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2013/12/12

Security Level:

Cell update & FACH Transfer

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Content
UE Working Modes and States Cell Update and FHHO Scenarios Main Reason for CDR Increase in FACH Problem and Solutions

UE Working Modes and States


Idle Mode Connected Mode


CELL_DCH CELL_FACH CELL_PCH

URA_PCH

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Idle Mode

The UE has no relation to UTRAN, only to CN. Any data transfer, a signalling connection should have to be established. UE camps on a cell

It enables the UE to receive system information from the PLMN

UE can monitor PICH of a cell for paging

The idle mode tasks can be divided into three processes:


PLMN selection and reselection Cell selection and reselection Location registration

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Connected Mode

When UE is in connected mode

The UE position can be known on different levels:


Cell level (CELL_DCH/CELL_FACH/CELL_PCH) UTRAN Registration Area (URA) level (URA_PCH) Dedicated transport channels (CELL_DCH) Common transport channels (CELL_FACH)

The UE can use different types of channels in connected mode


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Connected Mode

Cell-DCH

In active state Communicating via its dedicated channels UTRAN knows which cell UE stays in

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Connected Mode

Cell-FACH

In active state Few data to be transmitted both in uplink and in downlink. There is no need to allocate dedicated channel for this UE Downlink uses FACH and uplink uses RACH UE needs to monitor the FACH for its information UTRAN knows which cell the UE stays in

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Connected Mode

Cell-PCH

No data to be transmitted or received Monitor PICH, to receive its paging UTRAN knows which cell the UE stays in UTRAN has to update cell information of UE when UE roams to another cell Lower the power consumption of UE

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Connected Mode

URA-PCH

No data to be transmitted or received Monitor PICH, to receive its paging UTRAN only knows which URA (which consists of multiple cells) that UE stays

UTRAN updates UE information only after UE has roamed to other URA


A better way to reduce the resource occupancy and signaling transmission

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UE Working Modes and States


- Reduce activity further - Avoid unnecessary signaling

RRC Connection

- Reduce activity, DRX, and save power

URA_PCH

CELL_PCH

CELL_DCH
- Dedicated channel - Common service, such as voice

CELL_FACH
- Common channel - PS service with few data to transmit

IDLE

- Monitor paging channel - Cell re-selection

DEAD

- Scan networks (PLMN) - Camp on a cell

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FHHO Forward Hard Handover

FHHO used to monitor the RRC connection state on common channel, which process the mobility of UE on Common Channel FHHO also contains the RRC connection rebuilt in DCH. FHHO including Cell UPDATE and URA UPDATE(only occurs

in URA_PCH)

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FHHO FunctionCELL_DCH

RLC Un-recovery Error: recover the RL when UE cannot normal communicate with UTRAN equaled RLC layer using AM mode RL failure: using in RRC connection rebuilt, when all the RLs

loss of synchronization, UE try to rebuilt the RRC connection


with UTRAN

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Relation between FHHO and RRC State


RRC Connection state CELL_DCH CELL_FACH Realizable FHHO Functionupdate cause Cell Update (RLC ERRRL FAIL) Cell Update (Periodical

Cell

update,

Cell

reselection, Re-enter Serving Cell, RLC ERR)


CELL_PCH Cell Update (Periodical Cell update, Cell reselection,
Re-enter Serving Cell, Paging Response, UL Data
Transmit)

URA_PCH

Cell Update (Paging Response, UL Data Transmit), URA Update (Periodical URA update, URA reselection)

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Cell Update Function

Periodical Cell update: UE moving within one cellmajority way to monitor RRC connection Cell reselection: UE mobility state cross different cells, major way of UE keep RRC connection with UTRAN serving in Common Channel.

Re-enter Service Area: another way to keep RRC connection


when move, T305 expired RLC Un-recovery Error: recover the RL when UE cannot normal communicate with UTRAN equaled RLC layer using AM mode Paging Responseresponse to paging type 1 from UTRAN when RRC connection exist

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UL Data TransmitUE inform UTRAN needing data transmit Huawei Confidential

URA Update Function

Periodical URA update: URA ID contained in Cell system info with UE mobility URA reselection: URA ID not in the system info when UE move

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Cell Update Signaling Flow

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Current state on Global network: PS CDR increase a lot


PS HSPA CDR Brazil Claro SA Vodacom Brazil VIVO Greess VDF Gemanny O2 Turkey VDF Close FACH 0.44% 0.80% 0.73% 0.52% 0.76% 0.88% Open FACH 0.72% 3.50% 4.24% 2% 3.70% 2.54%

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Main reasons for the CDR increase on FACH

PS call drop after H2F RB Reconfig failure

PS call drop by TRB/SRB reset on FACH state


PS call drop due to the procedure flow crossed by F2H RB Reconfig and Cellupdate

PS call drop by SRB rebuilt during P2F phase

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Reason and Solutions


Reason

No power control on FACH No SoftHO on FACH The state not consistent between UE and RAN

Solutions

Decrease Users on the FACH state by decrease H2F volume threshold Configure longer H2F timer than the PS inactivate timer, let non-

throughput user fast transfer to idle

Decrease the time from FACH to PCH or idle state.


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RNTI - Radio Network Temporary Identifier

Five types of RNTI exist


Serving RNC RNTI (S-RNTI) Drift RNC RNTI (D-RNTI) Cell RNTI (C-RNTI) UTRAN RNTI (U-RNTI) HS-DSCH RNTI (H-RNTI)

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Cell update flowP->F


UE RRM
ULCCCH: Cell update request Apply radio resource

RR

FMR

SIG

If MACC/MACD in different boardbuilt AAL2 connection

Built MACC and MACD logical channel DLCCCH: Cell update confirm ULDCCH: Physical channal re-configuration complete Cell update and UE state indicate

RLC restore

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Cell update with relocationPS


SourceRNC RNSAP RANAP CN UL Sig Trans Ind TargetRNC RRC RNSAP RANAP RANAP
Cell Update

UE RRC

Relocation Reqired

RANAP RANAP RANAP Relocation Requset Relocation Requset Ack

RANAP RNSAP

Relocation Cmd

RANAP RNSAP RNSAP Cell Update Conf UTRAN Mobility Info Conf

Relocation Commit Relocation Detect RNSAP

RANAP RANAP

IU Rel Cmd
IU Rel Complete

RANAP RANAP RRC RRC RRC RRC

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Cell update with relocationPS


SourceRNC RANAP Relocation Reqired CN RANAP RANAP Q.AAL2 Q.AAL2 RANAP RANAP RNSAP Relocation Cmd RANAP Relocation Commit RNSAP RANAP RANAP IU Rel Cmd IU Rel Complete RANAP RANAP RRC RRC Cell Update Conf UTRAN Mobility Info Conf RRC RRC Relocation Detect RNSAP RNSAP Relocation Requset Est Req Est Conf Relocation Requset Ack RANAP Q.AAL2 Q.AAL2 RANAP TargetRNC UE

Q.AAL2 Q.AAL2

AAL2 Rel Req AAL2 Rel Conf

Q.AAL2 Q.AAL2 RA Update

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FHHOCell Update crossing IUR


UE DRNC Source
1. CCCH: Cell Update

DRNC Target
RRC-relay

SRNC

RRC

RNSAP

2. Uplink Signalling Transfer Indication

RNSAP

3. Common Transp. Channel Resources Initialization Request RNSAP RNSAP 4. Common Transp. Channel Resources initialization Response RNSAP RNSAP

5. ALCAP Iur bearer setup 6. DCCH: Cell Update Confirm RRC 7. DCCH: RNTI Relocation Complete RRC

RRC

RRC

RNSAP

8. Common Transp. Channel Resources Release

RNSAP

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FHHOURA update
UE Source RNC
1.CCCH: URA Update [U-RNTI, URA update cause] 2.Uplink Signalling Transfer Indication RNSAP RNSAP

Target RNC

Serving RNC

RRC

RRC-relay

[ new C-RNTI,D-RNTI, UL message]

3. Decision Not to perform SRNS relocation

4. Downlink Signalling Transfer Request RNSAP RNSAP

RRC

5.CCCH: URA Update Confirm

RRC-relay

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FHHO Flow
UE Cell Update Cell Update Confirm Cell update procedure with radio bearer release Cell update procedure with radio bearer reconfiguration UE Cell Update Cell Update Confirm UTRAN Mobility Info Confirm Cell update procedure with update of UTRAN mobility information UE URA Update UAR Update Confirm URA update procedure, basic flow UE URA Update UAR Update Confirm UTRAN Mobility Info Confirm URA update procedure with update of UTRAN mobility information RNS RNS RNS RNS UE Cell Update Cell Update Confirm RB recfg complete RNS

UE Cell Update Cell Update Confirm RB Release Complete

RNS

Cell update procedure with radio bearer release

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