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VERB TO BE

(SER O ESTAR)
POSITIVE FORM (+)
NEGATIVE FORM (-)
QUESTIONS (?)

VERB BE (+) FULL FORM

I AM
YOU ARE
HE IS
SHE IS
IT IS
WE ARE
YOU ARE
THEY ARE

VERB BE (+)
CONTRACTED/SHORT FORM

IM
YOURE
HES
SHES
ITS
WERE
YOURE
THEYRE

VERB BE (+)

You ALWAYS have to use a SUBJECT


PRONOUN with a verb: HE is Peter NOT is
Peter
I is always written in capital letters: I am your
English teacher NOT i am your English
teacher.
Use HE for a man, SHE for a woman, IT for
a thing or animal in the singular: He is my
father. She is my friend Mary. It is a big dog.
YOU is used for the singular (t, usted) and
for the plural (vosotros, ustedes)
Use THEY for people, animals and things in
the plural: They are my friends Mary and
Peter. They are books.

VERB BE (-) FULL FORM

Put NOT after the verb BE to make


negative sentences:
I AM NOT
YOU ARE NOT
HE IS NOT
SHE IS NOT
IT IS NOT
WE ARE NOT
YOU ARE NOT
THEY ARE NOT

VERB BE (-)
CONTRACTED/SHORT FORM

You can contract are not (arent), is not (isnt).


Im not is different, you can only contract the subject
pronoun (I) with the positive form of BE .

IM NOT
YOU ARENT
HE ISNT
SHE ISNT
IT ISNT
WE ARENT
YOU ARENT
THEY ARENT

VERB BE - QUESTION
FORM (?)

AM I?
ARE YOU?
IS HE?
IS SHE?
IS IT?
ARE WE?
ARE YOU?
ARE THEY?

POSITIVE(+) SHORT
ANSWER

YES, I AM
YES, YOU ARE
YES, HE IS
YES, SHE IS
YES, IT IS
YES, WE ARE
YES, YOU ARE
YES, THEY ARE

NEGATIVE (-) SHORT


ANSWER

NO, IM NOT
NO, YOU ARENT
NO, HE ISNT
NO, SHE ISNT
NO, IT ISNT
NO, WE ARENT
NO, YOU ARENT
NO, THEY ARENT

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

In questions put the verb TO BE


(AM, ARE, IS) before THE
PRONOUS (I, YOU, etc.):
Are you English? NOT You are
English?
Do not use contractions in positive
short answers: Are you Spanish?
Yes, I am NOT Yes, Im.
In negative answers, you can use
both full or contracted forms: Are you
Irish? No, I am not or No, Im not.