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Railways Communication

Requirements

o Operational Communication needs


o Administrative Communication needs

Communication requirements for


Railways
Needed for safe and efficient train operation
Failure in communication may result in safety
hazard & delays to trains

Types of communication

Control Communication
Block communication for safety
Level crossing gate communication
Emergency communication
Disaster management
Administrative communication

Communication Requirements
Voice

Railway Board-Zones
Inter Zonal
Intra Zonal
Intra Division

Control Office
Stations
Workshops
Loco Sheds
Stores Depots

Data

RAILNET
INTERNET
Computerised
Reservation
FOIS
SCADA
IVRS:
Train Enquiry
PNR Enquiry

For Metro Rail


Operations

Railways Communication Network


Transmission System
Microwave: Digital/Analog : On Major Routes
UHF: Digital/Analog: on Spur Routes
Optic Fibre : On Major Routes

Switching System
Digital Electronic Exchanges: Zones/Divisions
Intercoms : Departments/Offices

Control Communication: Special to Railways


Omnibus Control Circuits

Mobile Communication:
Trains to Control Offices
Driver Guard Communication

I. ADMINISTRATIVE (MANAGEMENT SUPPORT)


Communication amongst Area Control Office, Divisional
Offices, Zonal Offices, Railway Board office etc :a. Telephone Exchanges and
b. Microwave/UHF/Optical cable networks.

Major Administrative Communication Services are


1. Telephones (STD, OTD (operator Trunk Dialling),
Trunk working)
2. Teleprinters
3. Fax/Telex
4. Intercom
5. Data Circuits

Railway Board
(Ministry of Railways)
Zonal
ZonalRailways
Railways
(Western)
(Western)

Divisions
(Mumbai Central)
Workshops
Stations
.6000

Zonal
ZonalRailways
Railways
(Central)
(Central)

Divisions
(Baroda)
Loco Sheds
Trains

16
..60

OPERATIONAL COMMUNICATION
Communication spread over Long Distances
1. Control Communication
2. Hot lines for train operation
3. Magneto phone communication for L/C
4. Block phone commn.
5. Pagers for train crew

Communication limited to station yard


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Paging and talk back


PA system
C.C.T.V.
Walkie Talkie (VHF)
Station intercom

Telecommunication plays a vital role in the areas of


1. Passenger Amenities and
2. Disaster Management
Passenger Amenities:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Public Address System


PRS (Data communication)
Enquiry : Auto Announcing System, IVR
Train indicators (Arrival/Departure)
Platform clocks (Master-slaves network)

Communication during emergencies (Disaster Management)


1. VHF
2. Satellite Phone Communication
3. HF (SSB)
4. Single Channel Radio through DOT network

CONTROL COMMUNICATION : Omnibus telephone ckts.

1. Section Control/Train control :For the control of train movements and effective utilization of section
capacity. Connected to way side stn., Jn. Stn., cabins, loco-sheds,
yards.
2. Deputy control circuit :- For supervision of traffic operation.
Communicates with important stns., Jns, terminal stns, YM office,
Loco sheds.
3. Loco power control :- For the optimum utilization of the
locomotives, electrical, diesel or stream locos. Connected to various
loco sheds, important stns., yards.
4. Traction power control :Special circuit in electrified section For the efficient maintenance and
operation of the electric overhead system. Provided between TPC and
SM, Grid stns. Feeding posts, sectioning posts, sub-sectioning posts,
5. Emergency control circuit :Spl. Ckt. in electrified sections. For the train crew in emergencies.
Terminated at every 1 km.
6. Engineering control :To obtain traffic block and to monitor ballast/material trains

Control Office:
From where Train
Operations are
managed

FUNCTIONS OF TRAIN CONTROL


1. Ensuring speedy and smooth movement of trains
2. Abnormal working
3. Control of Engineering and other blocks
4. Recording Train Movement
5. Synchronizing of clocks at stations
Train Graphs

REQUIREMENTs OF TRAIN CONTROL Circuit


1. Controller able to talk to all stations
2. Ring up individually or simultaneously all stations
3. Ring back tone from way station Eqpt.
4. Way stations able to call the attention of
controller
5. Ringing should not interfere with speech

The Most Vital Circuit

Efficiency of control circuit

=A-B
____ x 100
A
A = Total working hours in a month
B = Total working hours lost in a month

Normally efficiency is above 95%

Green
Painted:

Red
Painted:

Dy
Control

Section
Control

Emergency Communication : Trains held up in between stations

Under RE
Areas:
Sockets at
every 1 Km

PROBLEMS WITH THE OVERHEAD LINES CIRCUITS


1. Vagaries of nature
2. T heft of wires
3. Interference from other circuits like contact fault,
earth fault, breakage, low insulation
4. Total interruption
5. Maintenance problems
METHODS TO IMPROVE CONTROL WORKING
1. ACSR alignment in place of copper (To minimize wire
theft)
2. Solid state microprocessor based push button control
office equipment
3. Solid state way station selector
4. Loud speaker and microphone arrangement for controller
5. Radio patching
6. Railway owned alignments

Through MW/UHF

RADIO PATCHING

YARD Communication: ASM Office to Points in Yard

WIRELSS COMMUNICATION

HF COMMUNICATION (3 -30 MHz)


- Introduced on IR after world war II
- Used as a standby for land line communication
INHERENT LIMITATIONS
- Limited communication capacity
- Poor reliability due to variations in the lonospheric reflecting layers
- Susceptible to man made noise- electrical noise
- Different day and night frequencies - 7945 KHz (day)/4005 KHz
(night)
- High Tx power
HF - SSB used during flood/calamities. From site to Divl/zonal HQ

VHF COMMUNICATION (30 - 300 MHz)


- Propagation is through nearly Line of Sight (LOS)
- Normally 1 to 3 CH are provided
- Used for spur line communication - duplex (both ways)
VHF SIMPLEX COMMUNICATION (ONE WAY ONLY AT A TIME)
- Hand held walkie-talkie used in yard communication, noninterlocking, Cons.
Work,Driver/guard communication, sports
- Provided in Accident Relief Trains
- Normal Tx power output is 2W
- Range is 1 km to 2 km

UHF (ULTRA HIGH FREQ COMMUNICATION)


(300-3000) MC/S

Used as spur link


30 CH, 60 CH, 120 CH
Require light wt. Tower, grid parabola, low loss cable
Radio eqpt is cheaper than MW
Being tried as mobile communication between Driver/Guard/SM
MICROWAVE COMMUNICATION
- Freq. Above 1000 MHz is MW (1000 - 30,000)
- Band allotted to IR (7125 - 7425) MHz

Used for providing communication between


-

Rly. Bd. And Zonal Hq.


Divl. Hq. And Zonal Hq.
Important centres of Rly. Operation
Radio patching (valuable back up to control communication).

DEVELOPMENTS IN
TELECOMMUNICATIONS

1. 18 GHZ Microwave System


(MW Communication for Control Working etc.) : On Eastern Railway

2.
3.
4.

Digital Microwave Communication


Optic Fibre Communication
Mobile Train Radio Communication

UNIVERSAL EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION (UEC) SYSTEM

- To establish communication between


a) Driver/guard of a train and vice versa.
b) Driver/S.M. of the nearest station and vice versa.
c) Guard/S.M. of the nearest station and vice versa.
d) Driver/guard of a train to driver/guard of another train within 5
km.
e) Driver/guard to controller through base station (switching)
- Shall be possible for Driver/Guard/SM to initiate distress
warning (SOS) to trains within 5 km and station within 7.5 km.

Telecommunication network :
INDIAN RAILWAYS
Underground cables

13,279 km

Microwave system

23,404 km

Overhead

42,205 km

OFC

wires

15,000 km

Railways Transmission Network


Microwave

7125-7425 MHZ
Country Wide network
Digital : 34 MB + 2 MB : BEL/ITI (NEC Technology)
Analog: 960 Channels ( Harris )

UHF
461-465 MHz
GCEL/MELTRON/NEC

Optical Fibre
Railways RIGHT OF WAY
PDH & SDH Systems

Railways Needs & Opportunities


Railways needed large investment for
modernising its communication needs
to meet new challenges.
Existing Optical Fibre & Digital MW
generated surplus telecom capacity
Railways had seamless Right of Way
(ROW) through out the country

CAPACITY OF OFC
NETWORK
IMMEDIATE
USE EXISTING
2/8/34MBPS PDH
ALL STATIONS TO
BE PROVIDED
WITH STM-1 ,
155MBPS
LONG HAUL WITH
STM-16, 2.5 GBPS

FUTURE
REPLACE PDH WITH
STM-1 AT STATIONS
UPGRADE
SELECTIVELY TO
DWDM , 40 GBPS AND
MORE

Optical carrier

SDH

Bit Rate

OC3

STM1

155.52 MBPS

OC12

STM4

622.08 MBPS

OC48

STM16

2488.32 MBPS

OC192

STM64

9953.28 MBPS

POLICY DECISIONS TAKEN BY RAILWAYS FOR


MODERNISING TELECOMMUNICATIONS
1.

A, B & C ROUTES TO BE COVERED BY OFC & 4/6 QUAD


CABLES; OFC SIZE: 24F; EQUIPMENT: SDH, SUPPORTING
ETHERNET INTERFACE.

2.

MOBILE COMMUNICATION ON A, B & C ROUTES, THRU


GSM-R BASED FULL DUPLEX MTRC SYSTEM. 8 PAIRS OF
FREQUENCIES IN GSM-R BAND (900 MHz.) ALREADY
ALLOCATED FOR IR BY WPC.

3.

OVER HEAD ALIGNMENTS ON D Spl., D, & E Spl. ROUTES


HAVING LINE CAPACITY UTILISATION OF MORE THAN 80 % TO
BE REPLACED BY 4/6 QUAD CABLES.
ON OTHER ROUTES (D & E), WIRELESS COMMUNICATION
WITH LIMITED MOBILITY THRU 5-W WALKIE-TALKIE SETS
WITH DRIVERS/GUARDS, SUPPORTED BY 25-W VHF SETS AT
STATIONS.

4.

EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION: SATELLITE PHONES, 2 IN


EACH DIVISION & 2 IN EACH HEADQUARTER.

POLICY DECISIONS TAKEN BY RAILWAYS FOR


MODERNISING TELECOMMUNICATIONS
5. CREATION OF RAILTEL CORPORATION:
* TO BUILD BROADBAND & MULTIMEDIA NETWORK
ON OFC WITH A VIEW TO MODERNISE THE RAILWAYS
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS & NETWORKS, AND EARN
REVENUES BY MARKETING THE SURPLUS CAPACITY IN
OFC LINKS AS ALSO IN MICROWAVE NETWORK.
6. CREATION OF RAILWAYS NATION-WIDE INTRANET
THE RAILNET
CONNECTING RAILWAY BOARD, ZONAL RAILWAYS,
PRODUCTION UNITS, CORE ALLAHABAD, MTP
KOLKATA, RDSO, CENTRALISED AND OTHER MAJOR
TRAINING INSTITUTES.

POLICY DECISIONS TAKEN BY RAILWAYS FOR


MODERNISING TELECOMMUNICATIONS

7.

ACCIDENT
RELIEF
COMMUNICATION:
*

&

DISASTER

MANGEMENT

ARTs AT DIVISIONAL HQrs TO BE PROVIDED WITH:


(a) 30 WALKIE-TALKIE SETS & TWO 25-W VHF SETS,
(b) ONE WLL EXCHANGE HAVING 50 LINES CAPACITY,
AND
(c) ONE PC ALONG WITH HIGH SPEED MODEM FOR
INTERNET CONNECTIVITY.

VIDEO CONFERENCING FACILITY FROM THE SITE OF


ACCIDENT TO RALWAY BOARD & ZONAL RAILWAY
HQrs.

POLICY DECISIONS TAKEN BY RAILWAYS FOR


MODERNISING TELECOMMUNICATIONS
8.

IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD
NUMBERING SCHEME:
*

STD

&

CLOSE

0ZD:
Z: DIGIT FOR ZONAL HQr. (1 to 9).
D: ADDITIONAL DIGIT (0 FOR 9 OLD ZONES & 5 FOR
THE NEW ZONES.
0ZD = 010, 020, 030, 040, 050, 060,070, 080, & 090 for CR, ER,
NR, NER, NFR, SR, SCR, SER & WR.
0ZD = 015, 025, 035, 065, 075, 085, & 095 for WCR, ECR, NCR,
SWR, SECR, ECoR, & NWR.

* Ph-I & Ph-II: CLOSED NUMBERING SCHEME AT


DIVISIONAL LEVEL.
* Ph-III: CLOSED NUMBERING
LEVEL.

SCHEME

AT ZONAL

OPTICAL FIBRE CABLE SYSTEM ON INDIAN RAILWAYS


16,000

14,000

12,000

RKM

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

1 990

Rkm- -

1 991

1 992

1 993

1 994

1 995

1 996

1 997

1 998

1 999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Mar-90

Mar-95

Mar-96

Mar-97

Mar-98

Mar-99

Mar-00

Mar-01

Mar -02

J ul-03

93

953

953

1,016

1,473

1,730

2,737

4,487

5,782

14,035

YEAR

SDH STM1 Optical Fibre Network on Churchgate Virar section

OPTICAL FIBRE CABLE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM


**
IR HAVE 44,000 RKMS OF OH ALIGNMENT ON WHICH
CONTROL & TRAIN OPERATION CIRCUITS ARE
WORKING. AGE OLD OH ALIGNMENT IS PROVING TO
BE HIGHLY UNRELIABLE, IS PRONE TO OUTSIDE
INTERFERENCE AND REQUIRES LABOUR INTENSIVE
MAINTENANCE.
**
IR HAVE DECIDED A VERY AMBITIOUS PLAN TO
REPLACE OH ALIGNMENT BY UNDERGROUND
OFC/4Q
CABLES (ON TRUNK & MAIN LINE
ROUTES) AND
6Q
CABLE (ON OTHER IMPORTANT ROUTES).
**
IR HAVE BEEN LATELY USING MONO MODE,
ARMOURED 24 FIBRE OFC WITH PDH TECHNOLOGY.
EARLIER SYSTEMS ALSO USED 8 FIBRE & 18 FIBRE
CABLES.

OPTICAL FIBRE CABLE COMMUNICATION


SYSTEM
**
FUTURE SYSTEMS WILL USE SDH & DWDM
TECHNOLOGIES.
**
RAILTEL CORPORATION OF INDIA (RCIL) HAS
BEEN CONSTITUTED TO EXPLOIT ROW FOR
LAYING BROADBAND OFC COMMUNICATION
SYSTEMS AND LEASING OUT THE SURPLUS
CAPACITY TO OUTSIDE MARKET FOR EARNING
REVENUE FOR IR:
PHASE I :
10020 KMS.
PHASE II :
5524 KMS.
PHASE III :
7315 KMS.
PHASE IV :
12484 KMS.
TOTAL
:
35343 KMS.

As on 31.07.03

RAILTEL CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED


Jammu
Tawi
Jammu
Tawi
Pathankot

Shimla
Kangra

OPTICAL FIBRE CABLE PLAN

Ambala
Jalandhar
Kalka
Hoshiarpur
Amritsar
Una
Chandigarh
Kalka
Amritsar
Firozpur LudhianaJalandhar Una Chandigarh
Fireozpur
Ludhiana
Rajpur
Sirhind
Ambala
Bhatinda
Dibrugarh
Ambala SaharanPur
New Tinsukia
Saharanpur
Hanuman Garh
Jind Panipat
Laksar
Dibrugarh
Murkongselek
Bathinda
Suratgarh
Ramnagar
Ghaziabad Bijnaur
Moradabad
Sadulpur
Kathgodam
Loharu Delhi
New
Moradabad
Churu
Furkating
Rangpara Mirani
Badaun Barielly
Churu Pali
Ghaziabad
Rampur
Rewari
Bongiangaon
Tezpur
Siliguri
Bareilly
RatangarhBikaner
Pilibhit
Aligarh
Sikar
Mathura
Aligarh
Etah
Sitapur
Shahjahan
Gorakhpur
Bikaner
Lumding
Bahraich
Guwahati
Gauhati
Jaipur
Tundla
Barhan Tundla
Pur Lucknow
Lucknow
Jaisalmer
Jalpaiguri
Sawai
Alipurduar
Motihari
Lumding
Gonda Ahilapur
Marta Road
Jaipur
Agra
Farrukhabad
Deoriasadar
Darbhanga
Purena
Jaisalmer
Badarpur
Madhopur
Merta
Road
Shikohabad
Agra
Kumedpur
Nagaon
Jodhpur
Muzaffarpur
KanpurBarabanki Gorakhpur
Silchur
Munabad
Malda
AzamgarhSivan
Smastipur
Prtapgarh
Kanpur
Gwaliar
Hajipur
Luni
Ajmer
Jodhpur
Patna
Raiganj
Silchar
Varanassi
Marwar
Kumarghat
Barauni
Orai
Garwar
Katihar
Mahoba
Allahabad
Jaunpur Balia Patna
Jhansi
Ajmer
Bhagalpur
Jhansi
Kiul Madhupur
Manikpur Mughalsarai Kiul Jhajha
Khajuraho
Kota
Marwar
Shivpuri
Allahabad
Satna Mughalsarai
Dehaionsone
Kota
Madhupura
Rewa
Gaya
Behrampore
Sainthia
Katni
Garwha
Chittaurgarh
Gomoh Rajagram
Bina New Damoh
Gaya
Tori
Guna
Annapura
Bina
Katani
Road
Daltonganj
Krishnagar
Andal
Ujjain
Ratlam
Bharwadi Bondamunda
Maksi
Asansol
New Bhuj Palanpur
BhopalBhopal
Himmat Nagar
Jabalpur
Bokaro
Asansol
Ratlam
Muri
Khana
Manendra
garh
Dharang Gandhi
Jabalpur
Adra
Ranchi
Adra
Purulia
Indore
Ghandhi
dhara
Nagar
Chakradharpur
Tatanagar
Ahmedabad
Dhar
Midnapore
Rourkela
Itarassi
Khandwa
Chandil
dham
Ahmedabad
Itarsi
Bandamunda
Ghandidham Surendranagar
Jharsuguda
Bhavnagar
Kharagpur
Tata
Nagar
Chidwara Nainpur
Vadodara
Bangariposa
Raurkela
Rajkot
Bilaspur
Vadodara
Rupsa
Junagarh
Raipur
Sambalpur
Kharagpur
Nandurbar
Nergundi
Durg Durg Bilaspur
Talchar
Jharsuguda
Porbander Jetalsar
Bhusawal
Surat
Surat
BhusawalNagpur
Amreli
Gondia
DhuleJalgon
Jalgaon
Titlagarh
Sambalpur
Nagpur
Angul
Virar
Raigada
Chalisgaon
Manmad
Virar
Akola
Khurda
Road
Behrampore
Akola
Aurangabad
Ballharshah
Junagarh
Lanjigarh Bhubneswar
Adilabad
Wardha
Manmad
Jalna
Balharshah
Hindol
Titalgarh
Plasa
Kalyan
Mancheswar
Mudkhed
Jagdalpur
Kalyan
Nanded
Raygada
Ahmed
Nagar Parbhani
Vizianagram
Kurla
Vaizag
Kottawalsa
Panwel
Kazipet
Pune
Pune
Sringreni
Kazipet
Vijaynagram
Visakhapatnam
Dronakal
Secunderabad
Kolhapur
Vijayawada
Miraj Wadi
Secundrabad
Vikarabad
Wadi
Vijaywada
Guntur
Hubli
Ongole
Guntakal
Hospet
Guntakal
Bellary
Complete
Madgaon
Londa
Madgaon
Gudur
Renugunta
Gudur
Renugunta
Dharmavaram
Shimoga
Arakkonam
Work in Progress
BangaloreJolarpetti
Timkur Katpadi
Birur
Banglore
Mangalore
Manglore
Salem
Jolarpettai Villupuram
Planned
Mysore
Mysore
Pondicherry
Completed
Villuouram
Erode
Ooty
Cuddalore
Calicut
Coimbatore
In progress
Tiruchi
Palghat
Palghat
Shoranur
Tiruchi
HYPERLINKS
Dindigul
Mayailadutrai
Shoranur
Karaikudi
Tiruvala Madurai
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Manmadurai
Dindigul Manamandural
Quilon
Quilon
Virudinagar
Rameshwaram
Madurai
Vanchi Maniyachi
Tirunelvely
Trivandrum
Vanchi Maniachi
Tuticorin
Trivendrum

Delhi

Calcutta
Calcutta

Mumbai
Mumbai

Chennai
Chennai

Note: Not to scale

Kanyakumari
Nagercoil

PROGRESS MADE BY RAILTEL(CONTD.):


#
CYBER CAF INSTALLED AT NEW DELHI STATION.
PLANS TO PROVIDE THE FACILITY AT 200 STNS.
UNDERWAY.
# TRIALS FOR INTERNET KIOSKS ON RUNNING TRAIN
CONDUCTED RESULTS SO FAR HAVE BEEN
ENCOURAGING.
# EARNINGS OF RAILTEL DURING PRECEDING YEARS
HAVE BEEN 2001-02 Rs. 45 Lacs , 2002-03 Rs. 9.5 Cr.
THIS YEAR,
SO FAR, RAILTEL HAS EARNED
RS. 4.04Cr. (upto
May)

Centralised Network Management

Present Status
More than 14000 kms of OFC lit & 21000 kms
of OFC already in place.
OFC laying progressing at the speed of more
than 800 kms per month.
The core network connecting 4 metro of Delhi,
Mumbai, Kolkota, Chennai and 4 mini-metros
of Ahmedabad, Pune, Secunderabad and
Bangalore to be made ready by Dec, 2003
OFC work is in progress in about 26000 kms.

MOBILE TRAIN RADIO COMMUNICATION


**
TO ESTABLISH INSTANT COMMUNICATION IN
DUPLEX MODE BETWEEN:
##

DRIVER & GUARD OF THE SAME TRAIN.

##

DRIVER & GUARD AND A TRAIN


CONTROLLER.

##

TRAIN CREW & CONTROL CENTRE TO


HANDLE EMERGENCIES, TECHNICAL &
LOGISTIC PROBLEMS.

##

MOBILE TRAINS.

##

MOBILE & FIXED LOCATION


SUBSCRIBERS.

WHY MTRC ? (Mobile Train Radio Communication)

CONVENTIONAL MODE OF COMMUNICATION WITH THE MOVING TRAIN


IS AVAILABLE IN STATION AREA ONLY, THROUGH FIXED SIGNALS IN
STATION LIMITS AND HAND / LAMP SIGNALS, WHICH COULD BE
DISPLAYED BY STATION STAFF TO CONVEY GROUND SITUATION TO THE
DRIVER/GUARD OF THE MOVING TRAIN.

WALKIE-TALKIE SETS PROVIDED RECENTLY DO NOT CATER FOR


AVAILABILITY OF ALL-TIME & CONTINUOUS COMMUNICATION
BETWEEN DRIVER/GUARD AND STATION/CONTROLLER.

UEC SYSTEMS HAVE ALSO NOT PROVED FULLY EFFECTIVE & USEFUL ON
HEAVY DENSITY ROUTES.
* SIMPLEX MODE OF WORKING REQUIRES DISCIPLINE IN USE.
* NOISY FREQUENCY BAND.
* ALL USERS ON ONE FREQUENCY CREATES CONFUSION & MAY NOT BE
AVAILABLE WHEN NEEDED MOST.

WITH INCREASE IN SPEED & NUMBER OF TRAINS, RELIABLE & INSTANT


COMMUNICATION WITH FAST CALL SET-UP TIME BETWEEN DRIVER &
GUARD AND DRIVER/GUARD AND CONTROLLER IS ESSENTIAL.

MTRC
-

ENHANCES SAFETY:
* CAN ELIMINATE FATAL ACCIDENTS IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS.

PROVIDES INSTANT COMMUNICATION:


* TO CONTROL FROM SITE OF ACCIDENTS.
* TO DRIVER IN THE VICINITY OF AFFECTED TRAIN TO AVERT
ACCIDENTS.

- IMPROVES OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS & EFFICIENCY:


* IMPROVES TRAIN RUNNING TRHOUGH BETTER MONITORING.
* CUTS DOWN ON DURATION OF BLOCKS ENGINEERING & POWER.
* HELPS IN TROUBLE SHOOTING AND SENDS TIMELY INFORMATION
TO CONTROL ON LOCO FAILURES, C & W DEFECTS, AND LAW &
ORDER PROBLEMS.

Contd
MTRC
-

AIDS IN RELIEF OPERATIONS DURING ACCIDENT SITUATIONS:


* CONSTANT FLOW OF TWO WAY INFORMATION FOR DIRECTIVES
FROM CONTROL AND ASSISTANCE NEEDED AT ACCIDENT SITE.

IMPROVES CORPORATE IMAGE:


* PROVIDES POSITIVE SIGNALS TO PUBLIC AT LARGE FOR MEASURES
TAKEN ON IR IN SAFETY MATTERS.

PROVIDES POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL EXPLOITATION:


* MOBILE PHONES TO TRAVELLING PASSENGERS.
* RURAL COMMUNICATION IN A REASONABLY WIDE CORRIDOR
ALONG THE TRACK.

EXISTING MTRC SYSTEMS:


CR

NGP-ET-BSL**

310-330 MHz. (4 Ch. Duplex)

CSTM-Kalyan

Mobile Communication along with


TMS System.

ER

MGS-DHN-ASN-HWH

VHF Spot frequencies, 18 GHz.


System as backbone network.

NR

NDLS-MGS**

310-330 MHz. (4 Ch. Duplex)

SR

Chennai-Gudur

161.15 MHz. (UECS)

SER

NGP-Durg**

310-330 MHz. (4 Ch. Duplex)

Rajkharswan-Gua

136-174 MHz. (Trunked Radio)

BCT-ADI

161.15 MHz. (UECS)

CCG-Virar

Mobile Communication along with


TMS System.

WR

** ANALOGUE SYSTEMS

SANCTIONED WORKS OF MTRC:


Railway

Section

Km

Cost
(Rs. in Cr.)

NCR

Delhi Jhansi

340

38.38

ER/ECR

Howrah Mughalsarai

666

39.03

NR

Ludhiana Pathankot - Jammu


Tawi - Amritsar

410

30.89

NR

New Delhi- Ambala-Ludhiana

311

23.14

NFR

New Jalpaiguri-BongaigaonGuwahati

425

29.97

NFR

New Jalpaiguri-Barsoi-Malda
Town-Katihar

263

23.42

2415

184.8

Total

EXISTING & SANCTIONED MTRC WORKS

Jammu Tawi
98

Pathankot
105

Legend:

115

Amritsar

Completed Works:
Tenders yet to be floated/
under Finalisation:
Section for provision of ETCS

Jallandhar

85

52
Ludhiana
114

Note:

Ambala

Figures given are Rkms. Figures in Bracket


show physical progress. Figures in RED show
link as commissioned.

198
Delhi

20 Ghaziabad

57
Palwal

Aligarh

106

84

78

Mathura
54

Bongaigaon

Tundla

Katihar

Kanpur

229

Allahabad
194

324

Patna
212

153

216

Mughalsarai
Kota

Vadodara
135

Bhusawal

Surat

184
51

Virar
CCG

84

Manmad
Nasik

Igatpuri
Kalyan

54

CSTM

Barsoi
Kumedpur
Malda Town

233

Asansol

88

Tatanagar
63

91

Itarsi
297

101

114
264

Nagpur

34

Raipur
Durg

206

101

Rourkela

Jharsuguda

135

212

Chakradharpur

Bilaspur

73

203

60

301

41

28

170

139

Bhopal

Garhara

101

Bina

260

30

Gaya
Gomoh

150

Ratlam

180

Barauni

185

145

98

202

Jhansi

266

New
Jalpaiguri

Howrah
121

Kharagpur

130

New
Alipurduar

143

Guwahati

RAILNETIndianRailwaysIntranet

What Is an Intranet ?
"Using Internet-based
technologies within an
organization to facilitate
communication and access to
information."

RAILNETIndianRailwaysIntranet

RAILNET:

Indian

Railways
own
Corporate Wide Information System (CWIS)
To provide computer connectivity
between various administrative units of Indian
Railways: Railway Board, Zonal Railways, Divisions,
Production Units, Centralised Training Institutes , RDSO, CORE,etc.

RAILNET: GENERAL ARRANGEMENT


HUB

SERVER
SWITCH

HUB

ROUTER
MODEM HUB
FIREWALL

INTERNET
ACCESS

To WAN

NODE

RAILNET CONNECTIVITY
DLW
RDSO
WC
R
PA
BB
BSL
BPL
JHS
JBP
NGP
SUR

IRICEEN

IRCOT

CRIS

KG

COFMOW

RSC

NR

BCT

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

Fire Wall

CKP
KGP
NGP
BSP
ADA
KUR

2 MBPS Internet
WR
2 MBPS Internet

KIR

CLW
ECR

NWR

APDJ
TSK

NFR
IRIMEE

MTP
MAJOR TRG CENTRES

MAS
SBC
MYS

WAT
SBP

SE
R

ER

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

LEGEND:
LAN COMISIONED
2 Mbps OFC (Rly)
64 Kbps (Rly)
64 Kbps (BSNL)
9.6 kbps (Rly)
Dial up

LKO
MB
UMB

ECoR

BRC
AII
RJK
KTA
RTM
JP
BVC

FZR
JU

M
S
H D A D M D L
W A S N G H D
H H N R S N T

2 MBPS Internet

SPJ

ALD
BKN
DLI

Railway Board

RCF

BSB
SEE

NER

4*64 KBPS

2 MBPS Internet
C
R

IZN
LJN

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

NCR

COR
E

DCW

IRIEEN

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

LMG

MAJOR
TRG
CENTRES

MAJOR
TRG
CENTRES

128 KBPS Internet


S
R

TVC
PGT
MDU
TPJ

2 MBPS Internet
SC
HYB
GTL

SCR
ICF

WA
P

MAJOR TRG CENTRES


SW
R

BZA
UBL

IRISET
MAJOR TRG CENTRES

46 Major training center have been connected through dial-up modem With the

Railnet: Networking Indian Railways

UPGRADATION OF RAILNET TO PROVIDE EASE & SECURITY OF


ACCESS.
* INCREASE IN BW OF LINKS, FORMING RAILNET
BACKBONE.
* UPGRADING THE EXISTING ROUTERS.
* PROVISION / UPGRADATION OF REMOTE ACCESS
SERVERS.
* PROVISION OF INDEPENDENT WEB SERVERS.
* AUGMENTATION OF EXISTING LANs.
* UPDATING OF FIREWALLs, WHEREEVER EXTERNAL
(INTERNET) ACCESS HAS BEEN PROVIDED.
* PROVISION OF INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM (IDS).
* PROVISION OF ANTI-VIRUS SOLUTION AT SERVER &
CLIENT.

Freight Operations Information System


(FOIS)
an integrated computerised information system
to control and monitor freight operations on
Indian Railways.

Continuous Cargo Visibility


a most critical component of any physical distribution
system

FOIS shall enable freight customers to have instant access to


information regarding the current status of their consignments in
transit, for

just in time inventory.

FOIS: Objectives
Correct information captured at source
Reduce manual collection of operational data
Uniform statistical information available at all levels
On-line information of accurate forecasts to assist management in
planning control and coordination
Ensure optimal crew management
Monitor statutory limits for running duty and overtime payments
Track consignment in pipeline for managerial efficiency
Ensure prompt billing of consignments handled
Provide efficient documentation for booking at goods handling
terminals
Improve quality of service to customers:
Prompt information to their queries
Resulting in increased levels of Customer Satisfaction

FOIS Objectives
Monitoring of freight trains : their position in computerized territory and their
expected time of arrival at destination.
Commodity wise flow of freight trains for customers like power Houses,
Refineries, Fertilizers and Cement Plants, Steel Depots and Public Freight
Terminals : an accurate forecast of cargo arrivals ; adequate time to complete
preparatory arrangement to handle the cargo.
Full particulars of detachments from block rakes recorded and updated
eliminating chances of wagons getting unconnected or missing.
Details of Rakes/Wagons in various yards, their phase-wise detention in different
terminals, eliminating need for costly manual documentation /tedious retrieval
systems and inaccuracies
Managerial reports regarding availability of rolling stock, i.e. wagons and
locomotives at any instant of time to plan for their most efficient utilization.

FOIS comprises of
Rake Management System (RMS) :
for handling the operating portion and

Terminal Management System (TMS) :


pertaining to the commercial transactions.

Tracking of Consignments.
Customers will be able to track their consignments :
It will enable customers to plan in advance for loading/ unloading
operations.
This will benefit Railways also because if loading / unloading will be
faster detention of wagons will be reduced.

The commercial formalities of giving release time and loading details


can
be completed on line.

System can on its own calculate demurrage; freight charges and


generates RR after getting payment through an online payment
gateway
from the customer.

The transmission of RR electronically to destination.


Railway Receipt

DIGITAL CONNECTIVITY FROM RAILWAY BOARD TO ZONAL RLYS


NOTE:
PHASE - I

NWR

NER

Typical
Intra-Zonal
connectivity

PHASE - II

NCR

NR

WR
ECR

D1

WCR

NFR

D2

CR

RB
D3
ER

SR

SWR

Metro
SCR

ECoR
SER

SECR

THRUST AREAS
S. No.

WORK

FUNDS

REPLACEMENT OF
OVERHEAD ALLIGNMENT

758.33 Crs.

PROVISION OF MTRC ON
A, B & C ROUTES

1067.82 Crs.

IMPLEMENTATION OF
DISASTER COMMUNICATION
ARRANGEMENTS
TOTAL

62.60 Crs.

1888.75 Crs.

Thats the Future