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-ER & -IR Verbs

 There are three


conjugations of
verbs in Spanish: –
AR, –ER, and –IR.
 -ER and –IR verbs
are often studied
together because all
of their endings
(except one) are
identical.
BEBER
 Let’s look at an
example, the verb
BEBER, which
means “to drink.” It
ends in –ER, so it is
included in this class.
BEBER
 The verb can be split into
two parts:
 The base: BEB-
 The infinitive ending: -ER
BEBER
 Now let’s say “I drink.”
 Start with the base:
BEB-
 When you talk about
yourself, add –O, just as
you did for the –AR
verbs.
BEBER
 yo bebo

 Are you surprised?


BEBER
 Now let’s talk about
you. When the
subject is tú, you add
–ES (remember that
it’s an –ER verb).
BEBER
 tú bebes
BEBER
 Let’s guess endings
for the other persons:
él, ella, Ud.,
nosotros, ellos, ellas,
Uds.
BEBER
 él bebe
 ella bebe
 Ud. bebe
 nosotros bebemos
 ellos beben
 ellas beben
 Uds. beben
-ER endings
 The endings for regular
-ER verbs are the same
as for –AR verbs, except
that the vowel is –E-
instead of –A-!
 yo -o
 tú -es
 él, ella, Ud. -e
 nosotros -emos
 ellos -en
 ustedes –en
What about the –IR Verbs?
 Well, take a look for
yourself. Can you find the
one difference?
 beber vivir
 bebo vivo
 bebes vives
 bebe vive
 bebemos vivimos
 beben viven
That’s right!
 The endings are
identical except for
the nosotros form:
 beber: bebemos
 vivir: vivimos
Let’s Practice
> ESCRIBIR
 Yo _______ muchas
cartas, pero mi
hermana no
_______ cartas.
Escribir
 Yo escribo muchas
cartas, pero mi
hermana no escribe
cartas.
RECIBIR, DEBER
 Cuando yo _______
(recibir) una carta,
_______ (deber)
leerla [read it].
RECIBIR, DEBER
 Cuando yo recibo una
carta, debo leerla.

 N.B. There was no


change in subject, so
“yo” was understood to
be the subject for both
verbs. It was not
necessary to repeat “yo.”
LEER, COMPRENDER
 Miguel ______
(leer) filosofía pero
no la ________
(comprender) muy
bien.
LEER, COMPRENDER
 Miguel lee filosofia
pero no la
comprende muy
bien.

 Don’t forget that the base of


leer is le-, so there is a double
–e on the él form.
VIVIR, CORRER
 Nosotros _____
(vivir) cerca de
[near] un parque y
______ (correr) allí
[there] por la
mañana.
VIVIR, CORRER
 Nosotros vivimos
cerca de un parque
y corremos allí por
la mañana.
Regular Present Tense
 To summarize, here are
the endings for the three
verb conjugations:
 -AR -ER -IR
 -o -o -o
 -as -es -es
 -a -e -e
 -amos –emos –imos
 -an -en -en