Está en la página 1de 49

Channel Access Method (or) Multiple Access Method

Several terminals connected to the same multi-point transmission

medium
Example: -Wireless Network

- Bus Network
- Ring Network - Hub Network

Fundamental types of Channel access methods

Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) Code Divison Multiple Access (CDMA)

CDMA Network Evolution


Cdma One
First CDMA based cellular system Refer to the ITU IS-95 wireless interface protocol 2G Mobile wireless Technology

Two versions of IS-95, called IS 95A and IS-95B


IS-95A Protocol employs 1.25MHz carrier Operates in Ratio-frequency bands at either 800MHz and 1900MHz Support circuit switch data speed of 14.4Kbps IS-95B ,2.5G , support packet switch data speed of 64Kbps

CDMA Network Evolution


CDMA 2000 (IS 2000)
Known as CDMA 2000 1X
3G Mobile wireless Technology Support up to 35 simultaneous voice call per sector and packet data

speed upto 153Kbps in a single 1.25MHz radio channel


The sets of CDMA 2000 standards include

-CDMA 1X
-CDMA EVDO Rev-0, Rev-A, Rev-B

CDMA 2000 1X RF Bandwidth


Radio Channel

Up Link
Lower Frequency Upper Frequency

Down Link
Lower Frequency Upper Frequency

31
73 115 157 199 241

825.305
826.565 827.825 829.085 830.345 831.605

826.555
827.815 829.075 830.335 831.595 832.855

870.305
871.565 872.825 874.085 875.345 876.605

871.555
872.815 874.075 875.335 876.595 877.855

283
325

832.865
834.125

834.115
835.375

877.865
879.125

879.115
880.375

CDMA (800MHz) Core Network Diagram

Existing CDMA (800MHz) System Configuration Diagram

CDMA 800MHz

CDMA 450MHz

Functions of MSCe in the CDMA network


The MSCe is the softswitch center in a CDMA network.
It incorporates the VLR database. Its functions include: Call control Access control of MGW Resource allocation

Signaling processing
Routing Authorization Charging The MSCe is used to provide basic services, mobility management, and multimedia services for subscribers.

Basic performance specifications of CSOFTX3000


Item
Maximum subscriber capacity of MSCe BHCAs (as MSCe) Maximum narrowband links (64Kbps) Maximum narrowband links (2Mbps) Maximum broadband links

Specification
3000,000 (0.025 Erl per subscriber when busy) 6,000,000 1,728 108 2,304

CDR storage capability


Maximum E1 interfaces (bearing narrowband SS7 signaling) Maximum controllable MGWs

300 GB
432 300

Maximum controllable BSCs

64

Functions of MGW in the CDMA network


The MGW incorporates the MRFP to convert the format of

media streams, play announcement, and provide conference


resources and other media resources.

MGW incorporates SG functions and can realize signaling


interworking between the IP bear and the SS7 signaling network.

Functions of VLR in the CDMA network


The VLR is a dynamic database for subscribers. It stores the Information of the subscribers currently in its MSC area. The VLR is integrated with the MSCe physically.

Functions of HLR in the CDMA network


The HLR is a database for mobile subscriber management.
It stores the following information: Subscription information Subscriber states MS location information MDN IMSI (MIN)

The AC is used to manage the information necessary for

subscriber authentication. It is physically integrated with the HLR.

Functions of PDSN in the CDMA network


The PDSN is a gateway used to connect the mobile network and IP backbone network. It provides access to packet data service for mobile subscribers.

Functions of AAA in the CDMA network


The AAA server is a high-performance remote verification server for dial-in subscribers. It provides the following functions: Authentication Authorization Accounting Data value-added services It supports the following features: Multiple databases Powerful agent Flexible operations

Functions of NMS in the CDMA network


The NMS is used to implement the following functions: Centralized fault management Centralized performance management Centralized configuration management Centralized software management Centralized topology management

Centralized security management


System management

SIWF (Shared Internetworking Function)

the feature of CDMA facsimile service supported by SIWF.

BSC6680 Overview

Base on 3GPP2, Complient with IS-95/CDMA 2000 1XEV-DO Rev-A Advanced All IP design, High integration Configuration: 2Cabinets, 5 Sub-racks 4Gbps Packet throughput within 2 Cabinets

BSC 6680 Specification


Item
Dimensions Weight Number of full config

Specification
H: 2200mm, W: 600mm , D: 800mm 650Kg/ 2 Cabinets 5 subracks/ 2 Cabinets

Temperature/ Humidity
Power input DO Packet Throughput 1X Voice Traffic

TRX Power Consumption

+5~+45C, 5%~85% -5~+55C, 5%~95% (96 Hours) -48V DC (-40V~-57V) 4Gbps/ 2 Cabinets 50,000 Erl/ 2 Cabinets 6,000 8200W (full configuration)

Flexible Transmission Configuration

Interface
Abis A1/A2/A5 A1P/ A2P A3/ A7/ A13/ A16 A10/ A11 A12 A17/ A18 IP

Protocol
ATM TDM IP

Type supported
E1/T1/STM-1/OC-3 E1/T1/FE/GE/STM-1/OC-3 E1/T1/STM-1/OC-3 E1/T1/FE/GE/STM-1/OC-3

ATM
IP IP IP IP

E1/T1/STM-1/OC-3
E1/T1/FE FE/GE FE/GE E1/T1/FE/GE/STM-1/OC-3

High Performance
4th Generation BTS

Page 20

Huawei 4G BTS: Persistent innovation


RRU

RR U

BTS3900/A

BBU

V4
BTS3606E BTS3606C

40% PA efficiency, 100W TOC Power Unified Platform, Modularization Design

2007 V3
BTS3606

DORA 80W TOC Power 33% PA efficiency

2003

V2
BTS3612 BTS3601C

DOR0 Multi carrier

1998

V1

IS-2000 Single carrier

1995

Overall Structure of the DBS 3900


Hardware Structure of the DBS 3900

UM GPS antenna MS

DBS 3900

RF antenna

RRU 3606

BBU 3900

BSC

BBU3900 RRU 3606 APM- 30

- Baseband unit of DBS 3900 - Remote RF unit of DBS 3900 - An integrated power system Support -48V DC and 110/220V AC power supply

Transformer DBS3900
DBS3900
Convergence - CDMA/LTE Co-platform - Smooth Upgrade to Future

RRU CPRI

Multicarrier - 3G Based Digital IF Technology - 8 Carriers supported in one RRU

Green - 33% PA Efficiency with DPD + Doherty - Decreasing Power Consumption Greatly - Facilities Reduction
ALL IP - IP Protocol Stack, Interface, and IP Transmission - Transmission Saving

BBU

Page 23

Configuration Principle of the BBU-3900


- BBU-3900 is the baseband processing Core of the DBS-3900 - One BBU-3900 is configured in each DBS3900 - The main boards are CMPT, HCPM, UPEU and FAN

Specifications:
Support CDMA/LTE Dual-mode

Weight: < 11Kg

Standard 19 inch cabinet


86 mm

-48V DC/ +24V DC More Transmission: 24 E1/T1 + 1 FE Large 1X Capacity: 1536 CE,

Large DO Capacity: 1704 CE,

F A N Channel element subsystem

HCPM/HECM HCPM/HECM HCPM/HECM HCPM/HECM

HCPM/HECM/UTRP HCPM/HECM/UTRP

PWR PWR Control & CLK& Interface subsystem

CMPT CMPT

Module of the BBU 3900


Module
CMPT HCPM HECM

Full Name
Main Processing and Transmission Unit HERT Channel processing Module HERT Enhanced Channel Processing Module

Function
The CMPT implements data transmission between the BTS and the BSC, controls and manages the BTS, and provides clock signals for the BTS. The HCPM processes 1X service data on the forward and reverse channels. The HECM processes the EVDO service data on the forward and reverse channels.

UTRP
UELP UFLP FAN UPEU USCU

Universal Extension Transmission Processing Unit


Universal E1/T1 Lightning Protection Unit Universal FE/GE Lightning Protection Unit Universal FAN Unit of the BBU3900 Universal Power and Environment Interface Unit Universal Satellite Card and Clock Unit

The UTRP realizes connection between the BBU3900 and the BSC. It also supports the E1/T1 transmission and IP transmission.
The UELP provides lightning protection for E1/T1 signals of the BBU3900. The UFLP provides lightning protection for FE signals of the BBU3900. The FAN is the main component for heat dissipation of the BBU3900. The UPEU provides the power conversion from -48 V/+24 V DC to +12 V DC and the environment monitoring signal port for the BBU3900. The USCU provides the input port for external signals, such as satellite clock signals, and provides the clock synchronization for the BBU3900 and the RF modules connected with the USCU.

RF Modules
BBU3900 RRU3606

488 mm

Optical fiber

155 mm

Frequency: 800M/1900M/AWS/450M/2.1G Capacity: 8 carriers TOC power: 60W Weight: 17Kg Temperature: -40+52 Receiving sensitivity: -130dBm

Configuration Principle of the RRU 3606

RRU is the remote RF Unit of DBS 3900 Single RRU 3606 supports a maximum of eight carriers One RRU supports one sector DC RRU 3606 supports the 450MHz, 800MHz, 1900MHz AC RRU 3606 supports the 800MHz A band Classes Generally, three to six RRU 3606 are configured for each DBS 3900

IN(Intelligent Network)(Prepaid System)

Lifecycle of a Prepaid Account

Lifecycle Migration Diagram


Idle Period Active period Suspend Period Temp. Deactive period Deactive period
Balance Notification (200K & 2 USD) Zero balance and remain balance

Date of Activation

Date of Purchase

Idle period
10 Years

Active period
6 Months

Suspend period
1 Day

Temp. Deactive
1 Year

Deactive
10 Years

Dead Line

Idle Period
Check Expire Date on Top-Up card

Active Period
6-Months Available:
OG / IC National Call OG /IC International Call OG/ IC SMS Data Service Emergency/Free Calls Top-Up (Recharge)

Suspend Period
1-Day Available:
IC National Call IC International Call Emergency Calls Free Termination Calls Top-Up (Recharge) (Add Remain Value)

Temp-Deactive Period
1-Year Available:
Top-Up (Recharge only) ( Not Add Remain Value)

Deactive Period
10-Years Available: -

Unavailable:
-

Unavailable:
OG National Call OG International Call IC/OG SMS Data Service

Unavailable:
IC National Call IC International Call Emergency Calls Free Termination Calls IC/OG SMS Top-Up (Recharge) Data Service

Unavailable: IC National Call IC International Call Emergency Calls Free Calls IC/OG SMS Top-Up (Recharge) Data Service

CDMA 800 Top-up Card

Voucher

u'fwefbdk:tvdkuf oufwrf:owfrSwf]cif:

ueOD: wyfqifc ay:oGif:yD: oHk:pGJolrsm:> ]ynfwGif:/]ynfy ac;qdkrtwGuf PREPAID (Top up) u'fwefbdk:tvdkuf oufwrf:vsmxm:]cif:
Validity period Validity period

u'f (1) u'f wefbdk:(usyf) 1,0000 3,0000

cGifh]yKumv 6v 6v

u'f (1) u'f wefbdk:(FEC) 20 50

cGifh]yKumv 6v 6v

Cards
10,000 K 30,000 K

Expire Date
(Start on purchasing Date)

Cards
20 FEC 50 FEC

Expire Date
(Start on purchasing Date)

90 Days 90 Days

90 Days 90 Days

Outgoing Call

Subscription Fee (Kyats)

Local Call (1 min) 50 Kyats

International Call (1 min) (0.9 +upto) FEC

SMS (Per Message)

500,000 Kyats

25 Kyats

w<fvDzkef:ac;qdkcS Kef:xm:
w<fvDzkef:ac;qdkcSKef:xm:rsm:udk rdkbdkif:w<fvDzkef:ac;qdkc SKef:xm:rsm: twdkif:aumufcHygrnf` ]ynfwGif:ac;qkdc wpfrdepf ]ynfyac;qkdc wpfrdep (0.9 Sifhtxuf)FEC
SMS

(50)usyf

wpfapmif(pmvkH:a\-140vkH:)
(4)usyf

(25)usyf
Data Service wpfrdepf

w<fvDzkef:ac;qdkcSKef:x m:(]ynfwGif:)
(1) rdepf = 50 usyf

(6) pUefh twGif:tokH:]yKc = 5 usyfSKef:]zifhaumufcH]cif:


0 5 6 5 12 5 18 5 24 5 30 5 36 5 42 5 48 5 54 5 60 (Seconds)

(Kyats)

CDMA 800 MHz Prepaid Phone Service Feature


aiGvufusefppfaq:enf: *161 onf IVR (tvdktavmufa]zjum:]cif:pepf]zifhaiGvufusefppfaq:enf:) *162 onf SMS pepf]zifhaiGvufusefppfaq:enf: 166 (Main Menu) >vkyfaqmifcsufrsm: eHygwf(1) onfaiG]znfh]cif:` eHygwf(2)onfvufusefaiGppfaq:]cif:` eHygwf(3)onfvdK.0SufeHygwfa]ymif:]cif:` eHygwf(4)onfu'faysmufwdkif:jum:]cif:` eHygwf(0)onf operatorSifh qufoG<f]cif:`

aiG]znfh]cif: enfrsm:
Main Menu rS

bmompum:a|G:cs<f]yD: eHygwf (1) udkSyf]yD: IVR aiG]znf.]cif:enf:` * 166 * Pin No # ]zifh SMS ]zifhaiG]znfh]cif:enf:` vdK.0SufeHygwf qufoG<fa\:rS oufqdkif\mzkef:wpfvkH:pDtwGuf oufrSwfay:xm:aom vdK h0SufeHygwftm: rdrdjudKufSpfouf\m vdK h0SufeHygwfa]ymif:dkif]cif:` 4if:vdK h0SufeHygwfudk tokH:]yKI t]cm:zkef: rS rdrdzkef:tm: (u'faysmufwdkif:jum:]cif:pepf)]zifh

CDMA EVDO MobileBroadBand Technology


Evolution Data Optimized (or) Evolution Data Only
3G Mobile Broadband Technology

Utilizes CDMA Signal


CDMA MBB Evolution 1XEVDO Rev-0, 1XEVDO Rev-A, 1XEVDO Rev-B Ph1, 1XEVDO Rev-B Ph1,

CDMA (800MHz) EVDO System Configuration

PDSN
1X/DO

Firewall
Web server

1X/DO

CDMA 1X/EV-DO Radio Network

1X/DO

AAA

BSC

Packet Data Network

CDMA MBB Evolution


1XEVDO Rev-0, 1XEVDO Rev-A, 1XEVDO Rev-B Ph1, 1XEVDO Rev-B Ph1

IS-2000
(cdma2000 1X)

1x EV-DO Rev 0

1x EV-DO Rev A

1x EV-DO Rev B Ph1

1x EV-DO Rev B Ph2

LTE (long term Evolution)


Advanced

DL: 2.4M RL: 153.6k

DL:3.1M RL:1.8M

DL: 9.3M RL: 5.4M

DL:14.7M RL: 5.4M 1x EV-DO

Data Rate Enhancement

EVDO Data Peak Rate


Type
EVDO Rev-0 EVDO Rev-A

Download
2.4 Mbps 3.1 Mbps 9.3 Mbps 14.7 Mbps

Upload
153.6 Kbps 1.8 Mbps 5.4 Mbps 5.4 Mbps

EVDO Rev-B Ph1 EVDO Rev-B Ph2

Evolution Path for CDMA and WCDMA

OFDM

CDMA/TDM

CDMA

CDMA2000
CDMA2000 1X DL:153.6k UL:153.6k CDMA2000 1xEV-DO DL:2.4M UL:153.6k

1xEV-DO Rev.A
DL:3.1M UL:1.8M

1xEV-DO Rev.B

LTE

1.25M-20MHz 1.25M20MHz DL:73.5M DL:100M UL:27M UL:50M

WCDMA

R99/R4 WCDMA DL:384k UL:384k

R5 HSDPA DL:14.4M UL:384k

R6 HSUPA DL:14.4M UL:5.76M

R7 R8 HSPA+ HSPA+
DL:40M UL:11M

LTE
1.25M20MHz DL:100M UL:50M

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Data Rate Comparison with other technologies


Type DORA (1.25 MHz) Download Rate 3.1 Mbps 9.3 Mbps 14.7 Mbps Upload Rate 1.8 Mbps 5.4 Mbps 5.4 Mbps

DORB Phase1 (3.75MHz)


DORB Phase2 (3.75MHz)

HSPA (5MHz)
EDGE (2.5G) ADSL ADSL 2+

14.4 Mbps
1Mbps 8 Mbps 24 Mbps

5.76 Mbps
400 Kbps 1 Mbps 3.3 Mbps

Dial Up

56 Kbps

56 Kbps

BTS Hardware Equipment For CDMA 1X + EVDO


CDMA 1X CDMA 1X
Software Update 1X+ EV-DO 1X+ EV-DO

CDMA 1X

CDMA 1X + EV-DO

EV-DO Card

F A N HCPM CMPT

PWR PWR

F A N

PWR

HECM HCPM

CMPT

PWR

1xEV-DO traffic model


Traffic Model Traffic Model (DORA)

Busy hour EAP


Planning sector throughput (kbps) Planning user throughput (kbps) Simultaneously supporting user number S111 BTS capacity

12%
1200 150 8 200

EAP (Equivalent Active Percentage) of different user type:


Individual: 3 SME: 12% Internet cafe : 30


Page 48

Mobile wireless broadband standards


Type AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System) GSM Cdma One (25-95) D-AMPS (IS-54 and IS-136) EDGE/ EGPRS CDMA 2000 1XRTT (IS-2000) WCDMA CDMA 2000 1X EVDO Rev-0 HSPA, HSPA+ CDMA 2000 1X EVDO Rev-A, EVDO Rev-B LTE Advanced Standard 1G 2G 2.5G, 2.75G 3G 3.5G, 3.75G, 3.9G 4G