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RAILNET

What is Railnet
Why Railnet
Architecture of Railnet
Basics of Networking

Mysterious World Of Information


Messages
Hand

Written
Typed
Cyclostyled
Photocopied
Faxed
E-mail

Files
Printouts

Where is my Information ?

Development of IT
IT was

first adopted on IR in 1960s using


IBM 1401 computers in the following
areas: Payroll
Inventory Management
Passenger & Freight Revenue accounting.
Operating statistics

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE


CONTEXT OF RAILWAYS
Traditional View

Passenger

Passenger
Current view

reservation
System
Future view
(1985 1999)

National Train enquiry System

Freight

Operations

Freight operation Information system

Management Information
System

Case Study : Establishment


Circulars

Existing system
Rly. Bd/HQ,s/Divns
Process repeated at different
levels
Preparation of
draft
Proof reading
Duplication
Despatching
Receipt
Storage
Retrieval

From Rly.Bd.
issue date
To ZONAL Rly. A
Reissue date
29 days

From Zonal Rly.A


issue date
To Division
Reissue date
39 days

From Rly.Bd.
issue date
To ZONAL Rly.B
Reissue date
33 days

From Zonal Rly.B


issue date
To Division
Reissue date
61 days

Office

No. of copies per


circular

Total No. of copies

Railway Board

200

200*1=200

Zonal HQs

200

200*9=1800

Divisions

200

200*60=12000

Production units
etc

50

50*10=500

Workshops etc.

50

50*40=2000

Total

15500

There are around 200 circulars(Establishment) issued in a


year.Average number of sheets per circular can be taken
as 2. So the total number of sheets circulated in a year is
200*2*15500=6200000.

Cost of paper+copying is 6200000*0.4 = Rs.24.8


lac's

The system requires manpower for


typing, proofreading, copying, despatch
and delivery.
2 person per location comes to 239
persons.

Information on Demand - A
need of the hour
Shift

the control of Information flow from

creator/custodian to the user


automatic

distribution to user

Information

available : Any Time,Any

where
March 17, 20

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
MEANS FREEDOM FROM

1. TIME
2. PLACE

and
3. PERSON

Manual System
User

Custodian
of information
IT System

User

IT System

Custodian
of information

Components of Modern IT
Hardware
Servers, Desktops, Printers

Data

Communication

Modems, Switches, Routers


Bandwidth

Software
Procedures,

Methodology

What Is an Internet ?

Internet is a Network of
COMPUTER Networks

Internet

What is an Intranet?
Private

and secure internal information system


which uses Internet technology to collect and
disseminate information of interest to all staff

Intranet
Firewall

PCs
Servers

Internet

Internet V/S Intranet


Internet
External websites
E-Commerce
Insecure
TCP/IP Protocol
Limited management

Intranet

-Internal websites
-Commutation &
Information access
-Secure
-TCP/IP Protocol
-Managed

Intranet Websites: Some


Design Issues
Intranet sites differ from Internet sites in several
ways:

Internet site
Purpose: Promotion
Users: Customers
Tasks: Product info
Content: Marketing,

customer support
Volume: Limited
Bandwidth: Limited

Intranet site
Purpose: Work

productivity (info,
communication)
Users: Employees
Tasks: Day-to-day
Content: Variety
Volume: Large
Bandwidth: high

IB
M

Client-Server Networks
Client

Server

Local Area Network


LAN

Geographically
located at single
location

Wide Area Network (WAN)Geographically distributed location


-PRS,FOIS, RAILNET ,INTERNET

LAN1

LAN 2

RAILNETIndianRailwaysIntranet
Indian Railways have decided to set up their
own Corporate Wide Information System called
RAILNET to provide computer connectivity
among
Railway Board
Zonal Railways
Training Institutes
Production Units, RDSO
Workshops, Store Depots

RAILNET-CONNECTIVITY
CORE

DLW

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

RDSO

IRICEN

IRIEEN

RSC

NR

BCT

LKO
MB
UMB

CKP
KGP
NGP
BSP

ECoR

ADA
KUR

KIR
APDJ
TSK

NFR

LEGEND:
9.6 kbps (Railway)
9.6 kbps (DOT)
64 Kbps(Rly)
64 Kbps (DOT)
Dial up Connection
LAN SANCTIONED

TVC
PGT
MDU
TPJ

ICF

LMG

CLW

MAJOR
TRG
CENTRES

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

MAS
SBC
MYS

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

IRIMEE

SR

SC
HYB

SCR
WAP

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

SWR

WAT
SBP

SER

ER

WR

NWR

LAN COMISIONED

SPJ

FZR
JU

M
S
H D A D M D L
W A S N G H D
H H N R S N T

CR

WCR

BSB
SEE

ALD
BKN
DLI

Railway
Board

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

BRC
ALL
RAK
KTA
RTM
JP
BVCO

NER

64 KBPS

RCF

JHS
JBP
NGP
SUR

IZN
LJN

NCR

DCW

BB
BSL
BPL

MAJOR TRG CENTRES

GTL
BZA
UBL

IRISET
MAJOR TRG CENTRES

MAJOR
TRG
CENTRES

PC

LAN-2

HUB

WAN
Modem

Switch

ROUTE
R

Switch
HUB
ROUTE
R

Web SERVER
Mail SERVER

Web SERVER
Mail SERVER

LAN - 1

PC

An IP address consists of two


parts. One identifying the
network and One identifying
the node.

IPv4 Addressing
32-bit addresses
Each dotted decimal is commonly
called an octet (8 bits)
Commonly expressed in dotted
decimal format (e.g., 192.168.10.12)

IP AddressingThree
Classes
Class A: NET.HOST.HOST.HOST
Class B: NET.NET.HOST.HOST
Class C: NET.NET.NET.HOST

The Internet Naming and


addressing
32 bits

1 byte

NETWORK PART

HOST PART

IP Network Address Classes


Class

# Networks

# Hosts

Example

126

16,777,214

01111111

00000000

00000000

00000000

16,384

65,534

10111111

11111111

00000000

00000000

2,097,152

254

11011111

11111111

11111111

00000000

Class A

35.0.0.0

Class B

128.5.0.0

Class C

193.33.33.0

Host Address Space

Network Address Space

3 different address classes

Class A addresses start with 0.


Class B addresses start with 10
Class C addresses start with 110

Domain Name- IP Address


rscbrc.ac.in
203.197.29.40

03/17/15

www.ncst.ernet.in

Private Network Addressing

Private Addressing
The following IP address ranges are
considered private:
Class A10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255

Class B172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255


Class C192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255

RAILNET ADDRESSES
Class A:10.0.0.0.
Rly. Bd. : 10.1.2.19
N.Rly : 10.2.2.19
W.Rly : 10.3.2.19
RJT Div: 10.3.36.19
JP Div : 10.3.34.19
RSC : 10.140.2.19

RAILNETIndianRailwaysIntranet
Internet access
Internet Access (2 MBPS) has been
provided in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai &
Kolkata which will enable the authorised
Railnet users to;
Exchange E-Mail globally . The railnet user

will have the same E-Mail address for


internet also.
Browsing of World Wide Web
Contd...

RAILNETIndianRailwaysIntranet
Addressing Scheme
For the sake of uniformity and ease addressing scheme adopted
for Railnet is :-

<user design@server.railnet.gov.in>
FA&CAO/NR - fa@nr.railnet.gov.in
CME/CR
cme@cr.railnet.gov.in
COM/WR
- com@wr.railnet.gov.in
EDTD/RB
- edtd@rb.railnet.gov.in
CSTE/SCR
- cste@scr.railnet.gov.in

Applications of RAILNET
News Letter
E-mail
E-learning

File Transfer
INTRANET
Opinion
pools,surveys
Online
Information

WorkFlow
application
Sanction of
leave,PF etc.
Broadcast through
Web pages
vigilance,safety
bulletin,Pink Book

Access
Manuals,Procedur
es
Post Personal
Web Pages

40
35

Access Product &


Marketting Data

30
25

Post Internal job


offerings/deputatio
n

% usage 20
15

Access Employee
information

10
5
0

Schedule
Calenders,timeline
ss
Access existing
database

RAILNETIndianRailwaysIntranet
UTILITY-General
1.Railnet users exchange e-mail
2. Commercial Deptt. is using RAILNET for their
Complaint Centres Applications
3. Railways have launched their web pages
4.Authorised users can access the internet through
RAILNET either in LAN or through Remote Dial-up
on Rly. Telephone.
5. Sharing of resources