Comparatives and Superlatives

EQUALITY INFERIORITY SUPERIORITY SHORT ADJ LONG ADJ SUPERLATIVES SPELLING EXCEPTIONS

THE COMPARATIVE EQUATION

EQUALITY: AS + ADJECTIVE + AS «as happy as» «as thin as» «as complicated as» «as popular as»

The length of the adjective is irrelevant to the structure

THE COMPARATIVE EQUATION II

INFERIORITY: LESS + ADJECTIVE + THAN «less far than» «less salty than» «less interesting than» «less expensive than»

The length of the adjective is irrelevant to the structure

THE COMPARATIVE EQUATION III

SUPERIORITY:

ADJECTIVE + ER ending + THAN ( short adj: 1-2 syllables)
«thinner than» (1 syllable)  «louder than» (1 syllable)  «funnier than» (2 syllables)

MORE + ADJECTIVE + THAN (long adj: 2 or more syllables)
«more comfortable than»  «more attractive than»  «more elastic than»

The length of the adjective IS RELEVANT to the structure

THE SUPERLATIVE EQUATION

To express the extreme degree of a quality in a group:

THE + ADJECTIVE + EST ( short adj: 1-2 syllables)
«the strongest» (1 syllable)  «the longest» (1 syllable)  «the funniest» (2 syllables)

THE + MOST + ADJECTIVE (long adj: 2 or more syllables)
«the most boring»  «the most popular»  «the most realistic»

The length of the adjective IS RELEVANT to the structure

Can you compare these elements?
healthy – tasty – sweet – fattening cheap – popular – hot – oily

modern – expensive – big – popular – heavy – useful – updated - compact

SPELLING RULES

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