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BASIC

COMPONENTS
OF
ELECTRONICS
As homemakers, we should know
the basic electronic parts and
components and their specific
uses. Electronic components are
those parts of a product used in
electronic processes.

Following are those components:


Resistors Devices made of
materials which resist or
oppose the flow of electric
current. The unit of resistance is
measured in ohms.
As to type, resistors are classified
as:
Fixed resistors where values
are fixed and constant.
Variable resistors where
resistance can change/vary
through manual setting.

According to structure, resistors, are classified


as:
Carbon resistors where resistance is derived
from color coded carbon.
Wirewound resistors- where resistance is
derived from a length of wire wrapped around
a core and covered with an insulating
material.

Capacitors

Electronic
components which
have the ability to
store
electrical
charges or voltages.
Have low resistance
to AC which means
that AC can pass
through them; but
highly resistant to
DC which means
that they can block

TYPES OF CAPACITORS:
According to insulating materials are as follows:

Electrolytic
Mylar
Polyester
Air
Mica
Tantum
Ceramics
Paper

Capacitors
are
also
classified as non-polar
or polarized:
Polarized one terminal
of the capacitor is
positive; the other,
negative, and polarity
is observed.
Non-polar can be
connected in any way
in a circuit, without
observing polarity.

Diodes- semi-conductor devices consisting


of the anode which is positively charged,
and the cathode (k), which is negatively
charged.

Different Kinds of Diodes used in a Circuit:


a.

Rectifier diodes used to rectify and convert an


alternating current to pulsating direct current (
fluctuating direct current).

b . Light emitting diodes works like a rectifier diodes


except that they are used to indicate flow of electricity
through emission of light such as the dancing lights
used in entertainment places.
c. Zener Diodes- used to regulate heat.

A semi-conductor with active and passive


elements used to perform complete
electronic function.

It is used in electronic circuits to introduce


inductance, the tendency to oppose any
change ( increase or decrease ) in the
circuit current.

A device for capturing radio frequencies


from space which are fed into a receiver.

A device which is rated in ampheres used to


protect circuit components from damage
due to overload.

A component used to step up or


down the voltage.

A semi- conductor device with three


electrodes which can function as a switch,
rectifier, amplifier or oscillator.

The number or complete cycles performed


in one second is described by
a. resistance
b. power
c. hertz
d. frequency

A system where the flow of current is


always in the same direction
a.

direct current

b.

voltage

c.

alternating current

d.

power

The potential difference between two


points
a.

Electromagnetic force

b.

Voltage

c.

Frequency

d. Resistance

The force which opposes and reduces


the flow by electrical current is
a.

Electromagnetic force

b. Power
c. Frequency
d. Resistance

It is the amount of work done by


electrical energy at a given time
a.

Resistance

b. Power
c. Voltage
d. frequency

A gadget which regulates or controls the


flow of electric current
a.

short circuit

b.

open circuit

c. control
d. load

A unit which converts electrical energy


into another form of energy to do work
a. path
b. load
c. current
d. source

A wire through which electrical current


flows
a.

load

b.

control

c.

source

d.

path

A circuit in which current flows into or


more paths
a.

Path

b. Series circuit
c. parallel circuit
d. source

A circuit in which there is only one path


through which the current flows
a.

Control

b. Series circuit
c. load
d. parallel circuit