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El imperfecto (el pasado, parte 2)

PASEN LA TAREA, POR FAVOR.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zm2C5hx4 sI0 Celia Cruz y Tito Puentesuperestrellas del pasado

EL IMPERFECTOthe other past tense


After the nightmare of the preterit [did I mention that were not done with it yet?] the imperfecto will be a piece of cake.

2 sets of verb endings

3 irregular verbs

Thats it! No stem-change, no spelling change, no special form for Tuesdays in July when its raining. 2 sets of endings, 3 irregular verbs. Listos? Vmonos!

AR VERB ENDINGS
DROP THE AR AND ADD:

yo -aba

nosotros --bamos

t --abas

l ella -aba Ud.

ellos ellas Uds.

-aban

POR EJEMPLO
nadar viajar

yo nadaba

viajabas

t nadabas

ellos

viajaban

Ud. nadaba nadbamos ellas nadaban yo

practicar practicaba

nosotros

practicbamos

y ahora, mi verbo favorito


trabajar el imperfecto

la forma de nosotros

trabajbamos
Im easily amused.

ER / IR verbs
drop the er / -ir and add:

yo -a nosotros -amos
t as

l ella -a Ud.

ellos ellas Uds.

-an

POR EJEMPLO
ESCRIBIR HACER

yo escriba

yo

haca

t escribas

ellos

hacan

Ud. escriba escribamos Uds. escriban t nosotros

VENDER vendas vendamos

tres verbos irregulares


VER [un poco irregular] IRsort of AR endings SERtotalmente irreg.

vea veas vea veamos

iba ibas iba bamos

era eras era ramos

vean

iban

eran

AND THATS IT!

NOW, WHAT DO WE DO WITH THE IMPERFECT?

THE PRETERIT HAS TO DO WITH ACTIONS: WHEN IT STARTED WHEN IT ENDED HOW LONG DID IT LAST THE FACT THAT IT HAPPENED ONCE

THE IMPERFECT HAS TO DO WITH DESCRIPTIONS AND REPETITIONS.

DATAWAI made this up in high school; use it if it helps. (Make up your own if it doesnt..)

descriptionphysical, emotional, mentalwhat did something or someone look like Cmo era Lincoln? What was he like? (The question can refer to physical or personality). Era alto, tena pelo negro, tena una barba, era delgado [no era gordo]. Era simptico, inteligente. All of these characteristics [tall, thin, beard, etc.] are descriptions; they didnt happen once and then go away.

datawa
A
AGE Its an on-going category; youre never exactly any one specific age because time keeps moving.

This can apply to a numerical age: Cuando ella tena 15 aos [you remember that you HAVE YEARS en espaol, s?]

or to a category of age/age group Cuando t eras beb nio/nia joven/ms joven adolescente

datawa
T
Time. Like age, it marches on.

This can refer to clock time: Eran las 3:00 de la tarde.

Or to calendar time: Era julio / era la primavera / era mircoles

datawa

ACTIONS REPEATED, HABITUAL, CUSTOMARY


THESE ARE ACTIONS THAT YOU USED TO DO, WOULD ALWAYS DO, ETC. IN THE PAST.

Cada domingo comamos en casa de mis abuelos.


Every Sunday we would eat / we used to eat at my grandparents house. Siempre mirbamos los partidos de ftbol americano los sbados. We always used to watch football games on Saturdays [Dad was a coach; we had no choice.]

datawa
W WEATHER
When discussing the weather in the past, its always in the imperfect tense.

La semana pasada haca fro y nevaba y no haca mucho sol.

Last week it was cold and it snowed and there wasnt much sun.

DATAWA

ACTIONS IN PROGRESS: WAS/ WERE + -ING


Qu hacas anoche a las 9:00? What were you doing/ in the process of doing last night at 9:00? Ella dorma y su amigo estudiaba. She was sleeping and her friend was studying.

palabras importantes para el imperf.


siempre always

todos los.. every. / all of the .. todas las.. each. / every

cada

normalmente, frecuentemente, generalmente, con frecuencia, a menudo

often, usually, etc.

Cuando eras nio / nia (@ 10 aos)..


qu queras ser? dnde vivas?

hablabas mucho por telfono? con quin?

comas mucho? qu comas?

sabas nadar? cuntas horas dormas?

estudiabas mucho?

tenas un programa favorito en la tele? cul?

Worksheet Practicar con el imperfecto Cuando estabas en la escuela secundaria


Work with a partner and ask each other the questions.

When youre done, do the en grupos and write 3 activities that you used to do when you were 8 mos. old, 4-5 yrs old and 10 yrs. old.

las notas del medio semestre


Tarea, will be collected: The other practicar con el imperfecto sheet10 sentences in the imperfecto. Review imperfect tense sheeton the bottom it says 124 worksheet part 6.