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The governance at the Local level. .  Being the root causes of the crisis of governance at the grass root level. district. The rural-urban divide??  The two structural and systemic disjoints.WHY THE NEED FOR CHANGE  1947-99.. The provincial bureaucratic set-ups were the designated “controlling authorities” of the Local Governments. coupled with the absence of horizontal integration and the consequent inadequacy of functional coordination between the line departments at the division. and Tehsil levels. district and Tehsil levels. the province governs the The Local Government for towns and cities districts and Tehsil directly through the bureaucracy at the division. undermined and over-rode them. existed separately from those of the rural areas. lead to inefficiency and corruption. breeding a colonial relationship of “ruler” and “subject”.

One law was established for both urban and rural councils. The basic objective of the local government is to instill healthy political awareness among people that guide them toward development. Power was distributed between people’s representatives and the administration. LCs given under the jurisdiction of the provincial governments. The system was further refined in 1975 and 1979. instead of completely handing it to the former. It is difficult for a country that it could function efficiently without the presence of local government. The Basic Democracy.An independent nation depends on its Local Body institutions. This law was enforced at the central level. No Elections held from under the new law till 1979. BDs used as Electorate College For PRESIDENT Development in the early 1970s: 1972. and separate laws were developed for urban and rural local councils. 1959-60: Establishment of basic democracy. .

DEVOLUTION IN PAKISTAN  Restructure the bureaucratic set up and de-centralize the administrative authority to elected representatives. .   Re-orientate administrative systems to allow public participation in decision-making. Facilitate monitoring of government functionaries by the elected representatives.

 Rationalize administrative structures for improving efficiency to eliminate delay in   Decision Making. Ensure functioning of the related offices in an integrated manner to improve service delivery and award efficient officials through incentives. . Improve administrative and financial management practices in the local councils with adequate management controls.

 Redress grievances of people and Government officials against mal-administration through the office of Zila Mohtasib.  Enable the proactive elements of civil society to participate in community work in collaboration with the Local Governments (CCBs) .


Devolution of political power ii. De-concentration of management functions iv. . Distribution of resources to the district level. Decentralization of administrative authority iii.The Essence of New Local Government System • Five Fundamentals of Devolution/L G-System 2001 : i. Diffusion of the power-authority nexus v.

Recognition & rewards) DE-CONCENTRATION OF MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (Monitoring by citizens and elected representatives. Civil society’s Involvement in development work.(Three tiers elected leadership having its own Vision.Mission&Goals) 5-Ds of New Local Govt System DEVOLUTION OF POLITICAL POWER DECENTRALIZATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY (More operational autonomy to the District Offices) (Power to raise tax Fiscal transfer from higher tiers of Govt. Meritocracy. Effective checks & balances) DIFFUSION OF THE POWER-AUTHORITY NEXUS . Specialization Vs Generation. performance based appraisal system.lower Tiers) DISTRIBUTIONOF RESOURCES TO THE DISTRICTS (Focused approach.

. Interests of the People: It is designed to ensure that the genuine interests of the people are served and their rights safeguarded. 3.2. Enabling Environment: The new system will create an enabling environment in which the people can start participating in community welfare and be the masters of their own destiny.

.SALIENT FEATURES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ORDINANCE .2001 General ◙ ◙ ◙ ◙ Voters age has been lowered to 18 years Women representation has been enhanced to 33 % at all levels of representations Representation for peasant. workers and monitories in all three councils Training Programs for councilors to help them in the development of their communities.

All the three councils have powers to levy taxes. Tehsil Municipal Administrations and Union Administrations have been introduced with vast powers Strong links between Union. Tehsil and Zila Councils for effective coordination in the development process.Councils ◙ ◙ ◙ District government. legislative and . Councilors ◙ Councilors now have monitoring powers.

The Police for public order will be accountable to the Zila Nazim . Administration ◙ ◙ District Bureaucracy will be under District Coordination Officer (DCO) of Grade 20. The Union Nazim will also be member of the Zila Council The Naib Union Nazim will also be member of Tehsil Council.Nazim ◙ ◙ ◙ ◙ Zila Nazim will be the head of the District No Nazim or Naib Nazim may hold the same office for more than two terms.

. District Government will be responsible for development projects. The Union Administration can also initiate development planning and execute the development projects.2001 [Contd…] Development    The urban-rural division for development has been removed.SALIENT FEATURES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ORDINANCE .

All the member of three councils will form monitoring committees as a check on administration.Community Participation     Effective people participation through Citizen Community Board [CCB] and Village Council Community can contribute in and has the ownership of development projects Monitoring  Citizens are given the monitoring opportunity by providing information on real service delivery. Citizens can also play a direct role in monitoring the performance of the district administration and line departments through the Citizen Community Boards .

. Standardized mechanism for information availability. 24. 25. Obligatory display of information on various development activities for the public knowledge. Information will be made available to every body.Transparency 23.


 . which is possible only if the new System provides relief to them.CONCLUSION  The success of any new System depends on the abilities & initiatives of those who run it & ensure that people affected accept the change positively. Dedication & commitments from elected representatives and Government officials to work like a Team giving due importance to the views of the effected community The decisions are taken through a democratic process within the laid down Rules & Procedures & no one individual forces his will because of his personal social/official position.

 The working of Local Government Commission and monitoring committees through support of provincial government is essential for service delivery  The provincial governments should encourage private sector for a public private partnership for services delivery. No system is sustainable unless the stakeholders are involved in the decision making process to accept the same and give it their ownership  .

untrained Government Officials . without adequate rules and clear cut defined role of the officials at TMAs/Ucs . the LG System made an effort to facilitate the common man. . The service delivery Improved in city Districts. In spite of the difficulties faced due to lack of capacity. The Rural Areas were neglected to an extent due to non existent of village councils.