCDMA/LTE
New RF: 2100MHz

2 TRX RF

2 sector RF
1 sector RF
WCDMA SM

3 sector RF module, 3x 60W


RRH 1x60W

GSM SM

Flexi WCDMA

Flexi GSM/EDGE

2005/2006

WCDMA/LTE
Flexi Multiradio
site solutions
2008
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2010
9

Introduction
Real concurrent mode and
to SW
Flexi
definedMultiradio
radio
BTS
Radio access functionality is shifted from dedicated
hardware to software

GSM
EDGE

O&M

O&M
Radio mode

Radio features

Radio features

WCDMA

Dedicated BTS HW

BTS HW

HSPA
LTE

Concurrent mode:
Same Flexi BTS module operates simultaneously in
two or more radio modes
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10

Flexi BTS
building
blocks

Common for
all radio
technologies

Introduction
to Flexi Multiradio
Flexi Multiradio BTS Platform
BTS
Modular BTS platform

Site acquisition and construction principles


Antenna system / transport / power systems

System
Module

RF Module

OR

Remote RF
Head

Optional
AC/BBU
Module

Flexi Multiradio BTS


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11

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS


Product Concept
GSM BTS

GSM/WCDMA/LTE BTS

WCDMA BTS

3-sector RF

3-sector RF

3-sector RF

Multimode SM

Multimode SM

Multimode SM

3-sector RF
Multiradio EDGE SM

LTE BTS

Multiradio EDGE SM

RF
Module

System
Module

3-sector RF

Multiradio EDGE SM

GSM/EDGE SW
SW

Multimode SM

WCDMA SW
LTE SW

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12

Introduction
to Flexi
Flexi Multiradio BTS in Concurrent Mode Operation
Multiradio
BTS
EDGE 18/36
EDGE 18/36
Carrier System
Module

Multimode
System Module
LTE SW

3-sector
RF
Module

Carrier System
Module

Multimode
System Module
WCDMA SW

3-sector
RF
Module

Flexi Multiradio BTS

Flexi Multiradio BTS

RF Module sharing GSMLTE

RF Module sharing GSMWCDMA

Multimode
System Module
LTE SW
Multimode
System Module
WCDMA SW

3-sector
RF
Module

Multimode
System Module
WCDMA/LTE SW

3-sector
RF
Module

Flexi Multiradio BTS

Flexi Multiradio BTS

RF Module sharing WCDMALTE

RF and System Module


sharing WCDMA-LTE

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13

Introduction
to Flexi
Concurrent Mode Operation with multiple frequency bands - Examples
Multiradio BTS
3-sector
EDGE 18/36
Carrier System
Module

RF
Module
Band 1

EDGE 18/36
Carrier System
Module

3-sector
RF
Module
Band 1

Multimode
System Module
LTE SW

3-sector
RF
Module
Band 2

Multimode
System Module
WCDMA SW

3-sector
RF
Module
Band 2

Flexi Multiradio BTS

RF Module sharing GSM-LTE

RF Module sharing WCDMA-GSM

Multimode
System Module
LTE SW

3-sector
RF
Module
Band 1

Multimode
System Module
WCDMA SW

3-sector
RF
Module
Band 2

Flexi Multiradio BTS

Flexi Multiradio BTS

RF Module sharing WCDMA-LTE

Multimode
System Module
WCDMA/LTE SW
Flexi Multiradio BTS

3-sector
RF
Module
Band 1
3-sector
RF
Module
Band 2

RF and System Module sharing WCDMALTE

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Introduction
Flexi
3 main building blocks toto
a complete
GSM/WCDMA/LTE Site
Multiradio BTS Highest integration density level
GSM/EDGE/WCDMA/HSPA/LTE
3 sector RFM
(GSM/WCDMA/LTE)

GSM/EDGE
System Module

WCDMA/LTE
System Module

defined by SW
Dedicated and concurrent mode
60W output per sector with
Multi Carrier Power
Amplifier (MCPA)

High Capacity (18/36 TRX)


Multiband support
Optimized for GSM/EDGE

1 Gbps throughput
Multiband support
Multimode support
Dedicated and concurrent
mode SW defined

3-Sector Multiradio RF Module


(GSM/WCDMA/LTE)
High Capacity Flexi EDGE
System Module 18/36TRX
High Capacity Multimode
System Module (WCDMA/LTE)

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15

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS


General Characteristic
Flexi Multiradio BTS is the baseline for Multiradio solution
Revolutionary BTS with weather-proof modules
Installation in stacks, on walls, poles, in 19 racks or new flexi cabinets or legacy
BTS cabinet
Same modules for indoors and outdoors, macro- and microcellular sites
Temperature range -33C +50 C (performance guaranteed up to +50 C), temporarily
+55 C
Capacity Solution
1 to 18/36* TRX in sectors under 1 BCF
Coverage Solution
max output power 40/60** Watts RF, sensitivity -115.5 dBm (with 2-way UL diversity)
Shared Solution
RF module can be shared with WCDMA/LTE
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Supported frequency bands in Flexi Multiradio BTS:

Introduction
Flexi
BTS Duplex distance
Band
RX Freq. Range to
TX Freq.
Range Multiradio
GSM Channel
3GPP operating
Numbers

band

850MHz

806-849 MHz*

851-894MHz*

128-251

V, VI, XVIII and XIX

45 MHz

900MHz

880-915 MHz

925-960 MHz

VIII

45 MHz

900 MHz
J-band
1800MHz

890-915 MHz

935-960MHz

975-1023
0-124
1-124

VIII partially

45MHz

1710-1785 MHz

1805-1880 MHz

512-885

III and IX

95 MHz

1900MHz

1850-1910 MHz

1930-1990 MHz

512-810

II

80 MHz

* In addition to UTRA- and GSM-bands 850-band also covers iDEN system band. The bands
included are operated separately and simultaneous operation does not need to be supported.
SMR cositing is supported, but can be done using external filters.
3-sector RFM instantaneous bandwidth:
1800: DL:20MHz; UL: 30MHz
900, 1900: 20MHz
850: 15MHz
900 J-band: 12.5MHz

RRH instantaneous bandwidth:


900: DL: 20MHz; UL: 35MHz (full band)
1800: DL: 20MHz; UL: 40MHz
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17

Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS


Conformity to standards
Conformity to 3GPP Standards:
GSM/EDGE: GERAN TS 45.005 (Rel.8), TS 51.021: MC BTS class 1 and 2 *
For MC BTS Class 1 the following relaxations apply:
Number of the carriers/branch: Up to 3 carriers
Total output power/branch: Up to 60W (1dB tolerance allowed)
No single carrier 3GPP specifications are guaranteed.

WCDMA: UTRA-FDDTS 25.104 (Rel.8), TS 25.141


LTE: eUTRA TS 36.104 (Rel.8), TS 36.141
Multi Standard Radio: 3GPP TS 37.104 Rel.9

*) MC BTS class 2 is characterized by a limit for TX 3rd order intermodulation of -60 dBm (average). Specification of TX
spurious emissions outside the TX band will also be less stringent in an offset range from 2MHz to 10MHz from band
edges.

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Introduction to Flexi Multiradio


BTS
Flexi Platform compatibility:
Constraints and compatibility

RFMs are fully compatible with Flexi casings, cabinets and conversion/installation kits
Complies to Flexi power modules and NSN power systems for Flexi
Co siting shall be supported with: Ultra Site, Flexi System modules and BTS plus BTS
Flexi EDGE transmission plug-in units can be used within Flexi MR system module.
Can be synchronized with the existing Flexi system modules.
Compatible with Flexi alarm extension module (FSEB)
Radios shall be compatible with

ESMB or ESMC 2G system Module


Rel 2 WCDMA SM
Flexi, Ultra site and BTS plus antenna line basic support. RRH does not have integrated support for MHA.

Supported carrier combinations / antenna:

Concurrent mode
on single RF module

Flexible power and


bandwidth allocation
via Net Act

Frequency

900MHz/1800/1900 MHz

850MHz/900MHz J-band

2G TRXs

6+6+6

6+6+6

WCDMA carriers

4+4+4

2+2+2

LTE bandwidth

1.4/3/5/10/15/20

1.4/3/5/10

Concurrent mode(s) supported


by HW

GSM/LTE,
GSM/WCDMA,
GSM/WCDMA/LTE,
WCDMA/LTE
3+3+3GSM+10MHz

GSM/LTE, GSM/WCDMA,
GSM/WCDMA/LTE,
WCDMA/LTE
3+3+3GSM+10MHz

Output Power/sector

RFM: 60W
RRH: 40W

RFM: 60W

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19

Introduction
to Flexi
Multiradio
Maximum Carrier Output Power
/ configuration
3-sector RFM GSM/EDGE output power
3-sector RFM WCDMA/LTE output power
BTS
Nominal GSM/EDGE output power/TRX at antenna connector

# of carriers

RFM

+47.8 dBm (60W)

+44.8 dBm (30W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+41.8 dBm (15W)

+40.6 dBm (11.6W)

+41.8 dBm (15W)

+40.8 dBm (12W)

+40.5 dBm (11.2W)

+38.7 dBm (7.4W)

+40.0 dBm (10W)

+38.9 dBm (7.8W)

+37.2 dBm (5.2W)

# of TRX

GMSK

8PSK

16/32QAM

+47.8 dBm (60W)

+47.8 dBm (60W)

+47.8 dBm (60W)

+44.8 dBm (30W)

+44.8 dBm (30W)

+44.8 dBm (30W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+41.8 dBm (15W)

5
6

RRH GSM/EDGE output power


Nominal GSM/EDGE output power/TRX at antenna connector

RRH WCDMA/LTE output power

# of TRX

GMSK

8PSK

16/32QAM

# of carriers

RRH

+46.0 dBm (40W)

+46.0 dBm (40W)

+46.0 dBm (40W)

+46.0 dBm (40W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+43.0 dBm (20W)

+41.2 dBm (13.3W)

+41.2 dBm (13.3W)

+41.2 dBm (13.3W)

+40.0 dBm (10W)

+40.0 dBm (10W)

+38.8 dBm (7.6W)

+41.2 dBm (13.3W)

+39.0 dBm (8W)

+38.7 dBm (7.4W)

+36.9 dBm (4.9W)

+40.0 dBm (10W)

+38.2 dBm (6.7W)

+37.1 dBm (5.1W)

+35.4 dBm (3.5W)

Note! The allocated sum power/radio can be higher than 60W/branch in RFM or 40W/branch in RRH.
In this case allocation is only statistical output power. Nominal output power/branch is still 60W.

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Introduction
to Flexi
Flexi Multiradio RF Performance
(1/2)
The RF performance
Multiradio
BTS of Flexi Multiradio BTS is specified at the
antenna ports of the RF module

RX sensitivity of Flexi Multiradio BTS


BTS Receiver
Sensitivity

Sensitivity
800/900/1800/1900
dBm

4-way diversity

-118.0

2-way diversity

-115.5

Single branch

-112.7

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Introduction to Flexi Multiradio BTS


RF Specifications
Frequency, BW (Tx/Rx)

850MHz, 15/15MHz

900MHz, 20/20MHz

1800MHz, 20/30MHz

1900MHz, 20/20MHz

GSM TRXs

6+6+6

6+6+6

6+6+6

6+6+6

WCDMA carriers

2+2+2

4+4+4

4+4+4

4+4+4

LTE bandwidth

1.4/3/5/10

1.4/3/5/10/15/20

1.4/3/5/10/15/20

1.4/3/5/10/15/20

Output power /sector

60W

60W

60W

60W

Concurrent mode(s)
supported by HW:
444 GSM+5MHz
333 GSM+10MHz

GSM/LTE
GSM/WCDMA
GSM/WCDMA/LTE
WCDMA/LTE

GSM/LTE
GSM/WCDMA
GSM/WCDMA/LTE
WCDMA/LTE

GSM/LTE
GSM/WCDMA
GSM/WCDMA/LTE
WCDMA/LTE

GSM/LTE
GSM/WCDMA
GSM/WCDMA/LTE
WCDMA/LTE

Up to 6 GSM TRXs per Sector

f1

f2

f3

f4

f5

Up to 20MHz LTE per Sector

F1
X Mhz

f6

X=1.4/3/5/10/15/20MHz

Up to 4 WCDMA carriers per Sector


f1

f2

f3

f4

5Mhz

5Mhz

5MHZ

5Mhz

Up to 3+3+3GSM+
max 10MHz LTE/WCDMA per Sector
f1

f2

f1
5Mhz

F1

F
5Mhz

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f3

22

Introduction to Flexi
Multiradio BTS
Floating input voltage 48 VDC nominal

BTS
powering and power
3860 VDC at the BTS input. 38...40,5 VDC only for
consumption
temporary use

Power consumption requirements for Flexi Multiradio are


defined for certain BTS configurations with certain load:
650W for GSM 4+4+4 with 40% TS load and 15W output
power/TRX
400W for WCDMA 1+1+1 with 50% traffic load at 20W
output power
790W for concurrent GSM 2+2+2/WCDMA 1+1+1 with
20W output power/carrier/TRX
400W typical power consumption for RRH with 100% load
and 2*40W output power

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Flexi Multiradio Power Consumption Values 1/2

Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Architecture
3 Sector RFM
925W, 100% Load

ESMB with TRS unit : 85W


ESMC with TRS unit : 125W

2Tx, 40W+40W RRH


400W, 100% Load

Power Consumption
Configuration

O/P Power per


TRX
100% Load

50% Load

40% Load

2/2/2

20

760W

510W

460W

3/3/3

20

1010W

635W

560W

4/4/4

15

1010W

635W

560W

6/6/6

10

1010W

635W

560W

8/8/8

30

1940W

1190W

1040W

Power Consumption examples for various GSM configurations


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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Architecture

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26

Flexi
Multiradio
Flexi Multiradio
Architecture basic BTS
principles GSM/EDGE
Both GSM/EDGE and WCDMA/LTE have own separate
Architecture

system modules when the BTS is used in concurrent mode


having several operational modes simultaneously.
The radio modules (RFM and RRH) as well as the antenna
lines could be shared between the system modules.
The interconnections between the system modules and
the radios can be routed through one system module or
the connections can be separate from both system
modules.
In concurrent operation Flexi MR BTS is seen as two
separate logical network elements with common radio
resources.

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Architecture
Main functions of the modules
The System Module is the center of the system. It has all the
external interfaces of the BTS (apart from the antenna
interfaces). Main functions of the System Module are the
Transport, BTS O&M, synchronization, power distribution and
baseband processing functions. System Module interfaces
support up to four Radio Modules with local power feed. Radio
modules are connected to System Module through RP3-01
interfaces.
The Radio modules and RRHs contain both RF BB and RF
functions. They are multistandard and multicarrier transceivers.
RF BB includes RP3-01 interface with multifunctional ASICs and
controller. In addition of TX/RX lineups module has integrated
front end. RFM front end will be implemented with SW tunable
filters. RRH will have fixed full band filters.

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Flexi
BTSunits
GSM/EDGE
SimplerMultiradio
architecture with fewer
Architecture
Smallest starting configuration with 2 modules:
System Module (ESMB/ESMC)
RF Module (RFM/RRH)
System Modules are GSM/EDGE compliant, and RF Module can
be shared with WCDMA/LTE in concurrent mode.

Radio Frequency Module


System Module (ESMB/C)
(transport)

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3H
U
3HU

29

combining

Eg. RFM

RF module

Functionality
of modulesBTS GSM/EDGE
Flexi
Multiradio
Functionality
of main modules with bypass or wideband
Architecture
Software Tuned
filtering,
duplexing
Multi Carrier PA
(RF Processing)

Software Tuned
filtering,
duplexing
Multi Carrier PA
(RF Processing)

Software Tuned
filtering,
duplexing
Multi Carrier PA
(RF Processing)

RF Baseband

RF Baseband

RF Baseband

System module
(transport)
Baseband
Processing
Optional
sub-module

Optical
OBSAI
E1/T1 Flexbu
s

Control

Abis IF

Power module
Power module
(optional)
48 VDC
(optional)

Power
AC/DC

DC Power

BBU

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Flexi
Multiradio
BTS
GSM/EDGE
Flexi EDGE
/ Flexi WCDMA / Flexi
Multiradio
architectures comparison
Flexi WCDMAFlexi EDGEFlexi Multiradio
Architecture
RF
Module

RF

RF
Module

Optical OBSAI

TRX
Module

BB (User Plane)
CTRL (Control Plane)
System
Module

O&M
Synchronization
Transport

System
Module

Ethernet
(electric)

System
Module

Power
BTS MGR

WCDMA GSM/EDGE
applic
applic

Multiradio
GSM/EDGE
applic

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Flexi
Multiradio
BTS GSM/EDGE
New Flexi
Multiradio Modules
Flexi Multiradio BTS EDGE System Module
(ESMB/ESMC)
Architecture
System Module is 2G specific, but can operate
together with 3G/LTE system module in the same
system. System module supports max. 36 EDGE
carriers. Two separate product variants will be
developed:
ESMB for 18 carriers; ESMC for 36 carriers

Flexi Multiradio BTS 3*60W Radio Module


(FXxA)
Radio Module/RRH products :
RFM (Radio Frequency Module):
FXCA: 850MHz; FXDA: 900MHz (E-GSM)
FXDJ: 900J-band (CDMA costing)
FXEA: 1800MHz; FXFA: 1900MHz

RRH (Radio Remote Head):


FHDA: 900MHz; FHEA: 1800MHz

All radios are multi standard & multicarrier capable supporting:


GSM / EDGE / eEDGE up to 6 carriers per pipe
WCDMA up to 4 carriers per pipe
LTE up to 20MHz

Flexi Multiradio BTS 2*40W Single sector


Remote Radio Head (FHxA)
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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


New Flexi Multiradio EDGE System Module (ESMB or ESMC)
Architecture

Flexi Multiradio with WCDMA/LTE (concurrent RF WCDMA/GSM or LTE/GSM)


IF: E1/T1

Abis

IF: PWE
IF: Flex
Bus

WCDMA/LTE SW
Iub /
S1

Rel. 2.2 RFM (RRH)

Transport
TDM SW

IF: FE/GbE

Baseband

GSM SW

GSM SW

RF SW

Flexi rel. 2 SYS Module

IF: E1/T1/J1
IF: STM-1/OC3

BTS control

Transport
ATM/IP SW

BTS control
FDD WCDMA
or LTE SW

Baseband
FDD
WCDMA or
LTE SW

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Flexi EDGE
BTS vs. Flexi Multiradio
BTS GSM/EDGE
GSM/EDGE
Flexi
Multiradio
BTS
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE
Flexi EDGE BTS
Architecture
Main Modules &
Functionality

ESMB/ESMC
ESMA
Centralized baseband processing
Baseband Processing
Distributed to the DTRX
Optical OBSAI for System Module to
RF Module connection
Ethernet cable used
for System Module to RF
RF Module (FXxA) / Radio Remote Head

Module connection
EXxA (Dual TRX)
MCPA (Multi Carrier Power
Amplifier), no TX combining and BTS
Two independent TRX,
internal RF-cabling
each max : 47 dBm (50
watts)
Generate maximum 6+6+6/4+4
TRXs, with max 1 pipe is 60/40 Watts
not compatible for 3G
(47.8/46 dBm). Each pipe has one
ERxA (Dual Duplexer)
Tx/Rx and one Rx div antenna port
Two independent
Front end filter integrated to the radio
filtering & duplexer with
and SW tunable in RM
each has one Tx/Rx
antenna port
New variant of 3G
Need RF cabling
between ERxA and EXxA

(FHxA)

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


SW Compatibility

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Release naming
Flexi
EDGE / Multiradio EDGE
RG10 (BSS14):
SW
EP3 (Flexi EDGE only)

Current main release of Flexi EDGE SW (EP3 MP4.0 to be released next)


EX3.1 (Flexi Multiradio EDGE only)
Known also as ME1 internally
EX3.1 MP1.0 will contain some features delayed from EX3.1
RG20:
EX4 (Flexi EDGE only)
For Flexi EDGE only, main new features: OSC + Packet Abis
Part of EX3.1 code also included but not compatible with Flexi
Multiradio EDGE.
RG25:
EX4.1 (Flexi Multiradio EDGE and Flexi Edge)
Brings the new EX4 features also support for Flexi Multiradio EDGE
Note: As before, it is always recommended to use the latest compatible BTS SW release to gain
the benefits of BTS SW corrections, even if it belongs to newer RG release.
For example EP3 MP3.0 (part of RG10/BSS14) can also be used with S13 (part of BSS13).

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Flexi Multiradio BTS


Compatibility (1/4) SW
GSM/EDGE

Compatibility between Flexi Multiradio GSM/EDGE BTS, BSC, Net Act, LMU,
FIFA, and Flexi Hub Manager SW

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Flexi Multiradio BTS


Compatibility (2/4)
GSM/EDGE
SW

To ensure compatibility in functionality, it is recommended that the BTS


Manager and BTS SW are both from the same BTS release or CD of that
release

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Flexi Multiradio BTS


Compatibility (3/4)
GSM/EDGE
SW

Compatibility between BTS, BSC and Surpass hiD 66xx Far-end PW device
SW

The SURPASS hiD 66xx product family consists of three products, the 6630,
the 6650 and the 6670 each supporting a different number of exchangeable
line interface cards.

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


System Module (ESMB/C)

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RF Module - Medusa RFM in


the system

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BTS System Module (ESMB/ESMC)


The BTS System Module (ESMB/ESMC) is a 2G specific system
Overview
module in the BTS.
ESMB/ESMC provides same main functions as Flexi Edge BTS System
Module. Additionally it provides high capacity GSM baseband
functionality for up to 36 TRX (ESMC), RP3-01 interfaces and related
multiplexing/chaining functions.

Transmission Interfaces and related termination functions.


Loop protection and cross connect.
Termination of Abis.
GSM Baseband functions.
BTS control functions.
Power input & Power distribution.
RP3-01 multiplexing/de-multiplexing and chaining.
Test support functions.
Casing and cooling.

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BTS System Module (ESMB/ESMC)


Construction and Interfaces
Optical RP3 01 LMP

FPA

3 HU

PWR

PWR

Ground

PWR

PWR

Synch
out

Synch
in

EAC

Q1

Power input

AUX
PWR

Transmission PIU

Status and Power LED

4 optical SFPs. OBSAI RP3-01 interface (3Gbps). (3 for RF modules, 1 for 3G/LTE system module connection
or ESMB/ESMC chaining or alternatively all 4 for RF modules)
48VDC BTS power input terminals
5 Power distribution I/Fs (4 for co-located RFMs, and 1 extra for any additional modules)
A slot for Integrated transport sub-module (various interface options available)
Ports for Power Module Alarms, Local Management and Q1
External Alarm Control port with 12 inputs and 6 outputs, or connectivity to EAC Ext. Module
Two ports for external synch. input or synch. extension to other co located base stations
Status-LED, Power LED and Power Push Button
Grounding terminal

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Medusa BTS System Module (ESMB/ESMC)


Characteristic
High-capacity System Module for GSM/EDGE use

ESMB for bigger configurations up to 18 TRX


ESMC for bigger configurations up to 36 TRX
IP 65 protected
Temp range -35 to +55 degrees C

System Module is the centre of the system. Main Functions include:

BTS Operations and Maintenance


Abis termination and Transport interfacing
Optical OBSAI connectivity and related multiplexing/chaining functions
Power distribution to the RF modules
High capacity GSM baseband functionality for up to 18/36 TRX
BTS Synchronization

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Medusa
BTS
System
Module
External Alarms
and Controls
in ESMB/ESMC
(ESMB/ESMC)
Flexi Multiradio BTS supports 24 inputs and 6 output controls
An optional module, FSEB, is needed for beyond 12 external alarm inputs

EAC (External Alarm &


Control) interface
12 alarm inputs
6 control outputs

Flexi Power Alarm (FPA)


interface for BBU alarms (6
alarm inputs)

EAC input mapping:


Input mapping for inputs 1..6

16 EAC inputs are mapped to Flexi Power Alarm (FPA) connector at ESMB/ESMC
Optional EBCA alarm cable is connected to FPA connector, typically used for BBU
Input mapping for additional inputs with System module only
7...18 EAC inputs are mapped to EAC-connector at ESMB/ESMC
Optional IP protected FSAA alarm cable 15 m instead of FSEB can be used here
Input mapping when optional FSEB, Flexi System External alarm module in use
7...24 EAC inputs are mapped to optional FSEB
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Medusa
BTS System Module
Functional Overview
(ESMB/ESMC)

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Medusa
BTS System Module
Module HW Architecture (1/2)
(ESMB/ESMC)

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Medusa
BTS (2/2)
System Module
Module HW Architecture
(ESMB/ESMC)
The System Module is separated into 3 main subassemblies (PCBs) + TRS
plug-in unit:

System Board (FESB)


Baseband Board (FEBB)
Power Board (FEPB)

The main digital electronics are provided by following main components:

TRS plug-in units (FIPA, FIEA, FIFA, FIQA, FIYA, re-used from FlexiEdge BTS)
LLP (TRS interface/protocol termination, A-bis TRAU/PCU HDLC termination)
Network Processor (A-bis termination and control functions)
Midas ASIC, Faraday DSP (Baseband and RP3-01 related functions)
MUSIC FPGA (Synchronization, module support and cross-connect functions)
Gigabit Ethernet Switch (Internal bus function, test/local mgmt. access)
OCXO/DAC (BTS clock generation and tuning)

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BTS
System
Mechanics
Structure Module
(ESMB/ESMC)
Front perspective view

Side view with board distribution

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE RF


Module(RFM/RRH)

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RF Module - Medusa
operation modes

What is Medusa?

Medusa is a Multicarrier BTS Program


Medusa radio modules (TRX modules) are multicarrier
and multimode and can support

GSM carriers up to 6 carriers per pipe


Four WCDMA carriers each 5MHz BW
20 MHz LTE (100RBs max)
Concurrent GSM/WCDMA use with 4 GSM carriers and one
WCDMA carrier
Concurrent GSM/LTE use with 4 GSM carriers and one LTE carrier
Concurrent GSM/WCDMA/LTE use with 4 GSM carriers, one LTE
and WCDMA carrier
Concurrent WCDMA/LTE use

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RF Module-Medusa RFM in
the system

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RF Module -Medusa RFM

Medusa RFM is a 3-branch multi-carrier multi-standard radio transceiver


module with each branch capable of transmitting and receiving
up to 6 GSM carriers with 400 kHz min carrier separation
up to 4 WCDMA carriers with 4.6 MHz min carrier separation
multi-carrier LTE signal with 1.4MHz, 3MHz, 5MHz, 10 MHz, 15 MHz
and 20 MHz carrier BW
Multi RAT operation with combination of GSM/WCDMA/LTE

Concurrent mode
on single RF module

Flexible power and


bandwidth allocation
via NetAct

Frequency/Bandwidth

900MHz/ 20 MHz

1800MHz/20MHz

2G TRXs

6+6+6

6+6+6

WCDMA carriers

4+4+4

4+4+4

LTE bandwidth

1.4/3/5/10(15)

1.4/3/5/10/15/20

Concurrent mode(s)
supported by HW

See Appendix D

See Appendix D

Output Power/sector

RFM: 60W

RFM: 60W

RF Module - RFM Product


Codes

FXCA
FXDA
FXDJ
FXEA
FXFA

Medusa
Medusa
Medusa
Medusa
Medusa

850
900
900J
1800
1900

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RF Module - RF Module
(FXxA) 3*60W

For MC BTS Class 1 the following relaxations apply:


Number of the carriers/branch: Up to 3 carriers
Total output power/branch: Up to 60W (1dB
tolerance allowed)

Flexi mechanics form function


Flexi installation options
Frequency variants for 900MHz full band, 900MHz
J-band (CDMA co-siting),1800MHz, 850MHz and
1900MHz

Carrier1-6

60W

MCPA

Carrier7-12

MCPA

Carrier13-18

Triple STuF

Optimized for 3 sector Macro BTS use.


3G/LTE Upgrade with System Module
change/addition & multimode SW
18 carrier (3x6) capacity with integrated Duplexfilter & integrated OBSAI RP3-01 interface
Maximum 3*60W TOC output power on 20MHz
band (12.5MHz for 900MHz J-band and 850MHz)
120W per sector with 2 Modules (e.g. Mimo)
Dedicated and concurrent mode
Flexible power and bandwidth allocation between
the radio technologies controlled by operator
Compliant to MC BTS (Class 2) 3GPP specification

60W
60W

MCPA

RFM

< 25 kg
3 HU
IP65
-35 to +55 C

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RF Module - Front Panel


Labels
900/1800 Version

FAN/ Status
TX

Module

OPT 1

OPT 2

OPT 3

850/1900 Version

FAN/ Status
TX

Module

OPT 1

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OPT 2

OPT 3

56

RF Module (RFM) Mechanical


construction and external interfaces
External Interfaces

3 RP3-01 OBSAI 3 Gbps interfaces


3 TX/RX Antenna Interfaces (including AISG 2.0 support, Bias-T
and VSWR measurement)
3 RX Antenna Interfaces (including Bias-T)
3 Co-siting RX outputs
48V DC PWR input
External Alarm interface
PWR IN

Ant 6
Rx
Ant 5
Rx Out

Fan / RF Off

Ant 5
Tx/Rx

Ant 4
Rx

Ant 3
Tx/Rx

Ant 3
Rx Out
CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT

Unit

Ant 2
Rx

Ant 1
Tx/Rx

Ant 1
Rx Out
OPT 1

OPT 2

OPT 3

EAC

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RF Module construction
STuF mechanics
including PSU input,
PA power input, and
LNA function

TRX sub assembly (three


TRX blocks and BB
block integrated to same
PWB)

TRX mechanics
w/TX, RX, and BB
block functions on
PWB

Modular PA mechanical
assemblies w/extruded fin
heatsinks

STuF (SW Tuneable Filter): A mechanical filter (one on each branch or pipe)
which is tuned with a small step motor, controlled automatically by BTS SW.

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RF Module construction

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RF Module -Radio Architecture (3sector RFM shown)

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RF Module - functional blocks


Radio Module is the 3-branch radio transceiver module. The module
consists of three individual branches designed to transmit and receive
multicarrier signals of multiple radio technologies concurrently.
The module contains the necessary common functionality like the digital
and control circuitry, RP3-1 interface and the needed DC/DC power
conversion.
Each branch contains the transmitter and receiver chains and the front
end filters
The front end filters are software tuneable filters.
For support of legacy site expansion cases, RFM has separate UL diversity
outputs for each branch so that the diversity can be shared between Flexi
Multiradio BTS and a co-sited BTS. Diversity sharing requires the co-sited
BTS operates in the same frequencies within the frequency band. The cosited BTS can be at least NSN Ultra site, Flexi EDGE or BTS plus.
The fans used for module cooling are replaceable.

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RF Module DAPD (Digital


PreDistortion) Overview (1/3)
By using linearisation,
amplifier can be operated
close to saturation power
level, and thus with higher
efficiency without detoriating
linearity.

Predistortion realizes the linearization by adding a predistorting signal to the


modulated baseband signal creating complementary nonlinearity compared to
nonlinear transmit chain.
Because of time variance (load, ageing, temperature, ) properties of analogue
components, linearization system is made adaptive with a discontinuous feedback
loop.
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RF Module DAPD (Digital


PreDistortion) Overview (2/3)
Q

Time-domain
presentation

Signal
Source

Digital
Adaptive
PreDistortio
n

Power
Amplifie
r Module

Frequencydomain
presentation
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RF Module DAPD (Digital


PreDistortion) Overview (3/3)
DAPD Disabled

DAPD Enabled

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RF Module - Front-End block


diagram (3-sector RFM)
Front-End submodule includes

three duplexers and three


diversity RX filters with LNAs
and RF test loops. In addition
RFM power supply assembly is
located inside front end
submodule. Front- End
submodule is a band specific
product.
The purpose of the Front-End
sub-assembly is to process air
interface RF signals for selected
channels.
LNA assembly includes LNA,
RF test loop, VSWR monitoring,
internal O&M, AISG modem,
Ethernet connection, filter
tuning drivers and internal PSU.

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Radio Remote Head (RRH)

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Radio Remote Head (RRH) RRH


(FHxA) 2*40W

For MC BTS Class 1 the following relaxations apply:


Number of the carriers/branch: Up to 3 carriers
Total output power/branch: Up to 40W (1dB
tolerance allowed)

Frequency variants for 900MHz and 1800MHz

RRH
LNA

RX

MCPA

TX

LNA

RX

Duplexer

MCPA

TX

Duplexer

Optimized for 1 sector Macro BTS use.


Supports MIMO with SW upgrade
3G/LTE Upgrade with System Module
change/addition & multimode SW
Two individual branches for transmitting and
receiving
Integrated Duplex-filter & integrated OBSAI RP301 interface
Maximum 2*40W output power per TRX
Dedicated and concurrent mode
Flexible power and bandwidth allocation between
the radio technologies controlled by operator
Compliant to MC BTS (Class 2) 3GPP specification

RRH

< 17 kg (target)
IP65
-35 to +55 C

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Radio Remote Head (RRH)


Interfaces
External Interfaces
2 RP3-01 OBSAI 3Gbps
interfaces
2 TX/RX duplex Antenna
Interfaces
48V DC input, integrated
class OVP
External Alarm inputs
(min 2 pcs)
AISG 2.0 interface for
RET
LMP/test port
Note! RF External connectors are not supported by FHxA RRH

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Radio
Remote
Head (RRH)
Radio Architecture
(RRH shown)

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Radio
Remote
Head (RRH)
RRH
functional blocks
FHxA is a 2-branch remote radio head optimized for MIMO usage.
Mechanically RRH is not based on the Flexi module BTS platform but it
is based on the existing FRIF (Franklin) RRH and has the same look and
feel.
Similarly as in radio module the RRH contains also the necessary
common functionality like the necessary digital and control circuitry,
OBSAI interface and the needed DC/DC power conversion.
RRH consists of two individual branches designed to transmit and
receive multicarrier signals of multiple radio technologies concurrently.
Each branch contains the transmitter and receiver chains and the front
end filters. RRH has no receiver diversity.
48VDC input from System Module or external power source. RRH has
integrated class 2 OVP.
RRH uses natural convection cooling, i.e. it does not have cooling fans.

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RF BB main functions
Radio
Remote Head (RRH)
MUKSU ASIC:

Provides RP3-01 interface, data routing (IQ or hard bits), RP1


handling, reference clock control and chaining function for the
Radio Module
Internal interface for MAIA ASIC

VCXO:
Provides reference clock for the Radio Module (synchronized to
OBSAI through MUKSU ASIC).

MCU:
Radio Module configuration and control (MUKSU, MAIA, Filter
Ethernet, PSU, synthesizers, AISG, TCS)
Adaptation of DAPD

MAIA:
DL and UL signal processing for GSM/EDGE/WCDMA/LTE radio
technologies. More details in MAIA ASIC slides.
ADC and DAC interfaces for TX and RX.
MUKSU interface

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Radio Remote Head (RRH)


MAIA ASIC main functions
RP3-01 interface
MUKSU interface (~RP3-01 like)

Downlink main functions:


DL carrier handling including gain scaling, power ramping, 2G specific
modulator
DL channel filtering, pulse shaping filters and sample rate conversion
DL up-conversion and multicarrier clipping
DAPD, DAPD correlation and gain control
DAC interface

Uplink main functions:

ADC interface
AGC control, IQ imbalance correction
UL down-conversion
UL channel filtering, pulse shaping filters and sample rate conversion
UL carrier handling including gain scaling and AGC for WCDMA

Configuration interface

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Transmission sub-module

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Transmission
Submodule
Integrated Transport (ITN) with
Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE
Optimized for tail and small chain/loop sites
Different sub-module variants for different interfaces (E1, T1, FB)
Flexbus interface BTS integrated indoor unit for FlexiHopper
Microwave Radio family
Outdoor casing optional (IP55, -33+55C)

Transport Sub-modules

Advanced features
Inbuilt cross-connect down to 16 kb/s
Supports loop protection and diversities
Integrated network management with NetAct

FIEA = 8 x E1
FIPA = 8 x E1/T1
FIFA = 2 x Flexbus
FIQA = 4 x E1/T1 + 2 x 100 BT
Fast ethernet + One optional
gigabit Ethernet SFP module

FIYA = 4 x E1 + Two 100BT Fast


Ethernet + One optional gigabit
Ethernet SFP module

Flexi Multiradio System Module


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Transmission Submodule Types


Module name

Interfaces

Availability

Remarks

FIPA

8 x E1/T1

EP 1.0

120/100, RJ48

FIEA

8 x E1 coaxial

EP 1.0

75, SMB

FIFA

2 x Flexbus

EP 1.0

TNC

EP 2.0

For Abis over IP/Ethernet


using PWE3

EP 2.0

For Abis over IP/Ethernet


using PWE3

2x

FIQA

4 x E1/T1 (Balanced) +
100BT Fast Ethernet +
One optional gigabit
Ethernet SFP module

2x

FIYA

4 x E1 (Unbalanced) +
100BT Fast Ethernet +
One optional gigabit
Ethernet SFP module

Transmission Submodule
FIPA
8 x E1/T1 interfaces
balanced 120/100
1 x RJ 48 connector
per IF

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Transmission Submodule (FIEA)


8 x E1 interfaces
un-balanced 75
2 x SMB connectors per
IF

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Transmission Submodule (FIFA)

2 x Flexbus interfaces
Impedance 50
1 x TNC connector per
FB IF

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Transmission Submodule
(FIQA)

Four balanced E1/T1Interfaces


Two 100BT Fast Ethernet
Interfaces
One optional gigabit Ethernet
SFP module
Up to 8 E1/T1 links embedded
in the Fast Ethernet links.
Line synchronization or packet
synchronization

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Transmission Submodule (FIYA)

Four unbalanced E1 Interfaces


Two 100BT Fast Ethernet Interfaces
One optional gigabit Ethernet SFP
module
Up to 8 E1 links embedded in the
Fast Ethernet links.
Line synchronization or packet
synchronization.

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Flexi Multiradio BTS GSM/EDGE


Power Options

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Flexi BTS Power Options Distributed


power
supply
System module distributes power to
other modules
All modules generate own internal
voltages
BTS powering may be supplied from:
Flexi Power AC/DC module
(FPMA) (with or without battery)
providing 48VDC input to the power
distribution
Flexi Power DC/DC module
(FPDA)
(24/48VDC)
Multi Integrated Battery Back-up
(MIBBU)
Flexi Power Rectifier Module
(FPRA)
Standard Site support cabinet

RF module
RF module
48VDC

System module
RF module
RF module

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Flexi BTS Power Options


Flexi Power AC/DC Module (FPMA,
Power module provides the casing and cable connectors for 4 power sub3HU)
modules
input / output terminals, output DC and alarm cables

Flexi Power AC/DC 200-240 V AC sub-module (FPAA)


200-240 V AC 48V DC converter
04 FPAA per Power module; 1kW power each
includes AC-filters
Flexi Power Battery sub-module (FPBA)
gives minute-level back-up when AC mains are down
03 FPBA per FPMA

+
AC input cabling to
FPMA

FPMA with 3 AC/DC sub-modules and 1 Flexi Power Battery

48VDC output
to BTS

AC feed to
FPAA (3pcs)

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Flexi
BTS
Power
Options
Flexi Power
DC/DC
24V Sub-Module
(FPDA, 2HU)
Optional DC/DC converts from external 24V DC to internal 48V DC
1 DC-DC module gives up to 2kW power, e.g. 2 DC-DC modules are
required for 12 TRX configuration
Useful in swap-out scenarios

48V DC output
24V DC input

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Multi Integrated Battery Back-up (MIBB)

Flexi
BTS Power Options
MIBBU reused from Ultra Site WCDMA BTS. Is an alternative to FPMA as a power supply and
BBU unit.
Provides the 48VDC voltage from external AC or DC voltage (batteries)
Max. output 4 * 1500W = 6 kW
One fully configured MIBBU can provide power for up to 24 TRXs
Compatible with 19 mechanics -> can be installed in Flexi cabinet installations
Is for indoor use -> Always requires a cabinet. In an outdoor cabinet, requires the FCSA
housing module (with an FCSA control card) to provide IP-protected and temperaturecontrolled space (can also be used for LTE units)
MIBBU consists of:
Power Distribution Unit (WPUB or WPUC) including
Control Unit
Max four Power Units i.e. rectifiers
(WPMB with WPUB or WPMC with WPUC),
which also charge the batteries
Optional batteries

NOTE: MIBBU not available for ordering


after 01/2009

FCSA

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Flexi BTS Power Options


Flexi Power Rectifier (FPRA)
Is a new type of MIBBU
(1/3)

Provides the 48VDC voltage from external AC or DC voltage (batteries)


Compatible with Flexi BTS 19 mechanics and 3HU high. Can be used in
Flexi cabinet installations and without a cabinet.
Brings some new possibilities for Flexi applications:

FPRA outside FCSA => more LTE space inside FCSA


FPRA inside FCOA => more space for Flexi modules inside the cabinet as no
need for FCSA

Consist of:

mechanics mountable to a 19 frame


Power distribution unit with scalable outputs for max. 2 BTSs and max. 3
battery strings
Control Unit (CU) for controlling the FPRA. Alarms generated by CU are normal
EAC-alarms and can be connected to ESMA via the standard EAC-interface or
power alarm interface (FPA).
Max. three 2 kW rectifiers (i.e. max output 3 * 2 kW = 6 kW)
Operating temperature range -33 to +55C
Wide operating voltage range: from 85 to 310VAC
Optional separate batteries (no space for batteries inside the FPRA module)

IP55 compatible, suitable for use in an outdoor cabinet without FCSA


module and for outdoor use without a cabinet with the module front and
rear covers installed

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Flexi BTS Power Options


Flexi Power Rectifier (FPRA) (2/3)
Casing with integrated DC distribution for
rectifiers (provides IP55 protection to controller
and rectifier modules when fitted with Flexi
covers)

FPRA with/without Flexi


covers (FMCA)

IP54 Controller
IP54 Rectifier Module
Module (delivered
with casing)
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Flexi Power Rectifier (FPRA) (3/3) Targeted Applications

Flexi BTS Power Options

Any 3rd party 19 ID cabinet

Wall/Pole installation

Together with battery box

Stack installation

(Floor/wall/stack)

Ultra Site ID cabinet


(roof mounting)

FCSA

Flexi OD cabinet: FPRA


inside FCSA

Flexi OD cabinet: FPRA


outside FCSA

Flexi ID cabinet

Ultra Site ID/OD cabinet


(sidewall mounting)

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Flexi BTS Power Options Separate


battery backup system
Separate full-blown battery backup system in its own
cabinet with high power, backup capacity and long
backup times can be used for bigger configurations
and long backup times.

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Flexi BTS Power Options FCOA with


FCSA and MIBBU

FCSA
(shown without front panel)
MIBBU
(Control and Rectifiers)

(Batteries)

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