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Using Charts

and Graphs in
the Classroom

Visual Effects and Data
Interpretation

Overview
Charts, graphs, and tables provide a great
deal of visual appeal. They allow users to
quickly spot trends, examine pronounced
data, and see an actual picture. This power
and appeal makes a “picture worth a
thousand words.”
In educational settings, charts, graphs, and
tables can be used to represent data,
illustrate important patterns or relationships,
and observe changes as data is altered.

Important Questions  How can charts and graphs help students communicate more effectively?  What tools are available to help students create charts and graphs?  What manipulations are necessary to a chart or graph. so that it will print accurately in a desktop publishing document? .

Charts and Graphs Reasons to create charts and graphs:  Provide a visual representation of data. .  Represent many different types of data.  Effectively clarify information.

Charts and Graphs Reasons to create charts and graphs:  Make important trends easily recognizable.  Aid data interpretation.  Allow users to perceive information quickly. .

Charts and Graphs Reasons to create charts and graphs: Charts and graphs can be incorporated into any medium.  Reports  Web Pages  Posters  Word Processing Document  Desktop Publishing Document .

Charts and Graphs  Pie  Stacked Bar  Area  Bar  Scatter  Line .

Products for Creating Charts and Graphs  Lotus 1-2-3  Microsoft Works  ClarisWorks  QuattroPro  Microsoft Excel  Harvard Graphics  Graph Power .

 Accuracy and applicability of the chart.  Purpose of the data.Charting Considerations  Type of data. .  Nature of the data or relationship being presented.

. use a line or bar chart.Charting Considerations  To illustrate data.  Use templates or wizards available when possible.  To depict percentages. use a pie chart.

Charting Terminology  Horizontal Axis = X Axis  Vertical Axis = Y Axis  3D Data = Z Axis  Gridlines  Plotting  Contiguous versus contiguous nondata .

 Examine patterns.  Investigate phenomenon.  Explain outcomes visually.  Compare and contrast data. .  Illustrate trends.  Collection data.Classroom Applications of Charts or Graphs  Predict outcomes.

 Students can link spreadsheet data. alter variables. and observe changes.  Students can graph linear equations. .Charts and Graphs Other Classroom Applications:  Students can create bar charts illustrating frequency. to predict and observe how changes in spreadsheet affect the chart.

 Changing the legend. .  Modifying the appearance of the chart  Changing the color of plotted areas.Modifying Charts  Resizing the actual chart.  Changing chart titles and subtitles.

 Many packages also alter range references as data moves.  Many packages also automatically update the scales used for plotting data as the actual worksheet changes. .Modifying Charts  Many integrated packages automatically update your charts each time your data changes.

numbers displayed. . or the labels. packages have options that also allow users to change the orientation of the chart.  Often.Modifying Charts  Formatting a selected axis allows users to change the units.

Using a Chart in another Program Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) Technology makes it possible to integrate charts with other applications.)  Linking the chart.) . Ways to place a chart into a document:  Copy and paste. (Modify the original.)  Importing and exporting the chart. (Modify a copy of the original. (Copy the original and place it in the selected document.

 Select the chart and use the border handles for resizing. only change the white space where the chart resides.  All elements within the chart can be resized.Resizing Charts  When resizing a chart window. .

creativity. discover new ways of using the power of a technology tool.” -Ennis-Cole . and desire. hard work. Technology’s integration is limited by available resources. and time to plan.Integrating “Integrating technology into any curriculum is ideal when it can be meaningfully applied to help students improve their performance. implement. patience. and embrace new content. All of these factors are surmountable with a little ingenuity. and revise ideas.

.Integrating The use of integrated application software can help students:  Solve complex problems.  Evaluate and organize data.  Present professional looking output.  Discover relationships.  Analyze information.  Predict outcomes.

.  Demonstrate knowledge.  Create original products.Integrating The use of integrated application software can help students:  Record and categorize data.  Calculate results.

Integrating Bitter and Pierson (2002) suggest the following for learning activities that integrate technology:  Activity level  Grade level  Purpose or goal  Description or summary  Preparation beforehand .

Integrating Bitter and Pierson (2002) suggest the following for learning activities that integrate technology:  Procedure (step-by-step)  Tools/Resources  Assessment (student)  Comments (notes) .

Allyn & Bacon: Boston.. Morrison. Using Technology in the Classroom.. & Lowther. Integrating Computer Technology into the Classroom. G. Merrill Prentice Hall: New Jersey. 5th ed.References Bitter.. & Pierson.L.. (2002). . 2nd ed. D.R. G. M. (2002).

Remember. charts can be merged with other technology products to convey an idea. demonstrate content knowledge. and communicate findings.Summary Charts are a good way to visually represent data. Once created. “a picture is worth a thousand words…” .