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1 Nokia Siemens Networks

R 255 G
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16
B 162
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166 B
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234
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R 0
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255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
3G RAN Dimensioning

Telkomsel Indonesia


NPO Sub Region Indonesia
NOKIA SIEMENS NETWORK

2 Nokia Siemens Networks
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R 127 G
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B 162
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234
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R 0
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Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
3G DIMENSIONING

1. 3G Traffic Model
2. Channelization code dimensioning
3. Fractional Load calculation
4. Baseband dimensioning
5. Iub ATM & IP dimensioning
6. RNC dimensioning
7. Traffic forecasting for long term 3G planning
8. Exercise : End-toEnd RAN dimensioning

3 Nokia Siemens Networks
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R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
3G Traffic Model
1. CS & PS traffic model in 3G
2. BH Share factor
3. SHO Overhead factor
4. Re-transmission factor
5. HSPA simultaneous factor
6. BTS load distribution factor (Uneven load factor)



4 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
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R 255 G
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R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
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Primary colors:
Standard Traffic Model (1/3)
The purpose of a standard traffic model is to have information about the traffic demand available if no
detailed traffic model is provided for network dimensioning.
Standard traffic model is defined assuming a standard subscriber, using all accounted services in
parallel the service split is applied on the traffic demand basis (no split on the subscriber basis).
Selected default services are:
1. Speech with 0.92 BHCA and a traffic demand of 22 mErlang per subscriber in the busy hour, which
corresponds to call duration of 86s, mapped to CS Conversational AMR 12.2 and CS voice over
HSPA.
2. Video telephony mapped to CS Conversational UDI 64 with 0.005 BHCA and a traffic demand of 0.2
mErlang per subscriber in the busy hour, which corresponds to call duration of 144s.
3. Data services mapped to PS Interactive/Background RAB services, differentiated between R99 and
HSxPA with 0.7 BHCA, and a traffic demand (in DL) of: 1631 bps per subscriber in the busy hour.
This traffic demand is split into:
R99 traffic demand per subscriber: 326 bps
HSxPA traffic demand per subscriber: 1305 bps


5 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
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R 255 G
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R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
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G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
Standard Traffic Model (2/3)
These are applicable assumptions for trafic model standard :
1. BHCA split between R99 HSxPA (Release 5/6) of 20% : 80%
2. BHCA split between Release 5 UE and Release 6 UE of 75% : 5%
3. Asymmetry:
Overall (UL:DL): 1: 4.41
R99 (UL:DL): 1:5.82
HSDPA Release 5 (UL R99 : DL HSDPA): 1:4.42
HSxPA Release 6 (UL HSUPA : DL HSDPA): 1:4.16

6 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
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122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
Standard Traffic Model (3/3)
8 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
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R 104
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122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
BH Share Factor (1/2)
Traffic forcasting usually
used the history of data
traffic based on daily base

How to convert the daily
data into required capacity
in BH (Erl or Mbps) using
BH share factor
Voice Erl Voice Erl
V
o
i
c
e

(
E
r
l
a
n
g

/

D
a
y
)

Required
capacity in BH
9 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
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R 255 G
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R 127 G
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B 162
R 163 G
166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
BH Share Factor (2/2)
Data should be collected form normal
traffic period when there are no major
public holidays or any other similar events
which may influence the calculations.
The result may need to be tuned in case
the network is already suffering from high
level blocking.
Typically CS and PS busy hours does not
exist in the same time. Busy Hour times
vary between the operators.
CS BH share can be calculated by using
Voice Erlangs and PS BH share by using
average throughput.
Bh Share Factor = Max(Throughput) / Daily Throughput
BH Throughput
10 Nokia Siemens Networks
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B 51
R 0
G 0
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R 255 G
255 B
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Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
SHO Overhead Factor (1/2)
E1A CPICH E1B CPICH
Offset 4dB Offset 6dB
SHO
area
cell A
cell B
3 / / _ _ _ _ _
2 / / _ _ _ _ _
/ _ _ _ _ _
/ _ _ _ _ _
/ _ _ _ _ _
/ _ _ _ _ _ _
NRT RT SET ACT IN CELL THREE
NRT RT SET ACT IN CELL TWO
NRT RT SET ACT IN CELL ONE
NRT RT SET ACT IN CELL THREE
NRT RT SET ACT IN CELL TWO
NRT RT FOR SET ACT IN CELL ONE
eSet AvgOf Activ
+
+
+
+
=
Denominators 1/2/3:
Call with 1 radio link : Belongs completely to its single active cell
Cell with 2 radio links : Half the call belongs to each active cell
Cell with 3 radio links : One third of the call belongs to each active cell
11 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
Average of active set in WJ
area :
- Active set RT = 1.3 (30%
overhead)
- Active set NRT = 1.1 (10%
overhead)

SHO overhead is less than 40%
= Good cell border planning
SHO Overhead Factor (2/2)
12 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
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Primary colors:
HS Simultaneous Factor
Up to RU20, HSDPA user will consume CE for A-DCH
signalling that is 1 CE per A-DCH + SHO factor must be
included if HS SCC was active

In CE dimensioning HS simultaneous factor must be
included, otherwise there will be over CE dimensioning

HS Simulataneous Factor =
(max HS user A + max HS user B + max HS user B)
Max (HS user A + HS user B + HS user C)


Cell C
13 Nokia Siemens Networks
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R 255 G
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R 127 G
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B 162
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166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
BTS load distribution factor (Uneven load factor)

In real-life networks, daily traffic in certain BTSs is distributed differently over time. In many cases, BTSs
with different traffic profiles and traffic distribution in space and time work under one radio network
controller. Therefore, BTS load distribution needs to be taken into account during the RNC and Iub
dimensioning process.

The difference between the RNC
traffic demand calculated by even
load calculations and uneven
load calculations is called the BTS
load distribution factor (LDF).
Even load distribution Un-Even load distribution
14 Nokia Siemens Networks
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R 127 G
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166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
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G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
To calculate the BTS load distribution factor (LDF), adhere to the following
principles:

1.Identify the busiest hour for each cell, the volume of data carried in that hour, and work out each BTS
personal BH throughput.
2.Sum the results to give an equivalent throughput value (see: Even load calculation)
3.Identify the traffic in each BTS in every hour.
4.Sum the results for every hour and choose the highest result to give an aggregated BH throughput value
(see: Uneven load calculation).
5.Divide an equivalent throughput value by an aggregated BH throughput value to receive BTS load
distribution factor.

By considering LDF factor the required RNC capacity can be reduced by factor LDF
15 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
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B 51
R 0
G 0
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R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
Example :
300 bts connected to 1 RNC. Each BTS has 5 Mbps traffic demand in BH
Required RNC capacity is 300 x 5 Mbps = 1500 Mbps
Because of the geographical distribution, BTSs under one RNC have their busy hours at different time

Taking into account BTS BH distribution in
time, the maximum load at the RNC level is
935 Mbps and it is at 6 p.m. With this data,
it is possible to calculate the BTS load
distribution factor (LDF):
LDF = 1500 Mbps / 935 Mbps = 1.6

Once you have calculated the LDF, it is
possible to decrease the needed RNC
throughput which is calculated by dividing
them by 1.6. The values received reflect
required throughput with respect to traffic
distribution over time.

16 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
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Primary colors:
Load Calculation Introduction
Cell load calculation is needed to order to estimate the level air interface load in the cell






Air interface load depends on service mix, radio propagations network topology and number
of active connections as well as traffic inputs
Service type EbNo
Propagation model Orthogonality
Network topology Little i
17 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
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R 104
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R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
UL Load Calculation
/
UL load factor can be calculated using the following equation (Holma and Toskala, 2004)
The corresponding noise rise is
power noise thermal the is
power wideband received total is
rise Noise
total
UL
total
N
N
P
I
P
I
q
= =
1
1
connection single a of factor activity the is
connection single a of rate bit the is
rate chip the is
connection single a of factor load the is
ce interferen cell own w.r.t. ce interferen cell other of ratio is
factor load UL is
UL
j
j
j
v
R
W
L
i
q
18 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
DL Load Calculation
DL load factor can be calculated using the following equation (Holma and Toskala, 2004)
( )
| |

=
+ =
N
j
j j
j
j
b
j
i
R W
N E
v
1
0
DL
) 1 (
/
/
o q
The corresponding noise rise is
DL
rise Noise
q
=
1
1
j v
j R
W
j
j i
j
j
j
j
user of factor activity the is
user of rate bit the is
rate chip the is
user of channel of ity orthogonal is
user for ce interferen cell own w.r.t. ce interferen cell other of ratio is
factor load DL the is
DL
o
q
19 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
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51
Primary colors:
Code Dimensioning
Channellization code consumption :
1. Common Channel
2. R99 Radio Access Bearer
3. HSDPA
1. HS-PDSCH Code
2. HS-SCCH
3. A-DCH
4. HSUPA
1. E-HICH
2. R-AGCH

20 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
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Primary colors:
RAB Service
RAB SF Consumption Remark
Voice 128 Depend on #Simultaneous user 256 for AMR NB 4.75 & 5.9
Video 32 Depend on #Simultaneous user
PS 16 128 Depend on #Simultaneous user
PS 64 32 Depend on #Simultaneous user
PS 128 16 Depend on #Simultaneous user
PS 256 8 Depend on #Simultaneous user
PS 384 8 Depend on #Simultaneous user
Common Channel
Channel SF Consumption Remark
P-CPICH 256 Fixed = 1
P-CCPCH 256 Fixed = 1
PICH 256 Fixed = 1
S-CCPCH (PCH) 256 Depend on configuration If 2nd S-CCCPH active or 128 if 24 kbps PCH
S-CCPCH (FACH) 64 Fixed = 1
HS-SCCH 128 Depend on code multiplexing
E-HICH & E-RGCH 128 Depend on number of HSUPA user 1 CC cam serve up to 20 UE
E-AGCH 256 Depend on configuration
A-DCH 256 Depend on number of HSUPA user F-DPCH allows to serve 10 UE in 1 CC
Code Consumption per RAB & Common Channel
21 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
Baseband Dimensioning

1. System Module Capacity
2. Common Channel Dimensioning
3. R99 CE Dimensioning
4. HSPA Dimensioning
5. RU20 to RU30 Conversion Rule
22 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
Active users
BaseBand Dimensioning

Site
configuration
(# of carriers,
cell range)
Traffic Demand
Common
Control
Channels
R99
HSDPA
(Scheduler
type)
HSUPA
BaseBand requirements (#CE, CE licenses)
Changed in
RU30 using
HSPA
Processing Set
23 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
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Primary colors:
System Module Capacity in RU20
FSMB
3 sub modules, each having
80 CE
Total 240 CE for traffic use
SM Rel. 1 SM Rel. 2 SM Rel. 2
SM Rel. 2
FSMC
One sub module, which has
180 CE capacity for traffic use
FSMD
Two sub module, which has
396 CE capacity for traffic use
180 216
216
180
216
180
FSME
Three sub module, which has 612 CE
capacity for traffic use
The available CE in RU20 was used both by R99 and HSPA
24 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
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Primary colors:
System Module Capacity in RU30
FSMB
3 sub modules, each
having 80 CE
Total 240 CE for traffic
use
SM Rel. 1 SM Rel. 2 SM Rel. 2
SM Rel. 2
FSMC
Has 5 sub unit
FSMD
Has 12 sub unit
FSME
Has 19 sub unit
One available sub unit provides 48 CE for R99

25 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
In RU30, the System Module Rel.2 baseband capacity consists of subunits that can be used for:
1. CCCH processing If number of configured cells > 6. With two SM Rel 2, additional CCCH resource are not
required.
2. R99 users processing
3. HSDPA cells, users, and throughput processing
4. HSUPA users and throughput processing
5. CS Voice over HSPA users processing
6. Interference cancellation processing (RAN1308: HSUPA Interference Cancelation Receiver)

The capacity of baseband also depends on number of commissioned cells



Note:
* one subunit needed (48 Rel99 CE) for CCCH processing with one System Module rel.2
for high configuration
26 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
The capacity of basband module in RU30 can be calculated using formula below:

SM_Rel99_CE_Capacity =

min (#Rel99_CE_licenses ; 48* number_of_available_subunits)

Number_of available_subunits =

(number_of_subunits subunits_for HSDPA subunits_for_PIC_pool subunits_for_static_HSUPA)

where:
- number of subunits = number of System Module rel.2 subunits from previous table
- subunits_for_HSDPA = number of HSDPA commissioned subunits
- subunits_for_PIC_pool = number of commissioned interference cancellation subunits
- subunits_for_static_HSUPA - number of HSUPA static commissioned subunits

27 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
The following DL Common Control Channels are supported per each
cell in BTS:

1 x P-SCH (Primary Synchronization Channel)
1 x S-SCH (Secondary Synchronization Channel)
1 x P-CCPCH (Primary Common Control Physical Channel)
1 x P-CPICH (Primary Common Pilot Channel)
1 x PICH (Paging Indicator Channel)
1 x AICH (Acquisition Indicator Channel)
3 x S-SCCPCH (Secondary Common Control Physical Channel)

In the UL, resources for processing the PRACH channel per each cell
are required. The cells with ranges bigger than 20 km are called
extended cells.
Common Channel Dimensioning
DL
1 x P-SCH
1 x S-SCH
1 x P-CCPCH
1 x P-CPICH
1 x PICH
1 x AICH
3 x S-
SCCPCH
UL
PRACH
28 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
Common Channel Requirement in RU20/RU30
Common Control Channel usage with Release 1 HW (RU20/RU30)
Number of cells UL DL
13 (e.g. 1+1+1) 26 CE 26 CE
46 (e.g. 2+2+2) 52 CE 52 CE
79 (e.g.. 3+3+3) 78 CE 78 CE
1012 (e.g. 4+4+4) Requires Rel.2 System Module as Extension Module
Common Control Channels included in Rel2 HW System Module (No CE Required) as below:
1 System Module 3 cells/20 km cell radius. E.g. 1+1+1 with 20 km cell radius
1 System Module 6 cells/10 km cell radius. E.g. 2+2+2 or 6*1 with 10 km cell radius
2 System Modules 6 cells/20 km cell radius. E.g. 2+2+2 or 6*1 with 20 km cell radius
2 System Modules 9 cells/10 km cell radius. E.g. 3+3+3 with 10 km cell radius
2 System Modules 12 cells/10 km cell radius. E.g. 4+4+4 with 10 km cell radius
Site
configuration
(# of carriers,
cell range)
Common
Control
Channels
Baseband requirements for CCCH depends on BTS configuration (number of cells) and cell range.
For extended cells additional CE are needed.

Below exemplary tables presenting CCCH requirements for HW rel.1 and rel.2 in RU20/RU30
Note:
1. For System Module
release mix case (FSMB
+ FSMC/D/E), System
Module Rel.2 is selected
for CCCH processing
(unless frequency layer
mapping to HW or Local
Cell Grouping is used)

2. When Local Cell
Grouping is used, each
LCG has to provide
CCCH processing
resources for cells which
are dedicated to a
particular LCG
29 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
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Primary colors:
Req CE/Connection
UL DL UL DL
AMR Speech Conversational CS 1.2 64 128 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 7.95 64 128 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 5.9 64 128 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 4.75 64 128 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 12.65 64 128 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 8.85 64 128 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 6.65 64 128 1 1
Packet Interactive / Background PS 16 64 128 1 1
Packet Interactive / Background PS 32 32 64 2 2
Packet Interactive / Background PS 64 16 32 4 4
Packet Interactive / Background PS 128 8 16 4 4
Packet Interactive / Background PS 256 4 8 8 8
Packet Interactive / Background PS 384 4 8 16 16
UDI Conversational CS 64 16 32 4 4
Streaming Streaming CS 57.6 16 32 4 4
Streaming Streaming CS 14.4 64 128 1 1
RAB Traffic Class CS/PS Max Bit Rate (kbps)
SF RU20/RU30
Baseband resources per one Rel99 traffic channel for SM Rel. 1
R99 CE Dimensioning
CE Requirement per RAB
Required CE for R99 depends on RAB and its bit rate
30 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
UL DL UL DL UL DL
AMR Speech Conversational CS 1.2 64 128 1 1 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 7.95 64 128 1 1 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 5.9 64 128 1 1 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 4.75 64 128 1 1 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 12.65 64 128 1 1 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 8.85 64 128 1 1 1 1
AMR Speech Conversational CS 6.65 64 128 1 1 1 1
Packet Interactive / Background PS 16 64 128 1 1 1 1
Packet Interactive / Background PS 32 32 64 2 2 2 2
Packet Interactive / Background PS 64 16 32 4 4 4 4
Packet Interactive / Background PS 128 8 16 4 4 4 4
Packet Interactive / Background PS 256 4 8 9 9 6 6
Packet Interactive / Background PS 384 4 8 12 12 8 8
UDI Conversational CS 64 16 32 4 4 4 4
Streaming Streaming CS 57.6 16 32 4 4 4 4
Streaming Streaming CS 14.4 64 128 1 1 1 1
RU20 RU30
Req CE/Connection
Max Bit Rate (kbps)
SF
CS/PS Traffic Class RAB
Baseband resources per one Rel99 traffic channel for SM Rel. 2
Less CE required in
DL and UL for PS
256 and PS 384
31 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
R99 Traffic Channel Elements (CE) usage is divided in PS and
CS bearer consumption

Uplink and downlink CE requirements are calculated separately
as well as CS and PS:





R99 traffic CE requirements calculation:



Where :
CEDL_
DLbearer
/ CEUL_
ULbearer
- Number of DL CE and UL CE required for one active
user of bearer

Traffic Demand
R99
R99 PS
(e.g. PS IB 64/384
kbps)
R99 CS
( e.g. AMR 12.2)


+ =
+ =
DLbearers CS
DLbearer CS
DLbearers PS
DLbearer PS
ULbearers CS
ULbearer CS
ULbearers PS
ULbearer PS
CE qDL CE qDL l CEDL
CE qUL CE qUL l CEUL
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_ Re _ Re 99 Re _
_ Re _ Re 99 Re _
ReqUL_CE
ULbearer
= CEUL_
ULbearer
* ActiveUsers_
ULbearer
ReqDL_CE
DLbearer
= CEDL_
DLbearer
* ActiveUsers_
DLbearer
R99 CE Dimensioning
CE Calculation for R99
32 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:

Active users per CS bearer
1. For 1 CS bearer normal Erlang B is used



2. For 2 or more CS bearers
Active users from Erlang B separately for each bearer
Active users from MDE (multiplexing gain due to the same resource sharing)
( ) DLFactor UL MDE / _ * Traffic_ Roundup s_ ActiveUser
arer_1 CS_UL/DLbe arer CS_UL/DLbe
=
n bearer of user active 1 per required resources CE - _
n CS_bearer_
BC
Where:
R99 CS
( e.g. AMR 12.2)
|
|
.
|

\
|
= Blocking
Activity
Erl
;
] [ Site_ TrafficPer SHF
ErlangB s_ ActiveUser
arer CS_UL/DLbe
arer CS_UL/DLbe
Values for example
1. Activity (factor) = 0,5 for voice
2. Activity (factor) = 1 for video
3. SHF = 30 %
4. Blocking = 2 %
R99 CE Dimensioning
CS R99 Calculation
33 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:

PS active users calculation UL/DL for all PS Rel99 traffic channels



Active users independently for UL and DL





Where
SHF - Soft Handover Factor (e.g. 30%)

TrafficPerSiteGOS inputted traffic with/without traffic overhead depending on GoS
no overhead for best effort
delay overhead calculated on base of lookup tables equivalent to M/G/R-PS

MeanRate_PS_UL/DL bearer = DataRatebearer * Throughput
Throughput as a percentage of the nominal Data Rate
Throughput => 79%
For example 128 kbps * 0.79 = 101 kbps
ReqUL_CE
PS_ULbearer
= CEULperTCH_
ULbearer
* ActiveUsers_
PS_ULbearer
ReqDL_CE
PS_DLbearer
= CEDLperTCH_
DLbearer
* ActiveUsers_
PS_DLbearer
R99 PS
(e.g. PS IB
64/384 kbps)
R99 CE Dimensioning
PS R99 Calculation
34 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:

HSDPA CE Dimensioning in RU20/RU30
HSDPA baseband requirements for RU20 or RU30 SM Rel 1 :





UL bearer UL
HSDPA
Scheduler
Pool
SRB DL
UL DL
In UL direction each HSDPA user requires R99 associated bearer.
In DL direction each HSDPA user requires 1 CE in DL for Signaling Radio
Bearer (SRB).
HSDPA Scheduler pool is needed in UL/DL per each scheduler. In RU 30, There is no
baseband requirement for HSDPA Scheduller.
Not required anymore in RU30
35 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:

HSDPA Active Users are calculated:
Twice (according to the formulas presented below),
Max(UL,DL) is taken for CE requirements calculation
Different values of SHF are taken in calculations


HSDPA
Scheduler Pool
SRB
UL
DL
HSDPA
Scheduler Pool
UL bearer
36 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:

In UL direction each HSUPA (non-FDPCH) user requires 1CE for Signaling Radio
Bearer (SRB).


In DL direction each HSUPA user requires 1 CE in DL for Signaling Radio Bearer
(SRB).


HSUPA Scheduler pool is needed in UL/DL per each scheduler

SRB UL
HSDPA
Scheduler Pool
SRB DL
HSUPA CE Dimensioning in RU20/RU30
37 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
HSUPA Active Users are calculated according to formulas:
Twice (according to the formula presented below)
Max(UL,DL) is taken for CE requirements calculation
Different values of SHF shall be taken in calculations
HSDPA
Scheduler Pool
SRB
UL
DL
HSDPA
Scheduler Pool
SRB
38 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
HSPA Capacity License in RU30
1. RU30 introduce new Baseband licensing aspects valid for System Modules Rel.2:
Rel99 CE licenses
HSDPA and HSUPA processing sets (System Module Rel.2)
2. In case of System Module rel.2, the Rel99 CE license defines the maximum capacity for pure Rel99 traffic.
HSDPA/HSUPA schedulers are not consuming Rel99 CE licenses. In case of System Module rel.1, Rel99
CE licenses are consumed by both R99 and HSPA traffic.
3. The HSDPA BTS processing set describes the capacity reservation inside the Rel.2 HW (Flexi Rel.2) that
allows a certain number of HSDPA users and DL throughput to be reached.
4. The HSDPA BTS processing set does not directly increase the capacity for maximum user amount and
throughput. Separate ASW (application software) licenses for peak throughput and user amount are required.
39 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
HSDPA Scheduler in RU30
1. Only one type of scheduler is available in RU30 which depend on activated features, number and type of
processing sets and HSDPA throughput commisioning by operator
2. Up to 2 HSDPA scheduller per SM based on TCEL setting
3. Maximum throughput per scheduler based on "HSDPA Throughput Step" (defined by commissioning)
4. Each HSDPA throughput step refers to 7.2 Mbps, so HSDPA scheduler throughput can be limit by HSDPA
throughput step
5. When 2 SM & more than one LCG or HSPA frequency mapping was used, two scheduler can be activated on
both SM (4 scheduler per BTS) otherwise maximum 2 Scheduler per BTS (only can be activated on 1 SM)
6. If HSDAP throughput was not commissioned, default mapping from existing scheduler will be used
7. HSDPA scheduler doesn't consume R99 CE license but depending on commissioned HSDPA throughput, it will
reduce available baseband capacity.
8. Max 6 cell can be assigned to HSDPA scheduler with up to 240 HSDPA user can be supported per scheduler
9. TCEL group rules in RU30
1. Tcel groups 1 & 3 are handled by 1st scheduler
2. Tcel groups 2 & 4 are handled by 2nd scheduler

40 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
The default rule will be automatically used for HSPA cells If HSDPA throughput
was not commissioned and the user script (presenting SW upgrade conversion
settings) is not available
Default rule for HSDPA baseband capacity allocation
HSDPA throughput steps will define the
maximum HSDPA throughput for the
HSDPA scheduler.
SM Rel.2 HSDPA throughput steps
HSDPA_scheduler_throughput = Min (HSDPA_throughput_step * 7.2 Mbps ; Maximum throughput for HSDPAscheduler}
Where:
- HSDPA_throughput_step=commissioned scheduler throughput
- Maximum throughput for HSDPA=maximum throughput referred in Mbps for corresponding HSDPA
throughput step from Table
41 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
The HSDPA scheduler does not consume Rel99 CE licenses, but depending on commissioned HSDPA
throughput, it reduces available baseband capacity. The table below presents the combined HSDPA throughput
for System Module Rel.2 and corresponding HSDPA baseband capacity utilization.
If HSDPA throughput step value 0 was commissioned to both
HSDPA schedulers in the same System Module (0 Mbps
HSDPA schedulers not activated), HSDPA is not activated at
a given System Module and does not consume any baseband
capacity.
Subunits_for_HSDPA =
Max [Roundup ((2 * MiMO_cells + non-MIMO_cells) / 6) + 1 ;
subunits_for_HSDPA_throughput]+ Number_of_LCGs * 0.25
42 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
For example:
2 HSDPA schedulers were activated at System Module rel.2 with 1 LCG (6 non-MIMO cells and 3 MIMO cells),
1. Commissioned HSDPA throughput step to scheduler #1 is equal to 2,
2. Commissioned HSDPA throughput step to scheduler #2 is equal to 6

HSDPA_scheduler #1_throughput = Min {2 * 7.2Mbps ; 42Mbps}=Min{14.4Mbps ; 42Mbps}=14.4 Mbps
HSDPA_scheduler #2_throughput = Min {6 * 7.2Mbps ; 42Mbps}=Min{43.2Mbps ; 42Mbps}= 42 Mbps (The HSDPA scheduler
throughput can be limited with the HSDPA BTS processing set license )

Baseband capacity required by HSDPA can be calculated according to the formula :
The total HSDPA throughput available per System Module equals (14.4 + 42 Mbps) = 56.4 Mbps
In order to fulfill HSDPA throughput conditions, 3subunits
Subunits_for_HSDPA = Max [Roundup ((2 * 3+ 6) / 6) + 1 ; 2]+ 1* 0.25 = 3.25 sub unit for HSDPA
43 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
HSDPA BTS Processing Set Resources Allocation
HSDPA license resources (specified by HSDPA BTS processing sets) are distributed among HSDPA Sschedulers /
LCGs according to the rules presented below:
1) HSDPA throughput:
Total HSDPA licensed throughput is distributed among the available HSDPA schedulers.
In case when only one HSDPA processing set 1 or set 2 was bought, then all the licensed throughput will be
assigned to one scheduler.
In case when HSDPA processing set 3 was bought, then all the licensed throughput can be shared
between multiple schedulers (up to 4).
In case when there are not sufficient HSDPA licenses compared to the number of scheduler, not all
schedulers may get HSDPA throughput. For example: The operator has two schedulers and 1 x HSDPA BTS
Processing Set 2. In this case first scheduler gets 21Mbps and the second scheduler 0Mbps.





Mbps 2 . 7 *
er_BTS put_step_p PA_through TotalOfHSD
p ughput_ste HSDPA_thro Scheduler_
* s_1 essing_Set HSDPA_Proc # Roundup
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
Mbps 21 *
r_BTS ut_step_pe A_throughp er_of_HSDP Total_numb
p ughput_ste HSDPA_thro Scheduler_
* s_3) essing_Set HSDPA_Proc 4*# s_2 essing_Set HSDPA_Proc (# Roundup
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
HSDPA Schedulled Throughput :
(For Processing Set 1)
HSDPA Schedulled Throughput :
(For Processing Set 2/3)
44 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
2 schedulers:
1
st
: HSDPA throughput step # 8 5 x HSDPA BTS Processing Set #1 (for example)
2
nd
: HSDPA throughput step # 11 5 x HSDPA BTS Processing Set #1 = 5 * 7.2 Mbps = 36 Mbps
So:
1
st
:
Scheduler_licensed_throughput = Round down {5 * (8/19)} * 7.2 Mbps = Round down {2.11} * 7.2 Mbps = 14.4 Mbps
2
nd
:
Scheduler_licensed_throughput = Round down {5* (11/19)} * 7.2 Mbps = Round down {2.89} * 7.2 Mbps = 14.4 Mbps
36 Mbps 2 * 14.4 Mbps = 7.2 Mbps, this the throughput which was "left" after calculations

If after calculations presented above throughput for all schedulers is lower than all licensed throughput in the BTS, remaining
throughput is distributed with the same granularity (7.2 Mbps or 21Mbps depending on available HSDPA BTS Processing Sets)
prioritizing schedulers in such order:
1. scheduler with licensed throughput below commissioned throughput
2. scheduler with lowest licensed throughput

Based on above the 7.2 Mbps throughput which was "left" will be distributed to the 2
nd
scheduler due to the fact that its
licensed throughput (HSDPA throughput step #11) was higher than first one had (HSDPA throughput step #8).
= 19
Example :
45 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
2) HSDPA User
The number of HSDPA licensed users is distributed among the available LCGs.
The HSDPA user amount is controlled on the BTS level and it can be divided between LCGs according to
the commissioned shares.
The operator has the possibility to select the dedicated HSDPA option during BTS commissioning
(HSDPA user share). This option defines the guaranteed HSDPA user capacity for each LCG.
If commissioning is NOT carried out then user amount will be equally divided between LCGs
If there are 2 schedulers in one LCG, the users are shared on first come, first served basis between the
schedulers


For example:

HSDPA BTS processing set 3 license (72 Users/84 Mbps) activated and two LCGs configured.
Operator can commission for example 20% (14 users) of all available users to LCG1 and 40% (29 users) to
LCG2 and this means that the remaining 40% (29 users) is common for both LCGs and will be shared
freely between them.






46 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
HSUPA activation does NOT consume any baseband resources
HSUPA baseband resources allocation is performed in steps so called HSUPA resource steps. One step is
equal to of one subunit.
HSUPA baseband capacity reservation is based on HSUPA license (HSUPA BTS processing sets). One HSUPA
BTS processing set license requires 2 HSUPA resource steps (1/2 subunit)
First HSUPA BTS processing set can be utilized by Rel99 users (even without Rel99 CE licenses)
HSUPA Scheduller in RU30
47 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RU20 to RU30 Conversion Rule
CEs to Rel99 CEs conversion:

Rel99 CES = (current number of CEs
HSDPA scheduler(s) CE consumption
HSUPA CEs consumption)

Existing CE licenses will be replaced by new Rel99 CEs.




48 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
HSDPA Processing Set Replacement Rules for RU20 Customers
Minimum BB and 16 Users per cell Schedulers
Users: 16 Users: 32 72 72
Mbps: 3,6 Mbps: 7,2 21 84 Users Mbps
# od schedulers Users Mbps # of PS1 # of PS2 # of PS3 Users Mbps
1 16 3,6 1 32 7,2 16 3,6
2 32 7,2 1 32 7,2
3 48 10,8 2 64 14,4 16 3,6
4 64 14,4 2 64 14,4
5 80 18 3 96 21,6 16 3,6
6 96 21,6 3 96 21,6
7 112 25,2 4 128 28,8 16 3,6
8 128 28,8 4 128 28,8
9 144 32,4 5 160 36 16 3,6
10 160 36 5 160 36
11 176 39,6 6 192 43,2 16 3,6
12 192 43,2 6 192 43,2
Total capacity
RU30 Difference
Total capacity
RU10/RU20
scheduler capacity 16 Users / 3.6 Mbps
36 CEs per scheduler
c
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s
t
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49 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
- 72 CEs per scheduler each

Users: 72 Users: 32 72 72
Mbps: 14,0 Mbps: 7,2 21 84 Users Mbps
# od schedulers Users Mbps # of PS1 # of PS2 # of PS3 Users Mbps
1 72 14 1 72 21 7
2 144 28 2 144 42 14
3 216 42 3 216 63 21
4 288 56 4 288 84 28
5 360 70 5 360 105 35
6 432 84 6 432 126 42
7 504 98 7 504 147 49
8 576 112 8 576 168 56
9 648 126 9 648 189 63
10 720 140 10 720 210 70
11 792 154 11 792 231 77
12 864 168 12 864 252 84
RU10/RU20 RU30 Difference
Total capacity Total capacity

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Users: 72 Users: 32 72 72
Mbps: 21,0 Mbps: 7,2 21 84 Users Mbps
# od schedulers Users Mbps # of PS1 # of PS2 # of PS3 Users Mbps
1 72 21 1 72 21
2 144 42 2 144 42
3 216 63 3 216 63
4 288 84 4 288 84
5 360 105 5 360 105
6 432 126 6 432 126
7 504 147 7 504 147
8 576 168 8 576 168
9 648 189 9 648 189
10 720 210 10 720 210
11 792 231 11 792 231
12 864 252 12 864 252
RU20 RU30 Difference
Total capacity Total capacity

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t
s

t
h
e

s
a
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!
!
!

No differentiation between 16QAM and 64QAM in RU30 using same # PS 2 !
50 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
- 72 CEs per scheduler each

Users: 72 Users: 32 72 72
Mbps: 42,0 Mbps: 7,2 21 84 Users Mbps
# od schedulers Users Mbps # of PS1 # of PS2 # of PS3 Users Mbps
1 72 42 1 72 84 42
2 144 84 1 1 144 105 21
3 216 126 2 1 216 126
4 288 168 2 2 288 210 42
5 360 210 3 2 360 231 21
6 432 252 4 2 432 252
7 504 294 4 3 504 336 42
8 576 336 5 3 576 357 21
9 648 378 6 3 648 378
10 720 420 6 4 720 462 42
11 792 462 7 4 792 483 21
12 864 504 8 4 864 504
RU20 RU30 Difference
Total capacity Total capacity

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Users: 72 Users: 32 72 72
Mbps: 28,0 Mbps: 7,2 21 84 Users Mbps
# od schedulers Users Mbps # of PS1 # of PS2 # of PS3 Users Mbps
1 72 28 1 72 84 56
2 144 56 1 1 144 105 49
3 216 84 2 1 216 126 42
4 288 112 3 1 288 147 35
5 360 140 4 1 360 168 28
6 432 168 5 1 432 189 21
7 504 196 6 1 504 210 14
8 576 224 7 1 576 231 7
9 648 252 8 1 648 252
10 720 280 8 2 720 336 56
11 792 308 9 2 792 357 49
12 864 336 10 2 864 378 42
Difference
Total capacity Total capacity
RU20 RU30

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a
r
e
d

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e
d
u
l
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r


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d

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2
8

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b
p
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!

51 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
HSUPA Processing Set Conversion
Conversion for HSUPA shall be based only on HSUPA users
Conversion shall be done per LCG in BTS meaning that conversion rule shall be done separately for all LCGs of
BTS (i.e. up to 4 times at maximum).
Conversion shall be done only for FSMC/D/E system modules
For FSMB the existing dimensioning/Rel99 CEs usage is still valid
In case of mixed configuration (FSMB + FSMC/D/E) HSUPA conversion shall be done only for LCG(s) that are in
FSMC/D/E
Conversion rules into HSUPA Processing sets are applied separately for each LCG. The following (RNC & BTS) key
information is used:
1. HSPA72UsersEnabled (RNC WCELL parameter: enabled/disabled)
2. Values of HSUPAXUsersEnabled (3,12, 24, 60)
3. Calculation, if there is capacity for 80 HSUPA UEs in the LCG
4. # of Flexi Rel2 system modules having HSUPA and/or supporting 80 HSUPA UEs
52 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC Dimensioning Process
Based on throughput
53 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC Dimensioning Process
Input
Traffic, NodeBs, Carriers, Iub, Iur,Iu-CS
Check
Throughput Limitations
Check BTS
Connectivity Limitations
Check Interface Unit
Capacity Limitations
Select highest number
from the received results
Number of RNCs needed
Number of RNCs
considering the limit
Number of RNCs
considering the limit
Number of RNCs
considering the limit
Check AAL2
Connectivity Limitations
RNC
RNC196/R
NC450
RNC2600
Not relevant for
RNC2600, as the A2SU
units are removed
54 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
Add SHO and
protocol overhead
Add SHO and
protocol overhead
RNC dimensioning based on throughput
Input: Traffic per site in traffic types
Calculate AMR
Load
Calculate CS
Data load
Calculate NRT
Data Load
Number of RNCs needed
Apply traffic mix rule
Calculate HSDPA
Load
Apply FP
Rate
55 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC Dimensioning Process
Based on ICSU Control Plane Load
56 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC dimensioning
ICSU load RNC2600 CP rule
This rule gives an indication of the RNC capacity in terms of control plane processing.

The rule cannot be used in isolation, the result has to be combined with the other capacity
limits of the RNC.

ICSU CPU load calculation is based on the number of signalling events and so-called
CPU cost of each event.


Check RNC Control
Plane Load
57 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC dimensioning
ICSU load RNC2600 CP rule
List of relevant signalling events having impact on Control Plane load.
Event: Description:
Paging
Amount of pagings in 1 second
NAS signaling
Amount of NAS signaling messages in 1 second including SMSs. LACs, RACs, IMSI attach/detach, SCC, SRNS Relocations
SHO
Amount of Soft Handovers in 1 second
CS call
CS call attempts in 1 second
PS call
PS call attempts (RT and NRT), Rel99 and HSDPA in 1 second
DCH-FACH
Amount of state transictions between Cell_DCH and Cell_FACH in 1 second
HS-DSCH-FACH
Amount of state transitions between Cell_DCH (incl. HS-DSCH) and Cell_FACH in 1 second
DCH-PCH
Amount of state transitions between Cell_DCH (incl. HS-DSCH) and Cell_PCH in 1 second
FACH-PCH
Amount of state transictions between Cell_FACH and Cell_PCH in 1 second
NBAP measurements
Amount of dedicated NBAP measurements in 1 second
58 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC dimensioning
ICSU load RNC2600 CP rule Step 1/3
Derive frequency of the signalling events from traffic profile [1/s].
Calculate aggregated loads, separately for CS/PS related and common procedures, using the following
formulas (i particular event) :







weight[i] = offset[i] + gradient[i]*RRCoCCH[%]

=
=
=
=
=
=
0
0
0
] [ i] frequency[ _ _
] [ i] frequency[ _ _
] [ i] frequency[ _ _
i
i
i
i weight on contributi BHCA common
i weight on contributi BHCA PS
i weight on contributi BHCA CS
RU20 offset RRCoCCH gradient
Paging 93 -1.4
NAS 2399 -964
SHO 1580 -23.2
CS call 3995 -712.6
PS call 5602 -1601
DCH-FACH 1545 -257.6
HS-DSCH-FACH 1404 -234
DCH-PCH 1375 -229.2
FACH-PCH 307 -51
NBAP meas 41 -0.6
59 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC dimensioning
ICSU load RNC2600 CP rule Step 2/3
Calculate mixed BHCA limit for concrete RNC Capacity Step according to the following equation:


where:
max_CS_BHCA and max_PS_BHCA BHCA limitations for concrete RNC capacity step and inlude NAS
signalling
CS_PS_ratio has to be calculated using following formula:



Where:





BHCA PS ratio PS CS BHCA CS ratio PS CS it BHCA Mixed _ max_ * ) _ _ 1 ( _ _ max_ * _ _ lim _ _ + =
ratio only PS ratio only CS
ratio only CS
ratio PS CS
_ _ _ _
_ _
_ _
+
=
on contributi BHCA common BHCA CS
on contributi BHCA CS
ratio only CS
_ _ _ max_
_ _
_ _

=
on contributi BHCA common BHCA PS
on contributi BHCA PS
ratio only PS
_ _ _ max_
_ _
_ _

=
60 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC dimensioning
ICSU load RNC2600 CP rule Step 3/3
Finally, check if calculated aggregated BHCA loads dont exceed mixed_BHCA_limit:




1
lim _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
s
+ +
it BHCA mixed
on contributi BHCA common on contributi BHCA PS on contributi BHCA CS
61 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
Formula Explanation
1.CS_BHCA_Contributions, PS_BHCA_Contributions, Common_BHCA_Contributions:
i. Frequency: From measurement
ii. Weight: Constant from table
2.Max_CS_BHCA = CS_BHCA + NAS_BHCA per Subs * Max CS_Subs
All constant from Product Specification
3.Max_PS_BHCA = PS_BHCA + NAS_BHCA per Subs * Max PS_Subs
All constant from Product Specification
4. CS_only_ration, PS_only_ratio: calculation from measurement with contant table and constant from
product specification
62 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC dimensioning
ICSU load RNC CP rule Measurements (1/2)
Event
Counter Counter Name
Frequency Fomula
CS call
M1001C66 RAB_STP_ATT_CS_VOICE
=(M1001C66 + M1001C67 + M1001C68 + M1001C599 + M1001C653 +
M1001C655 + M1001C657) / DURATION
M1001C67 RAB_STP_ATT_CS_CONV
M1001C68 RAB_STP_ATT_CS_STREA
M1001C599
RAB_STP_ATT_CS_VOICE_WPS
M1001C653
RAB_RELOC_STP_ATT_CS_VOICE
M1001C655
RAB_RELOC_STP_ATT_CS_CONV
M1001C657
RAB_RELOC_STP_ATT_CS_STREA
PS call
M1001C70 RAB_STP_ATT_PS_STREA
=(M1001C70 + M1001C71 + M1001C72 + M1001C651 + M1001C817 +
M1001C826) / DURATION
M1001C71 RAB_STP_ATT_PS_INTER
M1001C72 RAB_STP_ATT_PS_BACKG
M1001C651 RAB_RELOC_STP_ATT_PS_STREA
M1001C817 RAB_RELOC_STP_ATT_PS_INT
M1001C826 RAB_RELOC_STP_ATT_PS_BGR
Paging
M1003C36 REC_PAG_MSG
=M1003C36 / DURATION
SHO
M1007C10
CELL_ADD_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_RT
=((M1007C10 + M1007C12) / (SHO RT) + (M1007C27 + M1007C29) / (SHO
NRT)) / DURATION
M1007C12
CELL_REPL_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_RT
M1007C27
CELL_ADD_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT
*) SHO RT and SHO NRT see below
M1007C29
CELL_REPL_REQ_ON_SHO_FOR_NRT

DCH-FACH
M1006C45 CELL_DCH_STATE_TO_CELL_FACH
=(M1006C45 + M1006C46) / DURATION - "HS-DSCH-FACH"
M1006C46 CELL_FACH_STATE_TO_CELL_DCH
63 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
RNC dimensioning
ICSU load RNC CP rule Measurements (2/2)
Event
Counter Counter Name
Frequency Fomula
HS-DCH-FACH
M1006C154 SUCC_HS_DSCH_TO_FACH
=(M1006C154 + M1006C152) / DURATION
M1006C152 SUCC_FACH_TO_HS_DSCH
FACH-PCH
M1006C48 CELL_FACH_STATE_CELL_PCH_UPD
=(M1006C48 + M1006C47) / DURATION
M1006C47 CELL_FACH_STATE_CELL_PCH_INA
DCH-PCH
M1006C114 CELL_DCH_STATE_TO_CELL_PCH
=(M1006C114 +M1006C197) / DURATION
M1006C197 SUCC_PCH_DCH_TRANS_UMRLC
NAS,
M1001C0 RRC_CONN_STP_ATT
=(M1001C0 + M1001C808 + M1008C222 + M1008C223)/DURATION - "CS call" - "PS
call"
Serving Cell Change
M1001C808 RRC_RELOC_STP_ATT

M1008C222 SCC_INTRA_BTS_SUCCESSFUL

M1008C223 SCC_INTER_BTS_SUCCESSFUL
NBAP
M1005C148 DEDIC_MEAS_REPORT
=M1005C148 / DURATION
SHO RT
M1007C0
ONE_CELL_IN_ACT_SET_FOR_RT
=(M1007C0 + M1007C1 * 2 + M1007C2 * 3 - M1007C6 * 2) / (M1007C0 + M1007C1 +
M1007C3 - M1007C6)
M1007C1
TWO_CELLS_IN_ACT_SET_FOR_RT
M1007C2
THREE_CELLS_IN_ACT_SET_RT
M1007C6
SOFTER_HO_DUR_ON_SRNC_FOR_RT
SHO NRT
M1007C19
ONE_CELL_IN_ACT_SET_FOR_NRT
=(M1007C19 + M1007C20 * 2 + M1007C21 * 3 - M1007C25 * 2) / (M1007C19 +
M1007C20 + M1007C21 - M1007C25)
M1007C20
TWO_CELLS_IN_ACT_SET_FOR_NRT
M1007C21
THREE_CELLS_IN_ACT_SET_NRT
M1007C25
SOFTER_HO_DUR_ON_SRNC_NRT
64 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
ICSU Load Calculation vs Measurement
RNC Dago2
65 Nokia Siemens Networks
R 255 G
211 B 8
R 255 G
175 B 0
R 127 G
16
B 162
R 163 G
166 B
173
R 104
G 113 B
122
R 234 G
234
B 234
R 175
G 0
B 51
R 0
G 0
B 0
R 255 G
255 B
255
Supporting colors:
R 52
G 195 B
51
Primary colors:
Nokia Siemens Networks:
Reinventing the connected world
Thank you!