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PRESENT

PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE

PRESENT
PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE
Uso:
O PRESENT PERFECT TENSE deve ser usado, entre
outras coisas, para expressar uma ao que comeou no
passado e continua no presente.

Formao:
have/has + verbo principal no particpio passado

PRESENT
PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE
Ex:

Ive
Ive grown
grown flowers
flowers for
for two
twoyears.
years.
Now is 2005.
Now is 2005.

2003-now
2003-now

PRESENT
PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE
I
You
We
They

have

eaten

an apple.

He
She
It
John

has

eaten

an apple.

PRESENT
PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE
Irregular
verbs
Present
Past
Present perfect
do
be
write
eat
draw
break
speak

did
was/were
wrote
ate
drew
broke
spoke

have / has done


have / has been
have / has written
have / has eaten
have / has drawn
have / has broken
have / has spoken

PRESENT
PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE
Irregular
verbs Present perfect
Present
Past
take
ride
drink
swim
throw
see
go

took

have / has taken

rode
drank
swam
threw

have / has ridden


have / has drunk
have / has swum
have / has thrown

saw
went

have / has seen


have / has gone

PRESENT
PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE
Irregular
verbs

Present
sweep
make
get

Past

swept

Present perfect
have / has swept

made
got

have / has made


have / has got

PRESENT
PRESENTPERFECT
PERFECTTENSE
TENSE
Regular
verbs

Present
paint
move
tidy

Past

Present perfect

painted
moved
tidied

have / has painted


have / has moved
have / has tidied

Verbos regulares apenas adiciona a terminao


ED.

Example (1)

We use the Present Perfect tense to


show the result of an action.
(a) Ben is eating a chicken leg.

(b) Ben has eaten a chicken leg.

Example (2)

We cannot use the Present Perfect tense


with adverbs of time,
Ex: yesterday, two weeks ago.

I have done my homework

yesterday.
I did my homework yesterday.

Already / yet

In the Present Perfect tense, we use


yet with questions or negative (no)
sentences.
Have you eaten the apples yet?
(question)
Yet goes at the END of the sentence or
question.

No, I havent eaten the apples yet.


(negative)

Already / yet

In the Present Perfect tense, we use


already with positive (yes)
sentences.
Have you eaten the apples yet?
(question)
Yes, Ive already eaten the apples.
(positive)
Already goes in the MIDDLE or at the END of the
sentence.

or Yes, Ive eaten the apples already.


(positive)

once / twice

In the Present Perfect tense, we use


once/ twice to express frequency.

How many time have you given flowers to


the pop star ? (question)
Ive given flowers to a pop star once only.
once goes at the END of the sentence.

or Ive given flowers to a pop star only


once.

ever / never

In the Present Perfect tense, we use


ever (question) and never (answer) to
express frequency.
Have you ever celebrated the Cheung
Chau Bun Festival ? (question)
No,Ive never celebrated the Cheung
Chau Bun Festival. (answer)

Already / yet

ex.

do

Has Mary _______


______
_____?
done her homework yet
has done
Yes, she __________her
homework already
_______ .

or
Yes, she ___________________
her homework.
has already done

Already / yet

ex.

eat

yet
Has Ben _______
eaten his hamburger_____
______
?
hasnt / has not eaten
No, he ___________________
his hamburger

yet
_______
.

Practice

1 (do)
done
Has
________
Mum ________
the washing
yet
_______
?

Yes, she has


_______________
the washing.
already done
2 (sweep)
________
Sally and Joe ________
the
Have
swept
floor _______
?
yet
No, they________________
the
havent swept
floor____.

yet

Practice

3 (throw)
________
you thrown
________ away the rubbish
Have
yet ?
_______
Yes, Ive
_________________away
the rubbish
/ have thrown
_______
already .
4 (write)
Has Mark written
________
________ the letter_____?
yet
No, he ________________
the letter yet
_____ .
hasnt written

Practice

5 (visit)
many times have you visited
How ____________
________

Disneyland ?
I ______________
have visited there _________.
twice
6 (watch)
_______
______
_______ birds in Central
Have you ever
watched
Park?
No, I have
____________
________ birds in C.Park.
watched
never

Present perfect tense


We use the present perfect tense
with since and for to say how long
an action has lasted.

I have played the piano since 2000.


I have played the piano for five years.

Present perfect tense


Since
We use since with the present
perfect tense to refer to the
starting point of an action.
I have studied at this school since
2000.
starting time
2000

Now
2005

(2000 is a point of time, not a period of


time.)

Present perfect tense


For
We use for with the present perfect
tense to refer to a period of time.
I have studied at this school for five
years.
Now
2005

since 2000
starting
time

period of time
(for five years)

( Five years is a period of time, not a point of


time.)

Practice (1)
Use since or for.

1 I have had piano lessons


for
_____ ten
years.
sinc
2 Peter has collected stampse _____ 2003.
sinc
3 Amy has grown flowerse_____ last
for
month.
4 My brother has played football _____
for
two
years.
5 John and Jenny have sinc
been friends _____
e
eight months.
sinc
e
6 They have done ballet _____ 2000.

How long ?
have you done ballet?
How long
collected stickers?
he learnt the piano?
has
she
I
He
She

since 2001.
have done ballet
collected stickers
has learnt the piano for one year.

How long have these children done


their hobbies?

paint pictures, 2003

A: How long have you painted pictures?


B: I have painted pictures since 2003.

grow flowers, six months

A: How long have you grown flowers?


B: I have grown flowers for six months.

make handicrafts, March

A: How long have you made handicrafts?


B: I have made handicrafts since March.

play the violin, five years

A: How long have you played the violin?


B: I have played the violin for five years.

Kate
do karate, last month

A: How longhas
___________________
?
Kate done karate
B: Shehas
_____________________________
.
done karate since last month

James
collect coins, two years

A: How long
_____________________
?
has
James collected coins
B: He _______________________________
has collected coins for two .years

Shirley
collect seashells, last summer

A: How longhas
____________________________?
Shirley collected seashells
B: She
________________________________
. summ
has
collected seashells since last

Past tense & Present perfect


tense
Past Tense
actions that
happened in
the past
e.g. I sang
yesterday.

Present Perfect
Tense
actions that started
in the past and
continue to the
present
e.g. Ive sung for two
hours.

actions that have


just
finished
e.g. Ive just sung a
famous song.

Past tense & Present perfect


tense
Past Tense

We know the
specific point of
time of the
action.
e.g. I drew a picture
last night.

Present Perfect
Tense
We do not know
the
time of the action.

e.g. Ive drawn a picture


already.

Past tense & Present perfect


tense
Past Tense

verb - 1 word
e.g. I started
playing the violin in
2000.

Hint words:
yesterday,
last night,
last Sunday,
last year, ago,
in 2000

Present Perfect
Tense
verb - 2 words
e.g. Ive played the
violin since 2000.

Hint words:
since, for, already,
just,
yet, ever

Practice (2)
e.g. I _______
madea dress two weeks ago.
(make)
1 I ______________
have livedin Hong Kong since 1990.
(live)
2 My parents bough
_______ our house in 2000.
t
(buy)
has
3 Miss Lee ___________
taught at my school
for two years. (teach)
visite
4 Tom _______
his uncle one month ago.
d
have
(visit)
been
5 Polly and Dolly __________ friends
has(be)
since last year.
slept
6 The baby __________ for four hours. (sleep)