Está en la página 1de 96

(

la energa no se crea ni se destruye, se obtiene o se transforma de otra fuente de energa

Sistema Abierto

Los procesos bioenergticos son bastante ineficientes, ya que gran parte de la energa liberada se transformar en energa calrica

Fuentes Energticas
Hidratos de Carbono Grasas Proteinas

Glucgeno muscular

Normal muscle glycogen stores have a concentration of 350 mM/kg dry muscle

Ritmo de liberacin de energa

Los enlaces energticos de los alimentos, son relativamente dbiles, por lo que no brindan mucha energa, por lo que los alimentos son metabolizados en una forma intra celular de alta energa, el ATP. Por ende lo que importa es la VELOCIDAD con la que se pueden metabolizar los alimentos para producir energa.

Fosfocreatina

Energa

PC (Fosfocreatina)

H2O (Agua)

C (Creatina Monohidrato)

Pi

ADP Energa

PC
Resintetiza ATP rpidamente
Ocurre 1 reaccion

Permite incorporar un Pi al ADP

PC
Se agota rpidamente en el ejercicio

Su resntesis requiere energa

Sistemas de Produccin de ATP

Oxidacin de Glucosa
1

Gluclisis

Ciclo de Krebs
Cadena transportadora de electrones

Nicotinamida Adenina Dinuclotido

Cadena Transportadora de Electrones

Energa desde Glucosa

Produccin de Lactato

Transportadores GLUT

AGL (FFA)

AGL (FFA)

Glicerol
Triacilgliceroles

AGL (FFA)

Depsitos Intramusculares

Tejido Adiposo

Las reservas de grasas pueden proporcionar entre 70.000 a 75.000 caloras El catabolismo lipdico es un proceso estrictamente aerbico, que funciona mejor en fibras musculares rojas y el corazn. En atletas entrenados, la liplisis es ms efectiva.

Relaciones entre fuentes

Cul es el rol de las comidas en el ejercicio?


Con respecto a la gluclisis Con respecto a la oxidacin de grasas Con respecto a la alimentacin previa a la competencia

De que depende la cantidad de glucgeno muscular Cul es el porcentaje de grasa ideal para un deportista

Mariya Savinova of Russia celebrates as she crosses the finish line to win gold in the Women's 800m Final on Day 15 of the London 2012 Olympic Games at Olympic Stadium

Mo Farah of Great Britain crosses the finish line to win gold ahead of Dejen Gebremeskel of Ethiopia and Thomas Pkemei Longosiwa of Kenya in the men's 5000m Final on Day 15 of the London 2012 Olympic Games at the Olympic Stadium.

Elena Lashmanova of Russia races with Shenjie Qieyang of China during the Women's 20km Walk on Day 15 of the London 2012 Olympic Games at The Mall

Carmelita Jeter of the United States celebrates winning gold in the women's 4 x 100m Relay Final on Day 14 of the London 2012 Olympic Games at Olympic Stadium.

Barbora Spotakova of Czech Republic competes during the Women's Javelin Throw Final on Day 13 of the London 2012 Olympic Games at Olympic Stadium

Usain Bolt of Jamaica celebrates as he crosses the finish line ahead of fellow countryman Yohan Blake to win gold in the men's 200m Final on Day 13 of the London 2012 Olympic Games at the Olympic Stadium.

Juliana Silva of Brazil dives for the ball in the Women's Beach Volleyball Bronze medal match against China on Day 12 of the London 2012 Olympic Games.

Brazilian Arthur Nabarrete Zanetti collects the Gold medal in the men's Rings final with a routine scoring him 15.900 points

Maiya Maneza of Kazakhstan competes on her way to winning gold in the Women's 63kg Weightlifting final on Day 4 of the London 2012 Olympic Games at ExCeL on 31 July.

Felipe Van De Wyngard of Chile and Brendan Sexton of Australia compete in the swim portion of the Men's Triathlon during the Men's Triathlon on Day 11 at Hyde Park

Stephanie Houghton of Great Britain skips over Andreia of Brazil to score the opening goal during their women's Football first round Group E match on Day 4 at Wembley Stadium.

Manu Ginobili of Argentina and Mohamed Hadidane of Tunisia battle for the ball during the men's Basketball Preliminary Round match on Day 6.