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Marine accident

investigation
IMO perspective

• IMO & ILO IMO & ILO- Conventions Conventions
• ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING
• UNCLOS Art. 94, (217 and 218)
• SOLAS I - 21
• MARPOL Art. 4, 6, 8 and 12
Annex I Reg. 9(3) and 10(6)
Annex II Reg. 10(3)(1)
• STCW Reg. 1/4
• LL Art. 23
• SFV Art. 7
• ILO No. 134 Art. 2-3
• ILO No. 152 Art. 36 and 39

apply to ”IMO language”: Marine Casualty = ship accident (NOT industrial accidents onboard) Marine Incident = ”Near miss” or narrow escape from a Marine Casualty .The following definitions. etc..

94.UNCLOS Art. 217: -State investigating VIOLATION may request assistance from other State -States shall investigate alleged violations on request • Art. paragraph 7: Inquiry if OWN ship causes: -loss of life or serious injury to OTHER nationals -serious damage to FOREIGN ships or installations Requires co-operation between States involved • Art. 218: Port State may investigate VIOLATIONS and request assistance in cases of discharges) .

Reg. I. 21: (a) Flag State undertakes to conduct an investigation if it judges casualty may call for changes of present Convention (b) Flag State to report to IMO findings under (a) IMO may not disclose identity or nationality of ship or imply responsibility upon a ship or person .SOLAS SOLAS Ch.

Req:s to be prohibited and sanctions to be established. and • own territory Violations to be • prosecuted.MARPOL 73/78 (Art. or • left to Flag State for action Flag State to inform IMO of actions taken Art. concerning • own ships. 4. 6. 8. 4: Violation of Conv. 6: States to co-operate • to detect violations • to enforce MARPOL PSC if illegal discharges suspected Violations to be reported to Flag State Flag State actions to be reported to • Port State • IMO . and 12) Art.

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IMO definitions • MARINE ACCIDENT= MARINE CASUALTY • death or serious injury (incapacitation >72 hrs) • loss of person overboard • loss or abandonment of ship • material damage to ship • stranding or disabling of ship • involvement of ship in collision/contact • material damage caused by ship • damage to environment caused by damage to ship .

text ANNEX 2 Casualty data casualty type consequences causes (primary and underlying factors) ANNEX 3 Casualty and incident report SAR information ANNEX 4 Dangerous goods onboard ANNEX 5 Damage card/intact stability records ANNEX 6 Fire casualty records ANNEX 7 GMDSS questionnaire ANNEX 8 Fatigue factors ANNEX 9 Incidental spillage (>50 tons or harmful) location response legal action natural resource damages MSC/Circ.953 MEPC/Circ.372 .IMO reporting formats • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ANNEX 1 Ship identification and particulars ship particulars type of event consequences summary (of events) .

IM0 Res A 849 . CODE FOR INVESTIGATION OF MARINE CASUALTIES AND INCIDENTS Main objective: Improved investigation standards and international co-operation in marine casualty investigation • applicable as far as national law allows • recognising need for co-operation between States .

defines: ”marine casualty” ”very serious casualty” ”serious casualty” ”marine incident” ”causes” ”marine casualty or incident investigation” ”marine casualty Investigator” ”lead investigating State” ”substantially interested State” .

investigation objectives: better awareness of causes improved remedial measures better training resulting in: improved safety improved environment protection .

CODE FOR INVESTIGATION OF MARINE CASUALTIES AND INCIDENTS (cont’d) Deals in addition in general terms with • Conduct of investigation • State responsibility • State co-operation • Openness of records • Reports .IM0 Res A 849 .

explosion. hull cracking or suspected hull defects resulting in unseaworthiness immobilisation of main engine pollution (any kind) breakdown necessitating towage or shore assistance Less serious casualties not ”very serious” or ”serious” Incidents ”near misses” . grounding.IMO CASUALTY CATEGORIES Very serious • total loss • loss of life (ship accident only) • severe pollution (defined in MEPC 37/22 para 5. contact. weather or ice damage.8) Serious • fire.

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IMO IMO CASUALTY REPORTING CASUALTY REPORTING REQUIREMENTS REQUIREMENTS * = requested at all casualties of this category X = requested if lessons to be learned or Convention changes/amendments may be proposed .