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AUTOMATIZACIN

MANUAL GTZ

ndice
Captulo 1: Fuerzas - Paralelogramo de fuerzas
Captulo 2: Momentos de giro, palanca simple
Captulo 3: Velocidad - Velocidad circular
Captulo 4: Potencia mecnica Rendimiento
Captulo 5: Plano inclinado Cuna
Captulo 6: Poleas Aparejos
Captulo 7: Transmisiones por engranajes
Captulo 8: Transmisiones Mltiples
Captulo 9: Rueda dentada Cremallera Engranaje helicoidal
Captulo 10: Troneado cnico
Captulo 11: Presin sobre lquidos Amplificador de fuerzas
Captulo 12: Tensin y resistencia a la traccin
Captulo 13: Tensin por compresin Presin del vstago
Captulo 14: Tensin de corte Uniones remachadas
Captulo 15: Corte - Perforacin

ndice
Captulo 1: Fuerzas
Captulo 2: Trabajo
Captulo 3:
Captulo 4:

Captulo 5:

2000

250

3000

150

72

21

40000

181.81

80

1920

117.64

12

43.64

76.36

11.43

8.57

2083.33

2916.67

6315.78

7000

5000

4000

8000

7291.67

6708.33

25.6

14.4

CAPTULO 31.4
1)

v=s
t
s = v.t
s = 120 km . 1 h
h 4
s = 30 km

2.)

v=s
t
v = 12km (4)
3.h
v = 16km = 16000m = 4.4m
h
3600 s
s

3.)

vm = s
t
vm = 200mm
0.6(60min)
vm = 4.17mm = 0.25m
min
s
vm = 15m
min

4.)

v=s
t
t=s
v
t = 800mm.min
60mm
t = 13.3min

5.)

v=s
t
t=s
v
t = 20m.s
0.15m
t = 133s

6.)

v=S/t
t =s/v
t = 0.160 m x min
8m
t = 0.02 min = 1.2 s

7.)

v = s/ t
s = vxt
s = 16 m x 16 min
60 min
s = 4.267 m

8.)

v = s/ t
t = s/ v
t = 20 m x s
4m
t = 5s

CAPITULO 31.5
1.)

v =Dxxn
v = 0.6 m x 3.14 x 1061
v = 33.3 m/s = 33.3 Km x 3600
1000h
v = 120 Km / h

2.)

v= Dxxn
v = 0.12 m x 3.14 x 160
1 min
v = 60.3 m/min = 60.3 m
60 s
v = 1 m/s

3.)

v= Dxxn
D= v
xn
D = 25 m x 60 s
3.14 x 2000
D = 0.239 m = 239 mm

4.)

v = d. .n
n= v
d.
n=
25 m
g
min(0.016m)(3.14)
n = 498 1
min

5.)

v = d. .n
n = __v__
d.
n = ______40m______
(0.012m)(3.14)(min.)
n = 1062
min.

6.)

v = d. .n
v = (0.08m)(3.14)(90)
min.
v = 22.6m
min.

7.)

v = d. .n
n = __v__
d.
n = _____40 m______
(0.4m)(3.14)(min.)
n = 31.8
min.

8.)

v = d. .n
v = (0.15m)(3.14)(2400)
min.
v = 1130m
min.
v = 1130m
60min.
v = 18.8m
s

CAPTULO 32.3
1.)

1.kg. = 10 N
G = 600N + 400N
G = 1000N
P = F.s
t
P = (1000N)(5m)
15s
P = 333Nm
s
P = 333W

2.)

P = F.v
v = 20_m_
min.
v = 0.33_m_
s
P = (28000N)(0.333m)
s
P = 9324Nm
S
P = 9.324kW

3.)

m = 1 T = 1 000 kg
G = 10 000 N

P=Fxs
t
P = 10 000 N x 4 m

5s
P = 8 000 Nm = 8 000 W
s
P = 8 kW

4.)

v=dxxn
v = 0.1 m x 3.14 x 420 x 1
60 s
v = 2.2 m/s

P=Fxv
P = 1 455 N x 2.2 m/s
P = 3 201 W = 3.201 KW

5.)

P=Fxs
t

P = 200 N x 6 m
12 s
P = 100 Nm
s
P = 100 W

6.)

P=Fxs
t

P = 20 000 N x 20 m
40 s
P = 10 000 Nm = 10 000 W
s
P = 10 kW

7.)

v = 24 m/min = 0.4 m/s

P=Fxv
F=P

v
F = 3 000 Ws
0.4 m
F = 7 500 N

(1W = 1 N m)
s

8.)

700 m3 = 700 000 dm3


n

P=Fxs
t

P = 7 000 000 N x 200 m


3 600 s
P = 388 888 Nm = 388 888 W
s
P = 389 kW

P = 7 000 000 N
t = 3 600 s

33.1
a)

20 m

Solucin

b)

120 m

Solucin

c)

10 m

Solucin

33.2
a)

Solucin

b)

Solucin

c)

Solucin

33.3
a)

Solucin

b)

Solucin

c)

Solucin

33.4
1)

Solucin

2)

Solucin

3)

Solucin

4)

Solucin

5)

Solucin

6)

Solucin

7)

Solucin

8)

Solucin

33.5
1)

2)

4)

5)

6)

7)

34.1

a)

34.2
1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

Solucin
8)

35.1

SOLUCION
a)
d=m*z
d= 1.75*16

d= 28mm
h=13/6m
h=13/6*1.75
h=3.79mm

b)
d=m*z
d= 1.75*12

d= 21mm
h=13/6m
h=13/6*1.75
h=3.79mm

c)
=360/72 =5
z= 3*5=15
d=m*z
d= 15*4
d=60 mm

35.2

SOLUCION
a)
a = (d1/2) + (d2/2)
a = (72/2) + (112/2)
a = 92 mm

b)
a = (m.z1)/2 + (m.z2)/2
a = (5*19)/2 + (5*30)/2
a = 122.5

c)
a = (d1/2) + d2 + (d3/2)
d2 = m . z2 = 2.5*36 = 90

a = (46/2) + 90 + (20/2) = 123

35.3

35.4

SOLUCION
1)
d=m*z
d= 4*28
d= 112mm
h=13/6m
h=13/6*4
h=8.67mm

ha= m = 4 mm

2)
z= 24
d =m*z
d= 5*24

d= 120 mm
da= d + 2m
da=120+2*5
da=130 mm
df=120-(14/6)*5
df=108.33mm

3)

z= 16
ha=m
ha=1.75mm
hf=7/6 m
hf=(7*1.75)/6 mm
hf=2.04mm

4)
da= d+2m
da= z*m + 2m
da= m(z+2)
m= da/(z+2)
m=85/(32+2)
m=2.5mm

d= z*m
d=2.5*32 mm
d=80mm
df=d-(14/6)*m
df=80-(14/6)*2.5
df=74.17mm

5)

d1=m*z1
z1=d1/m
z1=75mm/3mm
z1=25
d2=m*z2
z2=d2/m
z2=159mm/3mm
z2=53

a=(d1/2)+(d2/2)
a=(75mm/2) +(159mm/2)
a=117mm

6)
d1=m*z1
d1=2.5*31
d1=77.5mm

d2=m*z2
d2=2.5*59
d2=147.5mm
a=(d1/2)+(d2/2)
a=(77.5mm/2) +(147.5mm/2)

a=112.5mm

7)
d1=m*z1
d1=4*31
d1=124 mm
d2=m*z2
z2=d2/m
z2=192mm/4mm
z2=48
a=(d1/2)+(d2/2)
2a= d1+d2
d2= 2a-d1
d2= 2*156mm-124mm
d2=192mm

8)
d1=m*z1
d1=2.5*31
d1=77.5 mm
d2=m*z2
d2=2.5mm*92
d2=230mm

a=(d2/2)-(d1/2)
a= (230mm/2)-(77.5mm/2)
a=75.25mm

35.5

SOLUCION

1)
a = m . z1
m . z2
2
2
a = 5mm . 5 + 5mm . 15
2
2
a = 50 mm

2)
a = m. z1 + m . z2
2
2
a = 8mm . 16 + 8mm . 12
2
2
a = 112 mm

n 1 = z2
n2
z1
n2 = n1 . z1
z2
n2 = 700 . 16
min . 12

n2 = 933 (1/min)

3)
1 = M2
M1
M2 = 1. M1
M2 = 2. 10 Nm
M2 = 20 Nm

4)
a = d1 + d2
2
2
a = m . z1 + m . z2
2
2
a = 4 mm . 17 + 4 mm . 49
2
2
a = 132

i = z2
z1
i = 49
17
i = 2.88

SOLUCION
5)

6)

7)

8)

36.1

SOLUCION
A)
i=(z2*z4/z1*z3)
i= 24*28/12*12
i= 3
B)
i=(z2*z4/z1*z3)
i= 45*45/15*15
i= 9

I =n1/n4
9=720/n4
n4= 720/9
n4=80
C)
i=(z2*z4/z1*z3)
Z1=(z2*z4/i*z3)
Z1= 36*36/9*12
Z1= 12

36.2

36.3

SOLUCION
9)
N/n min= 21*28/7*7
N min = n/12
N min= 3000/12
N min=250
N/n max= 21*15/7*15
N max = n/3
N max= 3000/3
N max= 1000

10)
1400/n = 120*25/80*15
N = 1400* 80*15 /120*25
N = 560
11)
1000/n min = 35*15/15*15
N min= 1000*15/35
N min= 429

1000/n max = 35*30/15*30


N max= 1000*30/35
N max= 857
12)
700/n = 34*39/17*13
N = 700/6
N= 117
I=700/117

I=6

SOLUCION
13)
1400/n min = 31*50/19*13
N min= 1400*19*13 /31*50
N min= 223
1400 =n max
N max = 1400
14)
N min = 1400*60*15/18*30
N = 223

15)
N/350 = 34*30/17*15
N=350*34*30/17*15
N=1400

16)
1400/n min= 120*31/80*15
N min= 1400*80*15/120*31
N min=452

1400/n max= 80*31/120*15


N max= 1400*120*15/80*31
N max= 1016

Ejercicio 37.1

37.1
1.
z = 12
m = 4 mm

s=m*z*
s = 4 mm * 12 * 3,14
s = 150,72 mm

37.1
2.
z = 15
m = 5 mm

=?

s=m*z*
s = 5 mm * 15 * 3,14
s = 235,5 mm

37.1
a.
z = 12

m = 6 mm

s=m*z*
s = 6 mm * 12 * 3,14

S = 226,08 mm

37.1
s = 2 *40 *

b.

s = 251.2

S=?

=?

= 60

37.1
c.
z = 21

m = 4 mm

s=m*z*
s = 4 mm * 21 * 3,14

s = 263,76 mm

Ejercicio 37.2

37.2
1.

Z2 = 40

i=?

Z1 =1

i = 40

37.2
2.

37.2
a.

i=?

Z2 = 40

Z1 = 2

37.2
b.

i=?

37.2
c.

i=?

CAPTULO 37
EJERCICIO 37.1

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.2

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.3

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.4

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.5

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.6

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.7

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.8

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.9

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.10

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.11

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.12

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.13

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.14

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.15

Datos

Solucin

EJERCICIO 37.16

Datos

Solucin

38.1

a)

b)

c)

38.2

a)

b)

c)

38.3

38.3

38.3

38.3

38.3

38.3

38.3

38.3

39.1

Solucin:

P=F/A
F = P* A
F = (30 daN/cm2)*(12.56 cm2)

F = 377 daN

a)

Solucin:

P = 1000 daN
50 cm2

= 20 bar

b)

Solucin:
P = 1000 daN
100 cm2

= 10 bar

c)

Solucin:

P = 20 bar** (2cm / 2)^2

P = 62.8 daN

39.2

F *A
1
2

F *A
2
1

2
A
1

Solucin:
F1 = F2

A1

A2

F1 = 8000N * 3.14 cm2

28.26 cm2

F1 = P2 * A1
A2

F1 = 250 N

Solucin:
F1 = F2

A1

F1 = 1 000N * 4 cm2

A2

F1 = P2 * A1
A2

16 cm2

F1 = 250 N

Solucin:
F1 = F2

A1

A2 = 200 N * 4 cm2

A2

F1 = P2 * A1
A2

50 N

A2 = 16 cm2

Solucin:
F1 = 50 N * 400 cm2
100cm2

F1 = 200 N

39.3

Solucin:

F=P*A

F1 = 8 daN * 12.6 cm2


cm2

F1 = 1008 N

Solucin:
P = 500 daN * 100 mm2
628 mm2 * 1cm2

P = 79.62 bar

Solucin:

F=P*A
F = 12 bar * * (2cm)^2

F = 150.78 daN

Solucin:
F1 = F2

A1

A2

F2 = 120 N * (36 cm)^2 *


(12 cm)^2 *

F1 = P2 * A1
A2

F2 = 1080 N

Solucin:

A = 200 daN *cm2


63.7 bar
A = 3.14 cm2
A = r^2

r=1cm

d = 20 mm

Solucin:
F1 = 120 daN * 28.26 cm2
cm2

F1 = 33.9 KN

Solucin:

P = F/ A
25 bar = F/A
25 daN/cm2 = F/ (*2.83cm)^2
F = 157.25 daN

Solucin:

(r1)^2 = 80N * (20 mm)^2 *

320 N *
2r1 = 20 mm
r1 =10mm

P=

320 N
(2 cm)^2 *

d1 = 20 mm

P = 25.47 bar

PROBLEMA 39.4 9

P= F
A
F = P.A
F =4,5 daN.254 cm2
cm2
F = 1143 daN
m = 1143 Kg

PROBLEMA 39.4 10
A = (D2 - d2 ). 3,14
4
A = (62 cm2 22 cm2 ). 3,14
4
A = 25,13 cm2
P= F
A
F=
F
(D2 - d2 ). 0,785
F = P. (D2 - d2 ). 0,785
F = 25 daN. (62 - 22 ). 0,785 cm2
cm2
F = 628 daN

PROBLEMA 39.4 11
F2 = F1
A2 A1
F 2 = F 1 . A2
A1
F2 =25N. 3,62 . 0,785cm2
1,22 . 0,785cm2
F2 = 225 N

PROBLEMA 39.4 12
P= F
A
F = P.A
F =4,5 daN. 62 . 0,785 cm2
cm2
F = 1272 daN
F = 12,72 KN

PROBLEMA 39.4 13

P= F
A
P = 100 daN
22 . 0,785 cm2
P = 31,8 daN
cm2
F = 31,8 bar

PROBLEMA 39.4 14
F2 = F1
A2 A1
F2 = F1 . A2
A1
F2 = 70N. 12,56cm2
3,14cm2
F2 = 280 N

PROBLEMA 39.4 15

P= F
A
F = P.A
F =24 daN. (2,832 - 22 )0,785 cm2
cm2
F = 7,55 daN
F = 75,5 N

PROBLEMA 39.4 16

P= F
A
F = P.A
F =50 daN. 10,2 cm2
cm2
F = 816 daN
m = 816 kg

PROBLEMAS
40.1

PROBLEMAS

40.2

PROBLEMAS

40.3

F
A

8000N
200mm 2

PROBLEMAS

40.3

6
*2

F
A

F
A

PROBLEMAS

40.4

9. =F/A
= 800 N
( 45 15 ) mm * 15 mm
= 17.8 N/ mm2

10.A = 100 mm2 * 3.14 * 0.25


A = 78.5 mm2
Rm = Fm / A
Fm = Rm * A
Fm = 370 N/ mm2 * 78.5 mm2
Fm = 29045 N

11.=F/A
F=*A
F = 85 N/ mm2 * ( 120 - 13 )mm *
15mm
F = 136.4 KN

12.m = 600 Kg
G = 6000 N
1 = G / A
1 = 6000 N * 4
144 mm2 * 3.14
1 = 53 N / mm2
2 F22 = G2
F2 = ( G2 / 2 )1/2
F2 = G / 21/2
F2 = 4243 N
2 = F2 / A
2 = 4243 N * 4
144 mm2 * 3.14
2 = 37.5 N / mm2

PROBLEMAS

40.4

13.800 Kg = 8000 N
=G/A
= 8000 N * 4
225 mm2 * 3.14
= 45 N / mm2
14.=F/A
F=*A
A = 5mm (40mm 10mm)
A = 150 mm2
F = 100 N / mm2 * 150 mm2
F = 15000 N

15.4t = 40000 N
G = 40000 N
F=u*G
F = 0.3 * 40000 N
F = 12000 N
=F/A
= 12000 N * 4
256 mm2 * 3.14
= 60 N/ mm2

16.-

=F/A
= 800 N * 4
2 * 64 mm2 * 3.14
= 8 N/ mm2

PROBLEMAS

41.1

PROBLEMAS

41.2

PROBLEMAS

41.3

PROBLEMAS

41.3

PROBLEMAS

41.4

PROBLEMAS

41.4

42.1

42.1

A
12000N

2
133mm
N
90.23
2
mm

42.1

N
157,5
mm 2
10000N

A
A 63,5mm 2

42.1
.(11) 2
2

A 130mm
16000N

2
130mm
N
84
2
mm

42.2

42.2
.(15) 2
2

A 353mm
30000N

2
353mm
N
85
2
mm

42.2

.(11) 2
2

A 130mm
20000N

2
130mm
N
105
2
mm

42.2

.(13) 2

A 4.
2
2
A 1061,8mm
20000N

2
1061,8mm
N
18,8
2
mm

42.3
.(10 ) 2
4

A 78,5mm
12000N

2
78,5mm
N
153
2
mm

42.3

.(12 ) 2
4

A 113mm
F

A
F . A

N
2
F 80
.
113
mm
2
mm
F 9040N
F 9,04 KN

42.3

2.

.(10 ) 2
4

A 157mm
F

A
F . A

N
2
F 50
.157mm
2
mm
F 7850N
F 7,85KN

42.3

d 4mm 1

10mm
50
10
d
mm 4mm
50
d 4,2mm
F

A
N .4
16000
4.2 2.
N
116
mm 2

42.3

M F .r
M
F
r
50 Nm
F
0,02m
F 2500N
F

A
2500N .4
2
5 mm2 .
N
127
mm2

42.3

d .
A 2.
4
2

4mm .
A 2.
4
A 25,12mm 2
2

F .8mm F1.500mm
F1.500mm
F
8mm
50 N .500
F
8
F 3125

A
3125N

25,12mm 2
N
124
mm 2

42.3

A
F
A

22600N .mm 2
A
100 N
A 226mm 2

d 2 .
A 2.
4
4. A
2
d
2.
4. A
d
2.
d

4.226mm 2

d 12mm

2.

A
F
A

22600N .mm 2
A
100 N
A 226mm 2

d 2 .
A 2.
4
4. A
2
d
2.
4. A
d
2.
d

4.226mm 2

d 12mm

2.

42.3

F 2.20mm F1.100mm
F1.100mm
F2
20mm
F 2 5.F1
F 2 5.500N
F 2 2500N
F .d

2.d 2 .
2500 N .4

2,8 2 mm 2 .
N
25
mm 2

42.4

A
8000N .4
2
19 mm2 .
N
1326
mm2
F
P
A
8000N
P
19mm.15mm
N
P 28
mm 2

42.4
F

A
F . A
N
1
2
2
F 100
.13 mm ..
2
4
mm
F 13267N

F
P
A
13267N
P
6mm.13mm
N
P 128
mm2

42.4
P-3
= P/A
= 15000N x 4
2x172mm2()
= 33N/mm2

P = F/A
P = . 15000N

17mmx12mm
P = 74 N/mm2

P-4
= P/A
40 N/mm2= 18000N
A
A = 450mm2
A = 2(d2)()
4
d=

2(450mm2)

d = 17 mm

P-5

= P/A

= 54000N x 4
2x3x132mm2()
= 80N/mm2

P-6

= P/A
=

Fx4
2d2()

F = 80N(132mm2)()
mm2(2)
F = 21226N = 21,226KN

P-7

= P/A
=

Fx4
2(4)d2()

60000N(4)
2(4)132mm2()

F = 56,5N /mm2

P-8

= P/A
F=

d2()

F = 100N/mm2(152mm2)()
F = 70650N = 70,65KN

P = F/A
P=

70650N
4(15mm)(6mm)

P = 196 N/mm2

43.1

= Fm /A
Fm =
Fm =

(A)
100N/mm2(4mm2)

= Fm /A
Fm =
Fm =

(A)
200N/mm2(30x5mm2)

= Fm /A
Fm =

(A)

Fm = 160N/mm2(20xx2)mm2
Fm = 20,1KN

Fm = 400N

Fm = 30KN

43.2
P-1
= Fm/A

Fm=

(A)

Fm = 320N/mm2(20mm)()(3mm)
Fm = 60288N = 60,288KN

P-2

= Fm /A
A = 45000N.mm2
240N

A = 187,5 mm2

A = 30mm()(X)
X = 187,5mm2
30mm()

X = 2mm

P-3

= Fm /A
Fm =

(A)

Fm = 200N/mm2(502mm2)()1/4
Fm = 392500N = 392,5KN

P-4

= Fm /A
Fm =

(A)

Fm = 160N/mm2(21mm)()(2,5mm)
Fm = 26376N = 392,5KN

P-5

= Fm /A
Fm =

(A)

Fm = 180N/mm2(2x100+ 2x80)mm(4mm)
Fm = 259200N= 259,2KN

P-6

A = (2x50+ 2x30)mm(4mm)
A = 640mm2
= Fm /A
Fm =

(A)

Fm = 200N/mm2(640mm2)

Fm = 128000N = 128KN

P-7
X2= 242+402
X=

242+402

X = 46,6mm
A = (24+40+46,6)mm(3mm)
A = 332mm2
= Fm /A
Fm =

(A)

Fm = 160N/mm2(332mm2)
Fm = 53088N = 53KN

P-8

A1= 10,5mm()(2mm)
A1= 66mm2
A2= 21mm()(2mm)
A2= 132 mm2
= Fm 1/A
Fm 1=

(A)

Fm 1= 180N/mm2(66mm2)
Fm1 = 11,9KN
= Fm2 /A
Fm2 =
(A)
Fm2 = 180N/mm2(132mm2)
Fm 2=23,8KN

Ejercicio Pg. 27.1

a.

F1(2.8) F2(3.5)
500(3.5)
F1
625 N
2.8

b.

1000 (2) F 2(3)


F 2 666 .66 N

c.

F1(50 ) 100 (250 )


F1 500 N

Ejercicio N 1- 2 Pg. 27.2

1.

F1* d 1 F2 * d 2
F1* 220 400 * 50
F1

400 * 50
90.9090 N
220

2.

F1* d 1 G * d 2
F1*1200 750 * 420
750 * 420
F1
262.5
1200

Ejercicio N 3 - 4 Pg. 27.2

3.

F2 * d 2 F1* d 1
F2 * 400 5 * 500
5 * 500
F1
6.25 KN
400

4.

1 Kg 10 N G 4000 N
F1* 300 G * 80
4000* 80
F1
1066.6667 N
300

Ejercicio N 5- 6 Pg. 27.2

5.

F1* d 1 F2 * d 2
F1* 200 8 * 300
F1

8 * 300
12 KN
200

6.

F1* d 1 F2 * d 2
F1* 240 12 *180
12 *180
F1
9 KN
240

Ejercicio N 7 - 8 Pg. 27.2

7.

F2 * d 2 F1* d 1
F2 *120 25 * 400
25 * 400
F1
83.33 daN
120

8.

cos 45 d 2 / 280
d 2 280* cos 45
d 2 197.98
F2 * d 2 F1* d 1
F2 *197.98 2 * 300
2 * 300
F2
3.03 KN
197.98

Ejercicio N 1 - 2 Pg. 28.2

1.

F *G
F 0.3 * 2000
F 600 N

2.

m m1 m 2
m 200 200
m 400 Kg
G 4000 N F * G
F 0.08 * 4000
F 320 N

Ejercicio N 3 - 4 Pg. 28.2

3.

m m1 m 2 m3
m 50 100 70
m 220 Kg
G 2200 N F * G
100 / 2200
0.04545

4.

F *G
F 0.08 *1.8
F 0.144 KN

Ejercicio N 5 - 6 Pg. 28.2

5.

G * 2 * Fn
G
2
200
Fn
2 * 0 .4
Fn

6.

F * Fn
F 0.25 *15
F 3.75 KN

Ejercicio N 7 Pg. 28.2

a.

Fn (8000) 80(1600)
Fn 160N

b.

F * Fn
F 0.25 *160N
F 40 KN

c.

M F *
M 40N * 0.075
M 3Nm

Ejercicio N 8 Pg. 28.2

F * Fn
F 0.04 * 5KN
F 0.2KN
M F *
M 200N * 0.03
M 6 Nm

29.2 - 1
W=G.s
W=9000N.2m
W=18000Nm
W=18000J

29.2 - 2
W=G.s
W=45N.3m
W=135Nm
W=135J

29.2 - 3
W=G.s
W=3000N.3m
W=9000Nm
W=9000J

29.2 - 4
W=G.s
W=2000N.2m
W=4000Nm
W=4000J

29.2 - 5
W=G.s
G=h/s
G=200000Nm/6m
G=25000N
10N=1kg
M=2500kg=2,5T

29.2 - 6
m=m1+m2
m=25kg+70kg
m=95kg
W=G.s
W=950N.2000m
W=1900000Nm=
1900000J=1900kJ

29.2 - 7

m=V.f
V=2dm.4dm.10dm
V=80dm3
m=80x7,8
m=624kg

W=G.s
W=6240N.6m
W=37440Nm
W=37440J=37,44kJ

29.2 - 8

m=V.f
V=1x3,14 x 40dm
4
V=31,4dm3
m=31,44x7,8
m=245kg=0,245T

W=G.s
s=W/G
s=4900Nm/2450N
s=2m

29.3 - 9
W=G.s
s=W/G
s=5000000Nm
500000N
s=10m

29.3 - 10

W=G.s
W=1000000KN.20m
W=20 Mio KJ

29.3 - 11

W=F.s
W=2KN.1,2m
W=2.4 KJ

29.3 - 12
F.400mm=G.r
F= GR
400mm
F=120N.200mm
400mm
F=60
W=G.s
W=120N.6m
W=720Nm=720J

29.3 - 13
W=G.s
W=80N.12m
W=960Nm
W=960J

29.3 - 14
W=F.s
F= .G
F=0.3.1000N
F=300N
W=300N.8m
W=24000Nm=2400=2,
4kJ

29.3 - 15

W=G.s
W=1000N.1.8m
W=18000Nm
W=18000J=18J

29.3 - 16

W=F.s
W=1500N.10000
m
W=15000 KJ

30.1 - a
F .2. .r Fax .P
Fax .P
F
2. .r
500N .5mm
F
2. .250mm
F 16 N

30.1 - b
F .2. .r Fax .P
Fax .P
F
2. .r
3140N .4mm
F
2. .100mm
F 20 N

30.1 - c
Fax .P F .2. .r
F .2. .r
Fax
P
120 N .2 .250mm
Fax
4mm
Fax 47100N

30.1 - 1
Fax .P F .2. .r
F .2. .r
P
160 N .2 .200mm
Fax
5mm
Fax 40192N
Fax

30.1 - 2
F .2. .r Fax .P
Fax .P
F
2. .r
4000N .1,5mm
F
2. .240mm
F 4N

30.2 - 3
Fax*P=F*2Pi*r
P=F*2Pi*r
Fax
P=100N.2Pi.300mm
37680N
P=5mm

30.2 - 4
Fax*P=F*2Pi*r
F=Fax*P
2Pi*r
F= 5000N*3mm
2*3,14*320mm
F=7,46N

30.2 - 5

Fax*240mm=9000N*360mm
Fax=9000N*360mm
240mm
Fax=13500N

Fax*P=F*2Pi*r
F=Fax*P
2Pi*r
F= 13500N*6mm
2*3,14*230mm
F=56N

30.2 - 6
Fax*P=F*2Pi*r
Fax=80N*2Pi*140mm
1,25mm
Fax=56269N

30.2 - 7
Fax*P=F*2Pi*r
Fax=120N*2Pi*27mm
5mm
Fax=40694N

30.2 - 8
2*Fax*P=F*2Pi*r
Fax=F*2Pi*r
2*P
Fax=80N.2Pi.400mm
2,2mm
Fax=50240N