Está en la página 1de 10

ESPECIFICACION DE MATERIALES DE TUBERIAS Y ACCESORIOS

1 .- ALCANCE 2.-CODIGOS, NORMAS Y REFERENCIAS 3.-REQUISITOS GENERALES 4.-REQUISITOS ESPECIFICOS 5.- ABREVIACIONES 6.-IDENTIFICACION DE LINEAS Y VALVULAS

CONTENIDO

ESTE DOCUMENTO CUBRE LOS REQUERIMIENTOS BASICOS NECESARIOS PARA LA SELECCION DE MATERIALES A SER USADOS EN UN PROYECTO, DICHA SELECCIN DE MATERIALES SON PLASMADOS EN DOCUMENTOS COMO: -ESPECIFICACIONES DE CAERIAS Y CLASES DE MATERIALES(PIPING CLASS) -PIPING & INSTRUMENT DIAGRAM(P&ID) -ISOMETRICOS

1.-ALCANCE

DESDE EL MOMENTO QUE SE ADJUDICA UN PROYECTO RIGE LA ULTIM A VERSION DE LOS SIGUIENTES CODIGO Y NORMAS(NO ES LIMITATIVO ESTA LISTA): AM ERICAN SOCIET Y OF M ECHANICAL ENGINEERS (ASM E) ASME B31 .1 POWER PIPING ASME B31 .3 PROCESS PIPING ASME B31 .4 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM S FOR LIQUID ASME B31 .8 GAS TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION PIPING SYSTEM S ASME B16.5 PIPING FLANGES AND FLANGED FITTINGS ASME B16.10 FACE -TO -FACE AND END -TO -END DIMENSIONS OF VALVES ASME B16.11 FORGED FITTINGS, SOCKET - WE LDING AND THREADED ASME B16.20 METALL IC GASKET S FOR PIPE FLANGES -RING JOINT, SPIRAL WOUNDS AND JACKETED ASME B16.21 NONMETALLIC FLAT GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES ASME B16.25 BUTT WELDING ENDS ASME B16.34 VALVES -F LANGE D, THREADE D, AND WELDING END ASME B16.48 LINE BLANKS ASME B36.10 WELDED AND SEAMLESS WROUGHT STEEL PIPE ASME B36.19 STAINLESS STEEL PIPE

2.-CODIGOS, NORMAS Y REFERENCIAS

A M E RICAN B O I LER A N D P RE S SURE V E SSE L COD E ASM E SE CTION I RULE S FOR CON STRUCTION OF P OWE R B OILE RS ASM E SE CTION II M ATE RIALS ASM E SE CTION V N ON D E STRUCTIVE E X AM IN ATION ASM E SE CTION V III RULE S FOR CON STRUCTION OF P RE SSURE V E SSE LS ASM E SE CTION IX QUALIFICATION STAN DARD FOR WE LD IN G AN D B RAZ IN G P ROCE D URES, WE LD E RS, B RAZ E RS , AN D WE LD IN G AN D B RAZ IN G OP E RATORS A M E RICAN P E TROLE UM I N S TITUTE ( AP I) AN SI/ AP I SP E C. 5 L SP E CIFICATION FOR LIN E P IP E AP I 5 9 4 CH E CK VALV ES : FLAN G E D , LUG , WAFE R AN D B UTT WE LD IN G AP I 5 9 8 VALV E IN SP E CTION AN D TE ST AP I 5 99 M E TAL P LUG VALV E S - FLAN G E D AN D WE LD IN G E N D S AP I 6 0 0 STE E L G ATE VALV ES FLAN G E D AN D B UTT - WE LD IN G E N D S, B OLTE D B ON N E T S AP I 6 0 2 STE E L G ATE , G LOB E AN D CH E CK VALV E S FOR SIZ E N P S 4 ( D N 10 0) AN D SM ALLE R FOR TH E P E TROLE UM AN D N ATURAL G AS IN USTRIE S AP I 6 03 CORROSION - RESISTANT, B OLTE D B ON N E T G ATE VALV ES FLAN G E D AN D B UTT WE LD IN G E N D S AP I 6 07 FIRE TE ST FOR SOFT - SE ATE D QUARTE R -TURN VALV E S AP I 6 0 8 M E TAL B ALL VALV ES - FLAN GE D, TH RE AD E D , AN D WE LD IN G E N D AP I 6 0 9 B UTTE RFLY VALV ES: D OUB LE FLAN G E D , LUG - AN D WAFE R -T Y P E

2.-CODIGOS, NORMAS Y REFERENCIAS

A M E RICAN S O C IE T Y FO R T E STIN G A N D M ATERIALS ( ASTM ) ASTM FOR M ATE RIALS OF RE G ULAR P IP IN G PART M A N UFACTURERS S TAN DARD S O C IE T Y ( M S S ) M SS - S P - 2 5 STAN DARD M ARK IN G SYSTE M FOR VALV ES, FITTIN G S, FLAN G E S AN D UN ION S M SS - S P - 4 4 STE E L P IP E LIN E FLAN G E S M SS - S P - 7 5 SP E CIFICATION FOR H IG H TE ST WROUG H T B UTT WE LD IN G FITTIN G S M SS - S P - 97 IN TE G RALLY RE IN FORCED FORG E D B RAN CH OUTLE T FITTINGS - SOCK E T WE LD INGS , TH RE AD E D AN D B UTT WE LD IN G ENDS M SS - S P - 1 10 B ALL VALV E S, TH RE AD E D, SOCK E T WE LD IN G , SOLD E R JOIN T, G ROOV E D AN D FLAN G E D E N D S M SS - S P - 5 3 QUALIT Y STAN DARD FOR STE E L CASTIN G S AN D FORG IN G S FOR VALV E S, FLAN G E S, AN D FITTIN G S AN D OTH E R P IP ING COM P ONE NT M AGNE TIC PARTICLE E X AM IN ATION M E TH OD M SS - S P - 5 4 QUALIT Y STAN DARD FOR STE E L CASTIN G S AN D FORG IN G S FOR VALV E S, FLAN G E S, AN D FITTIN G S AN D OTH E R P IP IN G COM P ON E NT RAD IOG RAP H IC E X AM IN ATION M E TH OD M SS - S P - 9 3 QUALIT Y STAN DARD FOR STE E L CASTIN G S AN D FORG IN G S FOR VALV E S, FLAN G E S, AN D FITTIN G S AN D OTH E R P IP IN G COM P ON E NT LIQUID P E N E TRAN T E X AM IN ATION M E TH OD OT H E RS ISO IN TE RN AT ION AL ORG AN IZ ATION FOR STAN DARD IZATION N ACE N ATION AL ASSOCIATION OF CORROSION E N G IN E ERS P FI P IP E FAB RICATION IN STITUTE

2.-CODIGOS, NORMAS Y REFERENCIAS

L A P R E SION Y T E M PERATURA D E D I SE O S O N D E FINIDAS PA RA CA DA P ROYEC TO L A C UAL N O D E B ERA S E R M E N OR A L A C O N D IC ION M A S S E V ERA D E L P ROCESO . E L D I AM ETRO Y E S P ESOR D E PARE D D E L A S T U B ERIAS Y AC C E SORIOS E S TA S U S TE N TAN D O P O R U N A M E M ORIA D E CA LCULO Y U N A S I M ILAC ION D E L P ROCE SO C O N SID ERAN D O L A P RE S ION D E D I S E O , T E M P ERATURA Y L A S TO LE RAN CIAS P E RM ITIDAS D E AC UE RD O L A S N O RM AS A S M E (CORROSION P E RM ITIDA , E ROS ION , TO LE RACIAS M E CAN ICAS , D E RO S CA ).

3.REQUISITOS GENERALES

T U B ERIAS Y AC C E SORIOS RO S CAD OS M AYORES A 2 N O S O N P E RM ITID OS . VALVULAS T I P O B O LA C O N PA SO TOTAL S O N P R E FERIB LEM EN TE U S ADAS E N L I N E AS C O N L A N ZAD ORES D E C H AN CH O . E N L I N EAS C O N T R AMPAS D E C H AN CH O , E S TAS D E B RAN T E N ER C O N E XION ES T U B O -TUBO . TO DA T U B ERIA E N TERRADA D E B ERA T E N ER R E CUB RIM IEN TO E X TE RN O . L A P RUEB A H I D ROSTATICA S E R E LIZA C O N AG UA A M E N OS Q UE E L C L IE N TE P ROPON G A OT RO F LUID O . LO S S I G UIEN T E D I AMETROS D E T U B E RIAS N O S O N R E COME NDABLES : 3 / 8 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 7 Y 9 . E L CA M B IO D E A N S I (CLASE) S E R E LIZA D E SP UES D E U N A B R IDA . C O LE C TORES Y CA B E ZALES Q UE C O N TE NG AN D RE N AJE D E B E RAN T E N ER U N A I N C LIN AC ION . L A S L I N EAS D E D E SCARG A D E U N CA B E ZAL D E B ERAN T E N ER 4 5 D E I N LIN ACION . LO S AC CE SORIOS T I P O RO SCADO Y D E E N CH UFE ( N P T Y SW ) M I N IMA D E B ERAN S E R D E C L A SE 3 0 0 0 .

4.REQUISITOS ESPECIFICOS

API ASME ASTM BE BGO BHN BLD BW CI CL CPLG CPVC CR CS CONC CONN DEG DI DIA DIM DSAW DWG EA

American Petroleum Institute American Society of Mechanical Engineers American Society for Testing & Materials Beveled Ends

ECC EFW ELL

Eccentric

Electric Fusion Welded

Elbow Integrally Reinforced

Beveled Gear Operator

OL
Brinnel Hardness Number Blind Butt Weld Cast Iron Class Coupling Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride Chrome Carbon Steel Concentric Connection Degree Ductile Iron Diameter Dimension Double Submerged Arc Welded Drawing Each

Elbow Branch Connection ( e.g.: elbolet )

ERW FF FIG FLG FLGD FRP FS GALV GJ GR GO HAST HEX HORI Z INSUL

Electric Resistance Welded Flat Face Figure Flange Flanged Fiberglass Reinforced Pipe Forged Steel Galvanized Ground Joint Grade Gear Operated Hastelloy Hexagonal Horizontal

5.ABREVIACION ES

Insulation

JF LJ LR LGTH LOL MATL MFG MI MIN MO MSS NIPP NPS PE PIP PROJ PTFE R RF RTJ SW SCH SCRD

Joint Factor Lap Joint Long Radius Length Integrally Reinforced Lateral Branch Connection ( e.g.: laterolet ) Material Manufacturer Malleable Iron Minimum Molybdenum Manufacturer Standardization Society Nipple Nominal Pipe Size Plain Ends Process Industry Practice Projection PolyTertaFluorEthylene Radius Raised Face Ring Type Joint Socket Weld Schedule Screwed

SMLS SOL SR SS STD T&C TFE THK THRD TOL TSW TYP VA VERT WLD WN WOL WT

Seamless Integrally Reinforced Socketweld Branch Connection ( e.g.: sockolet ) Short Radius

Stainless Steel

Standard

Threaded & Coupled TetraFluorEthylene Thickness Threaded Integrally Reinforced Threaded Branch Connection Threaded x Socket Weld Typical Valve Vertical Weleded Weld Neck Integrally Reinforced Buttweld Branch Wall Thickness

5.ABREVIACION ES