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Uxmal

Esta ciudad ocupa un importante sitio dentro de la historia de la cultura maya, tanto por las
relaciones polticas que prevalecieron durante los siglos del posclsico en la pennsula de
Yucatn como tambin por abrigar algunos de los ejemplos ms conocidos de la arquitectura
Puuc.
PUUC: el estilo Puuc busca a travs de sus edificios de dominante horizontal concentrar los
acentos plsticos en estructuras de geometra lineal perfectamente clara. Buscan el ngulo recto.

Uxmal

Edificada en una regin


caracterizada por la
vegetacin de corta
altura, Uxmal organiza
estructuras horizontales
formando grandes
cuadrngulos con
dilatadas explanadas
interiores donde dos
pirmides contrapuntean
el paisaje de la urbe.

Uxmal-

palacio del gobernador

Sobre una amplia terraza se extiende la presencia sublime de uno de los edificios ms
espectaculares de toda Mesoamrica: el Palacio del Gobernador. Se trata de un cuerpo
horizontal de 98 mts de longitud, integrado por crujas internas cubiertas con bveda de saledizo.

In 1841, Stephens wrote of the Governor's Palace: "There is no rudeness or barbarity in the design or proportions; on the contrary, the
whole wears an air of architectural symmetry and grandeur." The House of the Governor has brought similar responses from art
historians and architects, including Frank Lloyd Wright, who considered this the finest example of ancient American architecture. Jeff
Kowalski, author of The House of the Governor, believes it was built around AD 900 by the Uxmal ruler Lord Chac, and that it stands
as the symbol of "a pivotal moment in the history of Maya architecture."

Parte trasera del Palacio

Uxmal: Buried Chaac, House of the Governor


Local guides point out these buried masks at the north corners of the Palace of the Governor as evidence of an
intricate water collection system. The only source of water at Uxmal was rain, and therefore the rain god is
featured over and over again, with obsessive passion. This mask, in the northeastern corner, is still fully intact,
while the mask of the northwestern corner is only partly preserved

Uxmal

Cuadrngulo de las monjas

En el cuadrngulo de las monjas, la presencia del espacio abierto central dentro del ncleo
arquitectnico conformado por cuadro edificios horizontales donde la poesa depende del marco del
patio abierto al centro. Al fondo, el Cuadrngulo de las monjas visto desde la plataforma del Palacio
del Gobernador.

Looking down on the Nunnery Quadrangle from Temple IV of the Pyramid of the
Magician. The South, West and East Buildings of the Quadrangle occupy the
midground. The House of the Birds with its arched entry is in the foreground, while
the Cemetary Group can be seen to the left in the far distance.

Nunnery Quadrangle, North Building


"The North Structure of the Nunnery is some 270 feet long and has a complex arrangement of geometric
elements, mask panels, and figural motifs adorning its faade. The exact meanings are elusive, but the images
generally concern themes connected with the supernatural legitimization of dynastic authority and the display of
captives taken in battle."

Nunnery Quadrangle: East Building


Decoration on the east building consists of a simple mat-weave background, stacked
Chac masks, and two-headed serpent bars arranged in trapezoidal structures.

Nunnery Quadrangle, West Building Detail

Casa de las Palomas

House of the Doves


The archaeoastronomer, Victor Segovia, believed that the openings in the roof comb had astronomical significance, and may have
served as a sort of observational instrument.

Juego de pelota

Juego de pelota, con la Casa de las Tortugas atrs

Uxmal

pirmide del adivino

Uxmal

pirmide del adivino

East Side,
Pyramid of the
Magician
"Legend tells that
this temple-pyramid
was built by a
powerful dwarf
magician, who was
hatched from an
egg by his
sorceress mother.
Under a threat by
an Uxmal king he
was ordered to
build this temple
within a fortnight, or
else lose his life."

Piramyd of the Magician, West Side


The lofty stairway on the west side, with a 60 degree
angle of inclination, is flanked by large masks of the
rain god in a stepped series, one behind the other,
creating a propelling energy to the top, with its
dramatic entrance to Temple IV.

Uxmal

edificio norte

Edificio norte del Cuadrngulo, visto desde los aposentos del edificio Oriente.

Bibliografia
X. de Anda,Enrique. Historia de la
Arquitectura Mexicana. Editorial
Gustavo Gili. Mxico, 1995. 253 pgs.
Manrique, Jorge Alberto (coordinador
general). Historia del Arte Mexicano.
Salvat Mexicana de Ediciones, Mxico,
1982.

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