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AL-FALAH SCHOOL OF ENGG. & TECH.

(AN AUTONOMOUS INSTITUTION)


DHAUJ, FARIDABAD
HARYANA

PRESENTED BY MD INTEKHAB ALAM KHAN MA/09/60 MAE(A)

PRESENTATION ON GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY


AT

KANTI BIJLEE UTPADAN NIGAM LTD.


(A joint venture of NTPC Ltd. & BSEB)

KANTI, MUZAFFAR PUR

ACKNOWLEDGEMET
Any attempt at any level cannot be satisfactorily completed without the support and guidance of learned people. I would like to express my immense gratitude to K.B.U.N.L. Muzaffarpur,Bihar and Project Manager Mr. A.K.Banerji and Mr. Vijay Pratap for their constant support and motivation that has encouraged me to come up with this project.

Finally; I would like to express my thanks to all of the technical & non technical persons for the cooperation & valuable guidance during my training period.

An Overview NTPC
NTPC was set up in 7th November 1975, the NAVRATNA power giant today generates more than one fourth of the total power in the country, ranked 5th largest power generating utility in the world.

INTRODUCTION ABOUT THE PLANT

KBUNL (Kanti Bijlee Utpadan Nigam Limited) which was formerly known as Vaishali Power Generating Company Ltd(VPGCL) is situated in Kanti which is 12 km away from main town Muzaffarpur, Bihar. It is totally coal fired Thermal power station.

There are two units of each 110MW installed capacity.

PLANT INTRODUCTION
Salient Features Of Boiler Plant
Type of boiler Type of fuel used Single drum tangential reheat type (water tube) firing &

No. Of Mills Type of Mills Furnace P.A Fans F.D Fans I.D Fans Air heater Types of Air Heater Electrostatic Precipitator

Pulverized coal (Main fuel), Heavy oil & L.D.O (for light up & flame stabilization) 06 Pressurized type Bowl Mill Balanced draught 02 (each 60% capacity) 02 (each 60% capacity) 03 (each 60% capacity, one standby) 02 Trisector regenerative 01

Salient Features Of Turbine

Type Of Turbine No. Of Cylinders No. Of LP Heater No. Of HP Heater Deaerator No. Of Extraction pump No. Of BFP

Reheat 3(HP,IP &LP) 05 02 01(Variable pressure type) 03(one standby) 02(one standby)

WORKING PRINCIPLE
The working principle of thermal power plant is based on Rankin cycle. A central steam station basically works on the Rankin cycle. Steam is produced in the boiler , is expanded in the prime mover (Turbine) and is condensed in a condenser to be fed into the boiIer.

PROCESS OF GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY


MTPS Kanti is a Thermal Power Plant. The functioning of every Thermal power plant is based on following process:-

1. Coal To Steam 2. Steam To Mechanical power 3. Power Generation, Transmission & Distribution.

Metal Detector Placed Over Conveyer Belt

TURBINE

Types Of Turbine
1. HP Turbine
HP turbine is a single flow design with 8 stages of blading.HP turbine is double shell construction comprising inner and outer casing .

2. IP Turbine
Intermediate pressure turbine is a double flow design with seven stages of blading on either side of central steam inlet.

3. LP Turbine
L.P Turbine is a double flow design with six stages in each of its front and rear flow paths.

BOILER
Boiler is a closed vessel in which water is converted into steam. There are two types of boilers 1. Fire Tube Boiler 2. Water Tube Boiler

GENERATOR

A generator consists of rotor which consists of carbon brushes. The rotor rotates at 3000rpm in case of any fault if production of plants stops then we have bearing motor which rotates shaft of turbine continuously and rotor at 65rpm. This is because if shaft doesnt rotates then due to load it may bend. As generator produces 110MW or generates 11kv output. The output of generator is step up to 220kv by using step up transformer or generating transformer. Three phase is fed to station transformer.

Transmission
The KBUNL has capacity to generate 220MW of electricity but only one unit is working and the second unit is under R&M process. We are generating 90Mw out of 110MW and giving to the substation.

The transmission is done through three phase, double circuit system with the help of transformer, we are converting 11kv to 220kv and fed to substation. It is then step down to 132kv and feeded to BSEB and local areas.

Equipments used in transmission of power:-

1. Sub-station A. Control Room B. Switch Yard

Sub-Station:It is the place where power is changed, step down or step up and transmitted to other places. It consists of various protection equipments, switching circuits etc.

A. Control Room:It is the brain of any sub-station. All the necessary steps about the transmission, protection, charging etc. are carried out in the control room.

B. Switch yard:It is systematic arrangement of various components, where all the machines or equipments are connected with each other, looping, step down, step up of transmission line are done here only.

Transformer:A transformer is an electrical device which works on the principle of mutual induction. The autotransformer used in power station. It has three windings primary, secondary and tertiary. The 220kv voltage is fed as input to primary by

step down 132kv fed MTPS as input.

COOLING TOWER

Cooling water circuit


A large quantity of cooling water is required to condense the steam in condenser and in maintaining a low pressure in it. Cooling water may be taken from the upper side of the river and after passing through condenser (where it is heated ).

FAN
A fan is a device by which the air is made to flow at required velocity and pressure in a defined path imparting K.E of its impellers to air/flue gases. This pressure boost is used to create a draught in the air and flue gases system.

Types Of Fan:-

1. P.A Fan 2. F.D Fan 3. I.D Fan

THANK YOU