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Martial

Arts
By:

SI-FU C. Anghel
Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Martial Arts

• Style and techniques


came about animal
movements
• How animals fights
and protect
themselves
• Their reactions during
battle with other
animals
Kung Fu . . .

• Which means
“WORK”
• May also mean task,
work performed,
special skills, strength,
ability or time spent
• Westerners began to
call Martial Arts Kung
Fu ??????
How did this really come about?
• The origins are obscure
• The first person consciously picked up a
stick or rock to defend him/herself
• Before books and writing
Kung Fu split in two . . .
• Form from two simple term : internal and
external
• Internal: Will, Vital energy and Strength
• External: Speedy eyes, Fist and Foot
Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Shaolin Temples
5 Main Temples
2. Henan
3. Fukien
4. Kwangtung
5. Wutang
6. O Mei Shan
1. Henan

• Located in a small
mountain town southwest
of Beijing
• Seen in Chinese kung fu
movies
• Restored by Chinese
government in the mid
1970s
• Became tourist/martial arts
Mecca
2. Fukien

• Originally a Buddhist
temple until early
1600s
• Larger than the Henan
temple and served as
headquarters
• Southern styles of
praying mantis, snake,
dragon, and Wing
Chun developed in this
3. Kwangtung

• Known as Snake temple


• Built in late 1700s as a
Shaolin temple
• Located in a mountain area
overlooking the ocean near
Shanghai
• Was a Cantonese temple
close to Fukien
• Temple was bombed during
the civil wars
4. Wutang

• Known as Tiger temple


• Located near the town of
Wutang (near Manchuria
and the Korean
peninsula)
• Origin of Mercenary
monks
• Integrated into Shaolin
order about AD 800
5. O Mei Shan
• Means “Great White Mountain”
• Known as Crane Temple
• Located in an inaccessible area of the
Szechuan province
• Library and medical temple (4 centuries)
• Integrated into Shaolin order about AD
1500
History of the Shaolin Temple

Let’s find out some more things while reviewing


what we have already learned….
The word Shaolin is derived from Shaoshi Mountain and “lin”, the Chinese
word for forest.
This describes the geographic area of the first temple built in the Henan
Province around 495 A.D.
32 years later, an Indian Buddhist priest named
Bodhidharma came to the temple, but was turned
away by the head abbot, Fang Chang
Bodhidharma was determined and went to a nearby
cave and meditated
Nobody knows exactly why, but Bodhidharma was then allowed into the
temple and he soon noticed that the monks were in poor physical health
He began teaching them moving
exercises designed to enhance Chi
flow and build strength.
They consisted of 18 actions known
as the 18 Lohan movements or forms.
These 18 forms later evolved into 54 forms and then into 108 forms.
These movements were the start of Shaolin Ch’uan or Shaolin Fist,
later know as Kung Fu.
Over the years, due to repeated attacks and periods of inactivity due to
reigning Imperial and regional leaders who feared the monks, other temples
were incorporated into Shaolin.

The 5 main temples were:


The Henan Temple, the original temple and the one seen
in Chinese Kung Fu movies.
The Fukien Temple, know as the “headquarters” during times when
Henan was either destroyed or under threat.
The Kwangtung Temple, known as the snake temple.
The Wutang Temple, known as the Tiger temple.
The O Mei Shan Temple, known as the Crane Temple.
Breathing and Meditation

Meditation is the essence of Chan Buddhism and Shaolin Kung Fu and it is the
soul of Bodhidharma’s teachings
Meditation simply means to be fully aware of the moment.
It is done in a number of different postures such as sitting, standing, head stand,
and Iron Bar, which is stretching out between two benches with your head on one
and your heels on the other.
These postures were usually held for several hours at a time and some monks
achieved such high levels of sitting practice that they would meditate for a week
straight with no break for sleep.
Some monks have skills so high that they abstain from lying down ever again
and at the highest level, some even die in state, which means to pass on in
seated meditation with out falling over.
Breathing is an important part of meditation and there are
two basic types of breathing.
The first is Hou T’ien Chi, the “breath after your birth”.

It is used to relax the mind and body, and heighten sensitivity. It


involves positive breathing in which the abdomen expands when
inhaling and contracts when exhaling.
The other is Hsien T’ien Chi, the “Breath before birth”.

It is referred to as negative breathing and involves contracting the


abdomen when inhaling and expanding while exhaling.
More Info. About Shaolin
Temples Can Be Found At:

www.shaolin.com
Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Wong Long….
• Founder of the northern praying mantis
style of kung fu
• Opposed to the Manchurian takeover of
China
• Joined the Shaolin Temple to learn kung
fu
• Became a skilled fighter
Mantis style . . .
• A praying mantis attacking a cicada
• Praying mantis had killed the cicada
• Holding it and began eating
• Wong was impressed by the way the pray
mantis moved
• Took a stick and played with the mantis
Mantis’s method of combat . .

• Hook, grasp, strike, upward block,


advance, recede, pull, strike first,
contact, cling, tag, and lean
Putting it together . . .

• Praying mantis hand


skills
• Added strength to
the foot work
• Observing the
monkeys of China
• Final component :
quickness and agility
Martial
Arts

Overview about Martial Arts


Shaolin Temples
Preying Mantis
Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee

Greatest martial artist of the 20th


century?
Family Life
• Born in 1940
• Grew up in Hong Kong,
where he made a total of 18
films
• Returned to America at age
18, settling in Seattle.
• Studied philosophy at the
University of Washington
• Married Linda Emery in 1964
– Two children: Brandon
Bruce Lee, Shannon Emery
Lee
• Died at age 33 on July 20,
1973
Martial Arts & Philosophy
• Founder of Jeet Kune
Do
– Based on Wing Chun
– Emphasizes freedom of
expression for the
individual
Television & Movies
• “Kato” in the Green Hornet
television series
• Successes in Southeast Asia:
– The Big Boss
– Fist of Fury
• Directed, produced, starred in
The Way of the Dragon
• Last film: Enter the Dragon
– First co-production between
American and Hong Kong film
studios
– First martial arts movie backed
by a large Hollywood studio
There is a saying: The best self defense
is to become invisible…if this is not
possible , then learn Wing Chun…
Wing Chun is the most famous single style within the Shaolin system. It was
made known to the west by Bruce Lee and James Lee in the late 1960’s in what
was the single most influential introduction of Chinese kung fu outside China
Despite Lee’s rapid evolution of a personal
style away from traditional Wing Chun (still not
so different from Wing Chun), his association
with that style was a major factor in its
continued success over the years.
Wing Chun was developed by a Shaolin
“nun” and there are three different forms.
The first requires use of his or her
imagination in the practice and
application of techniques.

Most moves are repeated 3 times, the


primary attack is a sun fist (thumb
facing upward on impact), and a variety
of arm parries and blocks employed.
There is no footwork employed.
The second adds a few new moves to the techniques from the first form,
but adds more sticky-hands and bridge techniques. Bridge techniques
are extended arm moves that intercept and redirect incoming attacks
without using the brute power required in blocking. These techniques
take advantage of the physics of swinging objects.
The third form is primarily an
offensive form, using finger thrusts
or spearhands in a variety of ways.
There is more footwork, including a
sweep, low kicks, and stance shifts.
History
• created by Abbess Ng Mui from Shao-lin temple
during Manchu dynasty in China. She created the
system and trained a girl called Yim Wing Chun
(literally means Forever Spring or “Wing Chun”) to
protect herself against a local bully.
• Yim Wing Chun, later lived in a temple called
WingTsun (Praise the Spring). And thus some also
call it “WingTsun”.
• Wing Chun is a martial arts that is based on
“internal power” with three main principles:
1. “Softness” is the main way to perform “kuyen”
2. “Ki” (or internal energy) is the main source of power
3. Close range is the main tactic in combating
Forms
Basic forms:
• Bare-hand forms (Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu and Biu
Gee)
• 108 bare-hand fighting techniques (both static and
dynamic forms practiced w/ wooden dummy &
coach)
• Five separate 5-animal forms (dragon, snake, tiger,
panther, and crane)
• Integrated 5-animal form

Weapons forms include double knives and six-and- half-


point pole.
Introduction of 108 Combat
Techniques in this Martial Arts
Expo
• 108 Combat Form is one of the highest
level forms in Wingchun
• The student has to ensure an average
speed of 2 to 3 strikes per second during
the performance with full force and great
accuracy as well as the ability to withstand
counterstrikes.
So Wing Chun is deeply rooted into the
ancient art of shaolin as a style invented
by a shaolin member. One of the oldest
Shaolin philosophies is that “one who
engages in combat has already lost the
battle” and the Shaolin practitioner is
never an attacker, nor does he or she
dispatch the most devastating defenses
in any situation.
Rather, the study
of kung fu leads to
better
understanding of
violence, and
consequently how
to avoid conflict.
Overall, the early phases of Shaolin training involved a lot what we would call
grammar school, for most students entered the order under the age of ten. The
purpose is to develop both the mind and the body, so the full potential of the
human being is achieved.
Long days were spent learning to
read and write.

Students also learned math, history, manners and customs, Taoist and
Buddhist philosophies, painting, music, textile work, agriculture, pottery,
and cooking.
Older students and disciples would often
write books of history, poetry, or natural
history, while others would form musical
ensembles, paint, or learn medicine as one
should not know only how to defend and
harm his enemy, but also how to heal
wounds.
It was one’s development of the
cultural side of life that mainly
marked one’s standing in the
Shaolin community.