Strategies to Tackle Paper 1

What is to be tested in Paper 1?

Knowledge and understanding of vocabulary Knowledge and understanding of grammar Knowledge and understanding of spelling & punctuation Reading skills

Guidelines for Questions 1 - 10 Vocabulary

This section tests on pupils‟ vocabulary at either word, phrase or sentence levels. Pupils must have a good knowledge and understanding of vocabulary in order to answer the questions. If there are graphics, pupils must look carefully at the graphics before answering.

Vocabulary      Objects Clothing Activities Transport Places      Games Animals Relationship Occupation Food .

Word level (Questions 1 – 4)  Read the questions carefully  Check on the clue word / words  Check all the possible answers .

Vocabulary (Word Level) Example 1. A ________ is a place where scientists conduct experiments. A B C D kitchen lab clinic cinema .

Vocabulary – Word Level   Vocabulary – lab Clues – place where scientists conduct experiments .

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  Vocabulary – audience Clues – listening/speaker gave his speech .

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  Vocabulary – safari Clues – wild animals / park in Africa .

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  Vocabulary – oil-lamp Clues – lights the / getting dark .

Phrases (Questions 5 – 7 ) Some samples of phrases are.      Collective nouns (a bouquet of flowers. a few ringgits) . more popular than me) Similes (as busy as a bee. a troop of soldiers) Adverbial phrases (sleep soundly. as kind as an angel) Phrasal verbs (ran away from home. fell down this morning) Phrasal quantifiers (some books on the table.

Phrase Level ( Questions 5 – 7) Read the paragraph given Study the pictures Check on clue word / words    .

Phrase Level (Questions 5 – 7) .

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(phrase level)  Vocabulary – collective nouns  Clue : picture of flamingoes at a pond

(phrase level)  Vocabulary – prepositional phrase  Clue : picture of seeds in hand

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(phrase level)  Vocabulary – prepositional phrase  Clue : picture of seeds in a packet .

10 Get clues from:  the subjects  the verbs  the time or place described .Sentence Level Questions 8 .

Questions 8 – 10 (sentence level) Study the pictures carefully Check and read all the possible answers Decide the best possible answer that descibes the picture as a whole.    .

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Question 8 (sentence level)  Clue – The picture shows a boy and a man making a wooden shelf. .

Question 9 (sentence level)  Clue – The picture shows a girl making a basket. .

.Question 10 (sentence level)  Clue – The picture shows a woman feeding a cat a fish.

Types of situations and responses (Questions 11 – 15)         Greetings & saying farewell Introducing yourself or friends Asking for specific objects. permission Greetings during festival Making encouraging remarks Congratulating Offering assistance Seeking and making suggestions .

confirmation Showing concern Expressing gratitude .Types of situations and responses (Questions 11 – 15)         Excusing yourself Making an emergency call Apologising Offering sympathy Inviting someone to a function Seeking clarification.

“What will be a suitable sentence to respond to what is being said?” . Read what the person is saying in each picture carefully.SOCIAL EXPRESSIONS (Q 11 – 15)    Understand the situation in each picture. Ask this question.

Find a suitable response. . To do well in this section.SOCIAL EXPRESSIONS (Q 11 – 15)   If not sure of the answer. read the list of answers given to see if any of them fits the situation. pupils must get used to the different language forms and functions in the English Language.

etc. mother and son.g. etc. E. receiving prize. etc.g. two friends. at the playground. The action by one or both the speakers. teacher and pupil. The place in which the dialogue takes place. looking at an object. canteen. Look at the picture and identify    The relationship between the two speakers. waving hands.1. e.g. house. in a bus. library. E. .

2. E. could the response be positive or negative or must it contain information or show politeness? . The second speaker‟s possible response. Read the words spoken by one of the speakers and identify   The purpose of the words spoken by one of the speakers. etc.g.g. E. asking questions or exclaiming a word. is the speaker making a statement.

.Remember :   The speech bubble at the top indicates the speech of the first speaker The speech bubble at the bottom indicates the speech of the second speaker.

.First speaker Second speaker Do not choose statement with negative attitude.

Questions 11 .15 .

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Question 11  Clue – play basketball / court .

Question 12  Clue – second speaker answers “No” / Question should either start with “Is” or “Are” .

Question 13  Clue – hand gesture of the second speaker .

Question 14  Clue – first speaker is introducing someone to the second speaker .

Question 15  Clue – action of the first speaker .

the WH-question words-who.they Adjectives-huge.where Conjunctionsan.like Spelling Punctuation marks-? .live.an.what.on.past Adverbs-angry. .20) Areas of grammars       Nouns – singular & plural-table.between       Articles-a.round Tenses-present.fast Prepositionin.she. ! „ .because Verbs-do.tables Pronouns-he.but.Grammar (Questions 16 .

GRAMMAR Questions 16-20  Read the questions carefully  Study the picture (if any)  Look for clue word / words  Be extra careful with the tenses. .

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     Question Question Question Question Question pronoun 16 17 18 19 20 – – – – – adjective conjunction verbs (plural) future tense article / possessive .

Determine if the question is asking for opposite meaning or same meaning.Opposite/Same (Question 21)    Read the instruction. Read the sentence and choose the best answer. .

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segment the words.Questions 22-23 (Spelling)  Read each suggested answers carefully. .  Choose the best answer that you think has the correct spelling.  Be aware of the spellings of each suggested answers.  If possible.

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 Choose the best answer that you think is correct. .  Listen carefully to the intonation as you read the sentences.  Be aware of the capital letters. commas and other punctuation marks.Questions 24-25 (Punctuation)  Read each sentences carefully.

Make sure you know how to use all these properly ( . etc. (“ ”) inverted commas. ) comma ( ! ) exclamation mark. . ( A-Z ) capital letters. ) full stop (?) question mark ( ’ ) apostrophes ( .

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the tenses used. Underline all the verbs. “What is this picture about?”  Read the passage at least twice.  Read it again to see if the answers make sense.Text Completion (Questions 26 – 30)  Look at the picture carefully.  Ask. This will give clues to choose the best answer. .

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formal or informal letters. dialogues. newspaper reports. speeches  . stories. TV or movie guides. product labels.posters. notices.e-mails. advertisements. timetables.READING COMPREHENSION contains 2 texts for reading in the form of:- Questions 31 – 35 (non-linear text) . graphs  Questions 36 – 40 (linear text) . charts.

 Do not waste time on difficult words. .  Read the questions given (study the needs of the questions).Steps in answering comprehension questions  Read the passage quickly to get a general idea of the passage (skimming).

paying attention to words in bold /italic or words in quotation marks. (e.) . best / most probably / „them‟ in line ….g.Steps in answering comprehension questions   Read through the passage slowly and carefully a second time (scanning) to find answers to given questions. Underline words or phrases which may help. Read the questions carefully again.

C and D. cancel the impossible answers.  For the vocabulary question. check the remaining options for the BEST possible answer. .Steps in answering comprehension questions  From the options A. B. Then.choose a word that is of the same tense and part of speech as the original word.

.  Don‟t leave any questions unanswered. do other questions first and come back to it later.Steps in answering comprehension questions  If a question is difficult.

Guidelines for Questions 31 . which are “WHY” questions  .40 Reading Comprehension  When asked to select a suitable title for the passage. choose the one which best summarises the passage as a whole Because – many questions have the word „because‟. These questions ask about REASONS.

 . untrue – some of the options contain WRONG details. Check the text and cross out the options that are wrong  Most probably. not. main – all given choices may be correct in some ways. best. Think carefully before answering.Except.

[Be extra careful with words that have more than a meaning] e. Choose the one that fits the meaning in the sentence.g. Can best be replaced by – read the paragraph where the word or phrases is used. bank. watch . bow. tear. Replace it with each option.

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