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INGLES INTERMEDIO I

PAST SIMPLE(REVIEW)
TEMA 1
Teacher: Giovanna Torres Manrique

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE


1. It is used for actions completed in
the past at a definite time:
For a past action when the time is
given
Ex: I met him yesterday
When the action clearly took place at
a definite time
even though this time is not mentioned
Ex: I bought this car in Montreal
It is used for an action whose time
occupied a period of
time now terminated
Ex: I worked in that bank for four years

SOME SIGNAL WORDS. . .

Yesterday
Last Night
Last Week
Last Year
A month ago. . .
Two years ago. . .

FORMING THE SIMPLE PAST


For regular verbs, add ed to the simple
form of the verb.
I visited New Orleans last year

For irregular verbs, change the verb.


I went to the movies yesterday

For negatives, use did not or didnt with the


simple form of the verb.
She didnt come to class

For questions, use did before the simple


form of the verb.
Did he call you last night?

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE


Affirmative:

I talked to her last night

Question: When did you talk to her?

Negative: I didnt talk to her

SPELLING OF REGULAR
VERBS (1)
VERB ENDING

ED FORM
ADD ed only

VOWEL + y

Play

Played
DROP y, ADD ied

CONSONANTS + y

Study

Studied
ADD d

CONSONANTS + e

Change

Changed

SPELLING OF REGULAR
VERBS (2)
VERB ENDING
ONE VOWEL + ONE CONSONANT
Stop
DOUBLE THE CONSONANT
AND ADD ed

ED FORM
Stopped

TWO CONSONANTS
Return
ADD ed only

Returned

TWO VOWELS + ONE CONSONANTS


Clean
ADD ed only

Cleaned

What is the simple past?

To create the simple past, add ed to most


simple present verbs.
Verbs: watch, start, live, move, study, stay.

1.

Yesterday Kahn __ English for two hours.


Mayra __ a video on elephants last night.
Last year Ana __ in Chicago for a week.
Roberto __ in the library all day yesterday.
Kim __ in China before she __ here.
Jo __ to learn French when he __ in France.
Alan __ to our community at age fifteen.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Why use the simple past?

Use the simple past for


activities and situations
already started and
ended.
Example: Last week,
the ISA went camping.
Example: Our class
took a quiz yesterday.
Both the time adverb
and the verb typically
indicate past tense.
Did the man know that he
didnt have enough blocks
before he started building?

What is the past of be?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Is Bob still on
a low-cost diet?

Were matches you


we, and they.
Was is for I and he.
Where __ you last
night?
I __ at home!
__ you up or in bed?
I __ up until late.
I __ on the phone to
call you many times.
Sorry, I __ not near
my cell phone.

Can you pronounce past endings?


1.

2.

3.

After strong
consonants, say /d/
/calld/ /livd/
After soft consonants,
say /t/
/talkt/ /washt/
After /t/ and /d/, say
/ed/
/waited/ /needed/
Did the man hear
the woman clearly?

Do you use irregular past verbs?


1.

2.

3.

Most irregular verbs


change vowels.
Begin/began,
come/came,
give/gave
Some irregular verbs
end in t.
Build/built, feel/felt,
sweep/swept
A few irregular verbs
dont change.
Cost/cost, fit/fit,
let/let

Is the past form of


understand irregular?

Which is the past form?


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Sylvia blow/blew the odd guy off.


Alfredo drew/drawn a cool picture.
Minh kept/keep his place in class.
The bank lend/lent Foram $5,000.
The professor tore/tear the paper.
Krupal stood/stand in the back.
The girl wear/wore red lipstick.

INGLES INTERMEDIO I

PAST SIMPLE AND PAST


CONTINUOUS
TEMA 2
Teacher: Giovanna Torres Manrique

Hum Im
terribly
sorry

What were you


saying? I wasnt
listening
I was just
presumingt
hat

What were you doing


last night at 10:25,
Ms. Jamieson?
I was dinning
out with the
Parksons.
She has a good alibi, I
dare say,Holmes,dont
you think?

Mr. Bullock
was
climbing the
stairs when
he tripped
and fell

Mr. Bullock
climbed the
stairs when he
tripped and
fell
Upon my
faith,Watson
Thats it!

Enumeration
of actions that
finished in the
past
Result

Action in progress
at a definite time in
the past
The action was
still happening
when another
action started in
the past

Did you hear or


see anything
strange last
night at 10:25?

Well, I was
trying to read
last night
around 10:15
when I saw a
strange light
at my window.

I was preparing to
go to bed when I
heard someone
screaming.

when I
walked
into the
room.

Past Progressive
Mr.Bullock and Ms. Jamieson were
arguing about something

Did you
see or hear
anything
suspect?

Could you tell


me what you
were doing
exactly at 10,25
last Monday?

Strange

Last/
yesterday
+ Past
Simple

Years ago / in ( year)/


from (year ) to
( year)+Past Simple

While / As + Past
Progressive

While M
r.
Emerso
n
reading was
th
little gir e
l a
story,
a)
he
but at the
was y
r
libra ing.
y
d
u
t
s
2)
Why
werent
you at the
meeting
place? d)

I got
a
packa
ge i n
the
mail.W b)
h
I open en
ed
it
I call
ed
Roge
r a
t
nine
last
nigh
t, c
)

I was
waiting
for an
important
call.
4)

she
fell
asl
eep
a
d
s
oh ,
un
o
f
I
clo e
sed
1
.
e
s
the
ri
p
r
su
boo
k.
)

Thank you

Piensa en grande y triunfars